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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 13, 2022 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is pvided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". anchor: this is america. israeli police have -- mourners carrying an american. thousands of people attended the service for the veteran reporter. as russian forces make modest gains in the ease, ukrainian forces are preparing a counter attack. we are on the ground.
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and following a series of bombings on afghanistan's minority communities, we hear from a student returning to school after an attack by the islamic state group killed his father and classmates. plus, the legacy of slavery. lauren h traveled to grenada to confront her own family history. that is ahead. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we begin in jerusalem, where police have beaten mourners who gathered for the funeral of a palestinian american journalist. her cough and almost fell to the ground as police, some using batons, waded into a crowd gathered around it. a journalist who covers palestinian affairs and the
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region for more than two decades was shot while covering a raid by israeli forces on wednesday. we were at the scene and have this report. correspondent: she was one of the best-known voices to palestinians. now in death, a national symbol. grief for a revered reporter was to turned to fear and panic for the mourners. israel's security forces enter the hospital gates, as palestinians tried to walk the coffin out. the police fired stun grenades , pushed the crowd back. many rushed for cover inside. >> we have had complete chaos with bo trying to get insid i found a woman -- i saw a woman with a young baby, a patient, caught in the middle of a huge crowd, just trying to get inside. correspondent:correspondent:
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even the pallbearers had to retreat. as police kicked and beat them with batons. and the coffin slips to the ground. they said they acted to stop incitement and stonethrowing. the journalist was shot in the head covering interest rated by israel's army. reporters say the gunfight came from the soldiers, but israel maintains that palestinian gunmen may have fired the fatal shot. but her -- but for her loved ones, it was time to say a final goodbye. at her christian funeral mass, eulogies to a life of purpose. and outside one of jerusalem's biggest outpourings of grief and decades. tens of thousands wound around the old city walls. they marked yet another death in
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a conflict where it is almost agonizingly routine, which has brought the world's spotlight back and remembered a life that should have never ended this way. bbc news, jerusalem. anchor: well, the best way we as fellow journalists can pay tribute to her work is to continue covering the conflict honestly and fairly. the u.s. defense secretary has called for a cease-fire in ukraine in his first conversation with his russian counterpart since the invasion. russian forces have been intensely fine -- intensify their attacks in southeast ukraine, where there is some of the heaviest fighting. with the port city of mariupol almost entirely under russian control, they are pushing now towards a cit where many civilians have sought refuge. our correspondent and camera
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journalist have been to villages on the front line, and arrived at just as they came under russian attack. correspondent: it started with a low robel and -- rumble. we barely arrived when the barrage began. this factory took the first hit. but the russians were not done. [loud explosions] >> get down. get down. [gunshots] correspondent: the thundering of shells in a once sleepy hamlet. the children have fled to safety. others are determined to hold on to what they know, even while neighbors' homes are burning. >> i saw some smoke and decided to look.
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yesterday, i came down and i saw that one, two hous down, there is no roof anymore. today, this one got hit. correspondent: the rest of the villages around here, says the captain, have no electricity. meals are cooked outside when it is safe. but the blasts have forced of them underground. however hard it is to stay, their presence has become an act of defiance. >> we are waiting for victory. we want allf our children, our grandchildren to come back home. and we want somewhere to come back to. we want our home to stay unscathed. not just ours, but for all the people who had to leave. correspondent: i was told this building was intact this morning, which gives you an idea of the intensity of shelling the villages facing. the ukrainians have built up their forces, they have taken forces and put them here to keep the russians at bay.when i asked how far the russians
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will go north, the answer i got was as far as we let them. and in this invasion is personal to the local ukrainian force. >> there are manpeople in our battalions with whom the relatives are in occupied territory. they are very determined. all they are waiting for is in order to come back to their home villages, towns and distrts. correspondent: there are no litary targets here in these tree-linedtreets, just family homes. the shells just missed this house. >> that has been a direct hit. correspondent: it is hard to comprehend how close the war has come. >> i was under the shedhen i heard thshots and ran into the seller. -- cellar. correspondent: even as thoughts of a clear out begins, the bombardment continues, shattering lives one barrage at a time.
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laura bicker, bbc news, mirza arisia. -- near zaporizha. anchor: the humanitarian chief of the u.s. is the world is not paying attention to crises happening in other parts of the world. martin griffiths has a drought is threatening famine. he has asked the international community to commit more resources there. now more from kenya. correspondent: in northern kenya, the dirt roads are dusty and dry. several seasons of failed rains are causing the worst drought in decades. according to the u.n. world food program, 20 million ople in east africa are at risk of severe hunger. ethiopia is battling the worst drought in almost half a century. and 40% of the population in somalia is facing food insecurity. in one of the worst hit parts of
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kenya, a mother of five's eldest son has been suffering from malnutrition since september. >> it is worsening. it is worse than it has ever been. that is why you can see signs of starvation and true hunger here. correspondent: the devastation caused by the recent droughts is a measurable, spilling across international borders, leaving millions of children malnourished and killing livestock which they depend on for food and a livelihood. as the world's attention focuses on the war in ukraine, budgets are stretched and there is no telling when or if assistance will come. i met with the head of the u.n.'s recent visit to the area. >> i want to try hard to get the world to pay attention to the situation here. the world's attention is focused
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on ukraine, which is terrible crisis. but the suffering i have seen here, and i have been to both places, has no equal. correspondent: there is no telling how long the drought will last, but one thing is for sure, thmost vulnerable here may not be able to wait much longer. bbc news, to,. -- tekana. anchor: we turn to afghanistan, where last month there were more attacks carried out against civilians by the islamic state group than at any other time since the taliban took control of the country. around 100 civilians, largely from religious minorities, were killed in bombings on mosques, buses and schools. our reporter is in kabul and has more on the effects of this uptick in violence. >> it's his first day back to school since it was attacked by
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extremists. he wasn't hurt when the bomb went off, but his father rushed to the scene to check he was safe only to be killed by a second explosion. correspondent: how are you feeling going back to school today? >> it feels really hard. i was at school when the explosion happened. going back there is really difficult because i lost my father. my heart doesn't want me to go back. correspondent: he and most of this kabul neighborhood are from the minority. the area has been repeatedly targeted by the islamic state group, though they never formally claimed this bombing. >> i was inside the classroom about to leave when all of a sudden there was an explosion. we all crouched down on the floor with our hands over our heads. my father was very kind and caring.
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he would always encourage me to go to school. he was a great support to me. correspondent: the school opened up straight after the attack, but so pupils have yet to return. seven students were killed, along with two men, including his father. a spate of i.s. bombings recent weeks targeting shi'ia muslims have rattled the community. the attacks happened in the past, as wel but since the taliban takeover they have spread to new parts of the country. i.s., on occasion, apparently even firing into central asian states. in afghanistan, the taliban still control the streets. we joined one of their police patrols. i.s. is a fierce rival but far smaller and doesn't hold any
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territory. it does, though, have deadly cells. there's a bloody irony to the situation here, the taliban, once insurgents themselves are now in charge and on the look out for suicide bombers as well as regular criminals. for many people here whatever , else they might have thought about the taliban they hoped their arrival would mean the end of decades of violence in this country. >> a coalition of international countries invaded us. they carried out attacks and tried to make afghanistan unstable. we defeated them so we can prevent these smaller attacks now. >> many people from the shi'ia community, many people who were sufi, they are feeling afraid -- suufi, they are feeling afraid. >> there have been attacks which simply targeted innocent people and we completely condemned it. god willing we have a brave police force who will prevent
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such attacks. correspondent: in the hasara neighborhoods, every aspect of life has come under attack in recent years. passengers have often been targeted on their daily commute. >> we're attacked everywhere, in school, in hospital, in the university, in the street. but we don't have any options, the only option is to save ourselves. but we are living in a blat. correspondent: back at school, the child is leaving not long after having arrived. my father is always there for me, he says, now he's no more. bbc world news, kabul. anchor: let's turn to sri lanka now, where the prime minister, newly sworn in, has told the bbc that the economic crisis there
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is going to get worse before it gets better. days ago, though former prime minister resigned and his brother remains in power. our correspondent has more. correspondent: the sri lankan president is serving as prime minister for the sixth time. this, his biggest challenge yet. such is the struggle as ty line up for free bread. i met a mother yesterday, and mother of six, lining up to get only two pieces of bread. she asked what difference you as the new prime minister could make to her life. what would you say? >> i believe people should have three meals a day. and on earlier occasions i ensured that. and eye ensure that again.
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first, we have to find out how bad the economy is, so i will be like a doctor opening up the patient for the first time. correspondent: already a dire diagnosis. the lines for fuel run for miles with supplies low. the pm says he may have to ration it. you said resources are running out. this is your opportunity to be straight with the people of sri lanka. how much worse could it get? >> it going to get worse before it gets better. i will make medicine available. correspondent: how will you do that? >> we will get it from outside. correspondent: if you do not get from other countries, then you are saying there could be a hunger crisis by the summer? >> there will not be a hunger crisis. correspondent: how? >> and will speak with them. correspondent: with many already on the brink, hope rests on
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other nations to lend a hand. you have just taken on a very challenging job. what would your message be to people around the world? >> we need your assistance. wha we get fromt you we will repay, certainly. help us to do it. we are the longest and oldest democracy in asia. correspondent: bbc news, sri lanka. anchor: a bit of news tonight in the case of brittney griner, the u.s. basketball player who has been detained in russia since february. she has had her detention extended by one month. she was taken into custody after moscow airport officials allegedly found cannabis oil in her luggage. protests in the u.s. following the killing of george floyd in 2020 rippled around the world, including in the caribbean, with the island is taking a fresh look at their history of
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slavery. the last island in the caribbean to set up a commission on reparations for slavery was in grenada in 2021. the family of a bbc correspondent were slave owners there and she has gone to the island to explore her family's fast and connepresen laura worked with the bbc's stephen greaves and others for this special report. ♪ correspondent: for over 200 years, grenada was at the heart of the transatlantic slave trade, a colony of britain and france. in the wake of the racial reckoning in the u.s., across the caribbean there are calls for colonial powers to pay reparations for slavery. members of the royal family touring jamaica were met with demands for the british government to apologize for its role in the slave trade. >> my family in england owned
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slaves here. and though we never set foot on the island, we profited from the sale of sugar. when slavery was abolished, we got compensation from the british government. the slaves got nothing. correspondent: it was protests for racial justice in the u.s. that made me want to come and understand how the past informs the present here. it was george floyd's death that prompted grenada to finally set up a national reparations commission on slavery. >> we had a profound stimulant -- the image of a white man kneeling on a black man's neck my crying out for breath. that brought home the injustices of racism. >> it would be an instrument of control. correspondent: these were the instruments of torture used by plantation officials on slaveowning -- on slaves.
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we were showed how no one was spared. >> these are shackles. these would've been used on children. little hands ar expectede -- are to fit in here and they are bound like this. correspondent: it is making me physically sick, the way that you describe that. it is like a system of profit built off of torture. >> yes. >> would you say the system worked for those who were the recipients? >> it worked, it did. it worked for those who refute -- received of the wealth. correspondent: a producer was watching all of this as a descendant of slaves on the caribbean island of haiti. this trip is intense for her. >> seeing the brutality, the artifas of slavery, whips and chains. in history class, you learn about it. by have never seen it. it hits hard.
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you know, to think that that could have been me five or six generations back. it really hits home. >> today, we want to chat about the legacy of slavery. correspondent: a feeling sred by the schoolgirls, who are learning about the legacy of slavery from nicole, who is on grenada's reparations commission. >> this is laura. now, one of the things i want to say about laura is a she found her five times great grandfather -- her five times great grandfather was a slaveowner. correspondent: he. >> in grenada. correspondent: then, when slavery was abolished in 1834, my family received the equivalent of 3 million pounds in compensation. and the slaves received nothing. do you think that my family should pay money in reparatio
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to the people of grenada? after class, i sat down with the students to find out more about their views on reparations and the legacy of slavery. >> there's a lot of racism, especially colorism. even though the majority of grenada is black, there is still racism and colorism, and i think that these things passed down from -- pass down from parents who impart these things on their children. so there is psychological damage that has been done. correspondent: steps away from the market where the freed slaves were once sold, is another part of the past. the name hankey is well known here and my family owned slaves with a partnership with mr.
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hankey. freda slaves often took the names of their masters, so it is possible that my ancestors owned the slaves of mr. hankey, who runs at the store today. it took some persuasion before he would speak to me. it is disconcerting when a complete stranger chose up to talk about the past -- shows up? about the past. correspondent: if we were linked by history, what would you think of that? >> oh, that is deep. [laughter] that is deep. correspondent: do you think it is fair my family got money when slavery was abolished about the slaves here got nothing? >> no, not at all. it was not fair. i believe that the slaves were the hard workers. they are the ones that should get some form of reparation. correspondent: mr. hankey and i may be connected by grenada's history of slavery over thousands of miles and hundreds of years. but's influence can be seen
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throughout the island. streets are named for a slaveowning english governments, only renamed it for prominent grenadian's. the british government has never apologized for slavery. the foreign ofce told us that slavery is a point, expressing deep regret that the slave trade happened. but that is not enough says the head of the island's reparations commission. >> the british government must apologize, first of all, wholeheartedly with regards to the role it played in the slave trade. not just the british government, we want the monarchy. they, the queen of england in royal family, played a critical role in sanctioning and participating in the slave trade. correspondent: the pressure on colonial powers to invest in the caribbean islands, where they extracted so much wealth, is only increasing. coming here has forced me to confront the brutality of slavery and reflect on how i
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might respond. there is no erasing the past. but by debating reparations and cascade for the pain of slavery to be acknowledged, those here are reclaiming their history. bbc news, grenada. anchor: well, you can find more coverage from laura in grenada on our website. thank narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond jame man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight -- under attack -- apparent russian shelling of schools in northern ukraine highlights the heavy toll the war is taking on children, and on families who are being torn apart. >> that we are not together, that our family isn't together. this is very difficult. we're used to being together all the time. and the war has separated us. judy: then -- a critical shortage -- parents nationwide struggle with a lack of baby formula caused by a recall and the ongoing pandemic. and it's friday -- jonathan capehart and gary abernathy weigh in on the president's push for more covid funding and on the january sixth
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committee's decision to subpoena republican lawmakers.


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