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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 16, 2022 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> i'm laura in new york city and this is bbc world news america. ukrainian troops say they've advanced all the way up to the board we are russia but in the southern ukraine, the situation is more dire. under relentless bomb bardment. >> they simply cannot l the russians through here. if they do, more ukrainian
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troops to the south and donbas will be at threat. >> the ukrainian prime minister goes to northern ireland, trying to break the deadlock after brexit is in big towel. and in brazil, the costf food in this farming house is going through the roof. that's just ahead. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we begin tonight in ukraine where the country's military has been fighting back against russian troops in the northeast. while russia still controls large areas of ukraine, seen here in red, the rion's -- have mounted counter attacks. some of the troops have pushed so far forward they've reached the russian border. but that could be due to rushier
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changing focus. it tried to kill the don balls region of ukraine where the fightias been intense. tonight, a special report from just outside the city of izyum. our correspondent and camera journalist have been on patrol with volunteer fighters of the ukrainian defense force. >> war upon ukraine, along the eastern front, mainly in bunkers. three times in the last marine, the rushenings have attacked this base with infantry a tanks and three times they've been repelled. another attack may be imminent. -- imminent. so here they wait. vladimir putin has turned their days into night. and taken them away from their famies. but forhe main of this territorial defense unit, this
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is now home. above their heads hangs a constant threat. the town they've dug under is l but abandoned, its people gone. orphaned -- have sought shelter here too. the men know it won be long before the next attack. above, a russian barrage is the signal it's time to get to work. outside these walls, everything is in the lane of fire and these men failst dalive. [bombing] >> they need little reminder that to the north, the majority of russia's forces are headquartered and to the south,
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most of their ukrainian comrades. their patrols a defense along this front line keep these two mighty forces apart. shell explosions. organization? and the she's start firing closer as the russians are heading in. so you get the sense of what russia's artillery and tanks can do to ukrainian homes. this is relentless with reason these men are holding on so tight here in these defense defenses because they simply cannot let the russians through here. if they do, more ukrainian troops to the south and donbas will be under threat so they're
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hanging on for dear life here. at the front, there's no bunker but they're armed to the teeth. this is a volunteer battalion. these men were doing ordinary jocks before the war and they're facing against russian tanks, rushingen heavy artillery, indirect fire. how are they managing to hold the russians o >> our men, they are going on. they fight. every day by this fire. you can watch it. of course, we believe that all the democratic countries, all the world will help us and when we will take -- they will give more than weapons, these brave men, they can destroy competent lip russian army. >> as the day grows long, time to pick up the pace.
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in open ground, there's no safe hyping place. [shelling] >> pinned down, their route back is cut off through artillery re so through gardens and back yards -- back yards, they search for an escape. a soldier calls out, leave this place as soon as possible and it's here we find natasha, stubborn lip hanging on. do you need help leaving, uri asking >> i don't have anyone here. >> but she's define this war wasn't her choice. it's as if she refuses to acknowledge it, even as russian shells soar overhand. >> let's go to her house, she invite her. >> well, we can't go forward, can we? [shell fire]
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>> very close to us. >> uri tries to convince her to come with us. to stay risks death. >> i don't want to betray my husband. he's buried in the cemetery here. i won't him.ea lve [bombing] >> we try one last time. natasha, why don't you leave here? >> because it's my home and i have nowhere too go >> uri implores her. natasha, go to a nearby town. they will help you there. >> why? i got used to it now. >> he says, we can help you. are you ready to be evacuated? >> and if i go, what will i do next? off you go, guys, thank you. >> we have to lead but natasha is told to pack her bags. they'll come back for her when
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the shelling stops. despite thenslaught, the men pushed forward. [explosions] this is what stalemate sounds like on the eastern front. and this is what it takes to keep the gateway to the donbas firmly shut. quinton summerville, bbc news near izyun, ukraine. >> as the situation inside tke.ra ewhmeil sweden has follow it would lead of finley land and is also applying for nato memphis. president pruitt putin has warned that both currans joining the military alliance would trigger a russian sponges. the move comes as russia becomes more and more isolated. today mcdonald's announced it's leaving russia all togethe >> mcdonald's had trailer sh
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shuts -- shutt its restaurant across russia back in march. when a lot of international example and local brand sus suspended their operations. the fact that mcdonald's has come out and said we're selling out, we're pulling up. i think that is recognition of the reality that things are not going to return to normal here. that what the creme lincoln calls its special military oranges, what the rest of the world calls russia's war, has exchanged things long term so mcdonald's said owning a business irussia was no longer tenable or consistent with mcdonald's values. in really is the ends of an era. i remember when the first mcdonald's restaurant opened in rush air way back in 1990, back in the ussr. there was such excitement, such huge crowds. i had to queue for three hours to get in. that day, american burgers, frys and pieseally were a symbol
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that day of russia embracing thest -- west. but fast forward 32 years, things have changed and basically russia and the west have lost their appetite for one another because russia's offensive in ukraine has sparked international criticism and condemnations and they say the west are learn russia. >> a predominantly black neighborhood of buffalo in upstate new york. police say the gunman who killed 10 people had been planning further suspects. the -- victims. the 18-year-old planned to keep driving and killing more people. the killer is described himself as a fascist and white supremist. joining us now is dr. cynthia
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miller edris at american iversity, who runs their polarryization and extremism research lab. when you first heard that the suspect had written online about this idea of the great replacement, what went through your mind? well, it was a very sad moment in so many ways. obviously very sad to see another attack happen but two years ago we issued a guide with my lab to warn parents about some of the risks of online radicalization, especially during the covid era and the very first warning sign was talking about the great replacement or about white genocide. this is something we had seen coming that is pretty predictsbling and the outcome of a lot of time spent online so it felt especially tragic and textbook to see that evolve and see that explanation in his words of how he radicalized
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online and feel like this was something we saw coming. >> but how has that ideas gained such currency? have events in new zealand and europe had a lot to do with it? >> yes, the great replacement itself is a global white supremist extremist conspiracy theory na yeonifys long-existing conspiracies. the u.s. has long had con conspires sighs about a white genocide in europe there was one. both believe for orchestrated efforts to replace white civilization. false claims about immigration and change being delicate. both of those came on board around 2011 rig around the time of social media so it got amplified and picked up by christ church, the title of his manifesto was the great
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replacement and in el pasoo, we saw the same conspiracy mobilize, the tryst shooter in pittsburgh. it's been used against latinos, muslims, jews and now against black residents in the u.s. it's growing in its usage but the also spansive cross-countries. >> after january, you came on this program and you talked about the explosion during the pandemic of online conspiracy theories. did that collide with students learning at home and somehow accelerate all of those con spirecy theories? >> that's exactly the toxic mix we've been concerned about. the conclusion of this high amounts of time spent online with what we're documenting as increased circulation of propaganda. more conspiracy heries about all kinds of things, the vaccine,
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the covid itself and also about immigration. we've seen echoes of that conspiracy theory mainstreamed by cable news and politicianings. not the exact same theory but some of the same language about pigses, democrats wanting to delicately bring in immigrants to replace white americans and that's a problem as well. >> thanks so much for being back with you -- us. >> thank you. >> now, britain's prime minister boris johnson was in belfast today where he tried and fail to break the political gridlock gripping northern ireland. to keep trade flowing between northern ireland and the irish republic after brexit. the protocol imposed academics. they chose to impose a hard border between northern ireland and southern ireland but now the
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political parties can't agree only whether the protocol needs to be scrapped. chris mason has more. >> if you've ever wondered ho far to make a guitar, this is the place to find out. loudon guitars made the instruments for ed sherwin, among others. they plan to sell plenty welcome to other the -- over the irish sea as well as worldwide. the boss here says the protocol has had -- made business harder. >> some of our valued partner, in england have said, this protocol, this administration is too much work. we have seen sales impacted there. we want to make things as smooth as possible for our partnerbut it is daunting to have to fill out import documentation for something you never had to think about before. >> when the u.k. left the
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european union, it was agreed that goods arriving in northern ireland from engine grand, planned and and weals would be monotold. that's because northern ireland shares a lands border with the republic of ireland, which is in the e.u. but an open border on the island of ireland is seen as an essential parent of the pales process. but the democratic union ex-party here in northern ireland says it won't go into devolved government until the protocol is removed. the prime minister arrived in belfast this afternoon to try to start sorting it all out. >> they object to the operation of the protocol. we don't want to scrap it. but we think it can be fixed and actuality, five of the five parties i talked to today also think it needs reform.
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>> the d.e.p. went in to see boris johnson demanding big change. >> the idea that the prime minister is taking sides is for the fairies. the prime minister is here because it's his job to frequent northern ireland. it is his job to ensure we have the right to trade fely within our own country. that's his roles prime minister. >> for, though, plenty of businesses, politicians and campaigners are relaxed or even happy with the protocol. he wants to see northern ireland has part of the relick of ireland day and say the protocol can't be spirited away and they want to get on with power sharing government. >> we've had what we would describe as a fairly touch meeting with the prime minister. we have put it to him directly that the absolute priority is about getting government working here in the north. people are facing incredible difficulties in the midst of a
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cost of living crisis and it's not acceptable. it's not good enough for anybody. the d.u.p. or the british government to hold society here to ransom. >> the prime minister faces pressures in all sorts of directions. firstly, trying to make trade between here and the rest of the u.k. easier, having signed a deal that makes it harder. secondly, trying to restore desolved -- devolved government also trying to play indicate some of his colleagues to fancy a scrap with the e.u. while from isn't suc a scrap with brussels that you end up in a afraid war. back in down, amount guitar is finished but the sound track and cons conventions of brexit can still be clearly heard >> chris mason reporting on the political gridlock in northern ireland. a huge dust storm has covered
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several countries in the middle east. resulting in the deaths of several people, including a child. such extreme weather has been occurring increasingly regularly in the region this year with warnings that dust storms could eventually become a near daily experience as the climate heats up. as north korea battles a surge in cover. the leader has upped vaccinings. they say at least eight people have died. disruptions and supply chain problems have made the cost of living skyrocketed. made worse by the pandemic, climate change and the war in ukraine. brazil has been especially hard hit. millions there are struggling to get enough to eat.
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our correspondent has been traveling around sao paulo state hearing about how the rising cost of living that is changinged their way of life. here's her report. >> for her, even buying the basics hash impossible. in the past year, brazil has seen double-digits inflation. the mother of four now relation on handsouts and discounted food. my boss was about to throw out these beans and bacon, she tells me but she rescued the pot just in time. hunger is ravening -- ranching brazil. one in four people are now not getting enough food. her family included. with the price of cooking oil soaring, she and her father have come up with anotheurvival skill -- turning used oil into soap. they say necessity is the mother of invention and the brazilians
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have a special word for it -- the brazilian way. when life is hard. that makes the difference between star vacation and survival. to you and i, in looks like the land of -- star vacation and survival. to you and i this looks like a land of plenty. the demand is not leading -- letting. up. the demands ofn insubstantial china. he was brought up on the lands. it's complicated these fields might field the world but people like him are going without. >> 90% of what is produced has to be processed. we grow crops for industry and then it comes back to the kitchen table so yes, we have beans, we have food but it's hard to take what is in the
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ground and consume it like that. the realities is that for brazilians, it's getting harder and harder to buy food. our money isn't world anything. the cost of food has gone up and the salaries haven't kept pace. >> she's the fourth generation of her family to farm in land. she says much h -- has changed since her great grandfather started the business. he'd know when it would rain and they could plant accordingly but now with, more extreme weather events, she no longer has that tradition to follow the real difficulties have come in the past two years. >>e when b cegan to have problems with shortages of raw materials and that pushed up prices. we didn't noel how much it would cost to produce or how much the
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product would sell for and then with the war in ukraine, those difficulties just increased, especially with fertilizers. we started worrying if we'd get enough for futurerops. >> this is where ana stores her fertilizer, by far her biggest ex pension at the moment. last yearh bag cost $650. this year when she plants the soy crop in october, this whole warehouse will be full of fertilizer and nose prices have doubled. 85% of brazil's fertilizers come from aboard and russia is an important partner. as long as the war in ukraine continues, worries about getting enough for future caroms will remain. while that translates into higher costs on farmers like ana.
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it has an effect for everyone. after a long day in the fields, chago heads home for a bite to eat and a catch-up with his young family. his wife brakes banks bread but meat isn't on the menu much these days. that's too expensive so they've had to adopt. a reality that many in brazil face as prices continues to soar. >> and before we go, last night, you michael seen something very unusual, a super blood moon. it's a global phemenon that only happens when the earth is positioned directly between the sun and the moon. here's the super blood moon in china against if welcome drop of the great wall in greece, this was the sterning sunset view from the temple of po siden. in el salvador, the missouri was absolutely the place to be in
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here in new york city, it rose along the manhattan skyline. i was incredibly excited to catch a small glimpse of the super blood moon because it could be rather a long time until i can see it again. thank you so much for joining bbc world news america. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contribions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight. massacre in buffalo -- local residents grapple with grief and trauma after the mass shooting that police say was motivated by racism. >> our community is devastated. as much as we try not to struggle with the spirit of fear, people are scared. judy: then. expanding nato -- the ambassadors of finland and sweden discuss the future of security in europe --and russia's warnings -- following their requests to join the alliance. and.d ye three -- as the number of deaths from the virus hits 1 million in the u.s., a highly transmissable subvariant threatens to prolong the pandemic even further. althat and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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