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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  October 5, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> i am here today because i believe facebook products harm children, stoke division in weaken our democracy. >> a former facebook employee turned whistleblower testifies before u.s. senators setting the social media giant puts profits over people. ♪ you are watching al jazeera live from london. the pope reacts with sorrow after it is revealed more than 300,000 children were victims of sexual abuse within the check -- the catholic church in france.
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in bolivia, defiant farmers celebrate amid a battle over who is the rightful owner of the country's cocoa trade. disappearing before our eyes. the u.n. warns billions one not have adequate access to water in 30 years. ♪ a facebook whistleblower has told congress the social media giant is an urgent threat to its users and should be regulated. frances haugen says the company's sites harm children, stoke division and weaken democracies. the former employee claims the tech giant is aware of this but has not done anything about it. evidence topped off and damaging 24 hours for the firm still reeling after an internal error took it off line around the world.
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>> frances haugen presented a damming picture of facebook as a company knowingly disseminating false information that could incite anger and hatred among users, negatively impact teenage mental health and stoke ethnic violence. the goal she says, to increase users -- to increase the time users spend engaging with posts and potentially be exposed to more advertising. is is how facebook makes its money. >> i solve facebook repeatedly encounter conflicts between its own profits and our safety. facebook consistently resolved these conflicts in favor of its own profits. the result has been more division, more harm, more lies, more threats and more combat. in some cases, this dangerous online talk has led to actual violence that harms and even kills people. >> what makes her testimony is so important is she has the documentation to back up her claims. tens of thousands of internal pieces of paperwork that reveal
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facebook's knowledge of the consequences of its actions allegedly in pursuit of profit. she calls for more transparency and overrate -- oversight over the algorithms. >> it is like the department of transportation regulating cars by only watching them drive down the highway. >> facebook has called the testimony misleading that both the publicans and democrats expressed skepticism of the company's truthfulness. >> they knew what wave -- what they were doing. they knew where the violations were. and they know they are guilty. >> mark zuckerberg all to be looking at himself in the mirror today. rather than taking responsibility, and showing leadership, mr. zuckerberg is going sailing. >> there is an active debate underway about how much regulation to impose. who is going to decide what is inflammatory speech and what is
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information the powerful don't want to to hear? a starting point seems to be more transparency. transparency about the algorithms facebook is using. and more information about all the data facebook is harvesting. >> there was empirical data supporting all of these downstream harms of the way the platform works. those issues at the integration of both the way data is used, what we call surveillance capitalism where the user is tracked everywhere they go and the data is used to target them to get >> them to engage. frances haugen has filed several complaints with the series and -- with the securities exchange commission. she is clear it has found that mark zuckerberg controls facebook's behavior. >> the pope has expressed deep sorrow after the release of the report into sexual abuse within
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the catholic church in france. early 330,000 children were victims of abuse over 70 years. the church's response to this was what the inquiry head has described as a deep and cruel indifference. neave barker reports. >> many children abused by members of the catholic church were not believed or listened to for years. some were accused of contributing to what happened to them. among those victims, abused by a priest when he was 13. yes, the report >> is an earthquake. yes, it is a hurricane. yes, it is a tsunami. has to be a tsunami because today when we see the numbers, it is so dam big nobody can be in denial within the catholic church and the whole of society.
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>> the roman catholic church betrayed the trust of the young and the vulnerable on a devastating scale. the conclusion of a two and a half year investigation into clerical child abuse carried out by 3000 suspected pedophiles in the french church. >> in the french population now aged 18 and over, two hundred 16,000 plus or -50,000 were sexually assaulted by clerks, priests or nuns. >> when lay members of the church such as teachers and catholic schools are included, the number of victims climbs to 330,000 over the seven decades. >> a major point is until the early 2000's, there was cruel indifference for years. >> recent scandals have decimated the church's credibility. last year, a catholic priest was sentenced to five years in jail
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for abusing scouts in his care several decades ago. the case also led to the resignation of his superior, the arch bishop of lyon accused of covering up the abuse. the scandal is the latest at the catholic church rock to buy abuse scandals around the world. in june, pope francis says the abuse crisis was a worldwide catastrophe. this year he issued an extensive revision of church law insisting bishops take robust action against clerical abuse. the french church said in march it would propose some form of financial aid to victims. campaigners have been left asking how it is possible to put a price on suffering. ♪ >> the u.s. secretary of state antony blinken is light is in france to patch up ties after weeks of strained relations over
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a canceled submarine deal. he has met french president emmanuel macron and the foreign minister. both sides have agreed there is an opportunity to deepen cooperation. france expressed anger last month when australia tore up a multibillion-dollar defense deal replacing it with a contract with the u.s. and u.k.. french president macron said he hopes he can discuss the simmering issue with the u.s. based on the facts. >> i think we will catch up at the g20. to see how we can reengage. my point, it is not an issue about -- it is an issue about facts and what to do together. >> but tosha has more on this from slovenia -- natasha has more on this from slovenia. >> emmanuel macron said he
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thought this dinner was a good opportunity for the e.u.'s position. as far as he was concerned, he believes the e.u. should work closely with its historic allies but it should remain more self-reliant, more sovereign in areas such as technology, the economy and defense. this is the first time the 27 e.u. leaders come together since the diplomatic row erupted between paris and washington over the deal that was signed by the u.s., u.k. and australia seemingly without any consultation from european allies. certainly not with the french. the french upset by that. earlier today, the french president had a meeting with the u.s. secretary of state in paris. the two saying they will work together to cooperate in the future on certain areas. the u.s. trying to rebuild trust with the french president. >> the u.k. has sent its first
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delegation to meet with the television in kabul since the takeover of afghanistan. the uk's special representative for afghanistan had telex -- held talks with the deputy prime minister. a u.k. government spokesman says the envoy discussed how britain can help afghanistan address the humanitarian crisis and raise the treatment of minorities and women. stephanie has more from kabul on what this meeting means. >> it is certainly in line with what we have been hearing from the british foreign secretary when he was in qatar in doha saying they were not going to recognize the taliban yet but the dialogue was important. it is a significant visit. there is a dialogue. there is an open line of communication. this is what the international community is doing. it is using this fact of international recognition as the legal governing body as this
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country to put pressure on the group to adhere to certain norms they want to see. the rights of minorities, the rights of girls and women to go to school, to work, to stick to the agreement in the sense that afghanistan does not become a safe avon for -- a safe haven for terrorists. this is what a lot of for leaders have been saying and using is pressure on them with this legitimacy recognizing as a government to put pressure on them to adapt to certain things. we are at a time of the taliban is seeking that international legitimacy. they need the millions of dollars in funds to get this country forward at a time when the winter is blooming -- the winter is looming. there is drought, there is famine. all these kinds of things. what you are seeing is a political dance. i don't think it means they are any closer to recognize them as a government but a dialogue is in place and they mention how
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the u.k. can help of humanitarian situation. >> isil has claimed responsibility for sunday's blast outside a mosque in the afghan capital which killed 13 people. the taliban said destroyed in isil cell in the north of kabul. it was the largest attack since the u.s. troop withdrawal. afghanistan claimed responsibility for a suicide attack, which killed 170 afghan civilians and 13 u.s. soldiers. venezuela has reopened its land border with colombia for the first time in nearly three years. in the middle of a dip a medic crisis. tens of thousands of venezuelans depend on crossing the border for basic goods and services everyday. more now from bogota.
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>> after nearly three years of being closed, venezuelan authorities removed the shipping containers blocking the ridge between columbia. the president said it was time to turn the page. >> thinking of the cooperation, president maduro has taken the decision to open the crossing for commerce. >> in 2019, president maduro rogoff diplomatic ties with columbia and sealed the border after venezuelan opposition members attempted to bring international humanitarian aid into the country. the aide was backed by the united states and bogota. nicholas maduro solve the aide as a plot to overthrow him. the border being officially closed since 2015, bringing a halt to trade between the two
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countries that amounted to 7 billion u.s. dollars a year. the colombian president welcomed the news but said the reopening would be gradual. >> colombia is willing to begin an orderly process. i'm going to be clear. it is not going to be done clumsily. >> tens of thousands of venezuelans crossing to colombia daily for goods and services. most resorted to using illegal crossings controlled by gangs and armed groups. >> the reopening can also help reduce the role that armed groups have achieved at the border. rebels and parent data -- rebels and paramilitaries and venezuelan gangs profiting from people's need to cross. >> we spent two years passing
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through illegal roads as we have so many needs that we can only fulfill in colombia. >> the decision will provide relief to people on both sides of the border but it will do little to restore relations between the two countries. colombia does not recognize nicholas maduro as the legitimate president of and is well up in -- president of venezuela. >> still to come on al jazeera, the arising conflicts, systems and climate modeling when three physicists -- and climate modeling win three physicists a nobel prize. ♪ >> it has cooled down in brisbane after a nice hot couple of days. the wind direction has changed.
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still in the high 30's. going to see a drop in temperature. a push for the cooler air to move eastwards. what is ref should be disappearing. melbourne looks reasonably fine and 22 on wednesday. it is going to start raining in western australia. 38 to 30 as the wind direction changes. all the action making its way to new zealand. in the south china sea, a very big circulation with heavy rain on both edges. i think it will be vietnam that gets caught because it is going to revolve for two days and send huge amounts of rain around central vietnam. north of that is a dry picture for a good part of southern china. quite hot in places. in beijing, the other side of what is the reins is cooler than
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average. those rains extend into the korean peninsula. japan is enjoying dry weather. it is still fairly humid but not as much as it was. >> too often, afghanistan is portrayed through the prism of war. but there were many afghanistans. thanks to the brave individuals who risked their lives to protect it from destruction, an extraordinary film archives spanning four decades reveals the forgotten truths of the country's modern history. the era of darkness on al jazeera. ♪
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♪ >> a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. a facebook whistleblower has told congress the social media giant is a threat to the u.s. frances haugen said the company is aware of the harm it's platform causes to users but has not done anything about it. the pope has expressed deep sorrow after a release of a report into sexual abuse of the catholic church in france. early 330 thousand victims of the past 70 years. the u.s. secretary of state is in france to patch up relations after weeks of straining relations after a canceled some brain deal. australia tore up a deal with france for one with the u.s. and u.k. a group of farmers have taken
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control of bolivia's largest cocoa market by force. members of the community fought police and rebel groups before they stormed into the marketplace in the capital. they say there are the rightful and historic owners of the cocoa trade. >> a moment of celebration for a group of cocoa farmers from bolivia's community. it spent 10 days trying to take control of its marketplace in the capital through a rival group of farmers. this scene is in contrast to the violent confrontation earlier with security forces outside. protesters blocked a nearby road and its surrounding area and cascades of tear gas dispersed the crowd. but they soon reformed, breaking troop lines to enter the
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marketplace. >> thank god. god did justice for us so we can regain our cocoa market. >> we are only the producers. the police who support and other group of cocoa growers wants to silence us with gas and bullets. >> a la paz has been a battleground between two rival groups. one wheel to the government. the other two the opposition, should take in the market from its rivals last month. the marketplace is important because more than 90% of bolivia's is this is done here. it generates 173 million u.s. dollars a year. the cocoa leaf is often chewed and brewed by people in the andes to cope without the two sickness. it is a raw ingredient in cocaine. members of the community say they are the rightful and historic owners of the cocoa industry. they have called on the government to allow them to
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continue this tradition and they accuse their leaders of trying to profit from their trade. they say tough working conditions have forced them to protest. >> we demand the government under the general cocoa law that a resolution has to be passed to enable the transfer of a commercialization market for cocoa growers to guarantee the peace and unity. >> the president has accused them of being paid off to act against his government. he says he is organizing a counter march next week. the battle for control of bolivia's lucrative cocoa trade hangs in the balance. >> sunday, iraqis will vote for a new parliament under a new electoral law. the vote is a product of massive antigovernment protests that swept the country in 2019.
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the big challenge will be engaging with voters disillusioned by years of unemployment and a lack of basic services. more from baghdad. >> it has not been an easy ride for iraq's politicians. they are doing everything they can to secure votes in the upcoming election. as it is the case these days, social media plays a huge part in the campaign. more than 60% of iraqis are online and active on social media. >> because it is the easiest and cheapest way to reach the people and especially we can choose young people, women, and people who cannot afford to have good electricity to watch tv all the time.
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>> after the 2019 antigovernment demonstrations that saw hundreds of protesters killed, there are challenges convincing people to cast their votes. >> we are using social media to encourage people to go to vote because this is number one. we ask them to whom they vote. we ask them to go and vote. >> some social media influencers are calling for a boycott of the elections because they say politicians need to have better policies to tackle iraq's challenges. a famous presenter with hundreds of thousands of followers is one of them. he is using social media to promote his anti-election stance. >> the more we criticize the candidates, more they are going to try different ways to win. i am very pessimistic about the outcome. when i tackle this issue, i am not going to vote and i will: people to boycott.
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>> social media is playing a crucial role in the race to get votes during this election. it is an extension of the more traditional campaign. pictures and posters of the candidates are put across. many iraqis are angry at politicians for failing to provide services and create jobs. winning them over will likely prove difficult. we asked iraqis in baghdad if social media has been effective in changing their minds during this campaign. >> i don't see any influence for social media on our decisions? our generation is mature enough to know who is good and bad. we saw what happened in that october 2019 protest and the price we paid. >> social media is very effective. >> social media is much more important than tv and newspapers but our problem in iraq is our
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social media's partisan just as a country divided into parties and paths. >> this adds to the challenges independent candidates face in every election. in a country where politicize a ship and divisions make it difficult to get their meggitt -- to get their message across. >> european unions drugs regulator has opened the door for member states to give third doses of coronavirus jabs to certain people. booster shots of the pfizer and moderna vaccine's were recommended for people with a severely weakened immune system. several member states have already begun getting them out. the european medicine agency is considering whether to review a covid-19 pill. the nobel prize for physics has been given to three scientists for discoveries in climate and complex physical systems.
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in 19-year-old japanese-american -- a 19-year-old japanese-american won. he was joined by an 89-year-old german who helped show how the productions are reliable. italy's winner was honored for explaining how gases and liquids appeared to move in random ways. >> what is perhaps slightly ironic about this year's prize going to these three scientists is that it shows how our accumulative scientific advances over the millennia are contributing to something that might cause our own destruction. climate change. the remodeling of climate predicting global warming and our impact on it through the release of co2 and linked in with that, the discoveries on
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the interplay of disorder in complex systems. one of those complex systems being whether the two prizes linked together in our understanding of how climate change works. that is plenty to chew on. the confirmation of the science behind climate change, plenty for the world leaders to think about as they go to glasgow at the end of october. >> the united nations weather agency says the world were experienced serious water shortages unless countries urgently adopt reforms. the number of people suffering water stress is expected disorder -- expecting to soar. number -- 5 billion people live in adequate access to water by 2050. despite some advances, 107 countries will not meet a target. 60% of national weather agencies that are responsible for warning people about the impact of climate change are not able to
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do so. reporting from mali were people who cannot adapt our having to leave their homes. >> on the edge of timbuktu is a disappearing link -- is appearing like with temperatures approaching 60 degrees celsius. he says it is getting hotter. he is no longer a fisherman. he has witnessed waves of sand take over waterways he once sailed for fish. the seashells from a life that once existed remain. gone are the mango trees and the green gardens for farming. >> when there was water on our land, we grew white -- we grew rice and wheat. the people are building natural barriers to stabilize the sand dunes. the sand is dangerously close to their homes. >> natural barriers to look like a fishing net in an attempt to stop the unstoppable desert.
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dunes have already buried homes. now it is heading for the nearby school. >> this sand dune was not there before. it entered the school from the right. the ground was flat between two -- between those two blocks. this is a school for almost 400 students. i generation condemned to flee or be recruited. >> more droughts. fewer rainfall. water has become scarce. farmers and herders fight over it. armed groups including al qaeda control access to hie fouron)
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it took us four days to get here, not because it's a long trip, but because we had to wait for the weather to clear up. look at the weather again. we're in the middle of the atlantic, north atlantic. we're in the faroe islands. there are 18 different islands. they're part of denmark, but they're their own country. 49 000 people live here, in the faroe islands. everyone seems to know everyone. it's a very small, close-knit community. on this specific island, there are four adults and four kids. lots of animals: 450 sheep. they have sheep

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