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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  May 23, 2022 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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♪ judy: good evening. i am judy woodruff. biden abroad. the president says the u.s. military would defend taiwan if china tax. -- attacks. overshadowing a new trade pact meant to counter china's influence. vote 2022. georgia republicans had to the polls in a heated primary animated by former president trump's lies about the 2020 election. >> there is a fight for the future of the republican party in georgia. donald trump still a very popular figure within georgia republicans but what that means is going to be on the ballot. judy: another disease.
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multiple countries record cases of the highly contagious monkeypox virus as nations struggled to contain covid-19. all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for "pbs newshour" has been provided by -- >> it is the little things. the reminders of what is important. it is why fidelity dedicated advisors are here to help you create a wealth plan. a plan with tax sensitive investing strategies, planning focus on tomorrow while you focus on today. that's the planning effect from fidelity. ♪ >> the william and flora hewlett
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foundation, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world at hewl ett.org. ♪ and with the ongoing support of these individuals and institutions. this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. judy: president biden has pledged -- the u.s. will
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intervene militarily if china invades taiwan here he said the need to protect the island was "even stronger after russia's invasion of ukraine." the president also launched a new ade deal with 12 indo pacific nations. more on all of this right after the news summary. pfizer says three small doses of its covid-19 vaccine offer strong protection to children under five. the company plans to share its data with u.s. regulators later this week. meanwhile the u.s. surgeon general warned off burnout and staffing shortages among health care workers after more than two years fighting covid. >> if we fail to act to address health worker burnout, we will place our nation's health at increasing risk. already one in five physicians and two in five nurses say they intend to leave their practice altogether. those are extraordinary and disturbing numbers. judy: they also released a new
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report predicting a shortage of 3 million essential low wage health workers in the next five years. the first russian soldier to be tried for war crimes in ukraine was sentenced to life in prison today. the 21-year-old pled guilty to shooting a 62-year-old ukrainian civilian in the head. his attorney said they plan to appeal. meanwhile in the video address to the world economic forum in davos, ukraine's president volodymyr zelenskyy urged countries to ramp up their sanctions against the kremlin. >> what should the sanctions be like? maximum so that russia or any other potential aggressor that might want to brutally attack a neighbor with -- would know straightaway what the consequences are. judy: today a veteran russian diplomat at the united nations office in geneva resigned today in opposition to the war in ukraine. in a letter he said he had never been so ashamed of his country as he was on the day russia
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invaded. the number of refugees around the world has crossed the100 million mark for the first time ever. according to the u.n.s refugee agency that a trip it the staggering milestone to the war in ukraine and other deadly conflicts in places like afghanistan and ethiopia. it estimated the ukraine war has forced more than 6 million people to flee the country and displaced another 8 million inside ukraine. pre-monsoon floods in india and bangladesh have killed 24 people in recent weeks and displaced 90,000 others. indians northeastern state has seen some of the worst of it. entire villages are inundated, forcing many to build makeshift shelters. others were left stranded due to damaged roads. >> we don't have any idea how we will survive. we're just waiting for the
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government to take some action and have a look at our situations. we have nothing to eat or drink and my children are starving now. judy: both india and bangladesh are prone to frequent flooding made worse by extreme weather conditions from climate change. the world health organization said today the monkeypox outbrea k detected in a dozen countries may be a random event. it believes the spread may have been linked to sexual behavior at recent wave dance parties in spain and belgium. until now there have not been widespread outbreaks of the viral disease outside africa. >> it is spreading currently and once again we are haunted by the specter of a new epidemic. this reminds us how much today's world is more and more vulnerable and interconnected. judy: so far there has only been one confirmed monkeypox case in the u.s. in massachusetts. but there are at least four
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other probable cases, one in new york, one in florida, and two in utah. more on this later in the program. the u.s. supreme court today made it harder for prisoners to win release by arguing they had ineffective counsel in state court. the 6-3 ruling was a defeat for two arizona death row inmates who said their lawyers failed to provide adequate defense. writing for the majity, justice clarence thomas said federal courts can only consider evidence already presented in the state court record. and stocks rallied on wall street today after suffering seven straight weeks of losses. the dow jones industrial average climbed 618 points to close at 31,880. the nasdaq rose 180 points and the s&p 500 added 72. still to come, tamera keith and amy walter break down what is at
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stake in georgia's republican primary. civilians desperately seek shelter as russia tries to explained -- to expand its military gains in southern ukraine could a new report details widespread coverups os -- of sexual abuse in the southern baptist church leaders. plus much more. >> this is the "pbs newshour" f rom weta studios in washington and in the west from the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university. judy: president biden's statement the united states would defend taiwan from an attack triggered a sharp response from china. it also raises questions about whether the president is changing u.s. policy and making a new security commitment to taiwan. nick schifrin has the story. >> ladies and gentlemen, the prime minister of japan and the president of the united states. >> in tokyo state palace a meeting of two allies and a
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president willing to confront beijing on its most sensitive subject. >> are you willing to get involved militarily to defend taiwan if it comes to that? >> yes. >> you are? >> it's a commitment we made. >> today's market what president biden said last october. >> you say the united states would come to taiwan's defense? >> yes, we have a commitment to do that. >> that is not official u.s. policy the taiwan relations act obligates the u.s. to enable taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability and maintain the capacity of the u.s. to resist any resort to force. but, despite u.s. weapons sales to taiwan, the u.s. has been ambiguous whether it would intervene. the u.s. acknowledges that all chinese on both sides of the taiwan strait maintain there is one china and taiwan is a part of china. as biden reiterated today. >> we agree with the one china policy. we signed onto it. all the attendant agreements
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made from there, but the idea that it can be taken by force or dislocate the entire regionand be another action similar to what happened in ukraine. and so, it's a burden that is even stronger. >> china views taiwan as a breakaway province. beijing increasingly threatens taiwan militarily including flying 14 war planes into the self identified air defense zone last week. today beijing heard president biden's commitment and responded with anger. >> china expressed strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition to the u.s. remarks. taiwan is an inalienable part of chinese territory. >> the presidents primary message, a new1 regional trade framework. 2country signed onto the economic framework that aims to strengthen supply chain, explain clean and energy but is not -- but does not go as far as
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the tpp which then president trump abandon and u.s. ally still prefer. >> japan hopes to see the united states return to the tpp from a strategic perspective. >> for more, we turn to the director for china, taiwan and mongolia on the national security council staff during the trump administration and served in the u.s. liaison office in taiwan where he was a military advisor to the taiwanese government. he is now a deacon at an international consulting firm. welcome to the newshour. it has been three times now president biden has reiterated this policy and three times he or the white house has walked it back. so, is it a change in policy? >> so, it is not a formal change in what you might call declaratory policy. i mean, it is not an executive order or formal declaration it i
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think it is an indication of what the president thinks today or when he says it what he would do if taiwan were attacked and frankly that decision is his to make. and so, in that sense, representing the united states, that is what he is letting the world know. there's probably some good reasons for that. >> how has taiwan thinking about how it would defend itself changed just in the last few months as we have seen ukraine defend itself from russia? >> so, i think in taiwan there's been a little bit of an awakening. i think it has actually happened over a few years' time. some of the events in hong kong, for example, over the last couple years have driven a little bit more of a sense of urgency d taiwan, and i think the exact -- the example of ukraine has only further that. >> and so i spoke to a senior state department official who confirmed the state department has resisted some of taiwan's requests for big-ticket items, things like helicopters and the u.s. is pushing taiwan to buy
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things we've heard about in ukraine, stingers and javelins. why are those smaller items more important? >> from a u.s. government standpnt, we're looking, the belief is that taiwan may be as under invested in those island defense capabilities. and some of those larger platforms, well maybe more important for some more longer term purposes, they are as you'd expect quite expensive. and, therefore, not the most cost-effective way to provide deterrence. nor perhaps the best way to defend the island militarily. that's right. yeah. some of those capabilities are not going to just give you the bank for the buck -- bang for the buck in ukraine. this is been a long term back united states and taiwan. >> in taipei, will the president's comments be reassuring or are they looking at the fact that the u.s. did not send any soldiers into ukraine and they're actually
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more worried about what can happen? >> well, if you look at the polling, nick, recently, i think before ukraine, the latest invasion, 2-3 folks in taiwan expected the united states to come and defend militarily. that has dropped now to one out of three. in some ways, there is a silver lining to that because it creates again that sense of urgency in taiwan and that realization that maybe they need to invest more in their own self-defense. >> and bottom line, when you hear president ben say these words again, when beijing hears the president say these words again, there is a sense in d.c., beijing and taipei that things are changing. this is his academic and policy moment for the u.s. >> it is a significant policy moment in the sense then president biden is i think reflecting the american people. in 2021 was the first time that a majority of americans polled
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actually said they would support sending u.s. troops into defend taiwan. and so, in that sense, it is a signal overshift. >> of u.s. commitment to the island? >> correct. . >> let's talk about the economic framework that the president introduced today. how important is it that these other 12 countries join today and especially india? >> so, i think india is the most significant. the administration is done a great job the last few months getting these countries on board. you have got seven from the southeast asia region. you have got all allies from the region, among these dozen countries. but the truth is it is just sort of the beginning. this is just the launch. and it is not clear what of substance will be within the framework, but there's potential and it is a good diplomatic signal. >> how much does this framework mean to these countries, given that the executive, the president himself, cannot offer
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things like market access without the -- without congressional approval? >> well, it is going to be a challenge for the executive but there is really a desire to offer market approval from frankly congress, i.e., the u.s. the united states democracy as we see it. we've gone down many roads i think over years of not -- if not decades in that direction, and quite frankly folks aren't too satisfied with the results. this takes things in a new direction but it will be years before we can make that assessment. >> thank you very much. ♪ judy: recent primary elections in pennsylvania and north carolina and elsewhere have shown that former president donald trump still exerts a strong influence on republican voters.
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tomorrow his influence will once again be tested. this time at the polls in georgia, state president biden narrowly won in 2020. we just returned from georgia and has this report. >> early voting has been going. on for weeks in georgia and while inflation and high gas prices are top of mind for many, another issue has also been thrust centerstage. >> let me be very clear. the election 2020 was stolen. >> in the governor race, brian kemp is trying to fend off a challenge from former senator david perdue whose main attack has been that kemp should've reversed the last election because of unproven claims of fraud. >> the only one lying here is you. and that is a fact. >> brian kemp let us down. >> former president trump endorsed purdue hoping to unseat the governor would not echo his
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lies about the election. >> i follow the constitution. >> there is a similar fight to unseat secretary of state brad raffensperger who famously refused president trump's request to quote "find him 11,000 votes." >> fellas, i need 11,000 votes. give me a break. >> he's facing another primary from another trump endorsed elections in eircom a jodi heise. >> i believe the election in georgia wreaked with fraudulent activity. >> the question is is this big lie the widely discredited notion that somehow the 2020 election was stolen from president trump, is that theory going to resonate with voters two years later here in georgia? we went to woodstock, georgia in cherokee county where trump won 70% of the vote to ask republicans that question. >> i don't have a lot of trust in the elections themselves. >> this real estate agent is
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convinced the last election was stolen. >> i feel like they are looking at us like, you are so stupid, you won't know we committed these crimes. there is so much evidence but nothing has been done. >> do you think the last election was stolen? >> i think in every election ever there has been some hoodie doo. >> hoodie doo is a technical term. >> it is in woodstock. i think now with the scrutiny that it is under, i have faith in this election than any in a while. >> former major league baseball scout team osborne says all this conspiratorial talk ofa rigged election is a distraction. >> i would rather focus on the economy and ukraine now and things like that. >> there is a fight for the future of the republican party in georgia. >> donald trump is still a very popular figure within georgia republicans but what that popularity means is going to be on the ballot. >> stephen faller covers state
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politics for georgia public broadcasting. a poll from earlier this year showed three out of four republicans still believe there was widespread fraud in 2020. >> for there to be a conspiracy to overturn the election or to rig t election it would have to take an incredible number of reblicans leading against their own party and this is the most scrutinized election system and elections in the entire country. and still, for thousands and thousands and thousan of people, it is not enough. >> the associated press analyzed every case of voter fraud in the six battleground states, including georgia, that former president trump contested. it found fewer than 475 cases. quote "a number that would've made no difference in the 2020 presidential election." >> we have been there on friday night. how are we going to get through this? >> after the 2020 election,
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governor kemp signed a much criticized election law to roll back changes that were made during the pandemic, things like expanded ballot drop boxes and easier absentee mail-in voting. but he rejects the idea that the 2020 election was stolen or that he could have or should have changed the outcome. >> does it frustrate you have to keep litigating the last election? >> no, it does not frustrate me being governor of georgia. this is the greatest state to live, work and raise our families. people have their individual views, that is part of the primary process. i have been involved in those fights before. >> kemp's defense of the 2020 election has not heard his campaign. he is currently well ahead in the polls and many of his supporters welcome his move away from the conspiracy. >> i'm going to be very honest with you. i don't think the election was stolen. >> holly gardner is a retired school principal. she doesn't quite understand the grip trump has on so many in her
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party. >> that is like cult. a cult i do not want to be part of. i don't understand it. i really don't. i can't imagine someone having that much influence on me as an american voter. >> the head of college republicans event about university is a kemp supporter. >> this is the man are parties to support and i think it is childish the former president was to derail his campaign based on he does not support some lie and stood up for election integrity. >> but those falls allegations are not slowing down. >> this is organized crime. >> do you have video evidence? >> 4 million minutes of surveillance video. >> anew documenter is claiming to have video and cell phone data proving so-called mules committed voter fraud in 2020. we talked with some voters like mike outside a screening of the
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film in holly springs. >> we've been looking for the smoking gun. for a year now. and when this movie came out, a week or two back, my wife and i watched it, and i said game over. >> but multiple news organizations including the associated press and npr have to punch the film, is saying it is full of dubious claims and that its supposed evidence is full of gaping holes. the georgia bureau of investigation after reviewing material sent by the film maker said a prob was note justified. >> brian kemp allowed radicals to steal the election. >> former president purdue continues with his unfounded claims of fraud. >> senator, you have repeatedly said that the 2020 election was rigged and stolen. why do you still believe that? >> because of the hard evidence. why do you guys not look at the hard evidence? >> at a meet and greet incoming
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team, georgia, we asked of constantly spreading these baseless claims might make his own voters afraid to vote. >> have to 350,000 republicans who voted in this primary so far in the first two weeks did not vote in 18. you make your own conjecture about what that is. these people are upset and they will not go away. >> but for the people who actually run elections in georgia, combating this avalanche of lies and accusations has become a full-time job. >> there are certain folks -- of how this really works even if i showed them step-by-step. that is when it gets really frustrating. you fill this out. >> joseph kirk is an election supervisor of bartow county, an area that former president trump won by 50 points. he tries to educate voters as much as possible about how elections work and how secure the process is. >> then during your initial -- your initials righthere.
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>> some of his poll workers being trained here have been threatened and harassed. he's had to beef up security to protect them. >> should never happen. that is not a political issue, that is just a decency issue. these are your neighbors, your friends, you community, people volunteering their time to to serve their country, and facilitate this process. >> thank you, georgia. >> this week's primary in georgia will be another measure of just how much influence the former president and his lies about the election still have on republican voters. this election georgia has also revealed a high profile disagreement between donald trump who we saw endorsing david purdue for governor and his former vice president mike pence who is backing brian kemp and his holding a rally for him tonight. let's dive into what is at stake in georgia with our politics monday team. amy walter and camera keith of national public radio -- camera keith.
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great to see you both. great to be here. help me understand this. pence is making his most unambiguous break with president trump, stumping for the governor that irritates donald trump more than any other governor in america, but in the midst of this ongoing identity crisis for the gop does pence move the needle? >> i think mike pence looks at what's happening georgia and thinks, maybe that is the path for me, too. a governor, brian kemp who stood up to claims by the president that the election was rigged. the president friends, and right now it looks like kemp's going to run away with this primary. pence says, gosh, that sounds familiar. he has told me i can do all these things, overturn the election could i cannot do those things. i will present myself like brian kemp did which is i am a conservative candidate with a conservative record without the baggage the donald trump ranks.
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i'm not going to talk about 20/20. i wi talk about the future. we will not litigate the past. that is not where vers want us to go. it is much more complicated when you get into a presidential contest with donald trump versus an incumbent governor the donald trump is trying to unseat, but it is clear that that is the pathway that he would like to to make for himself. >> that's pene' strategy-- p ence's strategy but we always get a bit of grief are talking about the former president a lot but he does exert a serious gravitational pull on the gop, and that is why he has to be factored in all of these phrases. >> certainly, and even the candidates who are openly saying that they have the support of donald trump, that the election results should be overturned, say there are questions that there are doubts about the election. so, even the sort of mainstream conservative republican candidates are -playing just
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enough for two with the big lie to not turn off trump voters in a primary. so his presence is very real. you have to look beyond this one race. he has endorsed a dozen candidates in georgia primaries. many of them are completely unopposed. >> the insurance commissioner is even endorsed. >> he will be able to declare that his candidates and he pulled them across the finish line even though they were unopposed. but you know he also has chosen person for the senate race,and there was really no ability of republicans other than trump republican spare there was no ability to pull anyone up with him. he is going to be the republican nominee easily. even though there are a lot of republicans in georgia and elsewhere who have a lot of concerns about him as their nominee. >> let's j-- just say once the
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midterms come and a certain number of republican candidates who support the idea of the big lie, let's say those candidates loose. does that help break this fever within the gop? >> well, i think so much of it is about the leadership. what's going to happen when there are contested elections. what are the leaders in those elections going to do, the candidates in those cases? are they going to react the way donald trump did, say that is the path for us? i think we have a couple of examples showing that really for the most part we are not seeing that as becoming sort of part of the dna or something that candidates are going to do after every election. there was talk after the california recall election that the republican candidate there wasn't going to conceded. he ended up conceding pretty -- quickly.
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in pennsylvania there is a senate primary that has not been called in their 1000 vote celebrating -- separating two candidates, we are talking about absentee ballots and signatures and all of the things we heard about during the 2020 election, both republican candidates, though, are sticking with the -- let therocess work. nobody has saying this has been illegitimate and i will call myself the winner. now, this is early times, but those are two pretty good examples to suggest the donald trump's way of doing things is not going to necessarily be the way that candidates decide. judy: does it break the fever of the bunch of the candidates loose? >> but there are a bunch of other candidates who are going to win. you're someone like doug mastery ana in pennsylvania, who is, part of his stock in trade and what made him a promising candidate for the republicans
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and what got him trump's endorsement is his strong commitment to the big lie the fact that he went on january 6 and march towards the u.s. capitol he said he did not break the law or go in. so, you have candidates who are going to make it past the primary, who are going to be the nominee who may or may not have trump's backing but support the idea of only taking the votes that you want, or only accepting the result that is the result that you like. so, it is, i think that it's not settled yet whether there will be some candidates whos imply say, i'm not accepting the result. there certainly are millions of americans, americans who saw that 2000 move in movie theaters because it is in theaters, it is not just in the corners of the internet. they got into theaters. there are americans who wholly believe that 2020 was stolen and if you look at the ads that are
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running in states all around the country in these primaries, they are talking about how the election was stolen and how things were rigged. and it is feeding upon itself, so that millions of americans believe that 2020 was rigged. and, if someone tells them in 2022 or 2024 was, they are going to believe it. >> i talked to a lot of georgia voters coming out of that film, and they were convinced this was evidence of fraud. at us like we are living in two different ecosystems. this whole argument about the big lie yielded january 6 two a large degree. we know congress is going to be holding hearings. some democrats have promised on the committee that they have blockbuster testimony that they will reveal to the public. we don't know what that is. let's say that does come to pass. do you think that that searing day, albeit presented by congressional hearing, moves people? is there anything that people can see about january 6 that
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will change their opinion? >> i do doubt that to be the case. i just think now the political lines are pretty well set and they are pretty deep right now. to tam's point, if you have seen a movie and you're convinced that movie is right, there is nothing that is going to be shown at a hearing which republicans are going to say is complete the and completely biased. the one thing i will say, though, as a tactic for being a strong candidate, if you are republican become the issue is inflation, the inflation is a -- the issue is the economy. that is what voters are saying is the most important thing to them. if they decide instead these candidates, i will focus on the 2020 election being rigged, i'm going to focus on donald trump and show my loyalty, polling shows that is a terrible decision, because independent voters overwhelmingly, just 24% of them cite, we -- say we want a republican candidate who will
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focus on the 2020 election. that's no what they are looking for. trepublicans may be but independent voters are not. >> tomorrow will be a big test of how these races unfold. amy and tam, thank you both very much. >> you are welcome. ♪ judy: as russian forces battle for full control of southern ukraine, small villages that dot the landscape have borne the brunt of the bombardment. john ray visited one town on the front line just two miles from where ruian troops are dug in. [explosions, shouting] >> this is the rhythm of each and every day. it's how they mark time. in the town where the russians measure their progress in ruinted ho--- ruined homes and
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frayed minds. in this gloom, mental and -- ludmilla and her friends have been living for three months without break. >> who asked the russians to come here? what have they come to free us from, our families, our homes, our lives? >> she tells us she has nowhere else to hide. how long can you stay? until it ends, she says. for the for suitable future, homer's the basement of the town's hospital. no running water, no power and no way to care for patients in the dark unless they can plug in this generation. that too will require nerves of steel. how are things in your hospital, do you have the medicine, power? >> no, and we have no patients
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here at the moment. [explosions] >> you are use to that all day. all day, every day. >> every. >> he is where the russians were stopped in their tracks and now its people are in the firing line. this is an unremarkable town whose great misfortune is to be so close to russians. they are just twmiles down the road here. and that means all most every day for the past three months it's come under attack. elena never imagined her mother's twilight years would be spent here in the pitch black. of a bunker she is deaf but she can feel the bombs land. she can remember the nazis, as you think the russians are worse.
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>> the russians know what they are doing. it is just they do not care very much about the consequences. this enormous crater was once a simple village home. and the family who lived here had written "people" on the gate. humanity is missing wherever you look. while the war has turned east, ukraine cannot afford to neglect this long southern flank. >> they have enough ammunition for war. they prepared for this war. they have enough of everything. >> here they need more. >> we need more. we did not prepare. >> in this one small town, 21 civilians have died in the daily shelling. it's a collective trauma. in the attack on the market, she lived only because a neighbor pushed her to the floor.
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she is still in shock. [explosions] >> the store, unlike west compartments, soon passes. -- unlike russia's bombardments, soon passes. in this deadly standoff, it is the only front that is moving forward. judy: just wrenching. john ray with independent television news. ♪ now let's look at questions around monkeypox, a rare illness that has been found and a number of countries around the world, including the u.s. in light of the coronavirus pandemic, many are asking questions about what they need to know. john yang get some answers.
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>> worldwide, there have been roughly 200 confirmed and suspected cases of at least a dozen countries. in the united states, the first case was identified last week in a massachusetts patient who had recently been in canada. there is a small number of presumed, though not confirmed cases, in new york city, florida, and utah. dr. peter hotezz is dean of baylor college of medicine in houston. thanks so much for being with us. let's start off with the basics. what is monkeypox? what are its symptoms, and how is it transmitted, how does it spread? >> well, mkeypox belongs to a fami of viruses known as orthopox viruses, similar to smallpox. but -- much less severe in terms of human disease. it is transmitted by close physical contact or through droplets or potentially
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respiratory contact, usually into make contact. produces less severe disease than smallpox. it begins with fever, back ahce, headache and then one of the distinguishing features is lots of swollen lymph nodes, particularly around the neck and also elsewhere in the body. and then a day or two later, it is associated with a characteristic rash, of first a vesicular rash, similar to chickenpox and then it becomes posturals -- postules. >> it sounds a little bit like covid with close contacts and droplets. >> no, it is actually much more difficult to transmit than covid. covid is an aerosolized virus. you can have some degree of error solicitation with monkeypox but it is primarily with into mint face-to-face contact. in this case we are seeing high rates of infection, higher rates of -- infection among gay and bisexual man.
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and not through sexual transmission but it is skin to skin and into make contact but not through conventional sexual transmission. >> what else do we know about this outbreak and how can should americans be about it? >> i think it's important to keep in mind the numbers. as you pointed out around 200 cases, around 250 cases, half of them in spain and portugal, both suspected and confirmed cases then the u.k. we are talking about 25 cases in canada. four or five cases confirmed or suspected in united states. those numbers will grow but it is unlikely we will be talking anything close to what we have seen with covid-19. and there is a lot of good news to think about. one is it's not nearly as transmissible, you have a longer incubation period that gives you time to investigate the contacts. you can trace the contexts,
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because if you have the infection you have a characteristic vesicular rash. and, because the vaccines and drugs used to treat or prevent smallpox also treat monkeypox, the u.s. government for the last 20 years since the founding of barta has been stockpiling vaccines for smallpox and antii viral drugs. so if the numbers start to increase and we have to vaccinate populations we can move on that pretty quickly. for all those reasons we are not looking at anything near the magnitude or the concern of something like covid-19. >> how unusual is this operate? it is not usually seen in the united states. >> that's right. the unusual piece is that it has been multiple foci in european countries, particularly in southern europe and the u.k. but also in germany and belgium and elsewhere in north america. i think that is the really striking part.
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and just by coincidence of probably -- it probably became an individual in the gay or bi sexual community became infected and then according to the world health organization potentially passed it on through sexual networks and that seems to be where it is spreading but we do not have a lot of details. it's not as if those 250 cases we have seen publicly the demographics of those individuals. we're hearing that it is among predominantly men 20 to 50 years of age, but we do not know that for certain. so, the unknown is whether we will see secondary transmission in european and north american countries after that. and that's really important. it's really critical that we be very careful how we talk about this disease to avoid social stigma. this is an infectious disease that can be managed, can be treated and can be prevented, whether or not the u.s.
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government decides to ploy the smallpox vaccine and which when they will use because one of them that we have is a nonreplicating virus. if you're concerned about its use in individuals who are hiv positive, that might be the preferable vaccine, although we only have 1000 doses of that one, the stockpile as opposed to the tens of millions of the older, more conventional vaccine. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. ♪ judy: a new report documents the devastating detail how past leadership of the southern baptist convention ignored sexual abuse allegations for the better part of two decades, and sometimes silenced or tried to discredit accusers. we have more on the details of this disturbing report and the challenges it poses.
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>> the southern baptist convention is the largest protestant denomination in the u.s. with 14 million members across 47,000 churches. this independent report over 200 pages long examined hundreds of cases of sexual misconduct and abuse between 2000 and 2020. among the findings -- church leaders publicly fought calls to track ministers accused of abuse even as a privately maintained a list of 100s of names long. the report found leaders protected or supported abusers for years. joining us now is one of the survivors anne-marie miller, the author of "healing together,a guide to supporting survivors and a registered nurse in dallas welcome to the newshour. know you had a chance to go through some of the report. i'm sure you've seen the headlines. what was your reaction. did anything surprising? >> honestly, nothing really surprised me about the report. i'm so glad that it is here.
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so glad that tangible steps have finally prepared but reading the report, nothing was a surprise. >> you grew up in the southern baptist congregation. you were 16, as you have spoken publicly when you were abused by one of the church leaders began in the 1990's. years went by before you reported it to church officials. what happened after that? what was the response? >> the response after i reported it was initially it seems like a good thing, like people were caring for me, but the actual organization ended up not reporting it to authorities and allowing the person that abused me to continue going up the ladder in the southern baptist convention. he was an executive when he was finally arrested in 2018. >> what was that like for you at the time to see that happen? >> it was almost as traumatizing as the abuse itself. >> and what about from the congregation?
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did you get a response from them? >> i actually have left the church at that point, because id did not feel safe and i was wrestling with my face at that time. >> it did take you years and you eventually went to the police when church officials did not do anything about it. what happened after that? >> i went to the police, thinking they were not going to do anything because it had been 20 plus years, but within 24 hour were investigating it. he was arrested and eventually indicted for four sex abuse felonies. at that point, there was a large reckoning happening within the southern baptist convention, a lot of abuse stories had become public and i believe that it was that moment this task force and other investigations started to become finally necessary because the media was finally pushing these stories forward. so they had to do something to address it. >> when you were younger, did
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you know of other people who has been abused? where these stories known within the church? >>t h ey weren't. i grew up in a small town in west texas. but i think they were probably happening. it is just not something you talk about in the church. you do not talk aut sexu in general. like with my own abuse, i do not feel like it -- i could talk about because i did not see it as abuse but i felt as if i was sinning, i needed to protect this man of god who was abung me because it would look bad on god, there was s involved, so there is so much shame involved in it that especially with kids and adults, you do not know how to deal with that in such a religious environment. >> there are details in this report like how church leaders talked about survivors like you, how disparaging they were, how hard they worked to silence people like you. what was that like for you to read? >> it was hard to see names that
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you are familiar with that are supposedly leading people to christ, caring for others and showing compassion for the porr, -- the poor and calling survivors satanic. and saying sometimes people were received death threats from leaders within the southern baptist church. i wasn't, but i have friends that received death threats from pastors. that's just behind, had double to me. >> we should note, that unlike the catholic church that has grappled with similar issues, there is no top-down hierarchy and the southern baptist convention. does that make accountability harder? >> it does. it's something i was call the idol of autonomy and it is just a way for churches to escape liability or really for the whole organization because you have something -- if you have something happen in this little church, then you can't sue the
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entire organization, they are not responsible., that is their thing we cannot do anything about it. >> what would you like to see happen now? it is an independent report, there are some shocking revolutions -- revelations. what should happen next? >> i think that the everyday person echoes to southern baptist churches need to really consider where they are spending their money. and where they are going and see that there are tons of survivors that need care and compassion. and know this is true, this is subjective documentation. it is no made up. to belief survivors and care for them. >> we should mention that schuurs executive committee later said they are committed to doing all they can to prevent futurenstances of sexualbuse in churches. do you believe that they will? >> we'll have to see. i do not know how to answer that question. i hope that they will. we're going to need and we need
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more than thoughts and prayers, we need tangible action. >> that is anne-marie miller joining us tonight from dallas. thank you for your time. >> thank you so much for having me. ♪ judy: the annual profile in courage award ceremony took place last night at the john f. kennedy presidential library in boston. this year, the kenndy family honor democrats and republicans for upholding election integrity. and the president of ukraine. i was there for a most inspiring night. the john f. kennedy library foundation honored five people with a profile encourage award for their commitment to protecting democracy in the u.s. and around the globe. the first honoree, shay moss, was an election office worker in fulton county, georgia. she withstood harassment and
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death threats during an ever since the 2020 presidential election. >> ever since december 2020, my family has been under attack. attacked because people have spread terrible lies, i'm sorry, lies about me and my mother simply because we were doing our jobs, doing the work th democracy requiresa day in an d day out. my mom and i have both heard the worst kinds of threats, many of them were openly racist. i want to give a special thank you to all of the anonymous election workers out there, the ones are doing the heavy lifting our democracy depends on, far from the spotlights. >> two other u.s. officials were also honored for defending and protecting election results. michigan secretary of state jocelyn benson, a democrat.
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and arizona state house speaker rusty bowers, a republican. in the face of nonstop attacks from their own party, republican congresswoman liz cheney was honored for her courage in standing against calls to overturn the 2020 election. >> president kennedy said in the long history of freedom only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. today that role is ours. as we face a threat we have never faced before. a former president attempting to unravel our constitution republic. at this moment we must all summon the courage to stand against that. the question for everyone of us is in this time of testing, will we do our duty, weill we -- will
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we defend our constitution, will we stand for truth, will we put duty about partisan politics, or will be look away from danger, ignore the threat, embrace the es and enable the liar? judy: the final award went to ukraine's president flood umoja linsky -- volodymyr zelenskyy for his leadership and defending his country against russia's invasion. a ukrainian diplomat accepted on his behalf. that diplomat drew applause when he noted that vladimir putin had originally bragged he was sending the world's second-best army into the war. it ended up he said, that it was only the second-best army in ukraine. and on the newshour online now, new orleans is giving young people a guaranteed income with $350 a month, hoping to break the cycle of poverty. you can read more about the city's plan at pbs.org/newshour. that's the newshour for
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tonight. i am judy woodruff. join us tomorrow evening. for all of us at "pbs newshour" thank you, please stay safe and we will see you soon. >> major funding for the "pbs newshour" has been provided by -- for 25 years, consumer cellular school has been to provide service that helps people communicate and connect. we offer a variety of no contract plans and our customer service team can help find one that fits you. to learn more, visit consume r cellular.tv. ♪ >> the kendida fund, committed to advancing meaningful work througinvestments in transfer money leaders an idea. supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation committing to building a more just and peaceful world. more information at macfound.
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org. and with the ongoing support of these institutions. this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. [captioning performed by the naonal captioning institute, which is respoible for its caption content and accuracy.] ♪ ♪ ♪
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and welcome to "amanpour and company" from kabul. here's what's coming up. he tells me his country is doomed if women are not part of its future. then, deborah lions has had mor we discuss what's to come. also ahead, chairman of the democratic national committee, jaime harrison tells michelle martin that today's republican party is tougher on mickey mse than on putin. finally, new orders. talk about why it's so important for young men to talk about their menl

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