tv The News Hour With Jim Lehrer PBS July 7, 2009 7:00pm-8:00pm EDT
aptioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer produions >> hrer: good evening, i'm jim lehrer. on the newshour this tuesd, the lead story, is the mosc meeting beten president obama and prime minister putin. then, the otr news of the day including the continuing etic violence in cha. a john merr update on the new orleans schools. the latest on rules f stem cell resechers. and a report on t public memorialor michael jackson in los angeles. major fundi for the newshour with jim lehrer is providedy:
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public broadsting. and by contributions to ur pbs station fr viewers like you. thank you. >>lehrer: president obama wou up his tripo russia today with a new appeal for better relations. that w the message in a meeting with prime minister putin and a speech to a graduatinglass. gwen ifi has our lead story report. > ifill: the powerful former predent of russia welcomed president oba this morning for a breakfast meeting at his estate outside mosco prime minister vladir putin served as present until last year, en his chosen successor, dmitri medvyedev, was elecd. today, putin ske of improving relations with thenited states. but he also acknledged complex ansometimes difficult disputes.
>> ( translated ): there re periods when r relations floushed quite a bit and there were also riods of, shall we say, grayish mood between ou two countries a of stagnation. with you we link all our hop for the furthance of relations between our two countries. > ifill: president obama sa lasteek that putin, who was for years a b officer had "one foot in the old ways of doi business." putin respond, saying his feet were "planted in the ture, as is everne in russia." mr. oba offered a more nciliatory assessment this morning. >> i'm aware ofot only the extordinary work that you've done on balf of the russian peoplen your previous role as prime minister as prident, but in yr current role as prime minister. we thinkhere's an excellent opportuni to put u.s.-russian relions on a much stronger footing. and we may not d up agreeing
oneverything, but i think that e can have a tone of mutual respect and consultati that will see both the american people and the russn people well. >> ill: the president later told american nework television terviewers that he found put "sewd, tough and unntimental." then, he traled back to moscow for a commencement address a the new economischool. ( pplause ) it wasounded in the early 1990's as the soviet unn was disintegring. >> let me be car: america wants a rong, peaceful, and prosperous russia. >> ifill: e president spoke to the graduating class ofhe issues that unitehe u.s. and rusa, and of those that still divide thtwo countries. but hsaid disagreements need not make the o nations into adrsaries again. >> there ishe 20th century viethat united states and russia areestined to be aagonists. and that a strong russia or a stng america can only asse themsves in opposition to one another.
progss must be shared. that's why iave called for a reset in relations between th united states and russia. >> ifill: afterward,r. obama met wh mikhail gorbachev, whoseolicies as soviet leader inhe 1980's helped open the closed communist socty. the psident then talked with business and civil soety leaders,nd said that u.s.- russian cooperaion must move bond official channels. >> it has to be between r people. it has to be more than st security or diantling weapons. it has to be about oucommon prosperity, theobs we create, the innovation we unleashthe industries at we build. >> ifilland late in the day, he met with potical opposition aders, whose influence on t democratic process in ssia has been dramatically rtailed in rect years. mr. obama leaves russiaomorrow for the group-of-eighsummit in l'aqui, italy, and an audience
witthe pope in rome later this week. margaretarner has been coring the story in moscow. ipoke with her earlier today. margaret, good tsee you. presiden obama spoke today of staging a reset in u.-russia relations. h did that play out? >> warner: well, it wa in his speech the new economic school, gwen. in calling for a partnersip with ruia, in saying that h wanted russia occupy its ritful place as a great power, he really was sending a new messa to the russian here who have been of the vew, as we repoed last week and this week, at the u. has wante to real take advantage of russia weakness after the cd war. so for them tohearim talk abt wanting a psperous and secure russia, i talked to me students afterwas. even though they didn't go czy during the speech, th wereery struck bythat. that the unitedtates wasow seeking a partnersh.
he's also do a interting thing whh is to use the imagery of the second world war to talk about a time when russia or t soviet uon and the u.s. were ales. the very first thg he did on arrival s to go to th tomb of e unknown soldier behind up in red squarend lay a wrea. he talkedoday aout the time when thu.s. and russ were allies in what he called the eatest struggle of the 20th century. and he likened the young men who died at normandy beach to young soviet soldiers who died fending and trying to retake the estern border. so it really was driving me the entire theme of tis trip, today's speech >> ifill: he seemed to making quite a generationa linkage beten himself and the current presint. yet his meetingith the forr president, current prim ministerutin, wa't quite as warp. at least it didn'teem that way from here. warner: it wasn't quite as warm. i think that's fair t say, gwen. they had neveret before. they wentut actually to primeminister putin's home in
the count. 're told by the ruian press that the prime minister's eakfast for him was a claic russian breakfast. blinis and calfier and tea made in a russian teapot. but they got rightown to bra tacks, aired their differences. words were ed like candid, honest, and frank. which i usually diplo-speak for fairly blu ifot brutal. on the other hand, they said it was quite open and not defensive. in other words, there sn't y real posturing. th did agree, for instance, that nuke aeady weapons oliferation was athreat and terrorism was a threat. they really digreed on georgia and tey really disagreed on missile defense but on that latter issue accding to the americans anyway putin and president obama agreed that they would continue talkng about this, the two countries would, d ould be trying to listen this
time tohe other side. the end president oba did a couple of interviews. hecalled putin shrewd and smart d tough. he also said, you know, he didn't think on sme of these issues there would be meeti of the minds any time oon. but i thi it's clear fom the fact that, for istance, it was predent obama who extended the meting by another half hur because he wanted to ma sure they had a really firmasis and underanding. this wa not a courtesy call. president ama fully recognizes thatprime minister putimay not be presint he but has a l of per vis-a-visresident mvedev with whom, as y said, he seems have a warmer relationship. >> ifill: when it comes to business psident obama seem to beocusing on trde plo motion, man rights, econom securi and casting them as common goals that we have with a nation that usedo be our enemy. >> warner: yes, gwen. in fact, you ju linked the o things that he also linked
ich is on the one hand you think of sometimes business pmotion as being one are nd democracy promoonas beingnother. but the white houseees it reaythey're very linked, that if business ties tween he u.s. and rsia can grow-- and they're really very small now despite the american investment hre-- the trade between e two cotries is 1% of all u.s.lobal trade. but if they can helpncrease is and help boost these ties, it helps create a constuency here in russia for o things. on a stronger u.s.-russ relationship. and two,for rule of law. contract law. independent judiary. some of theuilding blocks of what we csider a democratic society. so in fact he went with presint medvedev to the business summit, andhe prais president medvedev thereorhat presint medvedev hasaid he wnts to din terms of ending somof the bureauacy. he doesn use the word corruption bu that's clearl the subject. then he wentalone to a meting with civil sociy
leaders. wanted presint medvedev to com the white hou pushed very hard for tt. presidt medvedev did not d that. but there president oba again ma the case, as he d inis speech, thathe decratic freedoms that we ta for grted-- i mean, freedom of pre or independent judiciar-- are essential ilding blocks for a successful solt... socie anone that rives. he said in both venues i wasn'be sitti before you as anafrican-american or staing before you a the president of the unit states if we ddn't have roomor dissent androtest. if there weren't a way for minors in our cotry to make their voes heard and essenally perfect our society. he was trying to really tie the o together. and very much a meage to the presidenmedvedev to you know, live upto his rhetoric out wanting grear rule of law in thiscountry. >> ifill: wa he receied in russia the way he's en reived in othe foreign nations 's vis id, thatis to say, with a kind of cebrity status or was it
ifferent? >> waer: very different. very, very diffent, different. yesterday tre were no crowds whenever his motorcade med buit was pretty rainy. toy, for instance, as his torcade went out to putis dacha and came back, people were sort ofooking up apparently. i wasn't in the pool. but tt was the report. but there was no..there were no throngs of people. there'sno obama mania here. there haseen a consistent anti-american drum bat in the prss for the last eight to ten to 12 yrs. d a recent po here found th fewer than a quarter russias-- i think it was % --rust president obama to do the righthing in ternational affairs. it's been pointed out to me that that's a least in double digits. better than preside bush. but it still shows that there's a deep well of mistru here and that this trip f president oba was just the beginning trying to engage russ society a ll as the russian government in seeing our relatiohip in a new way. >> ifill: margaet warner
reporting for from red squar thank youso much. >> warner: thanks gwen. >> lehrer: in oer news today, scks hit their lowest levels in more than two mths on doubts abo the global economic recovery. the dow jes industrial average los161 points to close at 8163 a loss of about 2 thnasdaq fell 41 points more than 2% to close at 746. the present of costa rica has agreed to media the political cris in honduras. oscarrias won a nobel peace prize for his work to nd political violence in ctral america in t 1980's. the announment of this new fort came in washington, after secreta of state clinton m with manuel zelaya, the ousted honduran present. >> it is a better rte for him to follow at thitime than to attempt to return in the ce of the implacable oppositn of the
defactoegime. and sinstead of another confrontation th might result in the loss of life, let'try the dialoguprocess and see where that leads and l's let the parties determinell the various iues as they should. >> lehrer:elaya tried to fly back to honduras on nday, but government troops bocked the airporrunway. the leader of the ierim governme said today he has accepted the mediation fer. in pakistan, intelligence officials ported another missile strike by a.s. drone aircrt. they said 12 to 1militants were lled.q& the attacks took ple in south wazirian, at a training camp run by one of the leade of the pakista taliban.+=8z)ik1.q in response, t pakistani army warned the u.s. strikes a
hurting its ongog campaign againsthe taliban.'á the w u.s. senator from minnesota, al franken, wasworn in today, eht months after the election. s arrival gave democrats 60 seats in the sena. vice president biden dministered the oath on the senate floor,ith former vice president walr mondale, a minnota native, alongside. franken took the oath a bible that belonged to the la senatoraul wellstone of nnesota. the mnesota state supreme court declared franken the winner last week,fter a long recot battle. the american b association has ven u.s. supreme court nomin sonia sotomayor boost. she earned a "well qualified rating from theation's largest torneys' group, after its review. at the same time,enate minority leader mcconne suggested today that somayor has let racial bias cloud he decisions. the senate confmation hearings egin next week.
>> lehrer: and still toome on the newshour tonht: teachers in new orleans; neguidelines on stem cell research; d the jackson fewell. that follows our look at e violee in northwestern china betweehan chinese and the uighurs, a group with etic turk roots. we begin with aeport from ian wiiams of independent television news in beijing. >> reporter: armed lice ooded urumqi today but could do little to prevent the simmering ethnic teions again bursti onto the street this time, angry ms of han chinese widing sticks, pipes and shovels. they headed towards musli uighur neigorhoods, chanting "defend the country." the ri police eventually blocked their way, later ring tear gas to sperse the crowd.
eaier, scores of uighur women confronted anothegroup of police, protesting gainst mass arrests of men from their muim community. it began as chinese ofcials busd journalists and phographers to the city to see the aftermath of the weend riing the authorities say more than 1,400 alleged rters have be rounded up, the women claimed men had beestrip- search and ken away if they had cuts, bruises, or her signs of fiting. ur situation is too tragic," said this woman. "it will be better to shoot and kill us than live lke this." another woman made her ow lonely, gesturef defiance. tse are the latest pictures t emerge of sundas rioting. they ow parts of urumqi in flames. thdeath toll from china's wost ethnic violence in decad mains at 156, with more than
800 injured, an extraordinary high number, cording to the u.'s top human rights official today. he's called for a transrent investigatiointo who was kill and how. the government has still t released a breakdown, blaming exiled separatist leaders r the unrest. the authorities in urumqire cotinuing to limit access to the internet and mobilehones, the citys tonight is tense and under curfew. ethic tensions showg little signs ofbating. >>lehrer: judy woodruff has more. woodruff: and for that we g to: alim seytof the spokespersofor the world uighur congress and the ce- president othe uighur american association, both of whi promote the rights of uigrs. born and rais in east turkestan, which chinaalls xinjig, he came to the united states in 1996. and minxin pei, professor of goernment at claremont mckenn college. he has written extensely about china we inted the chinese embassy
to particate in this dicussion but they declined. gentlemen, thank you bh for being witus. alim seytoff, let me begin with you. the uighurshave been in this region r centuri. werthe tensions just running so high that sothing was ivitable like this? >> th tensns have been rising veryigh because of the chinese govnment's political propagda of the chese people and chinese nationalism and prtraying uiurs especially after 9/ as terrorists, separatists and islamic radicals. so inhe minds of the chinese government, uigh people, their very presence in st turkestan o shin jiang is is a threat. there waso much racism going on. as a resulwe areitnessing at is happening in our homeland unfortunaly. >>woodruff: minxin pe, how do you describe wh's been going in this region in. >> well, this has been apart of china. in the mid '90s thesituation was mch worse.
after a whi, things quieted down aittle bit. in the last f years, tensions gan to rise ain for a varietyf very complex reasons. woodruff: what are some of the reasons? >> enomic being one because hat part of chin has huge natural resources: oil deposits,natural gas deposi. and the exploration of these resrcess deepesented byhe local popation. >> woodff: and the chinese governmt has moved what? huneds of thousands if not millions of han chinese into ts region. >> yes. the policy is a longstaing policy. sie the early '50s the chinese govement has been steadily seling migrants. in recent yrs it's more driven by private entpreneurship. this no explicit government encouragement but the government has been enabng the miation ofrivate
entpreneurs into that pat of the region. that, of course, has contribed to the ethnic nsions. >> woodruff: alim seytf, when you say racism, what specifically e you talking out? >> i talk about because of the inese government han chise popation to describ the uighurs, tibetans and other thnic minorities as lazy olent, barbaric d they on't want to develop. they n't want to live in peace. theyare troublemakers. ey are the problematic peoples in those aras. as a result we see high tension between the uighurs a chinese, between th tibetansnd chinese, betwe the mornials and the chinese unfortunately. because of this, there is huge resentmenon both side the chinese ha the uighurs, the uighs hate the chinese. then sething like that can spark a huge ethnic and racl clash which turns out to
become such violent event. >> woodruff: so, miin pei, i'm going to come to you with a questi i started with mr. seytof was this just somethin waitingto happen? >> oh, s, absolutely. cause the underlying conditionsre very tense. you have lack of communication or dialogue beten the ethnic groups epecially between the h chinese and the uighurs. thn you have officia rhetoric about paratism, terrorism, ex-turism, and then, of course ecomically, as i said, t dstribution of weth ha been ather issue. and thenof course, o top of this we have rumors prior this incident abut uighur bei killed in southern china. >> woodruff: the chinese gornment has also said the uighurs are separatists, that they want to separate from the chise mainland and that many of th are terroris. how much truth is there to hat?
>> the chars are patently false. with regard to terrism after 9/11, the chese government successfullysed and conveently used the glob war o teorismo label uighur people as terrorism. today the chineseovernment even criminalied uighurs, what th called a spiritual rrorism. forny uighu who writes and speaks ou against the cinese vernment the chinese gornment can char that uihur as a terrorist, and if th person is religious ca be charged as a religious fundamentalists by the authoties. ter 9/11 the chinese authorities launched so many strike-hard campaigns d afterast year's olymps the chese authorities began what they called a life-and-ath struggle against th uighur people. woodruff: i've just been told by our producer that the chinese president h left the g-8 summitin eope to head home because of th problems.
in shin jiang provce. minxin pe, how much evidence does the chinese gernment have th the uighurs are trying to dermine the government, overthrow t gornment, whatever other charges they' made against them some. >> there are t parts. first ofll, relating to specifically to this ver tragic incint, the chinese government has claimed tt overss uighur organizations have master minded this incident. >> woodruff:which incide are you reerring to? >> i man sunday's.... woodruff: what happened on suay. >> yes. bu more general, the chinese governmen also needs to convince the rest of the world that the uighur population or the uighursdo ve a significantumber of people who are intent upon eparating from china.
>> woodruff: alim seytoff, what is it th the uighurs want? is the agreeme among the about what they want? >> under today's circumstanc, under t brutal killing of the uighurs and some other han chinese, this kind of high racial tension and if you ask an ordinary uigh and the mority probably believe tt an independent independent country is a good ide >> woodruff: an indendent cotry. >> there iso way for uighurs to live peacefullynd freely. their culture, teir language, their y of life, their religion uer the current chinese rul but still... but we and the chinese governme accused a man a instigating the event. >> woodruff: th is the uighur who is the leaderof one othe organizations. living here in washington. >> she's a uighur leader. she's so the president of theorld uiur congress. we are basically helpinghe uighur people. that's a he.
so that the uighureople can choos what ki of political destiny they want. >> woodruff: minxin pe, how realistic is that? >> that's not very realistic aspiration. even thoughof course, it's understandable given the current circumstancesecause i think as long ashina stays togeter as an effectively governed countr, the chinese govnment will most likely joy the support of the majority of the chinese people. china is mde up of 92% of han majority. the separateuighur state is very unlely outcome. but of course the most realistic outcome i a degree of autonomy, sf-government, mutualespect, understanding, nd also mutual beneficial enomic relationship. >> woodruff: you think that's possible th thechinese government.... >> with the right policy that's possible. that's why i think this tragedy is a wake-u call for the chinese gornment. they needo review their past
ethnicolicies and see where they ne to make changes. >> woodruff: i that a path thhe uighurs would accept if that were what thehinese govnment moved tard? >> ithat is exactly whathe chinese gvernment wants to move in that direction, i think uighur peopleanbe persuaded to accpt this kind of solution. if a genuine autonomy higlevel autonomcan be given to the uighurshere tir enicity, culte, language, way of life can be respected, the uighur peopl i'm sure ty would accept that. but befor i agree with this, it is in 1955 the chese overnment actually gave t uighurs shin jiang uighur autonomous rion but have never implented autonomy. they gave tibet autonomy but nev had autonomy laws. they do not trus this kind of autonomy talk. ntil and unless the chinese govement genuinely comes to the negiation table and makes tse kinds of offers,
ix-decade long repressive polics in tibet and st turkestan,then things y ange for the better. woodruff: all right. we're going to leave ithere r tonight and watch it very closely. continue to. alim seoff, minxin pei, thank you very much. >> tnk you very much. >> thank you. >> lehrer: now, a an to use rookieeachers in one of the toughest school distric in the country. theewshour's special correspondent for educatn, john meow, has been chronicling t efforts to improve public schools in new orleans and washgton d.c. tonight, he looks at how so novice teachers ared in new orlns this year. >> i know yocould do better han that. say wh you mean. i know what yoare trying to sa but tell me what you are actually trying to ll me. >> reporter:lmost everyone agrees that teacherare the single most importantactor in a child'education. >> seeing some ally good ideassome really interesting ideas. >> reporter: but good ones n
be hard to fi. teach for america, or.f.a., beeves it has the solution: recruit p college graduates for a two-year stint ithe nations touest public schools. >> we are rebuilding a pubc hool system from the grnd up. >> reporter: new orleans superintendent paulallas is one of ach for americas ggest fans. >> they bringn extraordinary ork ethic. th're very innovative. they're very create. they're brillit. they have high eectations for th kids. >> reporter: vallais hoping t.f.awill help close the achievement gap in his recovry schoolistrict, where 65% of students are at least a ar behind. nce his arrival two years ag vallas district has hir 128 tea for america members, they and oth so-called fast-tracked tehers now make up 20% of his staff. although they have only eigh weekof training, vallas believes their intelligencend
enthusiasm more than compsate for their lack of perience. can ts be true? what impact novice teachers have on troubled sools? >> i think it's vital fome, for me to sceed. >> repter: yale graduate daniel hoffman was hired to teach ma at george washington carver, onef the districts st challenging high schools >> in my ornary life, if i fail, i'm the only one faing. if fail in this classroom? almy kids fail. and that' that's what motites me to succeed. >> reporter: princeton gradte, jeylan ermawas also hired as a math teacher at carver. >>the whole aura of the city i about change, a about reform. i ner really believed that there could be such aenergy and excitent for change until i came here. >> reporte lindsay ordower, a graduate of mount holyokewas hir to teach science at frederick douglass, anothelow performing hh school. >> what i'm looking rward the most to is getting to kw my students.
i don't want to kn them by their hawriting, i actually want to know who they are >> so sciencis all about investigaon. >>reporter: from day one, lindsay seemed toe a natural in e classroom. it's really imrtant to know what's in the water were drinking, we cant st trust someone se's opinion. >> i think tod went well. did stay on task, i acmplished everything i wanted to accomplish. they' on schedule for where i wanted them to be. >> evyone take a seat. start working on your worksets >> reporter: however, diels idealism wasut to the test fr the start. everyone familiar with a liter? raise your hand. raise your hand. give me a thbs up if you're miliar with a liter or thumbs down if you' not. i need everybody to give me either give me a umbs up or a thum down. i have n had as much success as i'd like. when i'm inhe classroom, i'm thinking, " my god, what am i doing?" >> aone want to share what they wrote in their poweups? does anyone nt to share it? >> reporter: jeylanlso had troubleonnecting with
stents. >> i thought id come in teaching being turally good at . i automatically thoht that because care so much, i had to be really great. it's not like at. >> reporter: aew months into thyear, discipline continued to be daniels major umbling block. >> kids getting up lking around, walking out class, you name it. i get things thrown ate all the time. a garbage can wathrown at me once >> reporter: is this what you expected? >> yes and no. i knew at i was coming into one of the most difcult educationalituations in the untry. murder, they've en katrina. the's almost nothing that they're scared of. deling with that when i am supposed to be in a potion of authori in some ways my hands are tied. >> want all of you to pass
your homework to the fnt. pass your homeworto the front. anody else? >> repoer: the demands of long hours preparing for a then teaching her class, had jeylan hittg a wall. >> it's been ally, really harfor me to muster up the energy to get up and gon the class with that idealism a optimism that brght me down to neorleans in the first place. >>reporter: jeylan's low point came when her classtarted a petiti to get her fired. >> i remember sitting at the corner of my roomon my des and, like, literly, not, not yet ying, but, like, on the verge of tears. reporter: for lindsay, our st confident teacher, the biggest problem wasttendance. is walter here today? i have 26 students on mroster but on anyiven day i can exct about 17. >> reporter: you he ten right now >> yes. >> 11. >> yes >> one just came in.
it slows my teaching wn a lot. i feelike i'm always playing catch-up. o wasn't here yesterday and needs a handout ometals versus nometals? >> so were not ju dealing with negative x, we'rdealing with negave 1x, just like we've been doing for theast few days. >> reporter: byanuary, jeylan'slass seemed to be turning around, and the stunt petition was lg forgotten. >> i was so adama that i wasn't gng to fail from the beginning. and that leto many different ideas. and, when one uldn't work, i wod try another one. when that one didn't wor i kepgoing, going and going, until i filly found what woed for me and felt natural to me. what do we s about body color for this group of frogs? are they somewhat the same? >> reporter: ldsay continued to improv and her students seemed to benefit. >> could tell she was a pretty cool teacher. had a real problem with science; she made it sy for
me. i could understand it. >> and all the achers i knew, ithe past year, she was the fit teacher ever told me if i need a recommendatn, come see me. try to help me rough college. y to help me find a college that's the firsteacher who ever d that. >> she phed us beyond our natural bounds, beyond our natural limits. >> very proud ofy kids. i thinkhey're doing very hard work. yesterday, all of oure-testers got theirest results back, i thi at least 80% of my kids said they passed. >> let me take a steback because i rlize there's a lite confusion about this activity. >> reporter: however, diel never hit h stride. he continued to struggland so did his cls. >> 18 centimeters, you take thativide in to a hundred and take 18 of those. the one thing that ally gets to me is wheny students tell me i'm a bad teher, because i knw in a certain respect its true. it's ha, because you see
something thayou think you've ught a dozen times the same, the same exact prlem with none of e numbers changed, i gave it on the test d a lot of the kids didn't, still dn't know how tdo it. >> reporte at years end,e invited the tchers to dinner. thebrought two other first- year teach for arica colleagues, zitsi mikhur and bayoji angbola. we asked them to respond a common criticism of t.f. are you lening to teach at the expense of these kids who actually need expienced teachers? >> the kids arehe only reason we here. um, wee not here for the paycheck, were not here forfor anything else li that. we're here for the ki, and were puttg our all into it. >> we stay up 'til likeone, two o'clock,tay at school 'til seven o'clock wking on lesson pls.
and that energywhich might not behere if you've been in the systemor ten or 15 years. we use as a tool to make positive impacts. >>eporter: so the energy outweighs your inexperiee? >> yes. yes. it comnsates for it. >>eporter: did you ever find yourself triaging? >> i don't have enough eney to help everyo here so i'm really going to work on these tw >> definitely, aolutely. >> if yowere to take the tire classroom by storm? a try to tackle all the issues, i mean. i don't think any one of is capable of at. >> its not always in your control i had a student aing up a w weeks ago that had never really-- he would sep during class a the time. and i find out that he' homeless, there's way that me beg nicer or stricter or more motivational isoing to change thfact that he doesn't have a home. >> think all of us, our collective society, haso address issues of povty, very fundamenlly, of health care. we can't just sathat were going to fixhe school system
d everything will be okay. >> report: but vallas is adamant that smart young teaers are the answer, even if their commitment short term. >> i want to ve a steady flow of the best and brightest fm the colleges d universities in our, our teaching program. and if they ay for two or three or four ears and then ve on, so be it. reporter: but daniel hoffm wont have a seco or third year. at the end of his first ar, carver high hool dismissed hi >> it's probably the righthing but i'm stillrapping my head round it in a lot of ways. >> rorter: daniel is the rare exception. both lindsaynd jeylan were asked to stay for eir second year as are almost a t.f.a. recruit 60% stay a trd year. vallasimself originally signed a two year contract,ut buoyed by impved graduation rates and incrses in scores ontate tests, 's signed on for a
trd year and promises to hie more new techers for the fall. >> lehrer: you can download podcast of the fl interview witsuperintendent vallas. also on our web se all of john merrow's reports on t new orleans and shington, d.c. scols. >> lehrer: next, newules for stem cell research. jeffrey bwn has that story. >> bwn: president obama came into office vowing to lift his prdecessors restrictions on st cell research. in mah the presidentssued an executiveorder directing the national institutes of health to set guidelines. now the agencyas spelled out those rules. they alow more embryonic stem kreel lines they're known to come eligible for feral federal funding but t qualify those lines must be derived from human embryos th were approved for resear usebuy
donors and origally created for i.v.f.b were not used or that purpose. help us walkus through what this a means we're joined by san dentzer editor of the journal health affairs and a health analt for the newshour. welcome back. >> nice to be back, jeff. >> brown: the biggest chan fromresident bush to presidentobama in generl terms. >> in general term it is as ou said the number ofines thawill now be eligible fo scientists towork on and work on it with federal dollars, tax payer dollas. hat's on one level. on another level this is another symbolic push forward for the research. that's how i think it was greeted broadl by the scientific cmunity yesterday and today. >> brown: part of the issue in coming with these guelines was determining how ectly a particular line is derived. explain what at means. >> ectly right. well, in the executiveorder th the president issued in march, he said that we waed to... n.i.h. wa going to be allowed to fund research onlines that weresponsibly
cread and would basically result in ientific advaement. so these guidelin are all about deciding what's responsibly created. as the guidelines went o to say day, there's som degree of social consens,ot complete, but me degree of conseus around the notion that if you were involved in assistive reproductive technology like i.v.f., and if for various reasons it wasn't us you gotlucky on the first one, you didn't need a second one, you decided not to proceed, whever, those embryos stack up in fertility clins. there are hureds of thousands of them. there's genal consensus, t guidenes say, around taking those scarded embryos in effect, using them to derive e embryonic stem cells and growing lines fr those. whereas the n.i.h. has gone on to say there's not consensus aund embryonic stem cell lines cread by other means for example what's known as
some mat ian cell nuclear transfer cloning in effect. >> brown: you cn't create the line f the research. >> that is furthermore n allowed not becse of anything that the i.h.or any administratio but congress has systematically every year ssed something known as the dicky amendmentor forids anybody fr creating or destroying embryos wth feral funding. so even these guidelines do't allow a scientist to ke federal t dollars, go into the lab andreate a new stem cell line. wh it does alow them to do is to take a line that somebody else hasll right already created a work on it th federal tax dollars assung that this line was creed again through i.v.f., hrough very clear inrmed consent of t donors who were donaing the embrs and so on. >> brown: tt's another key rt in coming up these guidelines is the informed connt. >> a value of these guidelines in the eyes of the scientific mmunity is now there's a ve clear road map for hown ethical li in effect will be
created you have to basically present to the donors an informed csent document. u have to say his is what we're going to do with these emyos if you discard them. esearch will be done onhem. it may be the cse that th ll lead to scientific brethroughs. it maye the case thatome of will make money off these scientific breakthroughs. all of tha has to go to the donor in the form of a documentith one exception. there was a gre deal of concern that some pre-exisng eryonic stem cell linesere not put through this ethical receive in effect but might be able to be worked o r example some of the original lies that even were authorized under the george bush policy. so n.i.h.has so create a separate avee where you can go to a new working group and demonstrate your line and say.. >> brown: yo intent to get consent. >> well, was this crted in an ethical fashion uer rules that appld very differently y ten years ago. the worki group has the freedom to decide,yes, this
is in efft an ethil line. >> bown: what are sign tiff saying is theractical impact here in terms of t number of ines and in termsof rearch going forwa. >> the practical impact is really just topen up to ma ny more embryonic stem cell li many that were crted in t intervening years outside of the deral funding process. others that may be created in the future, lots of assistive reproductiv technolies goin on all the ti. now if somebodyeally wants to sit down and create a line throughiscarded embryos through i.v.procedures and so on, againhere's a very, very clear ad map. how to do it wher it will justot be equivocal whher or not th line could b used in a federally fnded contex that's consided to be the greatdvantage of this. it's now very, very clea what can get funded and what cannot. brown: in rms of who is happyand who is not, some researchers wanted to go further. >> very much so. many researchers wantedto be able to work onlines thatwere crted through this other
procedure somaticell nuclear transr. they we not made happy. others wanted to be able to work lines that were cread through another procedure, pre-i am plant tags genetic diaosis when you create an embryo aead of time and tst it to see if it has genetic defect sometimes it does. some rearchers wanted to be ble to work on that. ty got the ability to do that in these guidelines. so there was a little bit of a give-and-take. in the end nobody was coletely happy on eier si but a lot of e scientists g what they wanted. >> brown: but those opped to the research from the beginning. >>emain very much opposed the.i.h.received 49,000 comments on its dft guideles from all parties. pro and con embryonic stem cell search. the were people who wanted in the informed csent document a clear indition that these embryos would be, quote, destroyed. they d not... they were not satisfied by theguidelines. the guidenes said in effect no theocuments don'tave to
say that. it remains clearly a very ethically contentious issue. many in the right to lif community are still very unhappy abt this. >> brown susan dentz, thanks again. good to be wi you, jeff. >> lehrer: and nally tonight as you may have heard there s a huge farewe tribute to micel jackson today that was televised live arounthe world. special corresponnt jeffrey kaye s our report from los angeles. >> reporter: nearly two eks after the death of p legend michael jackson, famil riends, fans and notables fr e music world participatedin a memorial trite broadcast aroundhe world from los angeles. pallbrers, each with a single sequed glove carried jackson's gold plated casket the stage. the event was part concertpart eulogy, featuring amongther
musicians, lion richie, stevie nder and mariah carey. she perrmed one of jackson biggest hits. >> i'll be there. >> reporter: the ry public memorl at the staples center followed a private faly service. the reverend asharpton, a family friend, sa jackson was a trlblazer for black america. >> he put on e glove, pulled his pants up and brokeown the color cuain when nowour videos areshown and magazines put us on the cov. >> reporr: 1.6 milon people particated in an online lottery f 17,500 free seats, two thirds of them inside e stadium, theest in an adjning theater that broadcast the event on gianscreens. as people with ckets passed through polic lines, the mood s somber.
>> even though i wt to celebrate s life, i still have that sadness that he's gon >> reporter: inside the emotional tributes foced on michl jackson the person and the performer. familyriend and motown founder barry gordy rememberedackson this way. >> from the fit beat of billie jean and the toss of that hat i w mesmered. but when yo get hi iconic moon walk ias shocked it was mic. >> reporter: the memori came after dayof legal wrangling over jackson's will anover custody of his thr children. it also follow disclosures about police investigatns into jackson's use ofrescribed drugs ch news seemed of little consequence to fan since jackson's death, tensof thousands of fs have descended on los angeles. many went to the sitef a makeshift shrine the family hom oths came to sign billboard sized posters outside the
staples center. tusands of reporters from arou the world covered and fed the frenzy. city offials worried about the possibility of unmanageale crowds closedtreets in a two- ock perimeter around the venue. t message from the city, s, if you don't have a ticke stay out. >> the part of the perimer is for crowd control. only about 100 ticketless fa came to stand outside the perimet. with millions people around the wod watching the memorial, the reaction to jackson'seath hadurned to an ep global sptacle.a among e fans who showed up in l angeles, thereas a sense of detion. for many o traveled thousands of miles, this wasn't mere a tribute, it waa pilgrimage. lynne johnston flew in om scotland.
plain to people who might n understand why seone would come 600 miles for a memorial. >> it's not the travel. it's bng here with everyone else who feels thsame, being part ofomething that i grew up with,is us, his inspiration, there's no words that ca describe it real what he was tohe world. >> rerter: these women from japan seemed surprised at i would ask th why they came. did you come just because. of this? >> yes. > reporter: why? > why? >> reporter:hy? you seem shked. >> we ve michael. he ve us. >> its just everybodyanting to be pa of this. what'going on with michael, the funeral.
michael jackson music was part othe sound track of their formative years. >> back in the '80s and in the 0s i was very int their music. you know, you grow up as a teener hearing all the songs ike, you kow, rocki robin an abc, you know althose songs. >> reporr: the jackson five. >> when miael put out thriller th was really good too. 20-something years ag >> reporte for farhan haji of toronto, canada, sharing jackson's music w a family affair just remembering when we we kids and the j he brought to thworld. he's the oy person my parents used to listen to and i liened to as a chiltogether. besidethe beatles. i ca remember anyone who my parents and i both lov. >> reporter: tfans, jackson's sical and dance abilities fa overshadowed hisccentricities -- such achanges in his aparance. and his personal proems like allegatns of child moltation. admirers such afaisal janjua from london said tho aspects
of jackn's life were umportant. >> we've all got a darside and unfortunately for him, it s exposed for evybody to know abut it. they cldn't leave him alone and let him be. where i me from, we don't care too much about that yoknow. it s about him loving us and being kind to theorld. d he was trying to set an example that we shou all follow reall >>eporter: costs for policing and servic related to the jackson memori are likely to approach four million doars, accorng to city officials who are grapplg with a half blion dollar budget deficit they are hoping to t private donatns from jackson fans to pafor at least some of the expenses. >> what was impornt for me todayas a safe situation tting people in and out. we ve as many police officers as we need here. we want this to be a fitting tribu to michael jackson.
reporter: yet it's also hard to get away from the fact that theity s more than a half bilion dollar deb >right. wee broke. the ci of l.a. is broke. >> reporter: youan try to recoup it. >> e's no way we can pick up t cost for thisvent. so working wi a.e.g., working with t jackson fami, i think 're going to figure out private donations ke we had for th laker parade i think people will ep up to the plate to make sure that was a good event for michaelackson and his family. >> rorter: as the service neared its conclusion, mily members thand the audience and paid tribute to jason, daddy has beethe best father you could eer imagine. and i st want to say i love him. so ch. >> report: >> reporter: and there we
uplifting notes,oo as erformers, friends and micha jackson's childn took to the sge and sang "we are the world". ♪ ♪ we are theorld ♪ we are the children ♪ we are the ones w make a better day so let start givg ♪ ♪ justou and me >> lehreragain, the other jor developments of the day. presint obama wound up his trip to russia with new appeal for beer relations. and new ethnic violence erted in northwesrn china. more tha150 people have died in rioting there since suny. newshour.pbs.org an online-only feature tonht.
on our business desk why are i-phoneexclusive to one reless carrier? author robert frank blogabout everyday enomic questions like that one. the newshr's journalism is available whenever you wantt at newshour.p.org. wel see you on-line. and again he tomorrow evening. i'm jim lehrer. thank you, and good night. majofunding for the newshour with jim lehrer is proded by: inl. supportinmath and science ucation for tomorrow's innovators. chevron. the atlantic phinthropies. and with thongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this proam was made possible by the corporation for public broadcastin and by contributions to yr pbs station fr viewers like you.