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tv   Documentary  RT  April 16, 2021 1:30pm-2:00pm EDT

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think that hollywood is a very. liberal is a. really fun. listen this isn't a. new neural browner more morning you know very. committed to bringing. hollywood is both a place and an idea so you've got the movie studios television you've got the music industry sometimes as we know it's also a place where there's a lot of propaganda. or whatever part of the the u.s. government is committed you know you can be sure that hollywood will be following
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here we're hearing well. now what i define a hollywood is a caught between a manufacturer which i think is true. but i think equally it's a propaganda factor. long after i 1st heard about it in the news i still couldn't believe this was this really how the united states sees the history of world war 2 but there it was the official white house page on a social network and it clearly stated that it was american great britain that defeated the nazis during the 2nd world war without even a word about the soviet union and the version on the official carrigan website looks even more discouraging there it turns out that world war 2 was started by germany and the soviet union it wasn't russia but france that took the brunt of it
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and in fact the u.s.s.r. didn't liberate the europe from hitler but occupied it it feels like the author either knows nothing about history or he does and wants to rewrite it all that makes those old how would movies that were made during the war seem even more remarkable american audience was presented with a totally different picture of the world and the soviet union back then in the next 30 minutes we'll learn how history has been written and rewritten through american cinema. in 1903 at the height to for world war 2 the united states released mission to moscow a film about a visit to the u.s.s.r. by american ambassador joseph davis who were displayed by actor walter houston. the general can you have your excellency now welcome you to the soviet union in the name of my government thank you mitt the u.s. ambassador arrives in the u.s. sorry harboring a degree of skepticism but on the whole what he sees the erin what millions of
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american movie goers saw along with them writes all the stereotypes about the soviet government of those times we keep experimenting to find ways to increase our efficiency but what kind of a tractor is not that much different than the rest yesterday even if the reason is that. it can usually be converted. the american film might even make the u.s.s.r. look better than soviet propaganda pictures we see modern army work in factories and friendly people who speak fluent english. oh how proud i would be if i could do that well with russian perhaps someday we shall all speak the same language if you would produce or even flirted with the idea of making a film like this they'd probably be branded as crazy but it was still possible back in the 940 s. this is one of my favorite parts and aide tells the american ambassador mr davis we need to check your office and this is why the higher rank an american diplomat
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tells us and stop gossiping and stop listening to it we're here in a sense as guests of the soviet government not going to believe that they trust the united states to find until a prove otherwise and mazing. in fact the film a semi documentary it was based on a book written by a master davis himself so we're not talking about a fictional diplomat here but a very real one who was so impressed with the soviet government that it seems he was ready to forgive a lot. of water source i q do. you wish to figure. it out of folks. to know thank you. thank you. we. do see you who do plenty of those who were there i believe said that history will record you as a great builder for the benefit of mankind it is not my mr davies out of 5 plans were conceived and carried out by the people themselves again this is how you would
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this isn't soviet propaganda the movie itself. is the purge trials that were taking place in the soviet union it's really apology for the stalinist government but that was acceptable in 1943 you could do that another hollywood film from the time the north star depicts liason a soviet collective farm on the eve of the war the american audience doesn't hear a word about collectivization or the dispossession of independent farmers. the soviet thousands look well fat and are so happy they sing at the end of their work day. was the filmmakers even went to the trouble of translating the lyrics of a famous sabia song why is my motherland and made american children learned by heart. i.
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was. the north star it was produced by samuel goldwyn co-founder of one of hollywood's most successful film companies metro goldwyn mayer. but dinner stanway famous american producer shot such a blatantly perfect and they stick fixture we need to go to the archives of the library of congress where a document from the so-called office of for information of the united states is still stored. more information was established in 1942 by the roosevelt administration was basically a propaganda effort. limited time to get itself legal residents a new sense in it. but it looked into. franklin roosevelt knew that if he wanted
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to actually turn american public opinion into supporting the war and even more so in supporting our soviet allies during the war he was going to need to use that would. lead a lot of we're just going to davis cup one of the classes. for family always a. little door they need to. do is cheat is well north and you feel it. and. i think. sometimes the officer for information commission how they would musical comedies like this is the army which were intended to increase the prestige of military service and raise the morale of soldiers fighting overseas one of the roles in that film was played by
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a young actor named ronald reagan the future president of the united states. i've missed you too plenty. something i'd like to explain. that there were other orders that weren't so benevolent in 1942 after pearl harbor president roosevelt ordered the forced relocation of 120000 japanese people from the west coast of the united states is hard to believe but in those years japanese americans were simply put in buses and sent to specially created internment camps in the u.s. territory the officer for information was staffed with providing media to support this monstrous initiative. japanese fishermen had every opportunity to watch the movement of our ships. japanese farmers were living close to. the
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propaganda that the japanese really are going to be act on behalf of the japanese government has sabotaged the war effort and put arsenic in american food and blow up the defense so that it was not of that but they were after the war information produced various documentaries defending this practice. but the office issued a very different instructions concerning the u.s.s.r. the soviet union was to be portrayed as a friend of them. eric in distress. in the north star in the soviet presence peaceful life is interrupted by the not seen beijing. after the germans capture the village they begin taking the children's blood for
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transfusions for their wounded soldiers. the north star was nominated for 6 academy awards and 944 according to declassified documents the office so for information commanded its contribution to building a positive image of russia. in this presentation of the suffering and courage of the russians will shown that the strength of russia lies in its people who are willing to give their lives to keep their countrymen from fascist slavery and to ensure a free world football man. none the less the authors did ask hollywood to make a few edits to the script 1st to emphasize that the ideologies of the u.s.s.r. and germany were completely different and this is why the conflict broke out and secondly show through the young characteristics that the u.s. and russia can work together when peace comes. it was not an accurate portrayal. of
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the imagination or however they did follow the day of washington and. propaganda of the propaganda film including the major hollywood of the time. another pro soviet film released by hollywood during the worry years cold days of glory tells the story of a detachment of soviet partisans the group's leader was played by biting hollywood actor gregory peck. this sixtus he starred alongside audrey aberdonian roman holiday is the brad pitt of the 19 fifties and sixties he starred alongside audrey have burning roman holidays in 953 and in 1962 pack won an oscar for his performance as atticus finch in the adaptation of the cult american novel ought to kill
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a mockingbird but the sex symbol and alias star was still an unknown actor back in the 940 s. he's debut role the nollywood was as a solvent partisan later named lattimer or a surrogate for you. a day. like in any type of inspire. new diminished of gold if that remember when they have been it would be less than that sell a syria bus with a propaganda but also its. young warrior part not really would be. we had to change american thinking about the soviets and we did so successfully it wasn't only hollywood that participated in the campaign to improve the soviet union image leading newspapers and magazines were also involved here for example is what the american media wrote about lattimer lenin in those years well you know doesn't buy chortle to the greatest level of more little time. somebody
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merely lists one spot still sort of mean all of a a book timely in you can be too many laws to suit but instead it will buy gold in there. soon in me alone. new york times and that was the sentiment during the war that the soviets were brave her roic of resisting the nazis and so we downplayed the crimes of stalin and the repressive aspects in all of american writing or propaganda during the war including in the hollywood films that's going to change of course after the war once the cold war begins with the onset of the cold war the task became more difficult now they needed to find a way to explain to americans that our soviet friends were friends no more and in fact they were now animists they also have to imply that some of the things that had been shown about them previously were not entirely true.
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today the industry prefers to spend millions of euros in nothing to gain a legal basis i will be sniffing is all about making money making profits in some of the corporations international markets import export do you imagine the number of chronic diseases that are out in every community today it is not due to new viruses own new microbes that is not true so it is due to environment. not going to say you know that moment all discipline of this sort of muscles are really just accumulate could only come in to be seen to be so in the us that don't allow us to play against the sky if the so food industry is successful it will create more jobs it will create more value added it will create more growth so i
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don't see why we shouldn't also fight for the interest i feel to st outset that we are british and we want regulation i was an industry and if we don't behave zaniest penalty must find. a merger and we would. not need. order.
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entry control of ski was the 1st soviet filmmaker to leave for hollywood before the collapse of the u.s.s.r. . in the. 989 he directed an action comedy starring sylvester stallone and kurt russell called tango and cash by that time he'd already realized that hollywood wasn't the place he'd originally imagined. it was more. shy. burgess ignition. lead you could drop in. your pool near snorkel because your home. your former produce officials go for drummers
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ready. despite making a serious if successful films in the us including tango and cash runaway train and maria's lovers and they can chill off get decided to return to russia in the early nineties as he's already become entirely disenchanted with american film industry. who were stronger would you. 'd a lot. more would i started. hollywood was. all in portraying the soviet union in a positive light during world war 2 that they need us president harry truman began to quickly regret it after the surrender. of the quintile is still
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a. little bit didn't. know should it be able to lift this base the city of new presley should she world in a 1000000 used. to realize that is the closest good. america. could refuse the british even those with. in the $930.00 s. the communist party in the united states is pretty strong. and i say that is a good thing they were critical in fighting early fighters for civil rights in the united states hollywood has attracted all these creative artists writers directors producers actors and actresses and intellectuals were the ones who are most attracted to the communist ideal and they wanted to see the soviet union is
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representing something better than the sword and materialism of american capitalism so in 947 the house un-american activities committee bore down on hollywood it was this committee that introduced this so-called how the would blacklist which included people should be excluded from working in the us film industry due to their alleged political convictions. the u.s. government had to affirmatively go after leftists in hollywood and destroy their careers made them testify in congress put people in jail drive people in don employment sometimes into suicide so many. c.d.'s hollywood back on board on the anti soviet train. among those given testimony to the house un-american activities committee or to put it simply ratting out their colleagues was an actor named ronald reagan the future u.s.
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president was already actively participating in civic life even in those days. the north star a film about soviet collective farmers that was hailed by the academy just a couple of years earlier was now deemed anime propaganda and it screenplay writer lillian hellman was accused of being a communist sympathizer and damning label in those years suddenly all of those. film the propaganda films that were made during world war 2 well brought into question and hollywood got scared. the north star was eventually released under the name armored attack in the new version the title comrade was removed and narration comparing the nazis to the soviet soldiers who suppressed the hungaroring uprising in 1956 was at it i. how what is considered to be an independent private sector of economy
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a group of private companies and yet it seems like the government finds ways to influence the movie make an industry and i just can wrap my head around how they actually pull this off by these publicity trials is show trials stalin understood how to do that hitler understood how to do that well the united states under truman and eisenhower also understood added to that. and drained and intimidated hollywood begins to promote an entirely different image of the soviet union let's be honest have we anything like it and russia you know can you imagine what the brits would be to tell like that. a film that pokes fun at the behavior of soviet paragraphs abroad was shot in 1939 but it turned out to be most useful with the onset of the cold war. why was.
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the new national committee made it actually just as a love letter so that all the little government. somebody really does a little bit of their own little service what was good. would be to. the americans actually distributed and promoted new niche kind post where you're especially in italy where the communist party's position was strong there was never stated in the film that communism and the u.s.s.r. back it went without saying neal is that those who know it's going to say it's got the most. serious good record of camillus have been people so we'll just know it's what illicit it's a limited doug syrup ship but just to let me just. locally is just going out and.
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we have the high ideals. have the climate. the hollywood began producing state. anti communist films during this time oh it's the same propaganda which is nobody ever is idealistic about anything that women were ugly or they were beautiful if they were beautiful they were nymphomaniacs now my students find them laughable but or the time they were taken seriously movies like i was a communist for the f.b.i. i married a communist i read moscow how guilty of treason the red menace this was a terrible time in america in 1954 the united states and great britain released an animated film called animal farm just based on a novel of the same name by george orwell its production was sponsored by the cia which was very interested in the anti soviet subtext of the story which is about
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a farm and the big power there i manage i am. actually am how many. traders among us. but by the sixty's and seventy's relations between the us and the us ceasar had already reached the point of detachment and this was immediately reflected in the hollywood pictures the soviet union was certainly not presented as a friend of the united states but he wasn't presented as an enemy it was more like the united states and the soviet union could cooperate against the bad guy look at the gene bomb and he said that's a classic although drama where there would always be a russian agent who would be the hook to bond and the cia people would be 'd wary even the vision of him but they could always cooperate and again the real enemy. the relations between the countries began to deteriorate again in the
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eighty's after ronald reagan who had been actively anticommunist even when he was a hollywood actor became president of the. united states even legendary movie boxer rocky billboard played by sylvester stallone entered the fray by taking on the daunting doped up soviet fighter ivan drago and they. have to follow the capital of capital mobility that are both it's seen that done that. alone with a boy who sort of mr mason with the wife on the 2nd beagle said it's to say this because there's been no good. not because there was still to come there's the mysterious. number just aren't suitable to. follow the policies of the state department the pentagon well they get a lot of money from the state department and the pentagon the best they found the pentagon to have a lot of say in in works of hollywood ya. know somewheres risk
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groups i'm sure. i mean years ago i do. in fact go in with your desired should you. should die or should. come sort of here is very emotional issues you're not bored you. meet the parents was the stiller funny movie love it right. so you find out that deniro was a cia operative at one point ben stiller goes into his layer in the basement and he sees photos of deniro with clinton with what looks like maybe a bend lot in type figure originally still were found a cia. on deniro suggests this cia itself reviewed the script and
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said then then. you're not going to bring up cia torture do they watch every single movie that is about to be produced in our would in any film that has any military hardware in it an obvious example top gun you got it asked for permission you don't just walk on to the air force base and start flying jets around. so if you get their permission. they get the right. to look at what you're saying about. the officer for information which was responsible for propaganda during world war 2 was officially closed in 1945 but the relationship that developed between hollywood and the us government in those years seems to have grown only stronger since stand at different times american rulers have needed different myths including some the
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directly contradicted earlier ones as in the case of russia 'd but no matter how difficult the order this factory has always do to flit delivered. hollywood had always been afraid of government censorship so what they did was that they censored themselves. in the fiction. you know what is the worst. believe in. god not a. there's that wasn't created for propaganda purposes but hollywood certainly is now a real propaganda force in the world probably the greatest propaganda force that's ever existed.
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the polls someone. else i was telling you. to eat. if. breaking news. publishes a list of the u.s. . administration. move against the american library and i'm going to go. to a merkel's accused. democracy and she pleads with the german parliament to the powers to impose the.


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