China’s total energy consumption in 2011 has reached 3.48 billion tons of energy coal, which took about 20% of the whole world’s consumption. As the main energy form in China the coal took a proportion of about 68‐71% of the primary energy. The industry consumed about 70% energy in the national total amount, in which the chemical engineering, building materials, steel and iron, and power generation consumed 55~60% in the whole industry. On the other hand, for most high energy‐consumed products in China, the energy consumption per capita has been found declining gradually in the past decade and is approaching the advanced level in the world. The efficiency of the energy usage shows a steady improvement. With the energy structure change of the world in the 21st century, China is supposed to make great effort to adjust the layout of its energy production as well as the consumption. A new framework of energy production and consumption will form in China, in which the fossil energy and the renewable energy such as wind, solar, biomass, geothermal forms may be of the same significance.