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tv   Sophie Co. Visionaries  RT  January 21, 2022 9:30am-10:01am EST

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interactions that govern the universe of which gravity is the most basic one. so gravity for us is this. think that help us stay grounded. so we don't so are somewhere in the universe. but do we have any idea of how gravity actually came? what it is, is, can there be a universe without gravity? well, gravity didn't just come and go. it's not a force. you can switch on and off or something like that. gravity has always been there. the question is, of course, to understand how to describe it. and as it was the kind of questions we finished ask, you don't ask an explanation as to why is it there and how did it come? our questions are, are we have to ask her? how does it work? how does it fit in you suggest you know, of science and the ultimate goal is have all scientific phenomenon, whatever they are described by the same basic equations by the same basic theory
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that covers everything and the c, b that you have that works very, very well is to see other forces like a magic weekend storm forces among the fundamental particles, the particles of hold that are to which everything is built. we understand those forces much better. so, so we have a fairly complete description bet. let me try to put in gravity. we see how difficult it is as if we are missing out on something and how to do it. very precise. she, we simply don't know what we do. realize that gravity has very similarities. it looks very much like the other forces, the, the way it acts on particles and objects is very similar, but are very important element, different differences. gravity x on mass. why is that? and already einstein noted that the fat and kathy just axel mass makes is very,
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very special. and you can regard cavity as a property of space and time themselves. since he believes that cavity actually is related to the other forces. well, you might think back also the other forces have to do with space and time themselves. but we're not that far yet to we're understand all forces in due to one particular phenomenon. you know, to have very many, many series around that suggest how this could happen. be simply don't have you clue as to what the actually could have done service. so you're saying in your words, that gravity has always been and relate to space and time. and here i want to ask you about where we all coming from because a lot of scientists agree that the big bank was like the think that actually gave birth to our universe. but then the theories differ very much of what was before the big bank. some say that it was another universe that gave birth to our universe
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. other said there was nothing, not even time. what do you think? i would, i would favor that last view. that time just begins at the big thing literally. so recall the call at the moment that all clocks are set to civil and there was nothing before that. so it looks as if the whole universe was in its simplest possible form when everything got started and all that needed to be done, the someone to pull the switch, not literally both turn well the 4 actually. and then universe starts expanding. and so where those equations come from and, and who pulled the switch, that is what kind of question the science can answer her ignore. can you answer the question as to what happened before that? so as far as we know, there was nothing before that. so i would rather inform answering that as far as i
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can tell, there was nothing before and before most well when, when the switches that, you know, i mean, i know that science and religion are like completely separate, but then a lot of people would say ok you're saying that science cannot explain what was before the switch or the big bank. that's because it's god, would you say that it's possible? maybe it is god, it is just what it does is believes without any basis and the idea sizes, we only accept her beliefs if they have some basis and toss if we can check them experimentally. and the notion of god doesn't help us any because nobody can check that. right, so let's talk specific. so we have the micro, that is something that we cannot see that's not tangible for me. and the micro world, this is where we humans operate and we, you know, we can grasp things, the celestial bodies,
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et cetera. both worlds are ruled by completely radically different. last, i would say, where is it that the micro world ends and the macro universe begins? where is this for is not told of these 2 are totally different worlds effect. they're all just one world. so although stars and planets for time roaming around your universe, they're built on the same particles that you said in our laboratories in the smaller units of matter, sort of smaller units of rubber make up everything. so if, in principle, if you would know exactly what the laws are that move the particles around, then we can understand how stars and planets are made, how galaxies are made of size and so on. and if a whole new versus made sure is no for the mental boundary between those worlds, it's just one world. and this is certainly the way we prefer to see things that there's just one world. this world has been, is made out of a particle. also that 1st form planets in size and galaxies,
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and then together in these form the entire universe. but there's no boundary area. but teaching will, can ever come up with a precise formula that would explain how this little particles to micro world actually influences this quantum particles influence and transform the mac. we're reality that we live in. well, science actually has gone a long way to say to say yes, you do her. a very precise you about how it goes about. we understand the forces that equity particles. we understand how to describe them. we don't know where they come from, but they do understand how to describe them. and we know how motion of this particle is being described, how they come together or in the act, and artic and form substances that ultimately give shape to planets and stars. and we know why stars are plants behave the way they do because these particles,
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for instance, in the some of the stars, their nuclear reactions taking place. but those nuclear reactions are described by the physics that we know about. it concerning these, i meant the building blocks, so it already all hangs together. there's much one known as many people realize. but our science is a huge topic. so although i've seen that a lot to be known and also a lot, we don't know. so i think there cannot be one formula that needs to be many formulas. some of them we have already that explain this mechanism. well, it's almost one forma that already, if it's on a coffee, a jar. so i can, i don't want one piece of paper. you can write down the formula, which basically symbolizes or forces that exist. and we have reached that stage already. the only thing not put there or put only in some, in somewhat in holler,
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obscure form is cavity itself. so we can add gravity to the laws of particles. basically it's very simple. particles move, not the straight lines anymore, but they move in line to the slightly bent because erica invitational force. and if that's all you say, okay, we also understand how gravity actually the whole system. so what's the problem? the palm is at the i domains where we want to describe the particles. ready? cavitation force explores. that's when patios come to close together and where space and time gets too much curved, and then on sending stops. and we want to have a better, a complete view of what the gracious i that govern that domain. should there be relies or something missing in our fundamental understanding of cavity? something extremely important. if you could answer those questions, you suddenly put a whole thing in a different perspective. this fi, we understand that, sir, to make all the questions fit together properly. and we haven't quite succeed in
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doing that in, but he's gone a long way. but that's not gonna wouldn't office for something missing. and so far from physics or quantum physics at you know, i'm just someone who is interested in things that like to me it's mind boggling that you're saying, like you said, we've gone so far. but yet we're missing the understanding of the most basic fundamental thing that is grammy. well, gravity itself, we have eyes on theory and it works extremely well for stars and planets. so i'm so noted that if you are more precise than not new to them, did they come with centuries. recall you get a slightly different shape of the of the order of particles. although we managed to reproduce newton's had 599.9 percent so. so basically new from us, right. there's no question about that, but it can be done more precisely. that's what i'm saying. farmed presenter was i
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take a short break right now where we're back, we'll continue talking to noble prize winner professor parrot hoped we're talking about what does university laid out to stay with us. don't go away. so called enhanced interrogation techniques used by the u. s. officials were basically designed as techniques to break down the human mind. if you force a human being to stay in a certain position doesn't take very long to the pain involved to become absolutely excruciating, but nobody's lean finger on you. you are doing it to yourself. we started adopting those techniques when i was stationed in mosul. among them were stress, positions,
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sleep deprivation, inducing hypothermia. there's already beginning to be evidence that these old techniques are now being used on immigrants and children, whatever you do or more comes from home. nobody has been held accountable for the torture that happened in the past and the moral authority, the made america awarded or sacrifice. but the shimmer of effective interrogation with
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ah, well, they go by the ethel, ne, get a quote man. he believes keith is going to push and push it if i had a fever or just somebody, somebody from a few minutes, that was 3. see what i still love the stuff that we started at the paradox local me in your school. because if you believe about it will give you hope, all right, from what you will be with you note this was our partner with you. well, thank you back here for prosper. pretty whitaker leah from a brush up project. me start the new bruise can
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ah and we're back with professor at harvard professor, because you're saying, you know, we find out exactly blaze gravity than thinks could turn out to be completely different from what we saw. do you feel like some day will come to a point where you, trans physics and einstein's relativity could turn out to work in a completely different way. the thing that you all expect actually is that the language will have to be modified. i mean, we use a certain language to describe the particles, he talk what particles mean here. moving to there about a planet being here, move to their plan of being consisting of particles, use all those words. and those words work very well on the ordinary circumstances. but the suspicion is they will fail. they will describe gravity at a very,
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very short distance range, much stier distances even than the size of the particles dance things go wrong in our discussion. and we won't be gracious. i do not want to go home anywhere. and this you did not succeed in, but the belief is the other. you have to modify our language to get this right. and that is quite normal. that's actually where i'm sunday was from newton. i'd sent discovered a different language to say the same things as neutral shore due to settles, not long. but you have to say to a different language and then you discover you can do what precisely. dictations newton ever did. in particular, i'm son found that the fat at light only go to the finite speed. it's the same everywhere that factors look properly incorporated in. you can siri to do that, right? you need a different language arts and found that language. and this happens again and again, quantum mechanics is the fundamental theory. the describes how particles have
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forces on each other and how they move is a totally different language from what you were used to before. and that language helped us to get a better description is fundamentally better. now we understand our atoms move all our chemical reaction to work on atoms are going to be simple thing. an atom discourses of a nucleus is electrons going around with like a solar system. what's are complicated about it, but then we find that quantum mechanics makes it complicated and generates are things that you call chemistry atoms attacked or repel each other. those forces are quite complex, yet it basically understood by quantum mechanics. provided you use this new language, which is a very mysterious language, we want understand that a wise languages there. and i fear that you have to change the language again. ok, so let's try to do it right now. for instance, if we take the quantum entanglement theory right, for me, and mortal who is far from physics. the way i understand it is that you have
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2 particles no matter how far away they're from each other. and somehow the react at the same time to the changes that are done to the both of those particles or many particles. i don't know. so what is it exactly? does the information travel faster than light? what's going on here? well, i'm convinced that those were said that you will not inventing because you've, you heard the many times. yes. those words are actually a wrong kind of language. it is not to the information travels faster than light. we know that pretty for sure, because i see these were extremely well and they tell you that information never was faster than light. and in all our quantum series, also information is not or fastened light. so when they say it does go faster, it means that they're using the wrong language. indeed, if entanglement is a very special phenomenon that you only encounter in quantum physics,
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and it has to do with this information, we have marco's particles. if you know how one party is oriented, you can sometimes know what other particles oriented, because radical spin and then orientation that way. but it's been a very special way that you can only understand in quantum language. if used the quantum language, only, nothing goes faster than light. and this is the way we have learned to describe the fundamental particles. but people want to understand what they're doing. they want them sent. this quantum language is fine, but there's something fishy about is something we don't believe you want to go deeper. we dig deeper when they deeper they find out maybe other way to discard the what's going on. and in this other language, it looks as if information was faster light. i think personally that's a lie because those people think to have her right and found a better language, but they have not defined a worse language. the best language you can use who called mechanics, is all use the language to help us forward in the past. and don't try to think what
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it really means. that's good for the moment, but many people say no, no, we can't have that. he can't have this crazy anguish, delaying just tell you exactly where a particle is is i won't tell you where the particle is. this some probability. and we don't want that probability language a. we don't want to save all you if it's whole dice, never know where that i shall go because a lot of probability norway is hold the dice very carefully. you know how to make 2 sixes. right? that is very, a gyal magician might make the thought die such a will, yours, guess to sixes if knows exactly how that works, very hard to the principle possible. so that's, that's all to end in quantum mechanics as well. we think of something underneath that says there's no short decision at all. quantum mechanics is just a, a bad language of something that's much better, but we don't understand what it is. but okay, because for out an ordinary person, the more i dwell than to this whole quantum mechanics and i'm listening to you,
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it still seems pretty random to me. you know, like i said, god doesn't play dice. you're saying there is no dice. but then at the same time, you're saying it's impossible to predict exactly brains. so to me it sounds like quantum physics is more of a like as a terry discipline, rather than like a precise science because it's all probabilities that we're talking about now. well, you have to understand that this world consists of particles which interact with each other. but just imagine how many particles are, are how many products are in your body. this non more, you can count any computer. so if you very easily then do a world as infinitely complex, while not only infinitely very, very complex. so complex that is hopeless to predict exactly where every party was going. that doesn't mean is but you don't know where they're going. they do know
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they are exactly prescribed by laws of nature, but we don't understand those laws of nature well off to be able to foresee where a particle will be going. so we use the loss of statistics. there's actually a very slight move the scientist made. the beginning of the previous century to say, well, we don't know for sure others are going, but we know where to go on average. and that has been extremely helpful. and basically, that's all you need because in practice, it's never possible to control all the particles that are running around some way as hopeless. so don't even die. don't even dream about it, just say, okay, we know where the moving average does good enough for us. if you can get the maximum amount of information about that, that's what we want. that's the presence state of affairs. that's how we understand how but of physics works or quantum physics works. but it doesn't tell us what is on the line rules. exactly. i. so what i want to know is what tells
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a particular exactly where to go. even though it's impossible for us to reproduce it, it will not be able to use that knowledge to make better predictions. and quantum physics itself is all as probability distributions think of an insurance company that wants to fix the premium for someone who's insured. in principle, what they can try to do is calculate exactly in advance what the lifetime of a person will be. and whether you make an action or not, and exactly, estimate the premium for that. but this was hopeless. no insurance company can do that. they don't want to do that. they say, okay, that this is the general probabilities. this is what the choose as a basis for how much insurance you how much you pay for your insurance. oh sure, that's the same way quantum mechanics to day. it also works that way. we are, we don't even try to make about the prediction than what he can do. it doesn't make any sense because situations who do have me, what extremely well. so little is that you are what chemistry is and so on. so when,
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when they are listened to you speak about the nature of this whole quantum mechanics. it reminds me how are great near scientists speak of human brain because they're saying no, no, no, it's not that. at the neurons, there are infinite, they're the 3rd there, certain number, but it is so many of them and the connections between them. it's hopeless to try and figure out each one of them. so the last that we have so far worked somewhat. okay. would you say there's a connection? does our conscious maybe our brain has a quentin nature as well? i personally don't think that's the case. so quantum mechanics determines exactly how all chemical reactions take place and his chemical reaction like steamy complex, and obviously they're of great importance for the way our new systems work. and so in that sense, con, we can,
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it is very important from sallie how to brain functions, but the memory cells themselves, i don't believe that based on quantum mechanics. many people think so, but i disagree. i don't believe that. i think the memory celsius contains certain chemical particles sitting somewhere or sitting or somewhere else somewhere else that comes a state, a new owners and, and that's the way we memorize things. and that's quite enough for all practical purposes. so i think our brain, we will be able to do very well without using quantum mechanics to explain how many cells in our brains work. we only need quantum mechanics explain how the chemistry works. but once you know that you can just, you know, close to can the quantum mechanics book not open up your chemistry book. then you know, howard neurons will transmit information to one another. then you close that comes the book again. and, and you say, now i only need my computer books, my computer manual, the manual says that if you, that,
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if you know whole the hardware, this is a software you can produce. and the most miraculous features and the brain is a software. how does our brain work, and how does, how are we able to think? and that includes the concept that he called consciousness. so some of my colleagues, they attach some mystic value to the notion of consciousness, but i don't, i think consciousness is, is a question of information. and in particular, if nation about yourself and information about your environment, full information. so to be able to, to investigate all information that comes to you and to make use of that, all that together is consciousness and his intelligence. so next step of course is to understand intelligence, human intelligence. but all that basically, aggression of software. i mean, we can't see, we can't see intelligence and we can't see consciousness will open a scalp. you said here of what you don't see consciousness. that's why i don't think it's something that if you open a computer, what do you see?
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a lot of you see a lot of wires. yeah, i don't understand what's so terrible smell stu. information inside that computer. i don't really sure she'll always know things are. so that is just the 1st half of our in depth talk with professor nobel prize winner. parents had hoped about the way universe works. stay tuned for the 2nd part. ah yes ma'am. oh oh, risky. in fact, will you, alyssa? typical there is only 9, but already a university student that away and flash
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a point. let's see. yep. you've got the, there's dos to deal with a, with a brochure. and of course, with level you're special, but i want to, yeah, my, i was thinking what the plan was to get on the she was in your mind shifting this, i'm doing that with me. when you most of judge a from his teacher was reason this one is a good oh,
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is your media reflection of reality? in the world transformed what will make you feel safe? isolation, whole community? are you going the right way? or are you being that somewhere? direct what is true? what is great? in the world corrupted, you need to descend a join us in the depths or remain in the shallows. is the earth still large enough to satisfy the ambitions of jeff bezos? you know, it's got its tentacles in so many aspects of the economy. there's nothing that
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amazon is i'm trying to get into to step by step. the amazon empire has extended its group on the world that walks like a dog, inquired like a dog gets a dog. oh, so amazon looks like monopoly trades like a monopoly makes money like monopoly behaves like monopoly. amazon essentially controls the market place. it's are really a market as a private arena, a world where a single company controls the distribution of all our daily products. and the infrastructure of our economy is loose the world according to amazon. so what we've got to do is identify the threats that we have. it's crazy even foundation, let it be an arms race is on offensive, very dramatic development. only personally and getting to resist. i don't see how that strategy will be successful, very difficult. i'm time to sit down and talk with
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so called enhanced interrogation techniques used by the u. s. officials were basically designed as techniques to break down the human mind. if you force a human being to stay in a certain position doesn't take very long to the pain involved to become absolutely excruciating, but nobody's lane finger on you. you are doing it to yourself. we started adopting those techniques when i was station in mosul. among them, wordpress positions sleep deprivation. inducing hypothermia. there's already beginning to be evidence that these old techniques are now being used on
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immigrant children. whatever you do or more comes from home. nobody has been held accountable for the torture that happened in the past and the moral authority, the made america leader sacrifice. but the shimmer of effective interrogation ah, the headlines and i'll tell you russia's foreign minister and his us came to part home folks in geneva. i made rising tensions, i'd be crying, and nato expansion. boscoe expects a written response to its concerns within a week. meanwhile, the kremlin speak sagged against america's apparent defamation, abbas ski and felt like news agency. sputnik after washington accused them of riding dis information under report claims form of hope, benedict to 6 think 5 can take action on the allegations of sexual abuse among the clergy in germany.

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