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Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations

The collection features theses and dissertations written by Greensboro College graduate students. 



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In recent years, teachers have implemented technology into their teaching instruction to innovate the content and engage their students with the lessons. Likewise, during Covid -19 pandemic, teachers were forced to change their traditional teaching instruction to synchronous and asynchronous instruction. They had to research appropriate digital resources to use in their teaching instruction. Therefore, this paper aims to present a website that has been designed to benefit teachers and students...
Topics: ELL, Reading, Reading Comprehension, Reading fluency, Resources, Vocabulary Acquisition
This thesis project aims to help ESL teachers deliver instruction in phonemic awareness in order to improve pronunciation. Good English pronunciation is a key factor in improving intelligibility and comprehensibility. Many miscommunication problems are rooted in pronunciation due to poor English phonemic awareness and they may be prevented or fixed by training students through explicit phonemic instruction. For this reason, the incorporation of phonology and phonemic awareness in the ESL...
Topics: education, phonemic awareness, language development, ELL, english language learners
The purpose of this multicultural project is to motivate, teach, and promote students’ culture through the use of multicultural books that reference ESL students’ different backgrounds in ESL classes. The use of multicultural books in standards-aligned lesson plans brings the learner closer to the target language. Also, the incorporation of a cultural component in the acquisition of the target language increases and stimulates the ESL/EFL to learn the target language (Adaskou et al., 1990)....
Topics: Cultural Lesson plans, ESL Classroom, ESL Students, ESL Teacher, Global Component, Multicultural...
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
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This project focuses on reading comprehension strategies in the bilingual classroom. The workshops show teachers how to effectively use hands-on activities and visuals to aid vocabulary development in both languages, and also uses narrative and expository texts to promote reading comprehension and fluency.
Topics: education, reading, comprehension, bilingual classroom, fluency
Reports from The National Center for Educational Statistics (2020) indicated that the reading level of students identified as English Language Learners (ELLs) is consistently lower than their non-ELL Peers. Virginia schools screen students in Kindergarten and determine which type of reading intervention is necessary for each child. Early reading intervention is implemented in schools, which usually requires trained staff. However, due to the significance of this early stage in preventing...
Topics: Early Literacy, Phonemic awareness, Phonics, Reading
Students come to the classrooms equipped with different needs, expectations, gifts, challenges, literacy and performance levels. Culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students are not the exception. Consequently, students’ diverse needs require teachers to be aware and use their professional judgement and knowledge to properly respond to them in their teaching. Differentiated instruction (DI) has proven to be a useful approach in order to meet different students’ needs. DI can be...
Topics: Differentiated Instruction, Digital/online Activities, Multiple Intelligences, Multiple...
The educational value of storytelling can never be underestimated. Likewise, there is a growing trend about using storytelling as an instructional tool and its use with English language learners is not a new phenomenon. In addition, educators share a school of thought that storytelling in the classroom is a way to get students actively involved in their learning. Numerous published researches revealed the seamless relationship between storytelling and comprehension. Simultaneously, studies...
Topics: Comprehension, English Language Learners, storytelling
The present paper draws from the use of new apps and technologies for ESL teachers to use authentic audio-visual resources for educational purposes in the acquisition of a second language. The accessibility of different web sites in the classroom reinforces students’ experiences where teachers play the role of facilitator. During class, students analyzed some videos of the website YouTube as a tool to access authentic material to promote advancement in each one of their learning skills, such...
Topics: Communicative Skills, ESL, Infographics, Language, Technology, YouTube, educational technology,...
Adult ESL immigrant and refugees are a multi-age group that originates from numerous educational and cultural backgrounds. Adult ESL classes are offered through various programs, which are often taught by volunteer. This thesis project focuses on volunteers that teach ESL to adult immigrant and refugees. The minimal requirements to become a volunteer ESL teacher can consequently create challenges for both volunteers and the ESL program. Teachers of this vastly diverse ESL group need to be...
Topics: Adult ESL, Adult Learner, English Learner, ESL, Immigrant and Refugee, Newcomer
Reading is a key principle in the language learning process for English Language Learners. This language skill is a complex strategy that takes careful planning and activities for ESL preschoolers to achieve. ESL preschoolers develop reading and phonic skills through daily reading aloud. A popular way preschoolers interact with reading daily is through the activity circle time. Circle time is essential for language and confidence building (Mosley, 2005). This method is useful for language...
Topics: Early, ESL, Listening, Phonic, Preschoolers, Speaking
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
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The involvement of parents in the educational process of English language learners has allowed ESL teachers and schools in general to create new opportunities to promote the effective educational development of new language skills for students. Parent involvement is a fundamental pillar for students as it provides extra support, encourages active participation, and has a positive impact. The transition of the educational environment for students in the company of their parents creates greater...
Topics: handbook, lack of parental support, parental engagement, parental involvement, parental support,...
Demotivation in language learning has been a common problem in English classes, this broad difficulty ESL students have faced for a long time can be solved with the appropriate Kinesthetic activities. The unique feature associated with this approach has been defined in simple words “learn by doing”. The goal of this project was to develop a sense of confidence when teaching by establishing the advantages of applying kinesthetic tasks and summarizing the most valuable ones to be implemented...
Topics: education, english as a second language, demotivation, language learning, ESL, ELL, ESL teachers,...
In 1986, Ellaine Horwitz introduced the concept of foreign language anxiety (FLA). The studies introduced the concept that when learning a second or foreign language, students can suffer from the effects of a particular type of anxiety known as FLA and that this anxiety has the ability to impair the students’ learning process. Through this research, I have created a website that contains updated information about FLA, its effects, possible consequences, and a set of strategies for teachers...
Topics: Anxiety, Awareness, Second language, Strategies
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
by Ricardo Jose Valladares
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Abstract English has become the language for business, trade, education, and academia around the world. Embedding English within a curriculum fosters the opportunity for speakers of other languages and culturally and linguistically diverse students to have access to a more competitive world of employment. Countries like Honduras are limited to less opportunities due to the lack of a good quality public education, and private education is unaffordable for most Honduran families. Hammond (2015)...
Topics: bilingual education, curriculum development, english as a second language, Biliteracy, CLD, CLIL,...
The strategy of using humor in language teaching has become an integral part of the teaching process of many second language classrooms. Because of the multiple positive benefits of humor in the classroom, more and more language teachers understand that entertaining classrooms help learners learn. In the classroom, humor strategies can help reduce learning pressure and anxiety, support focus on classroom participation and learning, and increase learning interest. Simultaneously, humor teaching...
Topics: humor, memory, classroom, ESL, second language teachers, memory, language output
This project discusses the use of reading strategies taught with a metacognitive approach to assist those learning English as a second language (ESL) developing reading skills. Research that promotes the use of metacognitive strategies in reading comprehension alongside the efficacy of pedagogy using popular media is presented via workshops.
Topics: reading, comprehension, metacognition, popular media
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
by Sindy Leidy Pinzon Marrero
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The necessity and importance of teaching through valuable and meaningful elements near the local context where the students learn and belong and elements that give students the chance to associate native and foreign cultural issues is the best way to engage with culturally responsive teaching. Exploring new strategies, being creative, and designing resources might be a productive manner to develop analytical, linguistic, and cultural competencies in culturally and linguistically diverse...
Topics: Culture, ESL, Intercultural
Speaking skills is the primary aim of communication; however, teaching speaking skills remains a challenge in certain language environments. FL teachers, as well as learners, face multiple difficulties in the process of learning a target language. On one hand, learners are often demotivated to learn the FL because of teachers’ traditional methods, which rarely enhance students’ interactions with each other. Additionally, classes are often large, so learners do not have enough opportunities...
Topics: Challenges, EFL, FL teaching strategies, Large-sized groups, Speaking skills
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
by Arlene Hope Anderson-Cooper
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Games can be helpful in the acquisition of many aspects of language including vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation. The use of games is not new in the English language learning classroom, but when bundled with other aspects of learning can be very beneficial. ESLs accept new foreign languages easily, but they get bored very fast if the teacher is teaching them using the old conventional methods and techniques. The aim of this projects is to prove that games are effective tools when used to...
Topics: ESL, gamification, vocabulary, ELL
This project aims to suggest the implementation of the Ludo-pedagogy method and Project-based learning approach to enhance oral proficiency in Chinese students. Chinese culture and the Chinese education system excerpt a significant influence in behavior and the way Chinese students approach the language learning process. Hence, teaching in Chinese culture poses new challenges for professionals in the language teaching field. However, language facilitators can be trained to cope with these...
Topics: Chinese, Culture, English, Language, Ludo-pedagogy, PBL
The number of immigrants has increased in the past three decades in the United States. This phenomenon has required schools to adapt to the needs of their communities and guarantee the right to education of immigrant children. Therefore, most counties offer English as a second language programs so students can learn the language and start or continue their education. However, students need additional support because families face a language and cultural barrier that compromises the students’...
Topics: english as a second language, after-school, culture, ESL, mentoring, teaching, tutoring
Immigration has become an important issue around the United States because it has impacted its society in many aspects. Currently, the immigrant population is increasing rapidly, and the educational field is facing much difficulties when teaching to students who speak a language different from English. This phenomenon has made the teachers’ teaching practice more difficult in the classrooms of the U.S. schools. Additionally, welcoming students with different backgrounds bring a variety of...
Topics: education, ESL teacher, ESL education, ESL, first grde, ELL, academic writing
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
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In the 21st century, the integration of technology in the classroom has been highly significant. Technology makes a positive impact on the students´ learning and gives opportunities to students to make learning more interesting and fun. Literacy development is crucial when students are in K-2 classrooms; however, using digital tools provides English language learners opportunities to develop their speaking, listening, writing, and reading skills in a different way. Additionally, the effective...
Topics: 21st century, technology, K-2, classroom, digital learning environment, digital-learning, SAMR...
Over the past 30 years, the increasing population of English language learners has made schools reinvent themselves. Some schools have adapted their instruction and teaching methods to accommodate and serve the best way possible these students, who primarily come from Hispanic countries. However, the second or third generation of these immigrant families' children remains in English language programs for more than six years, becoming long-term English language learners (LTELLs). In this...
Topics: Long term english language learners, mainstream classes
The benefit of parental involvement for CLD students has been a topic researchers have talked about for years. When a parent is involved in his or her child’s life that child encounters countless benefits, not only academically but also socio-emotionally and beyond. This project aims to incorporate a series of workshops for parents of CLD students in the Outer Banks of North Carolina in order to increase their involvement in their school community. My hope is to include the parents of CLD...
Topics: English Language, Parental involvement, TESOL
Metacognition is not always a consistent part of ESL/EFL classrooms but is a learning strategy that can boost student achievement outcomes, especially when paired with other learning strategies and self-reflective group discussions. Research (Huang & Newbern, 2012; Liu & Goh, 2006; Nakatani, 2005; Teng, 2019a; Teng & Reynolds, 2019; Vandergrift & Goh, 2003) has shown that explicit instruction of metacognitive strategies (MCSs) in the four language domains can increase L2...
Topics: adult education, language, EFL, ESL, Language domains, Metacognition
The use of new technologies has allowed ESL teachers to create new opportunities to promote the development of communicative skills and the use of authentic language. The Flipped Classroom (FC) has recently become a new trend that is being successfully implemented in many classrooms around the world. In the FC, learners review as homework, video lectures created by their teachers. During class, learners engage in projects and collaborative activities that promote collaboration and allow them to...
Topics: ESL, Flipped, Language, Learning, Technology, Training
Vocabulary is one of the essential skills to develop when learning a second language. In adult learners, this skill's development might be affected by different factors, such as motivation, anxiety, and age. Accordingly, this project presents a workshop series to instruct adult ESL learners in using self-regulated learning strategies to foster their vocabulary acquisition skills. Zimmerman (2002) pointed out that self-regulated learners are proactive in their efforts to learn because they know...
Topics: Adult Learner, ESL Learning, ESL teaching, Self-Regulated Learning, TESOL, Vocabulary Acquisition
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These highly mediated times have given teachers the opportunity to use technology and media for multiple purposes in the classroom. However, not all these resources are used critically. Aware of the need to educate students with the 21st century skills to critically analyze and interpret the embedded messages in multimedia texts and their popular culture, Critical Media Literacy (CML) emerges as an alternative approach to education. This pedagogy allows teachers to create spaces for learners to...
Topics: Critical media literacy, Gender, Media, Stereotypes
There is a need for effective resources and activities to allow teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) to create high quality learning environments to facilitate comprehensible content language input to their ESL students during elementary schooling. This work is the result of the design and in room testing of resources and activities as learning tools to foster language acquisition and to improve language proficiency skills of the students. This research provides a teacher-created...
Topics: english as a second language, bilingual education, elementary education, Bilingual, Content...
Grammar is an important part of language learning. Teaching grammar is undoubtedly a necessary foundation of achieving accuracy and fluency of the language (Ellis, 2006). However, although Chinese EFL teachers spend much time and effort on it, the effect is not as obvious as expected. Students make the same grammatical mistakes repeatedly and also lose interest in grammar lessons because they are stressed and bored by the traditional teaching methods. By analyzing the common grammatical errors...
Topics: Chinese students, EFL, grammar teaching, grammatical errors, teaching methods
The project focuses on the differences between education during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 has severely affected the education system, as many learning institutions have been closed in response to the lockdown. Some of the education centers had a quick replacement of face-to-face lessons with online learning. The paper will thus examine the effect of digital learning through online workshops administered to the teacher in their remote teaching process.
Topics: English as a second language, ESL, covid-19, virtual learning, education, online learning, remote...
Based on the analysis of the current situation of English teaching in China and the introduction of storytelling teaching methods, I think storytelling can help Chinese EFL Learners improve the interest and effectiveness of English learning. I designed a website to help teachers better use storytelling to teach.
Topics: Education, English as a second language
Adult English learners face many challenges while learning English as a second or as foreign language. The difficulty for learners to master their listening and speaking skills is one of these challenges that emerges not only when interacting with peers and teachers in the classroom but also when interacting with other members of their community or when performing simple daily activities. ESL teachers work hard to provide students with the language knowledge, that is, grammar, vocabulary,...
Topics: ESL adult learners, Listening activities, Listening skills, Speaking activities, Speaking skills
Developing speaking skills in students is vitally important to communicate ideas clearly. Interactive dialogue, role play, short talks, and other applied communication strategies and techniques become fundamental elements in developing language oral skills. Because English is regarded as a universal language of communication in sectors such as science, technology, business, literature, and tourism, it is an essential necessity in a variety of academic, work, and cultural settings. Therefore,...
Topics: english as a second language, ESL, project-based learning, ELL, english language learner, speaking...
The creation of a website is specially designed for helping ESL teachers to enhance their lesson plans and create a meaningful learning experience. This website offers useful resources and didactic material in English such as games that can be used to facilitate the learning process. The ESL strategies presented in this website, are based on several studies, serve as evidence to support teaching with games, which may increase ESL learners’ engagement, competence and performance through...
Topics: affective filter, English as a Second Language, ESL, ESL strategies, games, student engagement
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Many culturally and linguistically diverse students struggle at school because they quickly disengage or disinterest in learning. Therefore, they fail; in many cases, they drop off school to never graduate. Scholars assert that motivation is a fundamental factor influencing students' learning, especially a foreign or second language. Additionally, they claim that teachers' responsibility is to design for motivation and create a safe environment that allows students to take risks, differentiate...
Topics: ESOL, Instruction assessment, Motivation, Multilingual learners, Positive attitude for learning,...
The act of teaching a foreign language implies the inclusion of cultural aspects in the curriculum to boost students learning through closer realistic experiences. Integrating culture into the EFL classroom helps learners both to learn about the target language and the target culture. At the same time, it is an opportunity for learners to learn and reflect about their one culture. Preparing learners for the intercultural exchange can be achieved towards the incorporation of Intercultural...
Topics: Culture, EFL classroom, EFL resources, Intercultural Communicative Competence, Language, Webpage
Students are a heterogeneous group. When students enter school, they come from a variety of backgrounds and have various learning styles, interests, talents, demands, and levels of emotional and social maturity. An increasing number of teachers are becoming aware of these variances and exploring and implementing various teaching approaches and tactics to address these variations in their classrooms. One of them is differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction, as opposed to traditional...
Topics: education, language, English Teaching Strategies, Differentiated instruction, Primary School English
Abstract Learning a second language is a challenging task that elementary English learners have to face day by day. During the Language Arts block, it is important to teach our students how to read and write in English. That is why, the guided-reading model has been reinforced in many elementary schools in the Prince William County. In order to increase those reading spaces, ESL teachers have started working as reading specialists, providing ELD services during the guided-reading block....
Topics: ELL, English Learners, ESL, ESOL, Guided Reading, Reading Strategies
The use of new technologies has allowed ESL teachers to create new opportunities to promote communicative skills and the use of authentic language. Many schools and teachers began to use Web 2.0 tools to deliver their lessons virtually to teach remotely during the pandemic. It has recently become a new trend that is being successfully implemented in many classrooms around the world. With Web 2-0 tools, learners can access audiovisual resources, books, activities, and projects created by their...
Topics: education, technology, web 2.0, CALLA method, reading, writing, ESL
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Reading is an important part of second language acquisition in younger students. Reading provides students with new vocabulary, it improves their understanding and comprehension of the text, and it allows students to participate in classes. It is important to find the best strategies and methods to motivate younger students in reading as a central part of their second language learning. Teachers should not only look for such strategies but also find what best suits their own class, the needs,...
Topics: english as a second language, ESL, reading, education, ESL teachers, e-book
The increasing number of ELLs requires that the school systems have stages of teacher preparation for teaching ELLs. Different research has emphasized more robust teacher preparation programs as a solution to challenges related to the teaching and learning of these students. However, these programs are just part of the long way for teachers and ELLs to overcome all their challenges. Teaching ELLs represents a challenge for content teachers as ELLS portrait cultural and linguistic diversity in...
Topics: Challenges, Content Areas, ELLs, English, Strategies, Struggles, english as a second language, ESL
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The thesis proposal here presented works on the needs of the Russian-Ukrainian community in search of helping them to face the many requirements to achieve in order to live in the United States of America. This paper seeks to provide an educational tool that helps to smooth the adaptation process of new residents with a low level of proficiency in the English language. The learning guide proposed can be adapted and use to teach any ESL with different cultural backgrounds.
Topics: Acculturation, Adult teaching strategy, ESL, Metacognition, Second language learner
This is an ESP project to improve international priests’ pronunciation by studying vowels and consonants production from liturgical prayers. The Hispanic community has increased in South Carolina and some international priests have come to help. They need to be fluent in English and perform the service not only in Spanish but also in English. The project utilizes the actual liturgy to develop pronunciation activities. This project has 12 sessions. Each one starts with a prayer. Participants...
Topics: Culture, ELL, ESP, Metacognition, Pronunciation, Teaching
The English language has some problematic sounds for Hispanic students to articulate and pronounce when learning to speak English as a second language at an early age. Although both English and Spanish share the same alphabet letters in the written language, they differ in their pronunciation, causing considerable confusion when learning how to pronounce sounds in L2. English pronunciation is one of the most challenging skills to acquire, and learners should spend lots of time improving their...
Topics: ELs, English accent, Hispanic, improve pronunciation, intricate sounds, strategies
Employees and volunteers that teach English to newly arrived adult refugees at resettlement agencies fill an important role in the United States immigration process. However, these instructor positions frequently offer low wages, a lack of job security, underfunded programs and a lack of professional development. Many instructors have never been trained in teaching English as a second language. This thesis details an in-service training session for newly hired teachers who have little to no...
Topics: adult, english, immigrant, refugee, resettlement
More and more students study English as a second language in China. Students start to learn English in elementary school and until college. However, after many years of learning, many students are unable to communicate in common conversation in English. It has also become the main problem of English teaching in rural areas in China. Because of a large density and unequal distribution of education, many rural students lack the English learning environment. As the number of years spent on...
Topics: English teaching, elementary schools in rural areas, speaking and listening skills
The purpose of this project is to help teachers find an easier way to include different avenues of instruction inside their lesson plans while still acknowledging the interest and needs of each student. During a two-hour training with teachers in the PreK through kindergarten classrooms, teachers are introduced to a Brainstorming Web that is put into place to help with Differentiating their lesson plans. Differentiation, a concept initially created for gifted students, is now being implemented...
Topics: early childhood education, elementary education, differentiated instruction, Pre-K, kindergarten,...
Education has evolved and changed, requiring educators to equip students with 21st century learning skills that help learners face future challenges in the competitive world. English language teachers should provide students with practices and processes which focus on 21st century learning skills like collaboration, communication, creativity, and critical thinking. These four skills are known as the 4Cs, and they help learners thrive in their professional lives. To meet the challenges of the...
Topics: 21st Century learning skills, Advertisement, CBI method, The 4Cs
Teaching English Language Learners (ELLs) can represent a challenge for any educator, even those with vast teaching experience. Adequate support, to make sure they can successfully access the content knowledge as they acquire the target language becomes essential during the planning and delivery stages especially for level 1 ELLs. For this to be done successfully, teachers must not only be cognizant of what their students need but also have a clear idea of how to teach them. In this sense,...
Topics: language acquisition, language learning, scaffolding
Working as an English teacher in my home country China has given me the opportunity to observe the needs and challenges of learning English happily and effectively. Quite a few people, whether they are students, teachers or parents, have misunderstandings about learning English through games. They think that learning English is to read books quietly and listen to the teacher's lectures carefully. Playing games will only waste time. In the process of playing games, grammatical errors often...
Topics: english as a second language, ESL, EFL, games, language learner
Technology and culture are predominant in the education system in the 21st century. Technology and culture impact the holistic development of English language learners in K-2 Levels. This research provides educators with an efficient workshop that facilitates activities, training, and authentic information that they can utilize within mainstream classrooms. In addition to that, this research was designed to support educators in their efforts to facilitate learning in a more diverse remote...
Topics: education, technology, culture, holistic development, K-2 students, ELL, english language learners
This thesis focuses on the effects of culture on the literacy development of English language learners in the early elementary grades. The project provides educators with a well-designed workshop that offers training, information, strategies, and activities that they can implement in their daily lessons to engage students, school community, and parents. Furthermore, this thesis was designed to support educators in their efforts to provide 21st-century learning in an environment that embraces...
Topics: ESL, elementary, engagement, workshop ELL, inclusive, diversity
I started this project to solve a problem I faced during my first year of teaching Social Studies to 5th graders. I struggled to try to find the content I needed to help my students and I also found that many of my ELLs did not have the tools to understand complex words related to the class content. Accordingly, I saw that they were often discouraged and unmotivated. These challenges led me to decide to put as many resources as possible together in the same place, and that led me to the idea...
Topics: science education, 5th grade, social studies, ELL, english language learners
The ever-increasing number of diverse students in American schools requires teachers to be culturally aware of the cultural assumptions these students bring into the classrooms and how they may affect their actions, the decisions they make, and the relationships that are established with the students. By analyzing their own behaviors, beliefs, and perceptions, teachers can better understand how culture affects the teaching-learning process and the actions or connections with students. Thus,...
Topics: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Self-Awareness, Culturally aware community, Culturally aware teachers,...
The number of English Language learners in public schools in the United States has increased since the past fifteen years. Most of them bring academic and language needs that prevent them to be at the same language level as their classmates in mainstream classrooms. Therefore, it is essential that these needs be addressed by facilitating students appropriate methodologies to develop vocabulary, fluency and oral skills. This paper reviews the challenges that English language learners face when...
Topics: english as a second language, ESL
Demystifying Non-Standard English – A Workshop to Raise Awareness of World Englishes and Non-Native EFL Teachers intends to be a reflection tool for all the parties engaged in the English Language Teaching field. Its main objectives are to demystify non-standard varieties of English, to raise awareness of non-native EFL teachers and to dignify the teaching profession. This research deals with literature related to the concept of World Englishes, Kachru’s concentric circles of English,...
Topics: Kachru's Concentric Circles of English, Language Teaching, Linguicism, Nativization, Standard...
Listening and speaking are considered as the most frequently used language skills in any communication. They are difficult for second language learners and sometimes cause anxiety and frustration when trying to listen to native speakers or when communicating a message. We can improve our skills with the use of technology. There are many diverse technologies, applications, and software available to use in the classroom or anywhere, but considering what to use and how to implement these tools can...
Topics: ESL, technology, listening skills, speaking skills, education
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
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Self-assessment helps to develop a number of skills that are vital for furthering English language learning, such as fostering learner autonomy, promoting critical thinking and encouraging goal setting. Despite the many benefits self-assessment can provide ELLs, the North Carolina education system currently places much more emphasis on standardized, teacher-led testing. Therefore, there is generally a lack of instructional knowledge and teacher training surrounding formative, self-assessment...
Topics: education, self-assessment, ELL, K-5, teacher toolkit, ELL teacher
Educational policies such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) have guided the school system to focus on filling the learning gap to support those students who struggle academically, with learning disabilities, and ELLs. However, according to Stephens & Riggsbee (2007), high-ability students are being left behind to meet their learning needs on their own. Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) overcomes some of the weaknesses of the NCLB act by contemplating more on the gifted students' necessities...
Topics: bilingual, CLD students, gifted, models, strategies
Project-based learning (PBL) is a learner-centered approach that offers teachers a suitable alternative to making learning personalized, memorable and varied. As a result, students are engaged in learning new academic content, developing skills, and working in cooperation with others while also creating meaningful projects. (Holm, 2011). Considering all the benefits that PBL has in the language teaching and learning process, it is crucial that teachers receive some theoretical and practical...
Topics: Learner-centered approach, PBL, Primary School, Young learners
Immigration has made an impact on schools in the United States, bringing many changes in the classrooms. One of the changes is the variety of languages and cultural differences among students, making teachers face difficult situations because of the language barrier, especially when dealing with students with no English skills to establish communication with. All these changes have made schools aware of the need for teachers to become trained to take culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD)...
Topics: immigration, cultural differences, education, language barrier, culturally and linguistically...
Remote teaching has become the mainstream teaching method during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under such circumstances, teachers encountered great difficulty to transfer the entire classroom to cyberspace. Teachers found it is a great challenge to implement all the teaching plans online. They found it is even harder to provide cultural instruction in online ELL courses. As a result, cultural contents were sadly reduced or even removed from the curriculum. Nevertheless, language...
Topics: backward design, culture, flipped classroom, IPA, online education, Synchronous and Asynchronous
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
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It is known through different means that the learning a second language implicates several challenges in relation to reading comprehension, the levels of difficulty are different from one student to another. I had created a Handbook of Strategies to Enhance Reading Comprehension in a Second Language, which was elaborated based on my experience as a literacy teacher in a second language, as well as from sources of information such as Professional Developments I have received, interviewing and...
Topics: After Reading, Before Reading, During Reading, Reading Comprehension
Greensboro College Theses and Dissertations
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Speaking is a crucial part of language learning and teaching. This language skill is considered one of the most productive abilities for interaction among people. In that sense, including activities that promote speaking within EFL classrooms enhances the learning and teaching process. Therefore, this thesis is intended to help teachers implement one strategy that encourages and improves primary students’ speaking skills within the EFL homerooms. That strategy uses the comic strips technique,...
Topics: Comic, EFL, Skills, Speaking, Strategy, Strips, EFL classrooms
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This paper explores the hypothesis that Deaf and hard of hearing students should not be treated as having a disability, but instead should be counted as a linguistic minority. Therefore, they should be considered emergent learners of English due to the fact that most Deaf and hard of hearing students have not had exposure to spoken language in the same way that their hearing peers have had. After providing a brief history of American Sign Language and Deaf culture in the United States, this...
Topics: deaf students, ELL, english language learner, ASL, american sign language, deaf culture
Benjamin Bloom established sequential aims to represent lower and higher order thinking skills (Ritchhart, Church and Morrison, 2011). Many ESL educators would believe that, rather than being concerned with creating activities among these lower and higher thinking skills, it would be more beneficial to focus just on language skills. For that reason, this project is designed to promote ESL students' thinking through oral interactions. The main tool used in the lesson plans to promote thinking is...
Topics: Benjamin Bloom, higher order thinking, ESL, oral interactions, lesson plan, routines
Every day teachers and students face new teaching and learning challenges in search of better methods and practices to improve their experience in the classroom. Teachers apply different approaches and theories developed by many researchers to offer a good interaction between students and knowledge, but the implementation of these techniques does not always ensure a correct acquisition of learning. The use of these practices and methods has an important repercussion on all the students, but...
Topics: Differentiation, Individualization, Learning, Personalization, Personalized Teaching
Abstract Every teacher’s goal at the primary, secondary, or even university level should be to have their students succeed through their classes. Therefore, being a teacher is not an easy task since it is challenging to disconnect from work. We are always thinking and researching new strategies to keep our students engaged; we are still concerned about helping our struggling students. We are willing to change our teaching methodology from one moment to the next if we see that it does not...
Topics: feedback strategies, learner autonomy, student-centered approach
With coronavirus pandemic wreaking havoc in most sectors of the economy, especially in the education sector, the focus has greatly shifted to online or remote teaching to enable students to continue their education. But the primary concerns are based major on the below questions: What role will the teacher play in remote teaching? How will the learning outcomes of the students be improved and assured in remote teaching and learning? How will the teacher establish interaction and effective...
Topics: teacher education, remote teaching, education
The population of immigrant students in the United States continues to increase; therefore, teachers need to be knowledgeable of strategies to support ELL students' social and academic needs. This project is designed as a workshop for middle school teachers, counselors, and school staff who work with ELL newcomer students. The content and activities of this workshop focus on strategies to create culturally responsive school environments that support the emotional and social needs of ELL...
Topics: acculturation, English, learner, newcomers
Teaching in the United States has become more challenging due to the wide diversity found in many classrooms, the increasing numbers of newcomers that vary each year, and the world’s dynamics changing rapidly every day. Teachers are expected to be prepared to adapt to the new tendencies, and our students must be prepared to face all the technology, social, cultural, and cognitive challenges that the world has for them. This paper presents a visual bookmarking tool as a strategy to support...
Topics: Bookmarking, English, ESL, Language, Newcomers, Technology
Many English language learners encounter writing as a challenging and daunting task to accomplish. One of the reasons why this happens is due to the implementation of teaching methodologies that do not respond to the language needs of our language learners and undervalue the importance of first language transferability or cross-linguistic transfer. The present project aims to provide language instructors and other language professionals an alternative teaching strategy that enables language...
Topics: Cross-linguistic influence, Language transfer, Metalinguistic awareness, Second language...
Educational technology has become an integral part of the English language classroom. The benefits to including technology into curricula are great. Yet, many adult English Language Learner (ELL) educators feel hesitant or unprepared to introduce new or updated educational technology into their classrooms. Due to the recent worldwide pandemic, many adult ELL educators have made the mandatory shift to completely online instruction with little to no face-to-face learning. With the recent mass...
Topics: adult education, ELL, adult ELL, technology, ESL