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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 24, 2022 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. lifeell planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". host: this is bbc world news america. the bbc obtains hacked police files about uighur's detention and harsh treatment. ukrainian officials say the situation in these to the country is extremely difficult. we have a report from luhansk am aware -- luhansk.
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president biden met with leaders in tokyo. we have more on what the group is planning to accomplish. and there has been a school shooting in the state of texas, with reports of several casualties and many more injured. we will have the details. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. documents seen by the bbc that are said to have been hacked by chinese police computers show that uighur prisoners are shot on site if they are caught trying to escape. thousands of photographs shed light on a secret system of mass incarceration. the chinese government dismissed claims that uighurs are arbitrarily detained in the region come assaying such allegations are fakeness.
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-- region, saying such allegations are fake news. correspondent: these are the faces china never intended us to see from its system ofass incarceration. the government long denied its running detention camps for uighurs, instead insisting they are vocational schools for willing students. the photos, almost 3000 of them, show the reality of how whole swaths of uighur society have been swept up, person by person. the oldest was 73 at the time of her detention, the youngest just 15. the uighurs, their turkic relations, faced cycles of tightening government control. and with mounting criticism
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over the camps, the authorities have taken journalists on tours, showing the uighurs celebrating their culture and, they say, being guided away from extremism. but it is a narrative undermined by the tens of thousands of files passed to the bbc. one set of documents described the guarding of this camp outside of a city with armed police stationed at all the main buildings, and with each watchtower guarded by two officers equipped with sniper rifles and machine guns. inside, lessons are watched over by police,arrying shields, batons, and handcuffs. and the documents described the response to students who attempted to escape. if warning shots are ignored, the order is clear, shoot them dead. >> this is classifieinternal government information. host: the files, said to be hacked from a source whose identity remains unknown, were first passed to this xinjiang
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scholar who in tur shared them with the bbc. >> you have police and heavy riot gear standing next to some of the men. some of the men have their arms in a funny position, as if they were handcuffed. this is powerful material. i was looking through these images on my laptop and living room and had to get up and go somewhere else and. i was overwhelmed. correspondent: the hacked files contain hundreds of spreadsheets of ciccone and -- of draconian jail sentences. just for growing a beard, this man was sentenced to 16 years in jail. his chosen expression of uighur identity forcibly removed. many others have been jailed for listening to illegal religious lectures.
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the documents don't say whether their daughters have been sent, like so many others, to the state run boarding schools built alongside the camps. >> the data can be verified. shown to contain real people. this man has not seen his wife and children since he left xinjiang in 2017, yet a search of the hacked finals found this. a photo of his wife, sentenced, the documents say, to 16 years in prison for a vague offense that appears time and again rather in a crowd to disturb the social order. >> you can see how her spirit is broken, he lls me. correspondent: this man new his eldest son had been jailed. 15 years. >> for terrorism oenses,
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although as evidenced, only his son's devout islamic faith is listed. the chinese foreign ministry spokesman responded to our report. describing it as simply the latest anti-china falsehood and an attempt to smear china with rumors and lies. xinjiang is prosperous and the people have happy lives, he said. but there has been known attempt -- been no attempt to address the images itself, further evidence of th harsh detention and indoctrination of a people not for what they have done, but for who they are. host: you have been covering the atrocities committed against the uighursnd muslim chinese for many years now. were you surprised by the extent of what was revealed in these documents? >> there is no doubt that this
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data breach is unprecedented, both in terms of the quantity of information and the quality. it is interesting, its publication comes at the same time, the same week as the united nations high commissioner for human rights begins a long-awaited and deeply controversial trip to xinjiang, controversial because critics fear that china's tight control of her itinerary will have a bearing on the conclusions she reaches. the evidence we have in this unique form of course has the potential to further fuel those concerns. already there has been gnificant political reaction from the u.k. for an office, from the state department in washington, and from the u.s. ambassador here at the united nations, who has tweeted an
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online version of our report, calling on michelle to take a close look at the images i our reporting and depressed chinese officials for answers. host: has -- you talked about responses from the u.k. and united states -- have we had a response yet from china itself? >> we heard from the foreign ministry spokesperson there. we have heard these criticisms before from china many times essentially the point he was making is reporting oxinjiang not just from us but other international news organizations is designed to undermine china, it's part of a western inspired plot. but no attempt to address the evidce itself. we had sensed the chinese government -- sent the chinese government a detailed list of
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questions about those photographs, about the spreadsheets of da detailing the detention status of people, the reasons for their detention. on that, so far those questions have been met with silence. host: given that you're seeing the timing of this, making it politically embarrassing for china, but they have resisted such criticism in the past. is this enough to make a difference? >> that is a very good question. over the time that i've been reporting this story from the beginning, when the mass incarceration campaign began in earnest in 2017, there has unubtedly been an international shift in response, tightening sanctions, governments targeting supply chains that come through xinjiang. will this latest body of evidence make a difference?
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certaiy there is already some political reaction that suggests it might. emergency question tabled in the u.k. house of commons today in a response from the british government. this is a question government have been grappling with, china is integrated now so deeply into the global system and supply chains, it is very difficult to know what to do without without damaging our own interests. host: john sudworth outside the u.n. we will be talking morabout china and it's rising influence in a little bit. first, russia says it is ready for a prolonged conflict in ukraine has its forces continue to make progress in the east of the country. the ukrainian defense ministry says the offensive was in its most active phase while moscow said it will continue until all its objectives have been achieved. our correspondent jeremy bowen reports from the frontline in
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ukraine's easternmost region, luhansk. jeremy: the ukrainian army could be fighting a losing battle in luhansk. they are committing reserves to the frontline. russian firepower is destroying towns and killing ukrainian soldiers. one unit went into the line with 240 men and came out with 100 of them killed, wounded o capturedr. this town is slowly getting eateny the war. this week it is around three miles from the russians, well within range. next week, it might be much closer. civilians with somewhere to go have lt. in the ruins in dbass, the victory in kyiv in march, the euphoria, glory and sacrifice, feel distance. ere is the cease-fire, says this person, even if it costs
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land >> what could it change for me? the main thing is to stay alive. this is just the beginning. everything is still to come. if i survive, we will see how it goes. jeremy: at a safe distance from the front lines on the civilians were brought to a railway platform for evacuation. most were too weak and too old to leave before the war swallowed them, and now they are wounded. this person was rescued from ruins in donetsk. thousands of ukrainian civilians are still there. the train has been transformed into an ambulance and intensive care unit by msf, doctors without borders. the intensity of the fighting mean the train is running close to full capacity. the medics work continuous back-to-back trips.
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relative safety in lviv is 20 hours down the track. it's an escape capsule from a war that is so hard to predict that the medical teams onlknow who is coming in the last hours before they leave. sometimes they are wounded the same morning. this person was on the train six hours after he was hurt in an airstrike. >> i saw our soldiers standing nearby and crawled towards them. then i realized my strength was leaving me and i would not be able to crawl. i got up and started screaming. jeremy: even when famies survived with them, the lives they lead are smashed. >> my husband and i have lived together for 51 years in peace and harmony. and now it ends so badly. i guess we are runng out of
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time. jeremy: this person organizes the train. evacuating the wounded is vital for the ukrainians as the war in the east intensifies. >> hospitals close to the frontline are overwhelmed, are receiving contigly b numbers of patients beyond their capacity. soin iuot is very important fors and for the ministry of health in ukraine to make sure these officers are already -- are all ready to receive more wounded. jeremy: this war is much more organized now than it was back in february when it srted, not just medical evacuation, though what they are doing on this train is really remarkable, but also where the decisions are made. the generals, the presidents, you get the feeling that they have settled in for a long, hard, attritional struggle. the ukrainians don't talk much
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about their own casualties, but the graveyards in the east are filling up, and their president says up to 100 soldiers a day could beying in donbass. he says only diplomacy can end the war. his allies, led by the u.s. and u.k., want to weaken putin's russia permanently. their critics say they will fight to the last ukrainian. the currency of war is blood. new graves are ready. as they are filled, more ukrainians will question the blood price they are paying and ask how much cease-fire will cost. jeremy bowen, bbc news in eastern ukraine. host: the leaders of the quad group of nations, japan, the u.s., india and australia, have concluded their summit in tokyo with a commitment to jointly oppose any actions that change the status quo of the
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asia-pacific region. the joint statement does not specifically name any country that might undermine the status quo, but it's very clear from the language that they are talking about china. for more on what joe biden hopes to achieve with the alliance, i've been speaking with the former prime minister of australia, kevin rudd. there have been so many international organizations, why does the quad matter? mr. rudd: the quad is probably the largest single institutional arrangement which is bringing about a rebalancing of strategic leverage in the indo pacific region against china. it's in direct response to greater chinese strategic power and a previous sition on xi jinping's part. we have seen this turn from an
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idea into a foreign policy talk shop and into a summit driven piece of institutional machinery. it's early days yet, but if you ask its strategic significance, that is it in a nutshell. host: is t focus security,r is it broader than that? we had this announcement that they plan to work together to try and track illegal fishing by china, which seems to have more of an economic cponent. mr. dd: the statements have been -- the quad, if you look carefully at the statements, has been established as an economic and trade policy collaboration. if you look at their communique from tokyo, it seeks to do things in those domains. the establishments of a pan- regional surveillance system to identify illegal use of
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fisheries resources, of small island developing countries in the indian and pacific oceans, is an initiative. these are often the only resource these states have. there are many countries which illegally fish in the exclusive economic zones of these countries. on top of that, there is a $50 billion pan-regional economic development initiative, somewhat in response to the belt and road initiative, and president biden released the indo pacific economic framework of the united states, which has now had a large number of regional states, including india, most of southeast asia, australia, japan, korea and others sign up and support of it. these are not trivial developments. host: it's fair to say that russia's invasion of ukraine has exposed some divisions within the quad, notably india failing
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to condemn russia. does that undermine the efforts of the quad? is there anything the u.s. and president biden could say to prime minister modi to draw them closer together? mr. rudd: to some extent the international media commentary on this is somewhat in excess of the reality. india has its own local circumstances with russia, particularly the russians have provided the book of indian military quitman. -- bulk of indian military equipment. until that changes with new patterns of purchasing from india, there will always be a level of constraint there. more broadly what is significant is t statement issued on behalf of all four governments, india, australia, japan and the united states, condemning the use of force in the resolution of international disputes and conflicts. that is a direct reference to russia, and india as a signary
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to that statement. host: honorable kevin rudd, thank you for joining us on the program today. mr. rudd: good to be with you. host: in the state of texas, there are reports that several students have been killed after a gunman opened fire in an elementary school. joining us now for more is the bbc's barbara plett-usher. what more do you know about this tragedy that seems to be unfolding? barbara: it took place in a small town called uvalde, which is about 80 miles west of san antonio. around noon, the sool district wrote on twitter that there was an active shooter in the elementary school and said people should stay away. not much information was released as the authorities worked hard to contact frantic parents and let them know what was going on.
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the governor greg abbott has confirmed that at least 14 children have been killed and one adult, a teacher, ini -- in this school shooting. he said the shooter was an 18-year-old male. it's believed that this man walks into the school with a handgun and rifle. he was killed by responding officers, so he also is dead. the school district set up a center now for parents to reunite with their children about a mile and a half from the school. mass shootings are not uncommon in the states, including in schools. children are taught how to respond to them in the but these were young children. the age and the number of dead i think makes this one of the worst school shootings in recent memory. host: you raise that point,
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ther are many anxious parents out right now desperately worried about being able to pick up their children. barbara: yes, absolutely. the school authorities will have had to contact parents whose children have been injured, whose children have been killed. it's not entirely clear when we knew about the casualty figures because hospitals were reporting that more than a dozen children had been injured, so it's not clear whether some of those are among the death toll. every anxious parent will have worried that their children was among them and they will have raised to this unification center -- raced to this unification center to meet their children. it will be a horrifying experience for them because this is the nightmare of any parent who sends their child to school. host: barbara, i know you will
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bring us more as you have it. in other news, russia's leading opposition figure, alexei navalny, told a moscow court that president pin was a madman that had started a war in ukraine based on lies. navalny made the comments while unsuccessfully appealing a nine year prison sentence. he denies his charges and say they were fabricated to thwart his political ambitions. appearing from the maximum-security jail via video link, navalny said president putin would suffer an historic defeat. brazilian police say they killed 11 people in a favela as part of an operation against organized crime. 10 were suspected gang members, one was a woman caught in the crossfire. officers say ty were trying to arrest the leaders of one of brazil's criminal gangs. one of asia's most senior catholic clerics appeared in a court in hong kong on charges of
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improperly failing to register a defense fund for pro-democracy protesters. the 90-year-old and four other activists were arrested under the city's national security law earlier this month. and airbnb says it is shutting down its local business in china. the home rental companies has traveled throughout the company has -- the country has proven to be difficult, if not impossible due to covid restrictions. airbnb joins a list of internet platforms that opted out of the chinese market. the san francisco firm said chinese users would still be able to book listings and experiences overseas. germany says it's ordered 40,000 vaccine doses to be readied if the current monkeypox outbreak gets worse, but health officials there have stressed that the risk to the general population remains low. its recent spread outside parts of africa, where it is endemic, has baffled epidemiologists.
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before we go, just a reminder of that news of a shooting at an elementary school in uvalde, texas. texas governor greg abbott said at least 14 students and one teacher are confirmed dead. several others are being injured and treated in hospital. that is all narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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william: good evening. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight. a tragedy in texas, more than a dozen children have been killed in a mass shooting at an elementary school in uvalde, the late horrific act of gun violence here in the u.s. then. vote 2022, georgians cast their ballots in critical primary elections to determine the state's future, and the extent of former president trump's influence. and, opportunity on the menu. the new orleans non-profit works to counter the racial imbalance in the restaurant industry. >> it's not that there's a shortage of talent. it's not that there is a lack of diversity here. it's i believe it's a lack of access. william: all that and more on
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