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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  September 30, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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courtroom battles are far from over. ♪ ethiopia is expelling seven senior united nation's officials after accusing them of meddling in its internal affairs. they have been given 72 hours to leave the country. this comes one day after the unc humanitarian chief accused the ethiopian government of stopping desperately needed aid from reaching the region. james bays reports from the u.n. james: these are some of the most recent pictures from tigre, but they are weeks old. the nation is cut off from the
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rest of the world. the u.n. believes famine has already taken hold and he military and he military access remains severely limited, and now the ethiopian government, in a tweet, announced it is expelling seven top u.n. officials. they have 72 hours to leave the country. in response, a spokesperson for the u.n. secretary general read out this statement he's issued. >> i was shocked by the information that the government of ethiopia has declared seven yuan and officials, including senior humanitarian officials as purse on a non-grotto. -- persona non grata. the u.n. is committed to helping ethiopian people who rely on humanitarian assistance. we are now engaging with the government of ethiopia in the expectation that the concerned u.n. staff will be allowed to continue their important work. james: the un security council ambassador's viewed the planned
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expulsions as a most unwelcome development. do you believe this expulsion of the top u.n. staff is part of an attempt by the ethiopian government to use starvation as a weapon? >> look, like the secretary-general, i'm deeply shocked by what we just heard, but you've heard me time and again here raise our concerns, particularly now more than ethiopia. >> 400,000 people now, that's more than the rest of people facing famine in the world, so we've got a real humanitarian emergency. we've been working for almost a year since the conflict started to get humanitarian access to try and bring the parties to peace. so i think the latest of elements will only intensify our determination to try to get a breakthrough. james: several members told me they would like to discuss these latest developers as soon as possible. i'm told a meeting can happen as early as friday. james bays, al jazeera of the united nations.
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barbara: there have been rallies in the sudanese capital to condemn last week's coup attempt. hundreds took to the streets calling for an end to a power struggle within the government. the attempted coup has been blamed on forces loyal to the deposed formal -- former president. mohammed abdul has more. reporter: familiar slogans from the protests of 2018 and 2019, once again echo across the suit on. in the capital, hundreds took to the streets to express anger at what they say is an attempt by the military to disrupt the transition to democracy. >> we were expecting a speedy transition to civilian rule. we don't actually feel there is a transition to anything here yet. there is no freedom, peace, or justice in the sudan. reporter: patients reached a low point this week after the recent
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attempted coup. when it took power to years ago, the transitional government promised to fix decades of internal conflict and international sanctions and that the former president. but it has yet to demonstrate to the people of sudan that it can undo damage done by the regime, kickstart the struggling economy, and move the country to democratic governments. >> what we need is to revamp and strengthen government institutions, especially ourw ea -- our weak institutions for government. reporter: [indiscernible] it's all the toppling of one of the world's most autocratic regimes. as the transition in their country remains threatened by infighting and squabbling, they are once again finding themselves trying hard to get their voices heard.
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[crowd noises] these protesters are also angry that families are yet to get justice. public discontent has always been known to severely review subsidies, more than doubling their price. the sudanese of black market rates and is depreciating, causing a loss of cash from the economy. these activists say nothing will stop them from achieving a better way of life and they will bring hope to a nation that's no little for decades. mohammed abdul, al jazeera. barbara: the gambia's truth commission has delayed the release of the report on crimes committed under the former president's 22 year rule. hundreds of victims and former government officials testified at the hearings that lasted for more than two years.
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they accused the regime, which fell in 2017, of rape, murder, and torture. the findings were due out on thursday, but the commission says four volumes of the report are not finished. the executive director of the gambia's center for research policy development says many gambian's feel betrayed by the government. >> [indiscernible] and i think this has a lot to do with what has [indiscernible]
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barbara: the u.s. congress passed legislation to avert a government shutdown. the stopgap funding bill easily passed the house and the senate. it will now go to president joe biden for signing before government funding runs out at midnight. but another test of bidens agenda lies ahead as the house of representatives prepares to vote on a $1 trillion infrastructure plan. heidi stroke asked her -- heidi zhou-castro joins us from washington, d.c. all of this isn't over just yet, is it, heidi?
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heidi: it is not, barbara, because just as congress is stamping out this fire averting the government shutdown, there is yet another blaze that is arguably bigger looming on the horizon. and that is the debt ceiling. that is the point at which the u.s. will run out of the ability to borrow more money to pay off its debts. and that date that is likely to happen is october 18, unless congress does something to raise the debt ceiling. if the u.s. does default on its loans, economists are predicting disaster, potentially throwing the u.s. economy into recession and destabilizing global markets. it could be millions of jobs at stake. noe,, -- now, historically, the congress has come together on a bipartisan basis to raise the ceiling. but this time, republicans say they refused to do so. they did raise it three times
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under former president trump, but they will not do it this time for president biden, saying it is because democrats are in control of democrat desk of governments, thus -- of governments, thus the democrats must make an attempt without defaulting. it is a treacherous path and any error might result in an accidental default. that is not even mentioning already democrats have their plateful with this pending infrastructure bill before the u.s. house. that is still scheduled for a vote this evening and it is part of the presidents greater domestic policy agenda, which in total, totals $4 trillion in expanding the social safety net. now, there is fighting among democrats that is putting the fate of those policy initiatives at risk. because progressive democrats want the entirety of the president's agenda to be passed
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in a vote, but moderates are balking at the high price tag, which would require tax increases. they just want the smaller, slimmer infrastructure bill to be passed alone and to push off the bigger policy package for debate later. progressives, though, are using their support for the infrastructure bill as leverage for that greater package. so, all of this is to say there's still a lot at stake here. this foe is likely to happen, though it may be pulled and the outcome is uncertain. abra? barbara: heidi zhou-castro joining us from washington, d.c. thank you. the former french president nicolas sarkozy has been handed a one-year jail sentence, but he is unlikely to spend any time behind bars. he was found guilty for his role in illegal overspending for his failed attempt to win a second term. the judge said he could serve the sentence confined to his home, but as natacha butler
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reports from paris, this isn't the end of his legal battles. reporter: nicholas sarkozy was not in the paris court for the verdict into the so-called corruption trial. but his 13 coaccused were, all found guilty of illegal campaign financing. sarkozy was sentenced to a year under house arrest. >> president sarkozy, with whom i spoke on the phone just now, asked me to go and appeal, which i will do immediately when i leave here. of course, the judgment will not be enforceable. natacha: nicholas sarkozy failed to be reelected in 2012 despite a lavish campaign. the scale of his rallies was designed to impress, but instead, it set off alarm bells. a police investigation accused sarkozy and his campaign team of spending more than double the $27 million legal limit set by the french state, and hiring a
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pr company to help cover up the overspending with a system of fake invoices. during the trial, sarkozy denied any wrongdoing, but the judge, and her verdict, said sarkozy knew how much could be spent on a presidential campaign because he had run before and he knew the law. she also said that he had twice received written warnings about the risks of overspending. >> symbolically, it's important to say that the president doesn't get any immunity and has to respond. it is also important because the campaign for 2022 is coming, so we have to have this reflection about how to prevent illegal financing of political campaigns. natacha: sarkozy served one term as president from 2007, the straight talker with a love of luxury, he had tackled immigration and crime, and retired from politics in 2017. in recent years, the political right wing struggled in france,
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but sarkozy's remained prominent. >> for those who vote for the right side, nicholas sarkozy is seen as a reassuring figure. natacha: the conviction is a further blow to sarkozy's reputation. in march, he was found guilty of corruption in a different case, and he could soon be back in court. is accused of receiving illegal campaign funds from the late libyan leader, mohammed gaddafi. sir coffey's -- sarkozy's legal problems are far from over. natacha butler, al jazeera, paris. barbara: still to come, leaked research puts facebook back in the hot seat. this time, over the harmful effects of instagram on the mental health of children. world leaders promise to listen to climate activists as they take the fight for their future to milan. ♪
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♪ meteorologist: let's start in australia, where slow-moving thunderstorms are affecting the south. you can see the cloud cover in the satellite image there. we've seen heavy rain and some hail, and that's because the driving conditions to be hazardous in parts of adelaide. that wet weather is going to continue across the southeast as we go into the weekends. wet weather for parts of queensland, new south wales, victoria, and tasmania. it does ease as we go into saturday in the system pulls out to see, but is still looking rather wet. for perth, we've got a system moving across south australia. that's going to bring some brisker wins into play. of north, a few spotty showers around darwin. we are seeing a finer and drier weather, a lot of heat coming
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back into alice springs, the temperature edge up closer to 40 degrees there. talking about settled weather, let's look at new zealand, looking fine and dry across both islands, another one coming through in the south. we're seeing the temperature pick up in christchurch on saturday, 18 degrees celsius, sunshine to be enjoyed. for southeast asia, it continues to be very wet across parts of indochina, flooding in thailand. we could see more of that as the rain continues. ♪ >> as hospitals and clinics across asia battle covid-19, mountains of medical waste are piling up. we investigate this dangerous pandemic follow-up. on al jazeera. >> as the u.k. tries to move on from the pandemic, boris johnson will set out plans to pay for the damage done for the economy. but with pros brexit woes and opposition to planned benefit
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cuts, and the government offer reassurances of better times ahead? live coverage of the conservative party conference on al jazeera. ♪ ♪ barbara: a reminder now of the top stories on al jazeera. ethiopia is expelling seven senior u.n. officials, saying they are meddling in its internal affairs. it comes a day after the humanitarian chief accused the government of stopping aid to the tigre region. the u.s. congress passed legislation to avert a government shutdown. the stopgap funding bill easily passed the house and the senate. but another test for president joe agenda lies ahead as the house of representatives
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prepares to vote for a $1 trillion in for structure plan. and former french president nicolas sarkozy has given a one-year jail sentence after think found guilty of illegal campaign financing. he's set to serve the sentence confined to his home. more than 22,000 refugees and migrants are stuck in the north colombian beach town waiting for smugglers to help them cross into panama. the migrants, who are mostly from haiti, are attempting to travel through one of the most dangerous and impassable regions in the world. the darien gap is the only overland route between south and north america. 500 people are allowed to board boats each day, which takes them to the start of their perilous journey. let 1500 arrived in the small town every 24 hours. those who do find a boat face a six-day journey on foot through roadless, lawless jungle.
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they often arrive in panama dehydrated, ill, or robbed of their belongings. from there, they still have to make it through nicaragua, honduras, guatemala, and then mexico before finally reaching the u.s. border. we are joined live now. we just had an insight there of the kind of journey that lies ahead for the people where you are. tell us about the sort of things that they're telling you. are they aware of the difficulties ahead? >> yes, barbara. some of them are. some, i don't think they really grasp what weights for them after they manage -- waits for them after they manage to get through, as they hold up, at times for many weeks, up to a month, actually. we were talking to some of them who have very young children,
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one year or even younger, and in telling them just how treacherous, how notoriously dangerous the truck is -- trek is, yet many of them say they have already spent most of their money to reach this point, that they want to at least manage to make their way to mexico. if not, reach their final destination as soon as possible, which for the great majority of them is the united states. and they're saying that if they win or they lose, they don't know, but they want to continue. that is the case with most people. the fact that they have received information that the united states is deporting thousands of haitians back to haiti, back to their home countries, some of them are indeed thinking of going back to their countries where they've settled in past years in south america. but they said they didn't see a future for them there.
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they were unable to get proper documents to get there. they weren't able to work anymore because of covid-19 restrictions, so the great majority are saying they will continue. they're going to try to continue going forward no matter what. barbara: and tell us a little bit of the atmosphere there now because we are hearing, of course, that thousands of people arrive every 24 hours, 1500, but only 500 people a day are allowed to board the boats. so obviously, lots of people just amassing there, just waiting to be able to leave. >> yes, that's the case. this is probably the worst moment in this crisis that actually started back in august. this has been a route for migrants for many years now, many of them from haiti, also venezuelans, cubans, and also people arriving from africa or
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as far as afghanistan from what we understand. but this is the first time that this kind of bottleneck has happened. first of all, because more people are on the move with the reactivation of the economy, the ending of many of the covid-19 restrictions, and secondly because there is now a quota in place that panama is just letting 500 people into the country, so colombian authorities are telling private companies here that they can only sell 500 tickets per day. it's unclear just how many more people arrive any given day. there are days where indeed that 1500 people or more arrive. other days, less. but what's clear is that there's more people arriving than are able to leave, so this situation will continue for quite a while unless that changes. barbara: thank you.
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facebook has insisted its products do help young people even though the company's own research found it could harm them. the tech giant's global safety chief told a u.s. hearing that it monitors how children use its apps to minimize the bad and maximize the good. we have more from washington, d.c. reporter: see a teen, you'll probably see them on a social media screen. now the u.s. senate is asking, is that harming them? >> the suicide rates for 10-14-year-old has doubled. for young girls, it has quadrupled. instagram didn't create this crisis. but from the documents provided by the whistleblower, clearly, facebook's own researchers described instagram itself as a "perfect storm." reporter: the whistleblower giving instagram's own research to the wall street journal, showing slides with the headlines, "one in five teens
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say instagram make them feel worse about themselves." teens struggling with mental health say instagram makes it worse. that's their own descriptions and the reason antigone davis was called to testify. >> i want to be clear that this research is not a bombshell. it's not causal research. >> i beg to differ with you, miss davis. this research is a bombshell. it is. powerful, gripping, riveting evidence. reporter: disdain for the company was clear across the board. >> have you quantified how many children have taken their own lives because of your products? and number two, as the global head of safety for facebook, what would you say to a mother? what would you say to a father who lost a child because of facebook's products? >> first of all, senator cruz,
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the research that you are referring to is, in fact, not causal research. reporter: critics congress can dramatically change how the company operates. >> tracking opening -- cracking open the algorithms saying you can no longer maximize for things that heart -- hurt people in society. they shouldn't be playing in the marketplace. reporter: and it's going to get more tense for facebook here on capitol hill. next week, a whistleblower is set to testify, likely fueling a growing desire to regulate social media that seems to be coming from both political parties. petticoat lane, al jazeera, washington. barbara: a former british police officer has been sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole for murdering a woman after falsely arresting her. wayne cousins abducted 33-year-old sarah everard as she walked home in south london earlier this year. he then raped and murdered her
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and disposed of her mains. the case prompted widespread protests about women's safety. two weeks ago, another london woman was killed in a park on her way to meet a friend. police in germany have arrested a 96-year-old woman accused of nazi war crimes after she went on the run when she was due in court. she is charged with aiding and a better the murder of thousands -- a betting the murder of a thousand prisoners during the second world war. she worked as a typist at the camp for two years at the end of the war. during that time, nearly 11,500 died at the camp. she will be assessed to see if she is fit to be imprisoned. the lava flow from a volcano in the canary islands is continuing to pour into the atlantic ocean. scientists say that the island of la palma is actually
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expanded by more than three square kilometers as the molten rock builds up its western shoreline. toxic gases given off when the lava hits the ocean are so far being blown out to sea, but there are worries that the wind direction could change. the volcano has so far destroyed more than 800 buildings. hundreds of young activists had the chance to speak directly to world leaders over how to address climate change ahead of the summit in november. their ideas include completely eliminating the use of fossil fuels within the decade. adam rainey reports. adam: swedish activists greta thunberg and other environmentalists attending a climate conference in milan have won a seat at the table, meeting with the tallies -- with italy's prime minister, mario draghi.
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it comes days after thunberg's scathing criticism that politicians weren't acting to solve the crisis. >> your pressure is very welcome. we need to be whipped into action. your mobilization has been powerful, and rest assured, we are listening. adam: hundreds of young environmentalists from around the world gathered here to propose climate solutions directly to global leaders ahead of the summit taking place in scotland in november. world leaders beamed in, as did the pope, to give their backing. the delegates are calling for the elimination of all fossil fuels by 2030 a more transparent and equal climate finance system and climate education for global youth. their proposals will be considered in the next few days at a meeting here in milan ahead of the summit. >> this is only going to be
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meaningful if the things are changing and governments right now reflect what we are saying, because that never happens. >> the process should be with us and for us, not just for us, because the process that is just for us does not include us at all. adam: dozens of protesters outside the perimeter reef lee blocked traffic before police -- briefly blocked traffic before police dispersed them. there was an ally who shares a key vision of theirs. >> this is exactly what they said, put it at the global level and the climate change emergency. we have to treat those together. otherwise, we simply fix the climate problem, but then we have millions of people losing their jobs. >> the main youth for climate can be seen as a binding mechanism, but some tell us by focusing on young people's ideas, this conference is actually injecting a sense of optimism and urgency, sometimes
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lacking at such meetings. >> they don't have the baggage that a lot of other people have, right? maybe the naivete of wanting to change the world. i think that's an essential a gradient. -- ingredient.
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