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tv   France 24  LINKTV  October 21, 2021 3:30pm-4:00pm PDT

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>> it is 10:00 p.m. here in the french capital. here are our headlines. fears and divisions within the eu to deepe, of brussels legal supremacy the focus of a summit the started. not always prevail over polish love we will hear more from the meeting in brussels. in sudan, huge crowds have marched in several parts of the capital and other cities, to reject military rule. the military shared power with civilians in a traditional authority since president bashir in 2019.
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capital's t igrey region, as fighting surges after nearly a year of war. thanks for watching. the eu and leaders are upping the pressure on poland's prime minister, to fall back into line on recognizing that eu law trumps national decision-making. there's a picture of an overbearing ending that treats its member nations as provinces, disrupting powers and imposing values against the wishes of sovereign peoples. facing the threat of losing out on tens of billions of eu funds, because of his stance, he counters that poland will not act under the pressure of
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blackmail. this is the main issue on the table at an ongoing eu summit. we are in brussels following all of that. dave, energy was the focus of this summit originally. tell us what is emerging as we speak from thursday's leaders summit in brussels. reporter: well, the energy and discussion took a lot longer than we were eecting it lasted aboufive hours. they have just in the past hour moved on from the energy discussion to rule of law. the reason why they spent so much time talking about it is because energy prices are surging in europe right now. the cause is mostly the economic resurgence from the pandemic recovery, but also the fact that russia turned down the taps of gas supply into europe for a little bit. now there's a lot of talk about what can be done in the short term to ease the pain for consumers. who are all of a sudden senior electricity bills and home
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heating bills and petrol bills shoot up. they talked about possible short-term measures. i think there are no short-term measures that are really going to fix a problem in the next month or so. the question is, can they get something ready for winter? so we don't have a horrible winter, with a lot of people falling into fuel poverty. they also talked about longer-term measures. the spanish from minister is really pushing for this idea -- prime minister is really pushing this idea for joint purchasing of gas supply which would give russia less leverage to play with the market when it wants to and help keep the eu unified and keep energy prices more stable. we see individual energy purchasing and all these individual energy systems in the eu. one summer like this happens, the prices go crazy and they are totally different in different countries. there's receptiveness to ideas, but we don't know yet if he had majority support for this. we will hear that later tonight. >> the focus is shifting to the
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polish issue and the spotlight that puts on the core question of rule of law. can you break down with the tensions are and how serious this standoff is between warsaw and european institutions? reporter: so the discussion is about the larger issue of rule of law deterioration in poland. which has been a long-standing issue the commission has already taken poland to court for. there's this possibility to use a mechanism of budget commission alley against -- commissionality against poland for these violations of rule of law, political interference on the judiciary, meddling with the independence of media, and reducing democratic pluralism. the discussion got heated. now in the past two weeks, because the polish court just made a ruling, which is kind of related, but actually opens up a whole new salvo. it said in some areas, the eu law does not have
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precedence over national law. soy polish court could overrule the eu's supreme court. aso -- s a polish court could over will the you -- the eu's supreme court. many are saying pold, you need to renounce this ruling and say, eu law does take primacy, that is what is in the treaties, that's always been the case, otherwise, we should withhold funding. the immediate funding they want to withhold is a pandemic recovery funding. the longer-term -- in the longer-term, they can use this conditionality mechanism. it looks like there's majority support from eu member states to use that rule of law conditionality mechanism against poland. that would be a new development. i think it shows just how angry
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the other eu countries are at poland for what is really amounting to an unprecedented -- of the fundamentals of eu law. >> residents are divided over their governments' approach to the whole issue. most polls agree that leaving the eu would be about idea. let's take a look. -- be a bad idea. let's stick a look. reporter: many polls say resides areivided over the polish constitutional court's decision last week that says national law trumps eu law, except in specific circumstances. >> our european union membership should be based on the principle that poland has its own autonomy and its own voice. reporter: the eu has tried to block what it sees as poland's attempt to dismantle its justice
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system by replacing judges with others who back the ruling party. but the polish government says, the block is meddling with its legitimate reforms. there has been talk of poland quitting the eu. copying the u.k., with a so-called polexit. the government denies having such intentions, to the relief of local residents. >> i tnk that poland as a country is not strong enough to manage without the support of the european union. >> i think the media has tried to sell us a political game on both sides of the polish clinical divide. this game is nothing in common with reality, because the government is actually very much in compliae with eu policies. reporter: those who are concerned by the government's reforms hope eu leaders will force poland to get back in line with its democratic standards. >> from or, we can talk now to a
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policy follow the european council on firm relations -- foreign relations. i'm just want to show the front page of the main conservative paper here in france. the polish question, in terms of its standoff with the institutions, is the top headline. the talk is about, could this actually crack open the divisions in europe? could this be a turning point in terms of what have been strategic divisions between the groups, brussels, other divisions post brexit, other divisions within the group, poland is seeing itself increasingly isolated -- how serious is this crisis? >> the crisis is serious, but it's been already serious for some time. i think. . we need to be very careful -- i think we need to be very careful of what we are actually discussing.
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the polish government is firming the debate as being about the primacy of the european law over the national law. because if you discuss this, in these terms, they could actually find many allies across europe, who would say, actually, the primacy of european law has ever been codified. actually, european institutions have often overreached, etc. i think in this sense, the ruling of the cause additional court in poland, which provoked this current uproar across europe, is in many ways a smokescreen, an intent to shift the attention from what is really important. if u.s.-made what is -- if you ask me what is really important, i will tell you what is more tangible is the lack of judicial independence in poland. therefore, the discussion should be about that.
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in a country where judiciary is a longer independent, can there still be a member of the you without detriment for the rest of the block -- can they still be a member of the eu without detriment for the rest of the block? other government should be asking the prime minister when and how will his government implement what it is supposed to implement, after the rulings of the court of justice of the eu, from mid july. in which poland, the polish government was obliged to withdraw -- to cancel the so-called disciplinary chapter in the supreme court. and to also withdraw the so-called muzzle law. based on which polish judges can be silenced.
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and assessed or penalized based on the content of their judgments. >> this word polexit has been mentioned. how realistic is that? there's support, over 80%, is it really on the cards? >> no. this is another wrong way of framing this debate. although, i wouldn't exclude that. but if that ever happened, it would be a kind of unintended consequence. it is worth knowing that currently, for poland to leave the eu, you wouldn't need any sort of a referendum, where citizens would have the right to say -- you could just have a majority vote in the parliament, then it is done. but i imagine that the current government will not go that far, because it will be a political -- from here on.
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>> in terms of taking a strong stance against brussels, the culture wars, the division within poland are running very deep, it seems to be chipping away and worsening divisions against poland. certainly this is not going down well with a big part of lish society. >> politics is crucial in explainhat is happening right now. because the so-called reform of the judiciary, implemented since 2015, it was of internal thinking. they never expected that this would provoke such a clash with brussels and other eu members. now, i see the government moving to the right on many aspects. including migration, but also on europe. this is probably because
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there are parties further right in law and justice and they do not want them to threaten law and justice's position on poland's political scene. in a way, by provoking a clash with brussels, and other member states, they are making it more and more possible for the -- for anti-european parties to emerge in poland, years from now. like a serious party. i would never expect such a party to get more than 1% of votes -- 20% of votes in the country, which would be huge. considering poland -- >> we will have to leave it there, think you for though starts on the current standoff -- thank you for your thoughts
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on the current standoff. a new master plan against any potential russian attack. they have reaffirmed the alliance's core goal of deterring moscow despite growing focus on china. the strategy answer prepare for any simultaneous attacks in the baltic and the boxy regions -- and the black sea regions. it could include hacking from computer networks and assaults from space. let's listen to general stromberg. -- general stoltenberg. >> we have no intention to deploy new land based nuclear missiles in europe. so we are implementing a balanced package of political and military measures to respond to this threat -- these threats. this includes significant improvements to our air and missile defenses, strengthening our conventional capabilities with fifth-generation jets, adapting our exercises and intelligence, and improving the
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readiness and effectiveness of our nuclear deterrence. >> large-scale protests took place in sudan. both by people supporting the transition to civilian led democracy and by those who call for a return to military rule. sudan civilian and military power sharing have been at our heads -- at loggerheads since a failed coup in late september. army leaders are demanding the reform of the cabinet. some aiming for a power grab. we have more. reporter: chanting anti-islamist slogans, pro-democracy protesters take to the street. they want the general, the head of sudan's traditional counsel, to relinquish power. >> [speaking foreign leg which --
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>> [speaking native language] reporter: demonstrators are on their sixth day of sitting. they want a return t civilian rule and what the prime minister to design. >> [speaking native language] -- want the prime minister to resign. >> [speaking native language] reporter: the rival camps both hl fr the pro-docracy group that spearheaded the 2019 revolution. they organized protests, which led to the army's overthrow of the longtime ruler, omar al-bashir. a month after a failed coup attempt, divisions are palpable. last week, the prime minister unveiled a roadmap to end the
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political crisis, insisting that complete alignment to the civilian democratic transition was the oy way forward. under the 2019 power-sharing agreement, and the 2020 p still with rebel groups, -- peace deal with rebel groups, they are expected to complete the role by 2023. >> the ethiopian military strike a target near the capital of the country's tigre region on thursday, the third day this week of airstrikes, as fighting surges after nearly a year of war. thousands have been killed since november a a conflict that ts the forces that once terminated the national government against the current government led by ahmed. despite the threat of further sanctions, there's no sight of the conflict ending yet. a city has been used as a base by tigrey forces. we have the details. reporter: the fighting that broke out in ethiopia in november of 2020 eventually forced him to flee his home,
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he crossed over into sudan and is now living in this refugee camp. he wasn't expecting to have t stay as long as he has. >> when he ce here, -- we came here, i was thinking we would get back to our home. in almost two or three months. but we are still now he after ne months. reporter: he has sinned the camps like this, including the declining mental health of young people. >> it is difcult for most use here. ey a addicted -- youth here. they are addicted to drugs, alcohol. it's bad for them. reporter: he had to leave ethiopia that she had to leave ethiopia without her family. most communication is down in the region. she hasn't been able to contact her relatives. she's not sure of they are still alive. -- if ey are sti alive. [speaki native lauage]
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reporter: if you can refugees in sudan like food, clean water, shelter, and sanitation. when you're suffering from malnutrition and diseases, like hepatitis c and malaria. >> the world health organization is warning the coronavirus pandemic will go on for a year longer than it needs to because of vaccine inequality, despite western nations pledging to deliver hundreds of thousands of sister covax. experts say it is so behind schedule, that only 7% of e population in africa has received one dose. lesson 5% of africa's population is fully vaccinated. that compares to 40% in most other continents. a powerful autumn storm has parts of western -- has hit
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parts of stern rope on thursday, knocking out power and damaging buildings. in france, strong winds caused the roof of one house to collapse, while train services re disrupted by uprooted trees. we have more. reporter: ripped from the rest of the house by wind, this roof crhed a scooter on its way france's west coast, winds reached up to 175 kilometer per hour. here, residents surveyed the damage after an eventful night. >> [speaking french] reporter: inside, debris from the damaged roof litters the house, notably in the master bedroom. >> [speaking french] >> [speaking french]
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>> [speaking french] reporter: meanwhile, and britny, violt winds snapped treeclean and half and brought wn the rf of thisouse. the property was under construction and no one was hurt. about an hour away, cleanup efforts have begun at this store, after being flooded with water. >> [speaking french] reporter: here, uprooted trees and branches, strode across the city, squashing cars and disrupting both road and rail traffic. the storm cut power from about -- for about 250,000 french homes. roughly half of them were still about a lecture city but thursday afternoon. >> time now for business. kate moody is in the studio. the french prime minister has been speaking this evening and announced more aid to combat soaring energy prices. >> europe's energy crisis is
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rumbling on. the french government will extend a freeze on gas and elect her city prices to a next year -- electricity prices through next year. kanaan stayed for low income families specifically for petrol and diesel fuel. some 36 million people will benefit from that aid at a cost of around 3.8 billion euros for the state. the prime minister, telling a national broadcaster that high-energy prices cannot be allowed to slow down the country's economic recovery. the united states will withdraw punitive tariffs on products from austria, france, italy, spain, and the u.k. tariffs which had already been suspended. the announcement comes after reaching a deal on digital services taxes. the european nations had pushed ahead with their own levies while waiting for a global deal. the u.s. responded with terrace. the countries have now agreed to phase out their own rules by the time broader reforms to the international taxation system take effect in 2023. any taxes that have been
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collected by then will be credited to future bills under the new regime. earlier this month, 136 country struck an agreement on a 15% tax rate for international corporations. united states' federal reserve announced new rules which will prevent its policymakers from owning individual stocks. the band foows the velation that several fed officia had been buying and selling stocks, while also helping to decide on monetary policy at the central bank, which affects the market movement. that brings us to a look at the day's trading action. a mixed close for wall street. the s&p, hitting a new record high. the nasdaq, up over half a percentage point. trading of a special purchase acquisition company, spac, was suspended several times today. shares of digital world acquisition corporation spiked as much as 400% after it was reported it would help launch a new social media platform for former president donald trump. we saw losses between about a
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third and half a percentage put in the indices today. the turkish theater dropped to a fresh low against u.s. dollar after the u.s. bank dropped interest rates and the second time in as many months. president are to want took a heavy hand in monetary policy, disputing economic was of that higher interest rates help to stabilize inflation. we have reports. reporter: another shock move by turkey's central bank. thursday's decision to slash interest rates by 2% set the turkish lira tumbling to record lows. the announcement was met with skepticism by investors and financial analysts, who said it was likely to further hurt the turkish economy and leave households and businesses to absorb the fallout. >> [speaking native language] reporter: turkey has for years
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been struggling with high inflation and a depreciating national currency, which has lost 80% of its value to the dollar since 2012. but instead of hiking up interest rates, which economists say would encourage households to save rather than spend, the central bank has taken the opposite approach -- twice cutting its rates in the past month. an unorthodox strategy led by who has repeatedly sacked policymakers opposed to his vision. but the vision has so far not yielded the desired results. with annual inflation rising to nearly 20% last month, well above the central bank's 5% target. the government's repeated meddling in monetary policy also represents a red flag for many investors. further bruising the credibility of the national currency. >> facebook has not been fully forthcoming about some of the elements in its content controls.
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that's the headline from the tech giant's oversight board. among other issues, the report called out the sociamedia firm for failing tourn over or providing incomplete information about its crosschecked system, the internal program used to review content decision related to high-profile users, including former president u.s. donald trump -- former u.s. president donald trump, who was banned from the platform earlier this year. the oversight board was greeted to improve facebook's reputational content control's freedom of expression and human rights. separately today, facebook announced a deal to pay a group of newspapers for their content, part of a broader battle between the press and tech platforms. james comer facebook's scandals seemed -- james, facebook's scandals seem to keep coming on here. they want to distance themselves from the scandals and their namebrand, with a possible new name. >> if everyone change -- if
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facebook changes its name, everyone is going to know it is facebook with a new name. we will be back in just a second with more. ♪
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♪ ♪ amy: from new york this is democracy now... >> the investments i and talking about will create an average of 2 million additional jobs per year. good paying jobs. it is transformative. [laughter] amy: as president biden visits his hometown of scranton, pennsylvania, key parts of his domestic agenda are in jeopardy.

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