NMCP COVID-19 Literature Report 75 2021-08-27
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Naval Medical Center Portsmouth (NMCP) COVID-19 Literature Reports
Prepared by: Tracy C. Shields, MSIS, AHIP (Ms.; she/her)
Naval Medical Center Portsmouth; Library Services, Reference Medical Librarian
Purpose: These reports, published every other week on Fridays, are curated collections of current research, evidence reviews, special reports, grey literature, and news regarding the COVID-19 pandemic that may be of interest to medical providers, leadership, and decision makers.
Disclaimer: I am not a medical professional. This information is current as of the date noted. While I make every effort to find and summarize available data, I cannot cover everything in the literature on COVID-19. Please feel free to reach out with questions, suggestions for future topics, or any other feedback.
The Big Picture
News in Brief
"The U.S. is projected to see nearly 100,000 more COVID-19 deaths between now and Dec. 1, according to the nation’s most closely watched forecasting model" (AP).
"The coronavirus is here forever. This is how we live with it. We can't avoid the virus for the rest of our lives, but we can minimize its impact" (Atlantic).
"Would it be fair to treat vaccinated Covid patients first? Last week, Texas health care policymakers discussed taking vaccination status into account for Covid triage. It's a larger conversation ethicists are bracing for" (Wired).
Around the World
"Iceland has been a vaccination success. Why is it seeing a coronavirus surge?" (WP).
"Ultra-vaxxed Israel's crisis is a dire warning to America" (Daily Beast).
New Zealand has extended its national lockdown after 70 new cases were reported (Guardian).
The CDC announced it is standing up "a new center designed to advance the use of forecasting and outbreak analytics in public health decision making" (CDC).
"How CDC data problems put the U.S. behind on the delta variant" (WP).
Long read: "Inside America's Covid-reporting breakdown – Crashing computers, three-week delays tracking infections, lab results delivered by snail mail: State officials detail a vast failure to identify hotspots quickly enough to prevent outbreaks" (Politico).
"Has COVID taught us anything about pandemic preparedness? – Researchers warn that plans to prevent the next global outbreak don't consider the failures that have fuelled our current predicament" (Nature).
"US health security at risk because of medicine manufacturing limits" (WUSTL).
Commentary: "The Pentagon must prep now for the next pandemic – We must take stock of the myriad ways the U.S. military has helped fight COVID-19—and learn to do even better" (Defense One).
TOPIC: The Fourth Wave — Vaccines, Variants, and the Future
– APHA/NAM webinar series
WHEN: Wednesday 01 September 2021, 1700-1830 EDT
DETAILS: "The latest COVID-19 Conversations webinar will provide an update on the current state of COVID-19, focusing specifically on the delta variant, implications for children under the age of 12, what the rise of this highly infectious variant means for vaccinated and unvaccinated adults and adolescents, and what it will take to move past this surge and end the pandemic."
TOPIC: Towards a Post-Pandemic World: Lessons from COVID-19 for Now and the Future
– The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM)
– Free virtual workshop
WHEN: 21-24 September 2021, 1000-1430 EDT
DETAILS: "Join the Forum on Microbial Threats for an exciting virtual conversation about what we've learned from 15 months of living through a global pandemic. The workshop will broadly examine responses to COVID-19 in the U.S. and abroad, and will host retrospective and prospective discussions on the broad impacts of the pandemic on human health and society. Events will highlight successes, missed opportunities, and emerging data in order to extract key understandings that leaders in governments, public health systems, the private sector, and communities can incorporate into their ongoing pandemic responses now with a view towards enhancing resilience and preparedness for future outbreaks.
Individual workshop sessions will focus on:
- Anticipated long-term effects of COVID-19 (Day 1)
- Trust, engagement, and misinformation in public health (Day 2)
- Key questions on interventions and recovery from COVID-19 (Day 3)
- Building capacities for better pandemic preparedness and response (Day 4)"
For the agenda and more information, see: https://www.nationalacademies.org/event/07-27-2021/moving-past-covid-19-lessons-learned-from-responses-around-the-world
"The year 2020 brought unimaginable challenges in public health, with the confluence of the COVID-19 pandemic and wildfires across the western United States. Wildfires produce high levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Recent studies reported that short-term exposure to PM2.5 is associated with increased risk of COVID-19 cases and deaths. We acquired and linked publicly available daily data on PM2.5, the number of COVID-19 cases and deaths, and other confounders for 92 western U.S. counties that were affected by the 2020 wildfires. We estimated the association between short-term exposure to PM2.5 during the wildfires and the epidemiological dynamics of COVID-19 cases and deaths. We adjusted for several time-varying confounding factors (e.g., weather, seasonality, long-term trends, mobility, and population size). We found strong evidence that wildfires amplified the effect of short-term exposure to PM2.5 on COVID-19 cases and deaths, although with substantial heterogeneity across counties."
- 2021-09-29 18:51:49
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