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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  October 6, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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recommends the first vaccine to protect against malaria, a disease that claims thousands of young lives each year. i am lauren taylor. this is al jazeera live from london. a surge in demand puts pressure on gas supplies. why it could add up to an expensive winter in europe. taiwan warns china it could be ready to attack the island in a number of years. a report from brazil where millions have been forced into
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different systems because of the pandemic. global health chiefs have announced a major advance against malaria, a disease that kills more than 400,000 people per year. more than half of the world's population lives in areas at risk of malaria. it is spread by mosquitoes, at first showing flu like symptoms, and if not treated in 24 hours, it can become more serious. africa accounts for more than nine in 10 cases recorded worldwide. the world health organization says a drug developed by glaxosmithkline can be used in
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children. a second being trialed in kenya has shown 77% efficacy in early results. >> as some of you may know, i started my career as a malaria researcher, and i long for the day we would have an effective vaccine against this ancient and terrible disease. today is that day. today, who is recommending the broad use of the world's first malaria vaccine. >> dr. thomas pryor is glaxosmithkline's chief global health officer. he explains why it has taken so long to develop the vaccine. >> vaccines are not always the same when it comes to development. you have viruses. you have bacteria, and the cause
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of malaria is a parasite. it is extremely to develop vaccines against parasites. several researchers have tried to do it, and now we have the first malaria vaccine, which was recommended today. i think eradication is some time away, but the combination of bed nets and in this vaccine and other vaccines in the future, we will bring the malaria burden of disease substantially down in africa. for the time being, we have a new tool in our toolbox, and as soon it is implemented, i'm sure we will see a significant impact. lauren: antonio guterres has urged ethiopia's government to allow the world body to deliver humanitarian aid to millions in the countries north. during a security council meeting, he called on ethiopia's leaders to allow unrestricted movement of desperately needed
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fuel and humanitarian supplies into tigray. it is the second meeting regarding the expulsion of un officials. more from the u.n. -- >> we had an interesting moment at the end of the meeting when the ambassador address to the security council, and at this meeting, he made new allegations explaining the expulsions. he said the u.n., and it was these officials responsible, most were doing good work in ethiopia. he said they falsified humanitarian data. he even said, they've made up the deaths of ethiopians as a result of starving, that were not true. very strong allegations that meant the un's secretary-general decided to speak again.
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i had never seen a u.n. secretary general use his right to reply. i never saw ban ki-moon do it. he used his right to reply, and this is what he said. >> we believe ethiopia does not have the right to expel these eight members of the human we believe ethiopia is violating international law, and we are ready to cooperate with the government of ethiopia in relation to any situation in which the government of ethiopia feels that any member of the u.n. is not behaving in total impartiality, independence, as humanitarian law prescribes. >> the secretary-general added that if the ambassador had proof, if he had documentary proof he could share, then the secretary-general would investigate, but the secretary-general made it clear he had two recent conversations
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with the ethiopian prime minister, and he made none of the allegations that were made in the security council in the last hour to the secretary-general in those phone calls. ♪ lauren: in europe, winter is coming, and as temperatures fall, the demand for heat is increasing, and that has forced gas prices up. the price of natural gas has shot up 125%, reaching the highest level since 2008. in the u.k., wholesale prices have soared 250%. the amount in europe's storage tanks lags behind the same period in previous years. that plus an increase in demand as economies power up after the pandemic is adding pressure. e.u. and u.k. pricing policies have had an impact, and some are blaming russia.
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there are allegations it is a squeeze supply to ensure that a lucrative pipeline to germany gets support. this is causing concern in nations like italy, germany and the u.k. they are more reliable on renewables, but pump in plenty of gas in the winter. >> as economies across europe rebound from the pandemic, demand for gas is rising fast, along with prices. they hit levels on wednesday not seen in more than 10 years. that is leading to concerns of soaring bills and inflation as people heat their homes this winter. >> it is a serious issue. i think we have to be very clear that the gas prices are skyrocketing, but the renewables, the prices have decreased over the last years and are stable. it is very clear with energy in the long term, it is important to invest in renewables.
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that gives us stable prices and more independence. >> several energy companies in britain have collapsed due to the shortages. norway and russia are boosting supplies to the european union, which is dependent on imports. russia says it could make record sales of gas to the eu this year. it is reject named criticism that it is partially to blame for the supply problems. >> russia has fulfilled, is fulfilling and will continue to fulfill in the most diligent manner all of its obligations under existing contracts. >> russia has long supplied europe with natural gas via ukraine, but amid ongoing tensions, analysts say russia wants to ensure ukraine doesn't benefit from gas revenues.
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russia has the nord stream 2 pipeline running under the baltic sea and directly to the continent. it was completed over the summer, but germany has yet to complete the project. >> the european union was playing politics with the nord stream 2 gas pipeline. it was completed almost one month and a half ago. if they issued an immediate operation and license to it, russia would be supplying around 50 billion cubic meters of gas to the european union, which would have alleviated the crisis. >> the european union is exploring ways for member states to create shared storage facilities for gas, pivoting more to renewable energy and ending its reliance on imports, but in the short-term, it appears there are no quick fixes. lauren: taiwan's defense
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minister says relations with china are the worst they've been in 40 years. the comments follow four days of repeated incursions by warplanes into the defense zone. more from hong kong -- >> the approach of nearly 150 warplanes in waves sent over several days has alarmed taiwan. speaking at a session of taiwan's parliament, the defense minister warned that in four years, china would be capable of invading the island. >> china does not currently possess such capabilities, but we must consider the consequences. by 2025, they will have more comprehensive capabilities. taiwan regularly holds drills to prepare for such an invasion, thanks in part to sophisticated military equipment from its
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ally, the united states. it has so far been confident of deterring any aggression, but china's rapid military buildup has been closing that gap. >> i think beijing is looking to put enormous pressure psychologically on taiwan, including the taiwan society and taiwan armed forces. >> it appears to be looking to undermine taiwan's president who has been called to the idea of closer relations and is seen by china as an obstacle. it seems beijing >> to send a message about the changing dynamics across the taiwan strait, not only to taiwan but to the international community, including the united states, at a time of increasing tension with washington. in an apparent attempt to de-escalate the situation, u.s. president joe biden weighed in on the detentions. biden seemed to confirm the
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united states' deal to give beijing recognition -- >> we will abide by the taiwan agreement. that is where we are, and we made it clear that i don't think he should be doing anything other than abiding by the agreement. >> this latest spat comes at a significant moment for the neighbors, with china having just marked the october 1 anniversary of its founding and taiwan about to celebrate its national day. both with a very differing ideas on what their future relationship should look like. al jazeera, hong kong. lauren: top advisers to president joe biden and chinese president xi jinping have held six hours of talks. u.s. national security advisor jake sullivan and the chinese
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foreign policy advisor have made -- met face-to-face in zurich. what more do we know about this meeting? >> there has not and that much from the american side apart from the fact that the meeting lasted six hours and was constructive, but the chinese news agency has reported extensively on what the parties discussed. it covered a wide range of things, stressing that it was essential for china and the u.s. to forge a working relationship. any friction between these countries impacts the rest of the world. the chinese news agency saying as well that the national security adviser was told by his chinese counterpart that china does not like the word "competition," a word used in relation to what is going on between the u.s. and china, but according to all accounts, it
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was a constructive meeting, which did cover a lot of ground and appears to be setting up the way for a face-to-face meeting between the u.s. president and chinese president in the coming weeks. this has been confirmed by the white house, which says the meeting has been contemplated to build on the phone call between the leaders, but it is working out when, where and how such a meeting will take place. lauren: has joe biden outlined his china policy? >> the biden administration has been conducting an in-depth review of u.s. china policy since taking over the administration to. the signs we were given by the national trade official monday in a wide-ranging speech. katherine tai said the policy as created by trump with the
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agreement he reached with china in january of last year would remain in place for the time being. also remaining in place, the trade tariffs, but pointing out too that the commitments that china made in terms of what was called a phase i agreement will be demanded by the biden administration. that is the one layer of it. it's clear the policy will go on as it was before, but biden, different from the trump administration, is seeking to engage his eu partners in forging a coherent and multilateral policy towards china that is different from that under the trump administration the. at the same time, biden is coming under pressure from republicans who say he is trying to softball china in exchange for them playing ball on his
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climate change policies. there is a lot of movement. maybe things will clarify if that face-to-face meeting takes place or when that face-to-face meeting takes place. lauren: still to come, the village that no longer exists, wiped off the map, as the canary islands volcano keeps erupting. as we >> >> come into spring, temperatures go up and down quite rapidly. this frontal system comes across to bite, which means a drop in temperature. that's up to 33 in bernardsville. the weather itself is diving out of the way towards the tasman
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sea. in sydney at 30 degrees, you've got this tropical north layer, and then it drops you down to 22 friday. all this time, the sun is the dominant thing in the sky. in the south china sea, i think it's a southwest monsoon. a huge amount of rain has fallen in vietnam. there's more to come. 60 homes flooded. there's more rain to come. back down towards the coast of vietnam, very wet weather.
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>> after decades of conflict between successive colombian governments and the guerrillas, and a stork accord saw fighters -- an historic accord saw fighters lay down their arms. five years later, a new cycle of violence has rocked the nation. people in power are asked if the agreement is failing. colombia: killing the piece -- on al jazeera. lauren: a reminder of the top stories -- the world health
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organization has endorsed the first ever malaria vaccine, recommending the glaxosmithkline product be rolled out to millions of children across africa. malaria kills more than 400,000 people each year, mostly children. even secretary-general has urged ethiopia's leaders to allow the world body to deliver humanitarian aid. during a security council meeting, antonio guterres called on them to allow unrestricted movement of desperately needed fuel and humanitarian supplies. gas prices in the european union and u.k. have risen sharply, causing fears of soaring bills as winter approaches. prices have risen to their highest level in more than a decade, caused by an increase in demand and supply issues. prosecutors in austria are investigating the chancellor on suspicion of corruption and bribery. his offices were rated as part of the investigation, including the conservative party headquarters in vienna. it is alleged a $1.5 million
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payment was made to secure positive media coverage about the chancellor in a tablet. the party has denied the allegations. migrants in libya have begun being vaccinated against covid-19. libyan officials, with the support of the un's migration agency, announced the drive. the vaccines are being administered at detention facilities. >> this detention center, more than 10,000 refugees are held in spaces like these are cross -- across libya. a campaign is being launched to vaccinate detainees against covid-19. >> today, we start the campaign against the covid-19 virus. >> the vaccination drive comes
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less than a week after security services carried out an operation in a town a few kilometers west. it is known as a hub for migrants, and it is where authorities recently detained thousands of people and what is being described as the largest crackdown on migrants and refugees in libya in years. >> we are extremely concerned about the indiscriminate detention of more than 5000 people over the last few days. we are extremely concerned about the excessive force that was used. one migrant was killed. several others are in an intensive care unit. now they are all in detention and in terribly overcrowded conditions. >> libya has long been a transit hub for african migrants trying to reach european shores.
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more than 44,000 migrants arrived in 2021 alone, but more than 25,000 have been returned by the libyan coast guard and are put in centers like this. most of the migrants being held here in this detention center have left their countries of origin due to poverty or war, while some return to libya from the sea. others tell us they have no ambition to travel to europe. they tell us they are interested in getting the vaccine, but are less concerned about covid-19 then when they will be released. this woman says she doesn't want to go to europe and came from liberia to find work and provide for a child back home. she says she's been in this detention center for more than six weeks. for others, it has been years. >> i took the vaccine before. i took it in a hospital, the government hospital.
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they scheduled me to go back on the 20th of august for the second wione. my family doesn't know i am here. >> many migrants say they appreciate being protected from the coronavirus, but without knowing when they will be released, it is difficult to express any gratitude. al jazeera, tripoli. lauren: millions of people in brazil are struggling to afford food because of the economic fallout from covid-19. there are recent images of people scavenging for food and has highlighted the reality for many after the government scaled the back its pandemic support packages. >> eating every day has become a challenge for this former prisoner who lives on the streets of rio de janeiro. surviving the past year has been a challenge. >> since the beginning of the pandemic, the streets are very
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crowded, and everything has become difficult. now no one stops to help us. there are a lot of people dying. >> the impact of covid-19 has devastated brazil. more than 600,000 people have lost their lives, and millions have been forced into poverty amid rising unemployment. researchers say at least 19 million brazilians are struggling for food, and recent images of people scavenging animal carcasses for scraps of food have shocked the country as the difficulties people are facing each day sink in. >> i've taken meat from the truck many times. we are happy, but now there is a lot of demand. they are either taking it from the truck or straight from the supermarket. >> at the beginning of the pandemic, brazil's president campaigned against lockdowns, saying hunger was worse than covid-19. that is why last year the government distributed emergency
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cash handouts to help families and businesses, but this year, government aid has been scaled back. >> on the one hand, he has a new liberal minister of economics that does not want to spend, does not want to provide direct help for the population. bolsonaro always campaigned against the program he would say it wasn't immediate help -- was an immediate help that the other party used to buy people's votes, good will. an existentialist program that would keep people from working. there's an ideological barrier. >> at this soup kitchen, hundreds of people are showing up every day to receive a meal. they are in desperate need of help. >> i was working.
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i rented an apartment, and i was able to pay the rent. i worked and earned a salary every month. then the pandemic came, and i couldn't pay my rent anymore. >> volunteers say most of those coming here face a similar situation. they've lost their jobs and cannot afford to pay rent anymore. 20 years ago, brazil became a success story when government programs pushed millions of people out of poverty. now it's an example of the government's inability to deal with the consequences of covid-19. lauren: authorities in california are facing questions over how much damage could have been prevented if action had been taken more swiftly after a major oil leak. it is believed a ship's anchor hit an underwater pipeline that ruptured and spilled more than 500,000 liters of crude oil into the ocean. the accident happened last
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