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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  May 17, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> hello and welcome. this is outside source. the last ukrainian forces are evacuated from mariupol. for 82 days, their defense of the city came to symbolize ukraine's resistance to russian forces. >> thanks to the defenders, the enemy was prevented from redeploying 20,000 personnel into other regions.
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the prosecutor of the international criminal court sends investigators to ukraine. after the racially motivated atck that left 10 people dead at a new york supermarket, president biden pays his andas this message. >> what happened here is simple and straightforward. terrorism. domestic terrorism. ♪ we start the program in ukraine were more than four fighters pending -- defending the steelworks have been evacuated today escorted by pro-russian forces. many having spent months hold up in the bunkers and tunnels the plant. seven buses left the steelworks
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escorted by pro-russian armed forces on tuesy. some of those on board were unwounded. hundreds of ukrainian forces have been holed up there since advancing russian troops encircled it in march. the complex is amang tunnels designed to survive a nuclear war. 260 soldiers were taken to a russian-controlled territory under an evacuation deal at russia describes as a surrender. volodymyr zelenskyy has emphasized the importance of their release. >> we hope to save the lives of our boys. among them heavily wounded. they are being treated. ukraine needs its heroes alive. this is our principal. i think these words can be understood by all adequate people.
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>> the evacuations have been going on for weeks. our correspondent has been meeting some of them. >> civilians also used the site's network of tunnels. supplies dwindled and the bunker was cut off from the world. the situation beme desperate. finally afr two months, women and children were allowed out into the light. as they arrived at the center, i met katerina who had escaped with her two children. the boys are adapting to being back outside. their games involved defeating the russians. the father is a fighter and remains of the plant. -- remains at the plant. >>er the bombardment, the bombs were so heavy it felt like
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the bunker walls were moving. >> this once vibrant port is now a shell littered with death and destruction. from the depths of the steel plant, wounded fighters made a plea for safe passage many have already died from sepsis claim. russians say those injured will be treated and there are reports of a prisoner swap. it is not clear what will happen to the hundreds of fighters still there. among them is thought to be her husband. >> i really want to help them, but i don't know how. i feel powerless. he is a very strong man.
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strong in spirit. he has been supporting me all my life. >> the military commander said the mission to defend the steel plant was over. it is unclear how many fighters remain. the southern port city has been key to moscow's military campaign. ukraine says because the forces were able to hold out for so long, russia was prevented fro pushing further north. >> thanks to the defenders, the enemy was prevented from redeploying 20,000 personnel into other regions. >> to find out how much of the defenders have hindered the invasion, i have been speaking to the military advisor. >> not only because they tied
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down 20,000 soldiers, they killed a lot. they devastated a lot of the units that were fighting. it stopped forces being used in other places where they were needed. especially across the south. >> what is in your thinking now that the russian troops can be moved elsewhere? where will the priority be? will it be to reinforce the fighting in the south or what is happening in the donbass region? >> the main thrust is north. i'm not sure there is room for more troopto go there. that doesn't seem to stop the russians from doing things like that. if there isn't space to put more troops there sensibly, they
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might use them down south to head towards -- that's a major city. >> now to some other news on ukraine. the prosecutor of the international criminal court has se the biggest ever team to investigate alleged war crimes. investigators and experts will be going. >> the experts and investigators nowo thgs the gyathering have, d insight. usually, but have to wait a long time before they can investigate a crime scene. this time, the russians left so soon after the atrocities, that means the investigators can get in almost right away. that will help in terms of the preservation of evidence. they will be looking for things like eyewitness testimony. forensic material like soil
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samples, residue, and the more evidence they have the better hope they have of painting picture that will help to work out who the perpetrators were and bring them to justice. the icc was created as a court of last resort to hold the most powerful to account. they will be looking at the foot soldiers so much as the commanders and presidents and trying to work out whether any of the evidence connects them to the alleged atrocities. talking about things like massacre. mass rape and most heinous crimes. what is been interesting is the support of the international community. the prosecutor said that 21 countries have now volunteered to send their own experts to support this investigation. in terms of whether it will mean that the alleged perpetrators ever end up here there is no expectation that will happen
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right away, but if you look at historic precedent, there are many cases where there have been regime change and the need for a bargaining chip. the possibility is certainly not impossible that those who are committed atrocities in ukraine will one day end up facing justice in the hague. that is something that will give a lot of hope to the survivors. >> now to the u.s., president biden has described white supremacy as a poison running through the body of american politics. he was speaking on a visit to buffalo. the town in new york where a gunman killed 10 people on saturday. police are investigating what they believed to be a racially motivated crime. t' what happened here is simple, straightforward terrorism.
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terrorism. domestic terrorism. violence inflicted in the service of hate and thirst for power. that defines one group of people being inherently inferior to another group.the hate that thr, politics, internet has radicalized individuals into falsely believing that they will be replaced by the other. by people who don't look like them. an who are therefore that they possess a that they are being lesser beings. i reject the lie. i call on all americans to reject the lie and i condemn those who spread the lie for power, political gain, and profit.
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>> the president and first lady visited a memorial outside the supermarket where the supreme -- shooting occurred in a predominantly african-american neighborhood. the president spoke about other atrocities in america where minority groups were targeted. shootings in south carolina, texas, pittsburgh. last year in atlanta, this week in dallas, and now and buffalo, new york. white supremacy is a poison. it is a poison. [applause] running through our bullet -- body politic. it is festering in front of our eyes. >> our correspondent is in buffalo. >> past administration's have been reluctant tcall it that.
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to call this threat of extremism that is fermenting online the fear of othe, isolated individuals being radicalized online and committing these attacks as domestic terrorists. president biden was very clear on that point. he was not-so-subtle in calling out and republicans and right wearing -- right media. the fact that he believes the right wing has been pushing out for power and profit this fearful ideology that tries to cast minorities and immigrants as others to be feared. trying to replace white americans. president biden clear about what he thinks is the threat facing america right now. he says there has been no greater danger to the american experiment, but that people will not prevail.
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calling on americans to come together to counter this hateful ideology. also important to mention that he began his remarks in buffalo by paying tribute to those victims. talking about the fact that they are grieving right now and he understands that. >> a very powerful speech. across the united states, we will expect the issue of gun ownership to be raised because concerns have been raised about ev, aluation.ttalealth las he was able to buy a semi automatic weapon. >> i am hearing from everyone that i speak with that while they appreciate the condolences and sympathy, that they do want to see action. president biden was asked on air force one afhe spoke here about what other specifics he
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could give. how else he can work through congress, because in his speech he called again fult rifle band. saasor ahe admitted that the din this country would make it difficult to get any new meaningful legislation passed through congress. as president, he can on the dethrone -- so much through executive action. this is been a issue in the past with president obama as well. the issue of gun control is going to continue should be a debate in this country. a lot of pessimism in terms of thinking that buffalo is good to change the debate or move forward in any way. >> now to a fascinating story in the u.s., the pentagon is setting up a task force to investigate ufos. this comes after a congressional
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hearing on the issue were officials sais. military aircraft had 11 near misses with ufos. we have been monitoring all of this from washington. are we clear as to whether ufos exist? >> we are clearer that the pentagon doesn't really know a lot about some of the incidents that have been reported over the years. we don't refer to them as ufos. now, there are you a piece. --uap's. we saw some samples of things that have been seen from military personnel. one showed a flickering green triangular light. they managed to work out it had
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been a trick of a light. one we eventually managed to stop the footage that showed a spherical object passing by the aircraft aincredible speed. they say that having looked at that, they don't know what it is. there's lots of questions. also do you believe there is something else to be found, they said yes we don't think's a extraterrestrial origin. there is more we need to discover and there could be other reasons to explain what these are. aircraft, natural phenomena and all of that. what i think is interesting is this is following the time where they are opening up about this. have talked about an increased number of reports from military personnel and this new task force with a cumbersome acronym
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will be looking at reports from military personnel and perhaps civilian air pilots. >> where did we go with this information from here? what's >> they are saying there is information out there. a lot more have beerecorded on multiple instruments. what they can often do is quickly rule things out and say we know what it was. they talked about another area or they don't know what it is. they will ask the military personnel and they might be pilots, a crew of a ship who is seen the footage to report. they would take the footage and other recordings and analyzet to try to work it out, but they still don't know what a lot of them are. there were questions about past famous incident. one about something filmed by
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the uss nimitz in 2004. famous footage that was released at the time. they said we still don't know what that was. it was something that was filmed in the sky that disappeared very quickly. there's lots of things they don't know. they don't think it is extraterrestrial in origin. one of the two people giving evidence today was the u.s. undersecretary for defense intelligence and security. he was asked are you a fan of science fiction and he said yes and he said he even goes to conventions. i think that will reassure some of the people who are out there who think we are not always told everything people know that there is someone who might be willing to share some of this information. it's going to be a more open process than the past. for the first time in more than 50 years, we had a public hearing here where they discussed this.
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it was an hour and a half where these officials were crazed and after -- quizzed and after that, they would into a closed session. they said wto question officiale expect to hear a lot more in the future. >> we need to start learning unexplained aerial phenomena. thank you, stay with us here on outside source. still to come, looking at rocks on mars to find signs of past li. ♪ let's turn to the election in lebanon. the hezbollah movement has lost their majority in parliament. political deadlock looks likely. >> it will make it much harder
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for anyone of these blocks to try to make meaningful chang in lebanon, that is so important. this country has been devastated by ecomic crisis. one of the worst in the last 150 years. people are living in poverty. they're looking to politicians for change. political corruption and mismanagement was one of the things that sent thousands of people onto the streets back in 2019 and mass protests. that is one of theea why the independent candidates have made gains. f o. it sends a strong message that people are for reform. what it doesn't do is significantly shift the dial in terms of power.
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>> welcome, this is outside source live. the last ukrainian forces are evacuated from mariupol. many of them are wounded. let's turn to mars where nasa's rover is trying to find traces of ancient life on the planet. it embarks on the most important part of its mission. it has arrived at an ancient river delta that has been identified as the most likely locations for signs of past life. >> the rover is exploring an area that is a crater. billions of years ago, it was a huge lake. this gives you an idea of what once would have looked like. this colored area shows where the river met the lake depositingentiment -- sediment.
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it spent more than a year traveling seven miles to get to the base of the delta. now, it has a climb of 40 meters tickets to the top. -- to get to the top. >> perseverance is the most advanced rover to be played on mars. you can see it in action in this 3d animation credit it will survey the delta to find rocks with the most promising signs of life. and it will collect samples so scientists can analyze what is inside. scientist has more. >> i have been staring at this delta for years now. mostly in orbiter images. now, we are right in front of it seeing it through the eyes of the rover. we know that there was once liquid water on the surface of mars. there are beginning on the surface of mars. all signs point to the surface
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of mars billions of years ago being a habitable planet. >> here is another member of nasa's team for their hopes on what the mission could achieve. >> imagine if we found evidence that there was microscopic life there. that' huge. 's mind blowing. i thinkhe opportunity to look for that and wring it to earth then see what we see is going to rewrite history books regard the so the answer. -- regardless of the answer. >> prince charles and the duchess of cornwall have arrived in canada. they touched down a few hours ago and here they are arriving in the city of st. john's. the prince spoke acknowledging dark time of canada's history when the country was a british colony and the abuse of indigenous children in the
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residential schools. >> i know that our visit comes as an important moment with indigenous, non-indigenous peoples across canada committing to reflect honestly and openly on the past. and to forge a new relationship for the future. as we begin this platinum jubilee visit which will take us from the newest member of nor, and to a much story capital at the heart of a great nation, my wife and i look forward to listening to you. >> let's remind ourselves about what happened in canada's school system. around 150,000 indigenous children were forcibly removed from their families. they were enrolled in church run residential schools and many went on to die of disease.
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this went on over 165 years. candidate was a british colony at the time. last year, over 1000 unmarked graves were found at the sites of former residential schools. was acknowledgme enough? >> it is good, but not sufficient. there are many things that the brith crown is uniquely placed to be able to contribute. one is to disclose all the records it has on nihilism of canada and other countries like australia and new zealand, the united states. we know as early as 1937, a select committee from british parliament did a study on the aborigines and it talks about their wretched conditions. in the eastern side of canada. we also need to kn what the
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british government know about the residential schools? in 1907, headlines across the country were blazing with reports of the preventable causes of death of children in the schools. they were dying at a rate of 25% and it could be stopped. >> what's more as always on our website. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and adviso. narrator: funding was also provided by, e freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing sutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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