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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  May 19, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, ow bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ kasia: hello i am kasia madera. this is "outside source." a russian soldier charged with war crimes in ukrai asked to be forgiven. today, he faced the victim's widow in court. in there you pull, hundreds more ukrainian soldiers surrender, the city now under control of
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russian forces. police in the u.k. closed their investigation into partygate, no further fines issued for the prime minister. >> he has acknowledged he paid the penalty, and i think it is right that the police have concluded their investigations. >> after an investigation that so 120-plus breaches of the law and damage, of course he served -- he should resign. he is responsible for the culture. kasia: we look at the outbreak of monkeypox, and infectious disease with more cases in europe and north america. ♪ we start in the ukrainian capital, kyiv, with the fst trial of a russian soldier accused of war crimes has resumed. vadim shishimarin, just 21, is
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accused of shooting data 62-year-old ukrainian who was on his bicycle. thursday, the ctim's wife confronted the soldier in court. kateryna shelipova asked him what he felt when he killed her husband. he said he hadn't wanted to fire the fatal shots, but was threatened by another soldier. here is a little of that exchange. >> pasll m do u nt ofhe crime you committed? >> y, i admit guilt. i understand you will not be able to forgive me. i apologize for everything i have done. kasia: our chief international correspondent lyse doucet is in kyiv. lyse: it has been two days of dramatic testimony here in a court in kyiv, with the 21-year-old soldier from russia, vadim shishimarin, admitting guilt in the killing of 62-year-old alexander shelipova, telling the court he opened fire
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with his kalashnikov rifle after his commander ordered him to do so. when he was confronted by the widow who was i court, whether he repented, not only did he say he was guilty, he apologized to the widow. he struck not just a sad figure in court, looking younger than his 21 years, he also looked very lonely. bbc spoke to his lawyer, who said that no russian official has been inouch with him. and the witnesses who expected to be called today who were in the car at the time of the killing in northeastern ukraine, it turns out that they are already back in russia as part of an exchange of prisoners. this wasn't the only case here in the courts in ukraine. a second trial opened today in the central region. it is quite unusual in a war for war crimes trials to take place en as the war grinds on, but
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ukraine is trying to prove that it can win this war against russia, not just on the battlefield, but also by a high standard of justice in the courts. so, ukraine and the world are watching. kasia: lyse doucet also in ukraine, russia says around 900 more fighters from the besieged steelworks in mayor you poll had surrendered in the past 24 hours. -- mary you pull -- m -- mariupol. these pictures appear to show them leaving the site. the effort to evacuate the soldiersegan on tuesday and is ongoing. here is the latest. >> these reports include the total number who surrendered and left the azovstal steelworks to
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1730. some were wounded, others were taken to detention facilities. the question is what happens next. we have had debates in the russian parliament saying that some of them, members of a battalion, should not be treated as prisoners of war, but should be treated as war criminals. these are people the russian state accused of being nazis come something ukrainians deny and has been widely discredited. but it seems not all of them will be treated according to geneva conventions. that is going to pose difficult questions fornyone who remains inside. i should say we don't have confirmed numbers, but it has been said that leaders of the azov battalion have yet to give themselves up. but the u.n. and red cross, we understand, have been involved in the monitoring of their treatment at the red cross says they are documenting the locations of these people. but what happens to them, whether they are given over in
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some prisoner exchange with ukrainians or whether some are put on trial for charges, as yet unknown, is going to be an important quiet -- going to be an important question. kasia: meanwhile, in another region, kharkiv, ukrainian forces pushed russian troops all the way bac to the border with russia and say they liberated all villages in the region. our correspondent is in kharkiv. olga: this is the second biggest city in ukraine, and the situation might be different here. right now in the center of the city, today, we woke up to the sound of two blasts. it was quite uncomfortable to hear. later, we found out it was a shelling around 4:00 a.m.. -- 4:00 a.m. ukrainian military reported that
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they hit a russian plane above kharkiv around 1:00 m.. so, at 4:00 a.m., there was something else. there are speculations it might be the response of the russian army, but it is very difficult to verify that information in the conditions of war. basically, i can just tell what we see. and the other prince of kharkiv, apart from schelling's, we see that people are starting to lame their lives back. so, some shops are open, conveys started to open as well -- cafes started to open as well. there is a huge shortage of staff because many people went away from the city. we also see public transport has started to get back, we see buses around, but it is still quite empty and the sounds of shelling can be constantly heard, especially if you go to the northern part of the city. we were filming today in the northern part of the city and there was shelling almost every
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two minutes. kasia: our correspondent in corky appeared at the white house, u.s. president joe biden met -- our correspondent in kharkiv. u.s. president met with the finnish prime minister the swedish president, countries that submitted official bids for nato membership is a direct consequence of the russian invasion of ukraine. it is a historic move. it ends both countries' long-standing policies of military nonalignment. turkey is continuing to express opposition. but president biden says the pair meets everyone acquire me dead then some. -- every requiment and then some. >> the bottom line is simple -- finland and sweden make nato stronger, not just because of their capacity, they are strong, strong democracies. and a strong, united nato as a foundation of america's security. kasia: one final piece of news
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when it comes to the war in ukraine, the u.s. senate voted overwhelmingly in favor of emergency aid for ukraine. it is worth nearly $40 billion. here is the moment that the senate approved package, a next year of military, economic and humanitarian assistance, the biggest package so far. the bill will not go to the ite hoe for the president decide. ukraine' as president bilotta mayor zelenskyy tweeted, "i praise the u.s. senate approval of the a, 40 billion dollars is a significant.s. contribution to restoration peace and security in ukraine, euro and the world." ♪ the u.k. prime minister, boris johnson, will face no further action from police over parkinggate. the metropolitan police announced it issued 126 fixed penalty notices in its investigation into parties at 10 downing street when stricken's
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were enforced. it says the investigation is complete. only found events held on each of the eight dates that it looked into involved a criminal offense, including the prime ne0.ster's b in irrty thpaygeorge eustis is a mn boris johnson's cabinet. >> there has been a very thorough investigation and rightly so, because of course, those who set rules get additional scrutiny. that is always understood. and these party should not have happened, the prime minister acknowledge that, apologized, paid a fixed penalty for the one event that he was at, others will pay their penalty as well. there were failings, we acknowledged that and we will pay the fixed penalties that they got. kasia: altogether, 83 people received fines. 28 of those received more than one fine, with at least one person receiving as many as
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five. the prime minister attended many of the events, but he was only find once. -- only fined once. adam is a barrister. >> one of the gatherings was a birthday party. he was in his own garden. the other four were for leaving parties. it may be that t prime minister argued he had reasonable excuse because he intended to give a speech, he raised a glass, and he left, as part of his working day as prime minister. maybe that is why they decided they couldn't be sure that he committed an offense, whereas perhaps other people who stayed into the night and drank, they could be sure that that wasn't necessary for work. kasia: the opposition labor leader, kier starmer, still
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wants the prime minister to resign. >> my view hasn't changed after an investigation that's 120 plus breaches of the law. of course he should resign. he is responsible for the culture. kasia: but boris johnson's spokesperson says the prime minister is pleased investigate -- the investigation is finished, but the findings are unlikely to please others. let's go back to the barrister. >> is worth saying that there were eight illegal gatherings at downing street over 2020-2021. all ose gatherings, i guess, would be defined as parties, which downing street has denied were really parties. it is difficult to see how they are anything but, if police gave criminal penalties it respect to them. it is worth asking how that happened, how that was allowed to happen and why there seems to have been a lackadaisical
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approach to the rules that these people themselves created during the pandemic. kasia: that lackadaisical approach to the rules may have been proven in boris johnson's downing street, that by avoiding further finds himself, the prime minister has won around against one former critic. in february, conservative charles walker said he would applaud of course johnson would resign. today, he told the bbc he thought his position was unrecoverable, but i was wrong. the danger seems to have passed for the prime minister. katie johnson covers westminster for bloomberg. >> they might be angry still but on balance, i think the prime minister has written this out. it has been trickllo for refusing to go when he was at the most acute pressure, think the decision was made then that he has written it oidden
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it out. and they are looking at kier starmer over beergate allegations. in the conservative party, there doesn't seem to be a groundswell of rebellion. there are pockets of people that you see at times talking and corners, wondering whether the prime minister is the right man for the job, but on partykate, i think things are going to draw to a close. kasia: but the prime minister is not out of the woods. parliament's privileges committee is investigating whether boris johnson lied to parliament over the affair and more immediately, the final report by civil servant sucre, which was held back by police investigated comic-con now the least. joe is a former senior civil servant on downing street. >> she is updating her report, potentially f publicat -- for
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publication last week. but she did report in her redacted report about failures in leadership and accounts are taking old in downing street where both didn't think the rules applied. but also, impervious to the attitude and the rest of the country. i think that is the next critical step in this, to see what sue gray really says and to see whether she holds the political leadership at downing street number 10 & service leadership, allowing that culture to take hold. website.here is more on our stay with us on "outside source." still to come, a shortage of baby powder in the u.s. prompted president biden to use wartime emergency powers to boost production. ♪
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♪ kasia: welcome. this is "outside source," live from the bbc news room. our main story -- a russian soldier asking the ukrainian widow to forgive him for shooting her 62-year-old unarmed husband. it is ukraine's first war crimes trial. now, a growing outbreak of the nkeypox virus. a man in massachusetts tested positive, making it the first confirmed case of the virus in the u.s. the massachusetts health authorities that the patient recently traveled to canada, whe there are a dozen unconfirmed cases reported. cases have also been confirmed or are suspected in the u.k., spain, portugal and italy. there was an outbreak in 2020 in
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africa, where cases were identified and contained in the democratic republic of congo, nigeria, cameroon and the central african public. two more cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in southeast england, ringing the total number of infections in the u.k. to nine. there are concerns the latest infections are the result of community infection, as our health correspondent catherine discussed got -- catherine dacosta explains. catherine: there are no travel links to africa and health officials are investigating where they caught it. they think that monkeypox may be spreading in the community, but say the risk of infection is low. kasia: monkeypox is similar to chickenpox and has symptoms including rash, fever, headaches and swollen lymph nodes. the disease is usually associated with travel to west africa. health authorities believe that some cases have begun to spread
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within communities. the largest known outbreak of this disease occurred in nigeria in 2017, when there were 175 suspected cases. the vast majority, in man between 21-40. monkeypox is a viral infection but not as transmissible as coronavirus. >> this one is transmitted by large respiratory droplets. if you remember the beginning of the pandemic, we were saying face coverings were not going to make a lot of difference because you need to be face-to-face with someone for quite some time and those droplets are quite big and don't spread very far away. because these dropletseed to be fairly lar, you have to be face-to-face or in close contact with somebody for quite some time, or it can be spread by contaminated clothing ordered and, for instance -- clothing or linen, for instance, or holding someone who is infected. but it needs prolonged contact
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the second two cases were to people that were together in london. -- two people that were together in london. kasia: west african monkeypox as a fidelitrate of 1% on the one from congo has a fatality rate as highest 10%. dr. louise ivers is at massachusetts general hospital, where one patient is being treated for monkeypox. >> we know the two types of monkeypox are not highly transmissible from human to human. it is rare, it does happen, but it is actually a rare infection to begin with. it is totally different with coronavirus. we see, even in the most recent variants in massachusetts, highly transmissible coronavirus infections. what is an usual --what is
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unusual in these cases off monkeypox as that would typically see a connection to travel to the african continent and it is rare to see exposure like this. it seems to be happening from humans to humans in the community. in an outbreak in the u.s. in 2003, there was a connection to rodents, to pets that had been infected during transfer to the u.s. is what is unusual in the case. it is not being spread very, very rapidly, but seems to be unusual compared to what we are used to with this rare infection. kasia: unusual, but how worried should we be? we see the images and they look unpleasant. it looks like an unpleasant virus. but when it comes to the mortality rate, and the two different types, one higher mortality than the other, how worried should we be? >> i think there is no cause for alarm at this time. it is important for us to be aware of this.
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it reinforces how important our public health workers are because this type of surveillance and outbreak response is happening all the time for other types of infections. it is important for peoin the community to know with the symptoms and signs are. there is flulike symptoms, a riacchstteic rash, i don't think there is a special cause for alarm, but it is important for people to know what they should look out for. and if they suspect a case or think they have been in conta with a case, to be able to contact their doctors. ♪ kasia: president biden as invoke the cold war emergency law to help solve a critical shortage of baby formula in the united states. here he is signing the executive order under the so-called defense production act. the president explained how the order will increase supply to consumers. >> the defense production act gives the government the ability to require suppliers to direct
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needed resources to infant formula manufacturers before any other customer who may have ordered that good. kasia: charities in the u.s. say the support can't come soon enough. these are empty shells in one grocery store in washington dc a nonprofit org -- nonprofit organizations that assist moms they this is a typical site at women are coming to them in desperation -- and women are coming to them in desperation. >> they are in crisis. when they are calling us, sometimes they are angry, often are frustrated and very often, they are sobbing. kasia: bbc has been speaking to mothers in the u.s.. >> i can't be running to 10 stores every month trying to find her formula. what else can i do? every time we would see it in a store, we would buy it, even if the canned was not empty yet, because we were like him who knows next time we come if we are going to see it? >> it is hard physically, mentally, financially. sometimes, i do cry at night. kasia: extent, the
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shorta of formula is because of what happened at this site. this is abbott nutrition's formula plant in michigan. the company ordered a recall of three types of formula in february, as were by "the w york times." let's an update from elise preston from cbs news. >> several babies develop bacterial infections. two of them actually diedfter drinking the formula that was made. there were recalls. the plant was shut down. a deal was reached recently t ramp that plant back up. but it will take a couple of months before that is funny an production. kasia: jessica wins young is a professor at the american university in washington dc i asked her why the market has been so dysfunctional. >> there are only four major companies that account for about 90% of market share. some of the reasons have to do with our rules and regulations around infant formula.
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only 2% of our infant formula is important. which means 98% of our infant formula having to be domestically produced. there is also rules around new infant formula being introduced to the market that may be discouraging other companies to try to enter the market. so, you have a really small market to begin with, you have tough rules for new competitors to enter the market, and some argue that new companies may be hesitant to enter the market due to infantormula being a less lucrative market compared to other products. kasia: professor jessica owens. if you have been infected, get in touch with us here athe bbc. i am @kasiamadera on flickr. on our website, lots more, including a long article on
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monkeypox and how it is transmitted. thank you very much for watching "outside source." for me and the team, bye-bye. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentationf this program is provided by... rrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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