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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  May 18, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: fundinfor this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rulesf business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was alsovided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; puuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ ♪ kasia: hello. i'm kasia madera this is "outside source." a russian soldier pleads guilty to killing an unarmed civilian in ukraine in the first were crimes trial being held in kyiv. >> everyone here knows they are under scrutiny and have to be transparent. ukraine says it is not looking for scapegoats. they want justice.
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kasia: as the taliban tightens its grip on afghanistan, the bbc films patrols of its department of vice and virtue. >> this is not the afghan republic. it is now the islamic emirate. you can't what you want anymore. kasia: reports from the usaa plane that crashed in china may have been put into a deliberate nosedive by someone on board. ♪ we start in ukraine, where the first war crimes case against a russian soldier has begun in kyiv. the 21-year-old sergeant s pleaded guilty to shooting to death a ukrainian man as he pushed his bicycle along a road. the sergeant faces life in prison.
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our correspondent sarah rainsford was in court. sarah: this was a major moment for ukraine -- the first russian soldier accused of a war crime already in court. he is a russian tank commander on trial for shooting and killing a civilian. all the time, the widow of the men killed was just on the other sie of the glass. the soldier seemed nervous and said little. asked whether he admitted his guilt, he told the judge yes, completely. it was the very start of this war, as russian tanks rolled south. the soldier's units came under attack and were forced into retreat. in the chaos, he and four others ended up fleeing in a stolen car.
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katerina describes seeing the russians through her gait, but her husband was in the street. she later found his body lying here. the soldiers had seen him on his phone, and the suspect had killed him. alexander was 62. he was shot four times in the head. this was the first tim his widow and seen the man responsible. i asked how she coped. >> i feel very sorry for him, katerina told me, but this crime, i can't forgive. sarah: ukraine knows most it accuses of war crimes will never be prosecuted, the suspects sheltered by russia. this soldier surrendered, his only defense that he was following orders. those in moscow who sent him to this war did not even make contact with his lawyer. the prosecutor is asking for a life sentence. i asked him how fair this trial could be. >> we follow all the laws and
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all the norms. the trial is open. if there was any violation by us, he could have said so. he has the rights accorded him by ukrainian and international law. sarah: the trial is taking place extremely quickly and is happening in the middle of a war. but everyone here knows they a under scrutiny. they kw they have to be transparent. and ukraine says that it is not looking for scapegoats, this is noa show trial. they want justice. sarah rainsford, bbc news,yiv. kasia: throughout this war, there has been evidence of russian forces killing civilians. more than 1000 bodies have been found in areas near kyiv at were previously under russian control. our correspondent james waterhouse met someone who lost his family. james: with extraordinary composure and detail, ivan shows me what he has los >> we found my mother dead here.
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then, we kept searching. james: 200 meters away, he found his brother next to his dog, and he found his grandmother covered in bricks, and his one-year-old daught on a sof still breathing. then, his wife. then, his father. >> it was a horror, very scary and hard to undstand. we h someone was still alive, hiding in a basement. opejames: all he is left with or memories and pictures. helena died the same day. ivan was six and his family that in his fatin his family. this is the police station where ivan was working when his home was hit. ivan is not interested in justice.
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in his words, he was the russians carried out the attack to die inside ukraine, to send a message. but the police fce he works for says it is working to hold those russians to account. that is a long way off, if it happens at all. kasia: ukrainian authorities are trying to hold russian soldiers to account for her crimes. they are being held by international roots. the international middle court has sent its biggest i team to ukraine to investigate -- biggest-admiral -- biggest-ever team to ukraine to investigate. our colin doyle expins. colin: one of the key lessons would be to ensure that whatever crimes you bring to the -- bring to accuse people of, that you have sufficient evidence. modern communication in the form of satellite imagery catch --
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imagery has much improved and we could see the killings that allegedly took place in bucha, for instance. and u.s. satellite imagery was able to prove the bodies were on the streets they are about seven days before the russians actually left, so there is an advantage in modern technology that might not have been there during the time of yugoslavia. but i think it is very important that when you pursue these people, you have to decide if you are going for the soldiers who committed the atrocities, or go after their commanding officers, or if you go after the political had, who is the president of russia, because it is his army and he sent them. kasia: the battle for mariupol appears to be over. the southern port city in ukraine had been under siege for months, the last city standing in the way between russia and crimea, was annexed russia in 2014. the last of ukraine's troops had
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in defending a steel plant, and we know most are leaving now, some of them on stretchers. we will hear more about those soldiers in a moment, but first, ukraine correspondent james waterhouse explains why this moment matters. james: this is a big moment. kasia madera -- mariupol, since the start of the invasion, has been surrounded, strategically important to russia. the priority at the time was kyiv, which was under attack. i don't think anybody expected mariupol to hold out for 84 days. nevertheless, the people there have lasted this long, surviving on ration pack water, middle -- minimal supplies, minimal sanitation and russi -- in soviet-ever shelters. and now the question is, what is going to happen to those people? kasia: let's focus in on james' question, what will the past what will happen to those
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ukrainian soldiers from the steelworks. russia says that will be taken to russian territory. here are some of them arriving on buses this week. most of them have been taken to this former prison and russian-held territory. our chief correspondent lise doucette explains what we know. lise: russia says 1000 soldiers have now left the steelworks. they started leaving when ukinian authorities announced in their words the end of combat missions, the end of what has been one of thet rude to battle's in this work. the russians are now saying that they have surrenred, they have put up photographs showing some of the soldiers who were critically injured getting medical treatment now in russian hospitals. kasia: ukraine wants to exchange the soldiers for captured russian soldiers. russia has not agreed to that end there are concerns about what will happen to them. russia's president putin says the soldiers would be treated in
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line with relevant international laws. the speaker of russia's parliament said we should do everything to ensure they are put on trial, adding that nazi criminals should not be exchanged. russia claims, without any evidence, that ukraine is a nazi state that this matters because members who were evacuated from mariupol are most frequently targeted by russia and the claimant is fighting nazis. on what russia's aim right become here is john simpson. john: i think what is really going to happen is that russia is going to see this as a real propaganda opportunity to convince the outside world that ukraine itself is a nation, the government and armed forces of ukraine are essentially neo-nazis. kasia: and one less development from ukraine -- the u.s. embassy
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has opened atf nearly three months after removing its diplomats and suspending work after warnings of russia's invasion of ukraine. this is the statement from u.s. secretary of state antony blinken. it says, "ukrainian people with our security assistance hav defended their homeland in the face o rush's unconscionable invasion and as a result, the stars and stripes are flying over the embassy once again." ♪ now to our special report from afghanistan, which focuses on the changing face of the country under taliban rule. the ministry for preventing vice and promoting virtue has been behind a raft of new, rdline laws, many targeting women. they recently announced a face veil will be compulsory in public. bbc's afghanistan correspondent
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has been given exclusive access to a team of inspectors from the ministry and he sent this report. reporter: the inspectors of the ministry of vice and virtue have branches across the country, remolding afghanistan to feed it with the taliban's hardline beliefs. how often do you do this in a week? every day? we are following one team in the center of kabul, first stop, the shopping center. shopkeepers are given a lecture on the importance of saying ayers and growing a beard, but it is all framed as brotherly advice. if you have any problems, wcan help you, mock mood --mahmoud tells me. you have been talkinabout women and what they should wear, that is what your ministry is known for it the moment. >> we have already given advice
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to the owner of the shoppin center and put up some posters. but we can't interact with individuals. for example, stopping a woman and asking her she is not wearing the hijab. my manners in the religion do not permit me to do that. reporter: so if you see a woman who doesn't have her face covered, you won't say anything? >> we can distinguish between a woman with a hijab and without. we will try to find her male guardian. reporter: in such a conservative country, it is not clear which women he needs. many already cover their faces in cities like kabul. others simply cover their hair. this is how the taliban saying they should all be dressinw. what right does your ministry have to tell them how they should practice their religion, how they should dress? >> it is not the decree of the
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ministry, it is the decree of god. the cause of moral corruption is the face. if the faces not covered, what is the point of hijab? reporter: the inspectors are on the move. next stop, a bus stop. the ministry has a versa reputation fm their role during the taliban's previous regime, when offenders were regularly beaten. but here, their focus is on ensuring men don't get too close to female passengers. certainly in front of us, these vice and virtue inspectors are behaving politely, gently with the public. is that always the case when cameras are around for the teams across the country? local residents spoke to off-camera have no complaints about these inspectors.
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but many worried the taliban are growing increasingly repressive. leila is an activist who was on a border bus stop i vice and virtue inspectors. >> some women had their faces covered. others, like me, were wearing black downs and face masks. i said to the inspector, there is no one without a hijab here. he became very angry but wouldn't even look at me. he said, you are a very humorless woman this is not the afghan republic. anymore.t reporter: the taliban initially appeared more flexible than many expected, but they are becoming increasingly hardline. despite an economic crisis, tightening social restrictions seems their priority.
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the path ahead for the country is deeply uncertain. kasia: he has been speaking to a young doct about the plight of women under the taliban. >> i personally think that what ese people are doing isn't under sharia law. it isn't completely what islam looks like, with the real islam looks like. because i am working at some hospitals currently here in kabul city, and what experience that has been true is that they are -- reporter: they told you about your dress code? >> yeah, that is exactly right. they are partitioning the women and men patients from the doctor. they aren't giving permission to the male doctors, even if it is an emergency case, to visit female patients. and that is not right, that is not fair when you are very sick.
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you need a doctor, even if your doctor is male. reporter: this is a conservative country. there are many women who dress in accordance without the taliban believe they should dress already, just because that's what their families believe in. do you think women like yourself have to pay a price in seeing your level of social freedom restricted in order to get peace, in order for the taliban to lay down their weapons? >> i just think we are all involved in this. it is not about the hijab, it is not about the sharia. they are restricting, limiting a lot of things in socty, and it is not going to go on like this for long. kasia: that dr. speaking to our afghanistan correspondent. state with us here on "outside source." reports from the u.s. say a plane that crashed in china may have been put into a deliberate
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nosedive i someone on board. -- nosedive by someone on board. ♪ kasia: a new report from the united nations world meteorological orgization says the year 2021 saw record sea levels and ocean heat. theeport says melting ice sheets wer behind the rise in sea level. let's hear from our climate editor. justin: this is the world meteorological office of the u.n. atmospheric association and we are seeing atmospheric co2 at record levels, ocean heat at record levels, sea level rise at record levels, osan acidification at record levels. the oceans are getting hotter. they're getting more acidic. as they get hotter, they d oxygenate -- deoxygenate, you have less oxygen in the water and it is also warmer and that is not the environment most of
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the creatures and life in the ocean has evolved to cope with. it is very easy to see that that have impact not just on ecosystems, also in humanity. -- but also on humanity. ♪ kasia: welcome. you are watching "outside source," live from the bbc news room. our main story, a russian soldier has pleaded guilty to killing an unarmed civilian in the early days of the invasion of ukraine in the first work runs trial being held in kyiv -- first war crimes trial being held in kyiv. news media is reporting the china eastern airlines plane that came down in march may have been crashed intentionally. u.s. investigators say flight data suggest the boeing -- suggests the boeing 737 was put into a near vertical dissent --
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a nosedive. the information appears to come from the u.s. team helping china with its investigation into the crash. it was china's deadliest aviation disaster in nearly 30 years. the boeing jet crashed into the mountains on the 21st of march. i 132 people were killed. this is the aftermath of the crash. authorities say the pilots did not respond to repeated calls from air traffic controllers during the rapid descent. our asia editor mhael briscoe explains. michael: suggestions from america, investigators in the states who have been taking part in the inquiry into the cause of this crash in march this year, they have suggested, or leaks from them have suggested that perhaps it was an intentional crash, and that someone in the cockpit, whether it was the pilot or someone who forced
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their way -- they are not saying -- but someone in the cockpit deliberately caused the plane to take a steep descent and it crashed into mountains in china, killing 132 people, all the people on board that plane. kasia: this is how "the wall street journal" is reporting the story. they're quoting a passenger who was familiar with the preliminary assessment of u.s. officials as saying the plane did what it was told to do by someone in the cockpit. in reaction, china says there will be a thorough investigation. re is the chinese foreign ministry spokesperson. >> the civil aviation administration of china has said it wl continue to maintain close to occasions with all parties involved in the investigation, carrying it out in a scientific, rigorous and orderly manner. kasia: so, that is the official governmenteaction. here's michael's assessment of that. >> chinese authorities are not
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directly recommending, not directly addressing this narrative. they are suggesting it is perhaps the early stages yet of this investigation and it might be even two years before we get an official report. but there have been come in the past few weeks, suggestions on chinese social media sites that this was perhaps the case. kasia: this is not the first crash involving bowing. indonesia's lion air's flight 610, a boeing 737 max 8 model to crafted 2018, killing 189 people. a year later, and ethiopia airlines flight, also about 737 max 8, lasted 137 people were killed. boeing 737 max 8 plans were then rounded. i spoke to an aviation analyst about that "wall street journal" quote. >> the focus for us has to be that it is only so far "the wall
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street journal" citing a person whis allegedly directly familiar with the findings of this initial investigation. and the reason the u.s. are even involved in the first place is because, although this was a domestic chinese flight, the aircraftas manufactured by boeing, boeing, american. so, the u.s. has been assisting china in the weeks that followed this crash occurred in late march. what "wall street journal" are saying is that data suggests that somebody specifically input either data or was ultimately at the controls of the boeing 737 that was operating what was an uneventfullight until it entered this near vertical nosedive. if this does turn out to be the case, it almost clarifies or confirms the fears that many had in the aviation sector. because thankfully, air travel
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is incredibly safe and we very rarely ever see an aircraft suffer in such a manner. but the nature of this accident really did tend to point towards the fact that it did appear, if you were speculating, that somebody could have been at the controls. of course, we haven't had any data to suggest that was the case apart from t leak now from "the wall street journal," so we will have to see how it go in coming weeks. kasia: can you elaborate on the point you made oinputting data? because we can understand the point of somebody potentially entering the cockpit, but inputting data is alluding to concerns previously about the software issues that boeing 737 max 8 models previously had. >> first of all, to be very clear, the aircraft involved in this as an in -- in this incident was not a boeing 737 max 8, nor does it possess t
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technology later found to be the cause of those 737 max incidents per this is an earlier generation aircraft, the boeing 737 800, in-service all over the world, a stellar safety record nobly. but in terms of inputting flight controls, what that means is, the phase of the flight that this aircraft suffered a nosedive, it was in the cruise. and in the cruise, the aircraft is on autopilot. we have the initial data from the flight data recorder consistent with data that was available online, that shows everything was operating as normal. what the leak from "the wall street journal" suggests is that perhaps somebody ultimately told the aircraft to enter that nosedive. at that would really consist of the pilots or an intruder into the flight deck adjusting perhaps the altitude or vertical speed and the aircraft, which is running on autopilot at that time, to change its altitude and ultimately have aircraft react
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in a dramatic way. kasia:hato our aviation analyst alex materas. if you would like to get in touch, @kasiamadera, it would be good to hear from you on any of our stories. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and adsors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundati. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; rsuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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