Skip to main content

tv   Documentary  RT  April 12, 2021 1:30pm-2:01pm EDT

1:30 pm
hello and welcome to our show 60 years ago humanity's most unbelievable dream came true 27 year old eureka garren became the 1st man in space those 108 minutes that his flight lasted turned the world upside down and specifically our perception of what is and isn't possible a hero for the ages was born but right here in the studio with us are 2 days congress of space. i'd like to introduce our guests on
1:31 pm
a iraq's cosmos engineer and test cosmonaut she'll tell us what life from the moons like as she's already managed to figure it out also under a bar sankoh a hero of the russian federation pilot cosmonaut who's only just retired from a very successful career he's been twice in space and spent $337.00 days on the international space station that's almost a year and sergei resigned a hero of the russian federation pilot cosmonaut he's competed for space walks and is the 1st scientist have been a captain of a space ship in history so welcome we're very glad to see you all here said case again explain to me a person who is terrified just sitting on a plane at 10000 meters why did you want to travel to a dark less and less pad. or be able to sort it all it all happened accidentally been dreaming of becoming a biologist but then my life changed so i started sending monk. he's into space and
1:32 pm
then i turned into this monkey and was told you'll be a scientist but in space and i've never regretted it because it's a very interesting job. and that when i under a view it was a very long path to becoming a cosmonaut you of out rather type of person whose childhood dream came true. but often i'm not sure if i'm a rare type of person but yes my boyhood fantasy was fulfilled but when did you 1st realize that you'd like to become a cosmonaut. it was after i watched a movie a soviet one called taming of the fire and you enter this profession in a different way you participated in the 1st open cosmonaut recruitment contest what pushed you to apply for that was when i heard about the contest i realized that there was an opportunity to become a cosmonaut and the 1st thing i did was i read all the information and the acquirements participants needed to meet. and you realized you were an ideal candidate all of that was great well i don't know if i was
1:33 pm
a deal or not but i realized that i would meet the requirements and i had an idea of what the profession was about so i decided to give it a shot what is an average day for a cosmonaut as he prepares for his 1st flight out of the priest or that's the question is should you for every day there's a person responsible for it that monitors whether you pass an exam on that subject and you go through all the necessary training the should do is very diverse you could be sitting in a classroom diving underwater sky diving or studying computer techniques that variety makes the difficult training that a cosmonaut go through exciting we have to be multiskilled specialists and know how to do everything. is a nonstop do you have days off you know that sometimes. the current said that he felt well for after the centrifuge what do you make of this. well i wouldn't agree with that but i don't know what type of workload mr goodbar and went 3 i suppose the volume of training would make you feel awful but to me the centrifuge is my
1:34 pm
favorite challenge i also like the centrifuge i didn't expect all 3 of you to say this ok i'm great and what's the least favorite of the least favorite was the korea list chair. sergei can you describe what it was like when you're sitting waiting for the launch several do you know actually you're very calm because finally i've been waiting for this so long i've been preparing and now this is it if you like you've been waiting for a birthday cake and at the end of the day you get it when the rocket takes off from the ground and the work you've been getting ready for for so many years begin this of course you're nervous we're only human but you're eager to start the work. and i have to ask you what does it feel like to be an outer space doesn't it scare you the new stress is terrible but terribly interesting is a dangerous physically tough job but 1st meeting you can look at your home you see the entire planet it's an amazing feeling when you put on your space suit and just like go for a walk on the street how much does the sea weigh approximately 100 kilos or
1:35 pm
a 100 kilos 0 gravity you don't feel it we've got a great question from a viewer about the shape of the space station as a child i thought of the space station as a spinning ship because of the artificial gravity but nowadays the international space station and its predecessors are more like tree trunks when we have all the spending ones under what's your forecast. i think not soon because it depends on certain technical challenges and it's not that easy to create an operate such a station or a spinning station went to merge in orbit for the next couple of decades well i mean one the same size as the international space station but if we're talking about a small station well it may happen. and that would be at the teamwork at the present the crucial thing is that it's unnecessary it looks cool but the international space station is 1st of all us. scientific laboratory and the spinning station we can create sort of gravity but here is the opposite the goal of our flights is to avoid gravity and to reach 0 gravity so it may be that if we most of the whole
1:36 pm
science then we can somehow see such spinning stations so it would be like in the movie passengers with a swimming pool and a cinema on the spaceship. the movie is different it shows not a scientific orbital station but a transport vehicle which was designed to bring passengers from point a in the galaxy to point b. so in this case yes the artificial gravity concept was justified and i agree with sergei with an orbital station it doesn't make sense but there are projects under consideration in which there are separate autonomous modules that will float near the station to eliminate the my current celebration that the station has which spoils many experiments did to us besides joining us now is the legendary canadian astronaut chris hadfield he's been beyond our planet 3 times was the 1st canadian i assess command to earn 31st canadian to walk in outer space while chris when we talk about space it's always about dreams of the future discoveries and the unknown and when you watch these movies you think yeah in 10 years robots will take over
1:37 pm
the world but here i am 2021 no robot dictatorship in sight life is still far from what moved me so why is that what are we doing wrong. i think life has never been easier and it's because of robots and it's not really a complete artificial intelligence but you know just think about what everybody pretty much that's watching this program has in their pocket the amount of intelligence that's in just a simple little phone or or in your car or in the systems that are around you think about how we're communicating right now i mean it's unbelievable and yet we make it almost almost trivially easy so i think we are living in the future. or and you know someone launched out of baikonur the smarting and they're already on a space station where there's international crew there are people down in texas building up an entirely really usable launch rocket ship it's amazing the pace of
1:38 pm
invention but it is that that's why you want to have predictions for technological developments have the next decade movie see anything from science fiction them i think the big change. is making launch cheaper and that's happening right now it's happening down in the united states it's happening in china there are 2 private launch companies in china and they're building a new launch facilities in china and i think that competition is great and if we can make leaving earth cheaper like space x. or blue origin or virgin galactic or all the other companies then some of those science fiction dreams can come true not just you know earth orbit where were the 4 of us have lived but the moon is only 3 days away and within the last couple years
1:39 pm
we've discovered not only eternal solar power on the moon but basically unlimited water billions of leaders of water frozen on the moon and if you have power and you have water then you just need a good habitat and you can live there and so i think in the near future and you said 10 years i think we will have people not just visiting the moon briefly as happened you know 55 years ago but but actually starting to stay on the moon and to me that's that's a really interesting next step beyond gavin 60 years ago but city set up could get a question from the audience on the subject actually underrate what technology does humanity need to moscow in want to travel freely into space and what the consequences of what i hope i'm not talking about into. travel because humanity has a lot more to learn including the discovery of perhaps new laws of physics and for journeys through the solar system you have to at least muster the technology to
1:40 pm
create new protection against various kinds of radiation that humans will encounter in deep space and i think the sooner that task is resolved the sooner we can stand on the surface of mars on our own 2 feet under the untrained eye when you have afraid you wouldn't come back. i had another fear i didn't do a spacewalk it didn't happen during my expeditions but i've watched other astronauts do it and when your colleague goes out there and steps on the hall and it seems like they're about to make a hole in the hull the steps are really loud well that's a peculiar feeling of course we understand it's totally normal the sound should be like that but it's very interesting to watch chris it takes 90 minutes to do a full orbit around the planet so you're flying around the globe 16 times a day and you see 16 sunrises and sunsets does it become normal or is it still totally mesmerizing each time well i realize that i was only going to get to see so many sunrises and sunsets and the big difference i think is that they
1:41 pm
happened fast you go from the beautiful darkness and because we're above the atmosphere the earth has this delicate pastel purple glow just the tiniest ghost of the atmosphere on the horizon but you're racing around the world at 8 kilometers a 2nd and so you force the sunrise and you go from the absolute darkness to then suddenly the horizon seems to start to catch fire and then the sun starts to appear and it's as if somebody poured a rainbow on the edge of the world and just gushes around the world and then bam up comes the sun through the middle of it and you feel through the window the intense instant heat of the thermal nuclear explosions of our sun. and that happens in about 15 seconds and it happened 16 times a day so our i didn't want to miss any of them i stole as many of those as i could
1:42 pm
and if you get a chance to fly in space i recommend you do the same thing don't don't enjoy or don't miss the magic of the place that you're in. a show. was a pandemic no certainly no borders and just lying to nationalities. has emerged with the e.u. we don't look like seeing the whole world needs to be. judged as coming every crisis with this intensity. we can do better we should know better. everyone is contributing your own way but we also
1:43 pm
know that this crisis will not go on forever the challenges created with the response has been so many good people are helping us. it makes us feel very proud that we are in it together. kind of financial survival job today was all about money laundering 1st to visit this cash into 3 different. oh good this is a good start well we have our 3 banks all set up here maybe something in europe something in america something overseas in the cayman islands or do we do all these banks are complicit in their tough talk received a softer give mccoll and say hey i'm ready to do some serious money laundering ok let's see how we did while we've got a national dream watch for max and for stacy oh beautiful jewelry how about. luxury automobile again for max you know what money laundering is highly illegal. much
1:44 pm
keyser of course. now things don't always go as planned sometimes emergency situations happen under a here's my question there's a famous photo of ruckus of cutting out his own appendix in the antarctic is such a situation possible and i assess i doubt an appendix operation is possible on the international space station but the one with the real medical training will correct me but what if the return flight is just too big a risk what if the situation is super serious and the problem yes that what at that
1:45 pm
well i think that decision will be made by the command center on earth where to operate one of our american colleagues on our 1st flight it wasn't appendicitis but we did a great job there was a danger to his life it was serious enough but what does it look like on the instruments just flying around we're very good 1st aid kit for all occasions we've been trained there's always a designated person in the crew medical officer who's responsible for these operations in the case of 1st aid he is the 1st to act in 0 gravity everything will float away so you fix the patient in the right position the same with the tools around you and with the help of the assistants you start working slowly with chris of course there's excitement when you get to the station perhaps even tears of happiness we've got a question from the audience what kind of dreams do you have while in space and if you cry on the i assess where do the tears flow if you watch the movie gravity
1:46 pm
which is a it's visually beautiful but it's factually terrible they have the actress sandra bullock cry and her tears come. squirting out of our eyes and and fly across the spaceship and i'm thinking when i cry on earth my tears don't come squirting out of my eyes and fly across the room it's ridiculous no you're your tears just form and stay on your eyeball like like i don't know jelly or something where they just stay there permanently so yeah i mean it's very emotional to to see the world that way to do something that you've been dreaming up to to be separated from your family when something important happens like a birth or a birthday or a death i found my emotions were much closer to the surface during all 3 of my spaceflights than my normal life and so yeah i think crying is natural and and it's
1:47 pm
really fun kind of to cry where are your tears don't fall i think it's. it's i made a video about it in fact you can you can find it on you tube in space your tears don't fall. what could be a truth of now about you know what are the emotions are you nervous or excited to start do you feel like you've waited long and after the start of the law in the janja well i'm not nervous but i'm consciously waiting for the flight to start and of course i'm getting ready we don't just sit there the preparation goes on constantly i wouldn't say that i'm afraid but there will be anxiety for sure that's totally normal for one thing because you need to do a responsible job and do it in time and concentrate so i'm looking forward to when i go. there so we will be watching closely under a tell me what's the daily schedule on the i assess is there a common alarm clock or does everyone have their own schedule but there's a common alarm that can go off it's called a communication course that's if the entire team overslept but in fact every one of us has their own alarms i'm actually wearing one right now is the wrist watch that
1:48 pm
flew to space with me and i think he has the same model so you see you brought these back from space with you chris has one too. so yes we do live according to a shuttle there every day as planned by the space control center where everything is laid out starting with wake up time and 9 at 6 am. and here i was thinking that's a slip of the tongue i would go to space 2 of the men waking up and 9 well it actually depends on the time zone because we live by g.m.t. there i have to ask you actually about time how do you know if it's the day or night where the floor is where the ceiling is just the clock it always shows the time because of course we can't just by looking at the sun we go around the earth 16 times a day which means 16 sunrises and sunsets but the clock always shows if it's day or night is someone on duty at night or not just in case the automatic system is the one watching at night in the case of an emergency it will wake the team and take
1:49 pm
the 1st measures on his own figure. ok but what if you're sound asleep the siren so loud you hope out of the sleeping bag yourself and generally do you manage to get enough sleep we do see a steeps normal yes it is chris what are your dreams and space like did you have any specific ones i think i dream like most people but i i don't remember my dreams very much i'm much more interested in what happens while i'm awake than if you're on a spaceship. you're living world is like a dream you're weightless i mean you have a superpower you can fly you're a you're an x. man and when you float to the big windows you know all of russia goes by in a dozen minutes you go across canada in 10 minutes the 16 sunrises a day it is it is like you're living in a dream so i slept as little as i possibly could because i was much more interested in what was happening while i was awake and you would love the opportunity of being
1:50 pm
weightless and seeing the whole world pour by you you wouldn't want to just crawl away and sleep it's too mesmerizing a part of life. and now a question some of you out there she asks do you have a foreigner around when you're in space come on confess i know that you guys are professionals and adults but this won't damage your public image in any way to worry you have a pretend like of swimming i definitely know what of course you fool around you can go it's quite firmly 0 gravity and you're spinning at the same time of course with serious adults but still jokes and this kind of creativity help us to keep the positive atmosphere once i was flying around the station wearing a big black hairy monkey cost you please don't ask me how i managed to bring it on board but i did and that was also of we all put on costumes we had a mini and a superman a spiderman i was a monkey that was really cool little did you have a political i assess well of course and i flew. i flew with.
1:51 pm
or among chrome on yank and on my 3rd space flight and for the other cosmonauts they know mon he is a super professional very good at operating space ships but he just loves to laugh and to have fun and to tell a joke and to make fun of things and sergei was talking about we have a big bag of costumes up there and every single time we had a conference where a man would dig through the bag of costumes and put on some of the you know he'd come to the conferences elvis or or somebody every time because you need it we're just people you know and we're a long way from home and you need arts and music and humor and laughter just just like you do on earth so yeah we're constantly playing pranks and and having fun and seeing who can go the fastest through the station and you know it's just a bunch of people up there really important work and a very dangerous place but look people having fun i don't know it sounds like you
1:52 pm
guys are just having fun with a time out that and here are nothing i think you're doing serious scientific research. you're probably regretting coming to our kids pay group today we've got a couple of minutes left so let's deep funk some myths about space and once and for old i've got them just a tad you tell me if that's true and false. if you go and open space without a suit on will you not from the radiation. well something bad will definitely happen to you which you will not burn but something close to it right well you get fried a little so either way not great of course that andre if you don't work out constantly your with her way and die true if you don't work out after 18 days you won't be able to return to earth for life you won't be able to stand the overload that occurs during landing even in space you can't avoid sport that's a bummer for me the morning of the office. space smells like true or
1:53 pm
false nose smells like burnt missile or welding by the way what's the temperature in space what does it feel like. it depends on what you're measuring but we can measure the surface temperature of the station surface can heat up to about 70 degrees celsius in the sunlight minus 70 in the shadows in this it's unique. if chris you don't eat out of juice sounds yummy. no we almost never eat from tubes we from all sorts of containers you don't need a plate because what. ever they would float off your plate you tend to eat out of the package but the packages come in all different shapes cans and packets and some of the food is in tubes but we really haven't had the majority of our food into since the 1960 s. you know our dollar dietitians in our chefs they do
1:54 pm
a lot better job now and i mean i wouldn't go to space for the food but the food's fine we all all 3 of us who have spent time up there we're all healthy the food the food is ok you know but like you have no stove you have no microwave really no fridge no freezer so it kind of limits the type of food that you can have when you it's fine it's healthy it's good enough well i'm a foodie so i guess it's yet another reason i can't go to space and last. last question which is the great wall of china visible from space i never saw it as i said about thank you so much unfortunately that's a wrap we're parting ways but it would be a sentiment you go without saying thank you not just for coming here today although was amazing to hear from you and for sharing for your unbelievable knowledge and life experience with us but also thank you for existing when i was a baikonur i was really filled with emotions that was fear and excitement and then
1:55 pm
it was just pure admiration for all those people like you who are ready to take risks for the big ideas for the future for us really so thank you for enriching on lives and inspiring us and of course many thanks to idea of us we all participation your attention but most of all feel patience. should. believe.
1:56 pm
this if you. look. at a 100 words. i chose to use word to cast. off. i thought. it was from the typical seems. to. be
1:57 pm
one of the least musical. because between. the fishing and don't live near. the littlest you knew those moves. to follow someone. because of the style if you played that easy. today the industry prefers to spend millions of euros not being too good a regulation is i will be missing all about making money making profits in some of the big corporations international markets import export do you imagine the number of printing diseases that are out in every community today it is not due to new viruses or all new microbes that is not true so it is due to environment let's
1:58 pm
say you know that momentum is simply the. muscles of really just accumulate could only come into it seemed to be so in the list that i love to play the sky if the so food industry is successful it will create more jobs it will create more value added it will create more growth so i don't see why we shouldn't also fight for the interests i think into st god said that we are british and we want regulation i was the industry and if we don't behave zaniest penalty just fine. is you'll media a reflection of reality. in a world transformed. what will make you feel safe. isolation for community. are you going the right way or are you being
1:59 pm
led so. direct. what is true watch is faith. in the world corrupted you need to descend. to join us in the depths. or a made in the shallowness. if
2:00 pm
. tempers flare in. the right to reopen. also ahead on the program austria say it's reached an agreement with russia 1000000 doses of the sputnik to be coded. for the country's doctors chamber advice begin to approve the shop for use. thankful and grateful to russia good to be able to buy your work seen. first fly a white mother rally in california is meant by culture protesters and.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on