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tv   Going Underground  RT  October 9, 2021 11:00pm-11:31pm EDT

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and talk with kaiser's financial reliable guy. i don't buy a i guy, only teachers. me. that's not an almost at the friday. that's the last time i buy it from the teacher. so crocker watch kaiser. replace ah, falling on his sword, the austrian chancellor, sebastian kurtz quits amid allegations of embezzlement and bribery. plunged into darkness at the lights go out in lebanon after 2 of the biggest power stations in the crisis. had country run out of fuel causing the national grid to collapse. us lawmakers demand sanctions on russia, north stream to pipeline, blaming moscow for a price surge on europe's gas market. that is, despite the figures of retreating from an all time record, after president putin's pledge to boost supplies and in an
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explosive accusation. the prime minister of molly blamed forces from long time ally, france for training tara groups in the north of the country. because you're headlines, i'll be back in about an hour's time with another fresh look. this is our international step with a with i'm absent and say we're going underground. coming up in the show, widens delaware and nomad land, south dakota, forget the came and o british virgin islands. we aren't going to have to be able to get my food company . fortune, why he's calling the united states. the attacks even after this week's pandora's
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box of greed and georgie dealings and should the billionaires escaping to the british virgin islands and space really been the ones in control of our future among the stars in world space week sponsored by lockheed martin and we ask one of the world's greatest science, communicated to professor jim kelley. melissa more coming up in today's going underground. but 1st, this week, ne donation meteors been all over the revelations from the so called pandora papers that revealed large scale dodgy dealings, and alleged corruption by the global elite. but aside from the islands that are becoming synonymous with tax havens, there was largest economy the united states is arguably been put center stages, the tax haven for the rich and powerful johnny me now from battle bra, in vermont. as jack collins, director of the program of inequality and the common good at the institute for policy studies. thank struck for her coming on. yeah, i mean that are the usa is suddenly central. not all these caribbean countries are that we're used to knowing about am no mad land was about the poor vagabonds of the
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united states won an oscar, south dakota. and what was, what are these states got to do with it? and why they globally infamous for a hiding money? yes, well, i think that's the time when the united states lectures, other countries about corruption. we have, we have nothing to stand on now because, and here's what's interesting, south dakota, it's secret sauce is that it wealthy. people can create a trust in south dakota, that is anonymous, that is untaxed and will exist forever. so if you're trying to build dynastic wealth, south dakota is your place, they've changed their laws to attract what we call dynasty trusts. and none of that money is seen by, i mean, south dakota isn't the richest state in the union? no, not at all. i mean, there's some, there's a very small wealth management sector that's probably paid quite well. but to be
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honest, very little of that money touches down in south dakota and the benefits people who live in south dakota. now, you know, you talked about that as well. it's level is usually the villanova was on this show . he was quoting oscar wilde and saying that, you know, oscar wilde saying charity is not the on. so individual philanthropy is not the answer you gave up. money that you inherited from the great oscar meyer. fortunate people in the states watching this will know what's going on. why didn't you put that money in? i'm in a magazine about income inequality or create a, i mean, obviously you are part of this institute now, why give it away? well, you know, i was a young fella 40 years ago, but, but i just didn't want to benefit from a system of dynastic inheritance where some families, wealth grew and others were struggling. i did give it to several foundations that made good decisions about where to invest it and where to give it to him, you know,
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make the united states a more equal society. i have no regrets looking back on that. and in fact, that gave me some insights into this hidden well system, because wealthy families are surrounded by what i call the wealth defense industry . lawyers, accountants, wealth managers, who really want you to to hoard your wealth forever. so yeah, i want to get on to the wells managers and their, their influence on us politics in the mood. but i know that you were concerned about what the usa is. you call the usa pre existing condition of extreme wealth and equality. but in recent years we've heard money. san does use the word socialism on prime time, us tv. we've heard joe biden, all the, it's a, is a capitalist talking about the stimulus. and there he is talking about inequality again and again in the game. do you detect a huge see change in the civil discourse of the united states where inequality is now center stage? absolutely, i mean, i know to me last year, but you know,
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well no i as somebody who, you know, i mean i co edit a website called inequality dot org. i've been following these issues for decades. this is a really powerful moment because people are waking up to the ways in which these grotesque concentrations of wealth and power are really wrecking our society and wrecking our lives and wrecking our economy. so, as you know, for the 1st time in a long time, a majority of people, 6070 percent of people want to tax the very wealthy and sure the wealthy pay their fair share. so these are positive trends. and yet when this i'm, is he, we're hearing rhetoric from by going and the so called squad and so on. when there was a valid socialist like bernie sanders on the ballot. as we know from wiki leaks, there was a deliberate sabotaged campaign from the clinton side of the dnc against him. so when it comes to real power and fundamental power,
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and i'm sure you've been watching all the negotiations, the book barrel politics is they've been gold. is it? is it all words about the quality rather than actual attacks on wealth foundations, on investment banks and investment income? well, the kinds of things that really need to be tackled well. well, clearly the, i mean, the u. s. political system has been captured by these wealthy interests by the corporate interests. so they, within what happens in washington, d. c is highly constrained by that. the good news is, the popular base and opinion of people is changing and ultimately that'll shift the politics. the public is way more where bernie sanders is than they are. where most centrist democrats are, they want to reduce an equality, they want the rich to pay their share, they want to abolish student debt. you know, they want to live in a more equal and healthy society. and yet, but we obviously have the coven pandemic, killing hundreds of thousands of americans. and you think the u. s. oligarchs every
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actually incentivized by covey. they made a lot of money from it. haven't they, you've been talking about how much money they have made, just as only god made money at the opioid crisis, of course, which killed so many. yeah, no, i mean, i think one of the powerful juxtapositions right now is u. s. billionaires have seen their wealth, go up almost 2 trillion dollars during the pandemic. this is an embarrassment, and this is, and you know, just to post with the loss of life and the loss of livelihoods for so many people. that's where some of the populace anger about inequality is coming from. and there's a tiny segment, i think, of the oligarchs who, who understand this is a risk or that actually genuinely like more, more for there's believe that they should speak out for a more fair society. so i think, you know, you know, i think we're, we're, we're seeing a disruption to the normal politics. that doesn't mean that the rich aren't going
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to be able to block meaningful change right now. but i do think the pressure is building for real change. you don't think, i mean, here in britain, the british prime minister, very, a very, you know, full of expressions about the importance of the free market and for small, medium sized businesses to do the work in increasing wage levels to avoid their work is falling into poverty is it different there? i know that in china it's famously different because they cracking down on inequality that similarly and biden's america, you know, to some actual difference. what do you think that people wandering around the have turns people wondering around the tory body conference here in britain? they basically say things are things you know, they don't going to be pitchforks anytime soon. right. well, it's clear the united states has a very high tolerance for inequality, and that's been true for decades. i think what's changed is more people understand that the rules have been rigged to benefit the wealthy. you know,
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i think of most people, if you stop people know, nighted states they'd be like, i don't resent that wealthy person over there, especially if they invented something useful. but if they're using their wealth and power to get more wealth and power, they're using or wealth and power to cut their own taxes, could concentrate monopoly power over segments of the industry. squeeze out of businesses, push people aside, then they get mad. and that's clearly the case. and so i think it about it from say, ok, my wall street years ago, which was obviously that reaction to the massive top runs and bailouts of the wall street banking system. what's different, i would say what, what's, what's different is that sort of like the cumulative understanding, you know, there's always going to be a segment people in the united states who are hardcore kind of libertarian. magical thinking, you know, about inequality. but i think that growing, you know,
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people who care about, you know, opportunity for their children, see that the rules are rigged. that phrase the rules are rigged. both the trump ers and the bernie sanders, people will all agree. the rules the economy have been rig to benefit the very wealthy. and then the question is, what do you do about it? and people have different solutions, but that from visceral gut analysis is broadening. that's what i see changing. ok. well, putting my all ago catherine, i'd say to you, look at the pandora papers, no one, the l. a u. s. wealth advisory firm is on that. if you look at the map of the world, the tool, russia, there's nothing, nothing wrong going on in the united states to all the other countries. well, you know, here's the problem. all the leaks came from officer services companies outside the united states, and that's not the place where u. s. oligarchy are going to go for their, you know, wealth defense services. we, we need a couple of good leaks from some of these trust companies. and if anyone's listening
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and they want to contact me, i can help you, you know, disclose your information confidentially. because that will actually help shift the u. s. dynamic. the fact that the u. s. oligarchy are not name doesn't mean they're not using the same secrecy jurisdiction, shell companies opaque trust. they're using all the same tools. they just haven't been named in the story yet. but you've been investigating equality for years. and, you know, say the big accounting firms for some of the biggest banks, how is it that they are so able to stuff whistle blowing within their organizations? i mean, it's better than the u. s. army clearly. yeah, i mean, clearly there are big financial incentives to just keep your mouth quiet and stay. but you know, the fact is the system is cracking. there are people within that wealth defense industry who know what they're doing is harmful, that it's contributing to kind of the got rot of the political system and our
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economic system. and you know, there are younger people who are working in those companies who work right now. copying information on the thumb drives and not sure what to do with it yet. i believe that. so i think we're going to see this is just the beginning of revelations and i hope from someone from the united states who cares about this. i hope they do expose some of the abuses here more and more of the abuses here in the us. now you've chatted spiraling inequality and you said it's cumulative since the $20.00 oh $8.00 crisis. i mean the obvious, quote, those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable if there are not john f. kennedy, if there are not, is the stimulus isn't of the required amount to be able to help the poorest communities in the united states. how soon before we see violence in the united states given this is cumulative, and the poor are getting poor and poor. are we doing sub saharan africa levels in certain communities as regards poverty, inequality and life expectancy?
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i don't know the answer to that question except i think the pressure is building and if the political system fails to respond, then people will go outside the political system. you know, and unfortunately in the u. s, it could go different directions. it could go, you know, right wing fascism or it could go progressive, bernie sanders populace. right? you know, our, our system and our society is very divided in volatile right now. and there's so much misinformation about what are the real harms and causes of those harms that people are confused. so you know, people like me, our job is to try to explain, you know, how this is happening and who is responsible? and people like the people who work in the wealth defense industry and the politicians who enable them are responsible. chuck collins,
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obviously going on the ground wants that nature as much as, as you do at the institute, it may be people can send it to both of us if it's in the public interest. chuck hollins. thank you. thanks for having me. after the break. ahead of the cop 26 conferencing draws go and join the lockheed martin swanson wills way suite. we ask one of the world's greatest science communicate his professor jim kelley lee of billionaires blasting off into space is just what the world needs all this. i'm all coming up with. what do i have going on the ground? ah ah, ah
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welcome back in part one, we investigated the billionaires escaping taxes by moving their money to the british virgin islands and south dakota. but what about those escaping the planet itself? this week's world space week has been dominated by news stories about billionaires whose far is into the upper atmosphere as seen by many as the successor to a state funded space travel. but with the plan of tracing capitalism, capitalized climate catastrophe? should we be worried about the potentially billionaire dominated future in space? joining me now is one of this planets. most popular science communicate is jim l. kelly. thanks so much jim. for coming on world space. we have, we have the pandora papers, it's great, isn't it all the billionaires? are they gonna leave us to it back on us? well, maybe, hopefully, if they let me pay the taxes and they can go where they lock will next. tuesday, william shatner, captain cook, who does a show here on the ortiz and he's calling the the way launching into space. how
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important is it that popular culture learn science, communication of the kind that you practice in making people understand why science is not something to be terrified about? well, i think, i mean that there are different aspects to it. you're right. the science is part of popular culture. one of the things i've always tried to do over the years is, is to embed science within that sort of public conversation that we would talk about. things like space, travel law, all black holes or genetics in the same bracket. we will talk about small are from literature politics. music is part of should be part of the conversation. it doesn't mean everyone has to be a scientist, doesn't. everyone has to be an expert. but there's another aspect to it, which is i think, increasingly important. and we've certainly seen it in the, over the course of the pandemic, which is that people need to understand the process of science. because in order to trust science to trust scientists, people need to understand how science works. you know, this idea about repeatability. the importance of unsafe, see the gathering of evidence,
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consensus. be prepared to change your mind to say i was wrong about that because i didn't have enough data. now i know more, i've changed my mind. that scene as a weakness and politics. that's a you turn in politics in science, it's the way we do it and i think it's vital as well as just the fascinating, sexy stuff about science that we communicate. we should also communicate how we do science. yeah, i mean, scientifically, i can tell that you are headphone is rubbing against that microphone, but no will personally who i mean, i'm not, i'm not blaming you. but since the great science communicators, richard fineman up to you, arguably it's got worse than you mentioned, cove it misinformation. why is it getting worse? the more prevalent better science communication is getting? well, i mean, to some extent we can blame social media in a public dialogue in all arenas has become so and i'm not blaming the printing
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press. surely i know i know is amplified a problem that is very true, but also is because we are increasingly being deluged by more and more information . most people, they don't have the attention span to, to understand something in that sort of debt that they may have done in the past. and b, everyone feels they know something about everything, you know, we didn't, in the past before the internet, we didn't have access to all this information. now we have so much there is this tendency to feel that we know more than we do intensity value opinion over evidence . and so it's a struggle while, while at the same time that people are exposed to more thought, good science communication, learning more about science becoming more sensitive, illiterate. on the flip side, there are, you know, the growth of conspiracy theories, the growth of ideas that are anti scientific due to this information. so i don't blame social me. yes, i just say it's amplifying
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a problem. that is part of our society today is just the way it is and we need to find solutions to it, but in fan is away from those are things the vaccination has microchips or bill gates. this space week is sponsored by lockheed martin. i mean, the surely people have reason to worry about how science is built into the military industrial complex. i mean, it is literally, i mean britain is a new space force. trump famously inaugurated by them is continuing a space force was in space, space week is about war. science has always been intimately connected with the military and with security and going all the way back to, you know, the manhattan project and, and before that, you know, in fact, so asked of lies ations science inevitably, unfortunately, has progressed more rapidly at a time when nations need it particularly, you know, when it comes to things like defense and security. but that's not normal science is
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about funding. the science, we like to say science is value free. of course it's not and scientist certainly on value free. but it's what we do with that science. what we do with the technology, which is up for debate for, for good or for evil. one can always argue that even if that space trammel wasn't sponsored by defense, the defense industry, it was just sponsored by millionaire millionaire philanthropist because they want to know the rich branson's of the law must because they want to go to space. one could also argue, is that the best place to spend our money? why are we spending it more on tackling disease, all curing cancer? and that's an age old problem, but science is broader than that. some of it is, is probably unsavory in terms of how it's applied. other science is purely because as humans, we are curious about the world and we want to understand the. yeah,
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but i mean, i mean on monday we're talking to the nobel prize winner of a physics a century of drives. i'm one it obviously, that's about climate change research. that's always he doing something good. but on balance likely be with the nazis hiroshima, vietnam, iraq, when britain was selling chemical weapons do, is that i was saying, i mean, science has been, is it worth it on balance in terms of the numbers of dead versus the number saved? but absolutely, because without science, there will be many more people dead science has also cure disease. science has made our lives easier. science has led to enlightenment. we can always pick those examples where science has been useful for bad purposes. but orders of magnitude more science has made our world better. it's given us the technology to do everything is given us. the medicine has given us things that make our lives so much easier. we can't say we want to go back to the dark ages because we can pick
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individual examples of where science has been used in the wrong way on the whole, enlightenment is better than ignorance and science helps us get enlightenment dark ages. there's a, there's a term, you know, british prime minister barak johnson said the muslim world is literally centuries behind thanks of islam. he wrote an essay, then came the muslims talking about the medieval dark ages and how the christians kept the candle of a learning a light. how can re writing the history of science be used for colonialism and misinformation about the history of science? certainly there is ignorance, about science. there's ignorance, about how science develops. i mean, i would, i would hope the prime minister could have read my book point as well. i will. i explain exactly when we talk about the dark ages. we mean you were in the dark ages, we don't mean the world in the dark ages. such
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a simple mistake that could be rectified to say that there was enlightenment in the stomach world the, the baton of enlightenment and science and knowledge passed from europe after the fall of rome to the east. that's not propaganda. that's not, you know, sort of a new version of history that's just putting things right. and it's such a tragedy that in the west there is still this narrative. that science stopped after the, the, the ancient greeks and then suddenly popped into existence with galileo, copernicus, and newton. it's nonsense. i mean, i'm glad he's a very explicit chair saying it's precisely because of islam and it was the room and design times that kept the candle of learning a light and they didn't, that printing presses is tangible until the 18 fifty's. i wouldn't know where to start to, to, to mall ish. that ridiculous are human. what your stuff on the sides of
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islam. i don't know whether you mention some aspects of this in your new series guide guide to life. i mean, why i don't know whether you talk about your own individual contributions. why did you choose nuclear physics rather than particle physics? and you're going to be talking about nuclear physics in this new show. i don't know . i mean, my, my path to nuclear physics as a, as a research academic with serendipity. it just happened that i chose to work with a particular professor of physics who was applying mathematical ideas to study the atomic nucleus. i've since then diversified. i'm my main focus now is, is more on more deeper foundational issues and quantum mechanics and then secondary application to mechanics. in biology there's a new field of quantum biology which i'm, i'm very active in at the moment what, what is going to biology? ok, so, physicists and chemist if you think about science that we learned schools,
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physics, chemistry, biology, physicists and chemist by the time they, they study their subject to universal, will learn about quantum mechanics. this is the theory on the sub atomic world, how sub atomic particles interact to fit together. biology by and large doesn't have to deal with quantum mechanics. we had to have discount on the last decade or 2 that there are certain processes inside living cells that wouldn't work without help from the mysterious counter intuitive quantum world. and so we're looking at particular examples, mutations in dna. we've just written a paper that's been submitted a public soon showing this quantum tunneling that the idea that sub atomic particles can jump from a to b by passing through an energy that is like a ghost walking through a wall. you don't see in everyday world, in the quantum world, it happens all the time. that plays a very important role in mutations in dna. and we, we know that mutations when we talk about the coven virus and verizon. so it's,
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it's a very important feature of molecular biology that we're only just waking up to now . and some of that forms part of my what i talk about in this new series for magellan, a lot of it is more of a collection of the sort of a state of the union where we act more than physics where what do we know now about the nature of space and time in the universe, but every now and again in the program i, i feed in a bit of my own interest in my own research. yeah. and i you clear up so many minutes. i know you went to iran and talked about how biology, certainly, biological research seems to be jumping ahead. i had 2 countries with certain moral objections, maybe the deep south in the u. s, but no time to get in with it all. i got to ask you as insights, turning 10 a series you do on the radio life scientific y a p, the higgs, higgs both on fame. was your favorite interview kind of relevant to our ending this
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interview joel shortly. absolutely, well, i mean, yes, you're right. so the law scientific on the b, b. c, radio 4th is the 10th anniversary next week. so i've interviewed 250 fellow scientists speak to hayes. one of the great, what was lovely was that he showed the normal science because we try to communicate this to simplify, to make things understandable. thoughtful, why the society who don't have our background expertise. that's not always possible . i asked me to help in the interview. could he explain what the famous haze bows on was in 30 seconds. and he shook his head and said, no, it's ok what effect if you're minutes? had he said, noah, this is, it is going very well. this will be all edited out. thankfully it's not life. but he then went to explain this. he spent half a century trying to understand is very complex, hardly mathematical theory about building blocks of our universe. what right did, i have expecting him to be able to summarize it in a few sentences? sometimes we do need to think of it harder. some things are more complicated. and
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we'll of that, him say, no, i can't do it, made it into the final pro professor jim, i'll give you the thank you my pleasure. and that's it for the show will be back on monday with the andrew albert, i'm sounds, nobel prize in physics. the 2021 co winner, who can tell you why we don't know whether it will be sunny next week, but can be sure that unless we take action, humans will be killed by climate change relatively soon until then. he will talk to my social media and tell us what you think and re kissinger america obama deserve the nobel prize. ah ah, with a.

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