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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 19, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> i am am laura trevelyan in new york. the u.s. senate approved more than $40 billion worth of emergency aid for ukraine. millions of tons of grain are stuck in ukrainian warehouses because of the war. the u.n. is warning of a global food crisi if exports do not resume. australians are about to choose the next prime minister. our team in sydney explains what is at stake.
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brazil sparks concern for the homeless in san paulo. the pandemic led to a rise in homelessnesscross the region. and, the young musicians who fled in slovenia. to world news america on pbs and around the gbe. the u.s. senate approved a $40 billion emergency aid package for ukraine, underlining american support 12 weeks after russia invaded. in another show of resol president biden met with the leaders of finland and sweden at the white house today. the two countries met every requirement for nato membership and then some. russia's invasion of ukraine prompted the nations to abandon their nonaligned stas and
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applied to join the military alliance. meanwhile the red cross registered hundreds of ukrainian prisoners of war who left the besieged steelworks in mariupol. russian authorities say all those surrendering will be treated in line with international standards. they fear prep -- fighters could face prosecution by courts. steve rosenberg reports. >> tired and wounded moscow release to these images of ukrainian fighters leaving the steelworks they had been defending in mariupol. giving him -- themselves up to the russians. ukraine is hoping for a prisoner swap but in russia there are calls to put some soldiers on trial for war crimes. >> they are killers. they are criminals. but, we give them medical care. >> but your country invaded ukraine with more than 100,000 troops. that is aggression, isn't it? >> no, it's not an aggression.
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do not bully us. >> moscow tries to justify invading ukraine with aclaim, to fight nazis. a war crimes trial could sure up and unconvincing narrative. >> the kremlin wants russians to believe in ukraine their armies are battling nazis and nato. europe and america are all plotting a way to attack and destroy the motherland. many believe this parallel reality. not everyone does. >> dimitri admits his country, russia, is the aggressor. he is appalled by the bloodshed. he wants his whole town tohe hae of his shop until -- into a message board with the names of ukrainian towns russia has attacked.
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peace to ukraine it says. he has even turned his roof into the ukrainian flag. >> i thought that this would be a good way of getting information out. for the first few weeks of the war, our people did not know what was happening. they did not know russia was shedding cities. some do not want to ow. traitor has been graffiti on dimitri's door. the police have been around. he has been fined for discrediting the army. >> the front of a shop is not for expressing opinions, she says. he can say what he thinks, says anton. i think attacking a neighboring country is a strange thing to do. in russia, protesting can be but, dimitri is refusing to stay silent. steve rosenberg is moscow.
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>> ukraine and russia together produce almost one third of the world's wheat and barley at half of its sunflower oil. the war is having a big impact on food exports. the u.s. secretary of state antony blinken accused the -- accused russia of holding the world food supply hostage. 20 milli tons of grain exportedk in ukraine. mr. blinken says moscow's war was worsening the greatest of global food security crisis of our time. his comments follow a warning from the united nations that the content -- conflict could lead to years of mass hunger in poor countries. odessa are contact caroline davies is in this report. >> ukraine's wheat help feed the world but it is beyond reach. because of issues transporting it out of the country no one wants to buy it.
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>> we would like to be helped to sell this grain at any price as long as people do not go hungry. i think all western countries should help us. you need to bang your fist on the table and open ukrainian ports and stop the russian invasion and take out this rain. >> how do you feel knowing there are many people around the world that would be desperate for this crop? >> it is a feeling of despair. i am talking now with tears in my eyes. it is hard to say. >> yearly --yuri's problems are faced by farmers across the country. this is due to be harvested in a month but farmers have no idea how they will start or get it out of the country. some goods can be taken out by road, others by rail but not in the same quantities that used to be transported by sea.
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since russia began the invasion ships cannot move for fear of being hit and the sea could take months to remove. andre is one of the owners of the largest ports in ukraine. >> w have about 80 ships that are basically ghost ships in ukraine now. crews have left them. some are full. some are empty. they are in ports are outside the ports standing there idle. for crews to come back shipping companies have to get clearance from insurance companies. these insurance companies are obviously not happy to allow this to happen because the sea is full of mines. >> how long until you can we' -- reopen the port again? >> we have no idea. we are facing a disaster that will happen in the next few weeks when the new crop here in the old crop is not exported. >> the u.n. warned that unless russia allows the ports to reopen there could be mass hunger and famine for years. russia says sanctions imposed on
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it would need to blooked at if the world wants to solve the crisis. while many in the west we'll feel the pressure -- will feel the pressure, if no agreement is reached, ukraine's crop could rot while others starve. caroline davis bbc news odessa. >> this weekend australians will go to the polls and decide who will be the country's next prime mister. after the devastating fires and floods of recent years climate change is a key concern. they are phasing out fossil fuels -- yet, phasing out fossil feels is a contentious political issue. >> australians have been so -- through so much since the last federal election. one natural disaster after another. dozens of lives loson a and floods. climate scientists warned that australia will see much more of this unless the country plays its part to cut carbon emissions and limit global warming.
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with so much at stake you would think climate action would be central to the election. but here in central queensland, an area with deep economic ties to fossil feels, this is what campaigning looks like. >> there is a lot of rubbish out there. >> despite the governments commitment to net zero emissions by 2050, both major parties here are throwing their weight behind the lucrative but heavily polluting industry. the coal ships here helped make australia the second biggest import -- exporter on the planet. it has contributed massively to global carbon emissions and also the national economy creating jobs and providing many families with a good standard of living. >> this aluminum factory pledged to move away from coal as renewables get cheaper. for workers here, the real fear
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is getting left behind. >> if a new industry comes here we need to make sure that we are going to get our workforce trained to actually fit these roles because if this is going to replace something, it has to replace the paychecks. >> just outside gladstone factory is being built to make equipment to produce hydrogen from renewables. those working with local governments and industry on the energy of the future saying politicians continuing to support coal is not helpful. >> i am concerned that if we cannot send clearer signals to each other and the rest of the world around hitting serious targets around decarnization we will miss out on a lot of international investment at the moment. >> it is different in bigger cities. some independent candidates are making climate change eight a finding campaign issue. that is making them a real
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threat to previously save government seats in sydney and melbourne. a change in the balance of power could mean a change in the country's climate policy. and its attitude towards fossil fuels. bbc news, gladstone. >> for more on the australian election we are joined now from sydney by the bbc's charisma for suwanee. the polls look too close to call. what issues are dominating the closing stretch of the campaign. >> laura, as you heard, climate change is certainly top of mind for many voters out here we have been speaking to. certainly, in more affluent areas like the city of sydney for example. in other parts of the country it is sings that would seem very familiar to people in the u.s., for instance. the cost of living has soared, as it has around the world. we are looking at prices rising to a 21 year high.
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that is really a big issue for many. it is not just the cost of fuel and food. it is also housing. many young australian struggle to own their first home, to rent a home. that is against the backdrop of concerns over how the economy will fare here in the next year. particularly because of the slowdown in china as well as australia's relationship with china which has been, isaac is fair to say, laura mccright tense over the -- i think it is fair to say, laura, quite tense over the last couple years particularly around security arrangements like the tripartite security arrangements between australia, the u.k., and the u.s.. >> is a possible independence could hold the key to ever forms the next government in australia if the result is net -- that coast? >> -- that close? what search -- >> certainly that
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is the analysis we are hearing discussed prominently here. it is called the teal wave because of the color these candidates have chosen to represent them. to begin, th are made up of female candidates sort of positioning themselves on issues like the environment and the competition for the election is being characterized as a choice between experience and character. on the one hand, you have people , faces that are very familiar here in australia. the incumbent prime minister scott morrison known as scomo sometimes and the head of the opposition party, anthony albanese. you have minor parties as well as independent candidates offering something quite different. it will be interesting to see, as you say, the polls are getting very close to call. it is just one day until election day. who in the end will make the deciding vote for australian here? >> briefly, tell us about the
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fact that breathing is compulsory in australia. >> -- voting is compulsory in australia. >> yes. many people we have spoken to say they dnot think about it, it is just something they he to do. if you do not vote you have to pay a fine. it is nominal, but something that is a punishment for people. they do take that sense of democracy strongly. everyone we have spoken to has either already voted or getting ready to vote. you can feel perhaps not an election fever, but certainly, a sense of election responsibility i think it is fair to say, laura. >> thank you so much for joining us. a number of people living in a sterling -- extreme poverty across the latin america and the caribbean has risen. and it's on palo, brazil the homeless population grew by 35%
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during the pandemic. nearly 35,000 people are homeless. the cold has pushed some palos -- some tallow. >> father julio makes the same early-morning pilgrimage day in, day out. loading up toeed the masses who have spent a long cold night on the streets. crowds of people are getting bigger every day. as we arrived, people are in shock. a man collapsed after sleeping rough. after minutes of arriving here he was dead. father julio knows everyone here knows, that dying is a brutal reality. when life is s hard there is little room for reflection. the priority here is to find something warm to wear and food to eat. shortly after, in walks a man
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with suspected hypothermia. >> people here wonder, will i be next? the number of people coming is striking. poverty is accelerating. 600 or 700 people come here every day and the cold makes the situation worse. >> outsidehe queue goes on. people with little resistance against the cold. he has been on the streets for five months. he shows me his tent he shares with his wife. last night the temperatures were icy he tells me. he explains, they made a fire oxide the temp -- outside the tent to keep worn -- warm. authorities have put in a soup kitchen and they are trying to give those on thstreets sheltered during a cold snap but demand is high. the clock strikes 6:00. a sense of relief for those in the queue. the government is running out of time. >> the pandemic and the economic
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crisis have exacerbated inequality. that inequality is showing itself onhe streets of brazil's biggest city. >> the first night more than 800 people came. look down there. tonight they are expecting well over 1000. >> she has not been able to feed her kids today. she has six of them. one baby is just a few months old. they spent five months sleeping rough after the law -- she lost her job as a cleaner. like so many, preparing for another night of cold on the streets of san paolo. >> global markets are on the slide today as fears of rising inflation lead to a sharp slowdown of the global economy. stock markets in u.s., asia, and europe are falling drastically. shares in -- of chinese tech
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companies fall across the asian pacific region. in the u.s. stocks dropped again today after t ausalheia the b fd 2%. afghanistan is changing drastically under taliban role. -- group. - rule the.former finance minister windfarm representing his country at global economic forums to driving an uber in the u.s. to make ends meet. i met him in his home in washington, d.c. behind the wheel. he left afghanistan more than 10 months ago, afghanistan's last finance minister before the taliban seized control. he met us outside the now empty afghanistan embassy. what is it like for you to be here? >> tough.
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we had great memories of i used to come here at least twice a year for the imforld bank meeting. >> he was living with his family in afghanistan and resigned days before couple fell to the taliban. -- kabul filter the taban. >> when i left provinces were being taken. but my guess was that the capital would remain at least a couple years. it is tragic. 35 million people to 40 million people taken hostage by a fanatic group that does not believe in the basic rights of people, the basic rights of minorities, the basic rights of more than 50% of the population, the women. it is completely reversing more than 20 years of progress we made. >> despite the progress, he says the system was broken.
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>> to me the biggest issue was incompetence at key positions. also, the 20 years of corruption that eroded the pillars of democracy. >> he had plenty of time to process how it all went wrong once united in america. he now drives part-time for a ride sharing company in washington, d.c.. >> after a few months you need to earn a living. i did some driving. surprisingly it paid better than people expect. >> he consults and lectures on afghanistan for university students in his new hometown. >> i think many people would find it difficult. it is a huge trauma. i went through a tough time. but at the end of the day you have to look at how you salvage it? i think job has never defined me. neither did the ministry job. nor will this.
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i think it was the first time i had to face such crises. it has hopefully made me a better person. made me more humble. but, life goes on. you can either stay in the past or move forward and try to rebuild. >> the former finance minister of afghanistan, trying to move on. now among the 5 billion ukrainians who have fled the country is a group of talented young musicians starting new lives in slovenia, also forming an orchestra. caroline hawley reports on the young performers forced from their homeland. >> seven-year-old vera is safe to play music again. she fled to ukraine in march -- she fled the ukraine in march with her brother, sister --
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mother, sister, and brother come again. his recorder was all he brought with him apart from his favorite book and a swiss army knife. >> it was a very difficult journey. when we got on the train, we could not open the windows or turn on the lights. it was dark and stuffy. >> she also had a tough journey to get here. >> when the war started i was not able to play. we were scared, waiting for the sirens. when the chance came to escape to slovenia, she grabbed it. e is one of more than 80 young musians brought out, mostly teenage girls. the older boys had to stay behind. >> as a musician i cannot go
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with a gun and fight or do something. but i can play my music and share it. >> a rehearsal with a woman who with her husband orchestrated their escape. when the war began she felt compelled to do something. >> i have a son. he seven. i cannot imagine myself hopping on the train with him with one plastic bag, maybe a teddy bear, phone, documents, and that is it. >> that is what best friends anya and magdalena had to do. they are from kharkiv and both of their fathers are still there. magdalena never thought of leaving her cello behind.
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>> music is healing. i feel this now. >> it is healing for the younger children too. they are here to perform for slovenia's president. >> when i am singing i feel like inside. -- light inside. music for me is the best friend. >> none of them know when they will be going home. for now they ha a job to do as muse go about that is for ukraine. -- musical ambassadors for ukraine. caroline hawley, slovenia. >> healing throu music. before we go tonight, a group of volunteers in brazil is making it possible for wheelchair users
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to explain -- explore new heights whether exploring rios iconic sugarloaf mountain, this group is helping everyone has access to places and activits that many people might take for granted. i'm laura trevelyan. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. d byontributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. the abortiobattle. the league supreme court opinion that would overthrow roe v. wade energizes activist on both sides of the issue afternoon polling shows most americans disagree on where the court appears to be heading. and a critical shortage. president biden invokes the defense production act to counter a nationwide dearth of baby formula. will this be enough to provide parents some relief? in the cost of war. how their russian invasion of ukraine could lead to a global food crisis as millions of tons of grain are stuck behind blockades. >> the countri t


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