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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  May 12, 2022 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: fundinfor this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. fe well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to ts pbs station from viewers like you. thank yo announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> hello, thise source. finland decides at once to join nato as protection against russia. the country's leaders say they will apply to join the military alliance withoutelay. finland's move means abandoning the policy of neutrality it has had for decades. moscow says it will take steps to retaliate. inside ukraine itself, the bbc sees evidence of alleged war crim committed by russian
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forces with unarmed civilians shot dead near kyiv. as the u.s. passes one million covid-related deaths, president joe biden says each one is an irreplaceable loss. pres. biden: this pandemic is not over. today we mar tragic milestone here in the united states. one million covid deaths. one million empty chairs ound the family dinner table. >> for the first time ever, an image of the monster black hole at the center of our galaxy. it is 60 million kilometers across. ♪ >> welcome to outside source. finland announced he wants to join nato as quickly as possible. russia's invasion of ukraine was the turning point. popularity for the military alliance rising among
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thefinnish people. finland has remained neutral between its russian neighbor and the west since the cold war. so this is a huge shift. more from helsinki. >> a massive move for finland. militarily, look, it has been working alongside nato rather than inside nato. it's military is modern. have heard from the finnish president and prime minister today they think finland would be an asset to nato if and when a join. get a massi change. 1300 kilometer long border with russia most of brush, no secret of the fact of preferred finland not to join nato. good neighborly relations, the country did not apply for nato membership but russia's invasion of ukraine really changed all that. it changed the post-cold war security order in all of europe but nowhere more so than in the east when countries in europe
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really do feel exposed. if finland and neighboring sweden do as expected, ask to join the military alliance, he will be an old gold for russia because it will really bolster nato's presence right on russia's doorstep. >> let's take a look at the joint statement released by finland's president and prime minister. it says a plan for nato membership without delay. we hope the national steps still needed to make this decision will be taken rapidly and in the next few days. we have is begin to the finnish foreign minister. >> our understng of this response is russia maybe we'll have more military equipment on the border and this will be a nato border than of course russia will guard it and otherwise than previously. in the announcement has been by far the prident medvedev who says the baltic sea will no more
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be a nuclear-free area. of course we have already seen missiles and so forth where new rheads can be used. nuclear risks have been there always. >> we now public support for finland's jointing nato has shot up since the start of the word ukraine. before the invasion, about 25% of the population wanted to join nato but now it has gone up to record high 76% according to the latest opinion poll. here is what some living in the finnish capitol had to say. >> it is abhorrent the leaders of our country are on the same page -- it is important the leaders of our country on the same page. >> give a security. that is one i what nato. >> we don't want to stand alone again.
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every veteran who fought and survived the winter wars to never stand alone again. >> i am not into politics but as i have read the news quite a lot these days, i know what nato is about. it is security. >> finland shares a very long border with russia, as you can see. by joining the alliance, it would more than double the land border that pressure shares with nato countries. russia already has land borders with five na members. sweden, situated between norway and finland come is also nsidering membership. the kremlin is really clear about what this nato expansion means. >> we have said many times that nato's expansion, bringing its military upper structure closer to our borders, will not make the world, most of all, our eurasian continent, more stable and secure. that is obvious. nato expansion does not make our
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continent more stable or secure. >> let's get more on russia's response from our moscow correspondent. >> i think it is inevitable vladimir putin will do as he has been doing for weeks of not months now and use this as an excuse to tell the russian people that they are increasingly under attack from the west. we have heard this from politicians, pundits, tv presenters. the letter put himself in recent weeks i said -- vladimir putin himself in recent weeks has said launching a proxy war. and deadly today's decision will be framed. the big question is, what can we do given 70 sources are tied up in ukraine. we wilhave to wait and see. one thing is certain, vladimir putin will be furious. heever liked nato or its suspension eastward. one of the reasons he attacked ukraine in the first place was he was concerned it wanted to join nato and yet as a result of
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vladimir putin's war, looking at a vastly enlarged alliance right it is doorstep. >> jenny hill. let's cross back to finland. earlier i spoke with james reynolds. he is just 30 kilometers from the border with russia in the finnish town. >> hearing almost animous support for that decision to join nato, i was struck by speaking to people here for the last couple of days, most everybody has said they support nato. some people say they were going to sleep better tonight knowing that would be part of nato than they did last night where they did not know for sure it would be part of nato. e personaid nato and then put his thumbs up. so far pretty widespread support for nato. what it might mean on a practical level, we are not yet sure.
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you can come with me and we can take a drive to the border chamoli about 20, 30 minutes drive. nobody knows exactly what would be on that border, that 1300, or -- kilometer border. if they felt threatened, they could reinforce the border. it might mean want remains rougy the same the time being. >> absolutely huge border. in terms of the actual process, it is not going to happen overnight. there is the ratification process. what about the interim period before finland actually becomes an no member? >> that is the rather gray zone i think is the one thing that slightly would worry both finland and sweden, who may be applying at about the same time, what to do after they said they're going to join nato but don't have the formal process of collective security. it may well be that is why boris johnson, the british prime minister, was in finland and sweden yesterday to offer security guarantees that maybe
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nato countries will try to offer security for the interim period to treat them as if they are nato countries from this particular moment. ♪ >> the u.n. human rights council has voted overwhelmingly in favor of launching an inquiry to alleged war crimes russian troops at the start of the conflict in ukraine. out of the 47 member states, only china and eritrea the countries that voted against the resolution which was brought by ukraine. here is the u.n. high commissioner. >> the scale of unlawful killings, including summary executions in the north, while we have information about the such killings, procedures would continue to increase as your evidence becomes available. the killings of civilians often appear to arried out by staffers and soldiers. civilians were killed when
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crossing the road or leaving shelters to seek food anwater. others were killed in their vehicles. local men were killed because russian soldiers suspected the assist boarding -- being a potential threat. some were tortured before being killed. >> ukraine's deveney foreign minister also addressed the special session. >> the areas of kyiv, regions under russian occupation in late february and march come have experienced the most gruesome human rights violations on the european continent. >> the bbc has found clear evidence of possible war crimes committed by russian soldiers close to kyiv. in a shocking images caught on cctv, two unarmed civilians shot in cold blood. ere was intense fighting in the region at the time with russian forces trying to advance on ukraine's capital.
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police have told the bbc the bodies of dozens of civilians who have been shot were discovered after the russians retreated. our eastern european respondent said this report. a warning, the report does contain flashing images. >> these are russian soldiers on their way to loot and kill, but their every move is cut on multiple cameras. and so is the security guard as he approaches them. the men talk, even smoke. and then the soldiers leave. but suddenly, two turn back. they should the security guard and a second man multiple times in their backs. the security guard somehow survives. his boss, dad, the guard staggers back to his head and starts funding for help. the russians drove a stolen van with the words "russian tank special forces."
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this is the men we saw shooting now helping himself to a drink. he has no idea he is being filmed. no one does until it is too late. and all this time, the security guard is hiding, bleeding heavily. weeks later, we found his clothes and mattress bundled up outside. he died before help could reach him. i met the men who tried to save the guard. they sold air conditioning before the war. >> we tried to calm him down. we said, "it's ok, you will live." maybe it helped him. maybe. >> they showed me how the nearby road look in those days with russian tanks rolling past their positions. it is not just that burned out buildings and businesses along this road that you see, but
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things like this. two russian tanks lodged in the forest and you can see the "v" on the front. a stark reminder of how fierce the fighng was on the roads into kyiv and how terrified the security guard must have been as he was lying there bleeding, calling for help. his daughter share this image of her dad as she would like and remembered. gush like him remembered -- she wants her father's killers to face justice. >> they killed a 65-year-old. what for? of grief and fear.rious as full the russians are so out of control, i am afraid of what they might do next. >> the security guard never returned to his home or his pets.
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another life stolen by russian troops, now notorious for their brutality. ♪ >> returning to the united states now because it says it has recorded one million covid-19 deaths since the start of the pandemic. it is the highest national total in the world. officials say the number is actually even likely to be higher. u.s. predent joe biden made the statement. pres. biden: this pandemic is not over. today we mark a tragic milestone in the united states. one million covid deaths. one million empty chairs around the family dinner table. each irreplaceable. replaceable losses. each leaving behind a family, communityorever changed because of this pandemic. our heart goesut toll those who are struggling, asking
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emselves, how do i go on without him? how do i go on without her? what will we do without them? grief shared by people across all of our nations. >> also today, president biden hosted a global summit on covid at the white house and u.s. health secretary who went to the summit spoke to the bbc. he was asked what lessons america needso learn since the pandemic. here are some of his answers. >> we are seeing the porous nature of our public health system. we have black holes where people are falling and in many cases come as you just mentioned, dying because our public health system is based on a state-based system, only in certain cases do have a national based system -- for example, seniors and our medicaid program which is for those who are low income. but we have people who are falling to the cracks. we cannot afford to have that we have a pandemic. i hope that we continue to do is strive to have universal
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coverage on health care so all americans will know, pandemic or not, we ll do what we need to do. the other thing we have learned is misinformation and disinformation is going to be there from now on. somehow we have to cut through that and get to the american ople and the world the information that is accurate and can save lives. >> united states marking that grim milestone. stay with us here on outse source. still to come, covid in north korea. the country acknowledges coronavirus cases for the first time. kim jong-un dons a mask to lockdown the country. let's get the latest on sri lanka and its economic and political crisis. a new pre minister has been appointed. a veteran politician who served as the prime minister five times before. the bbc is in colombo.
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>> after being sworn in as the prime minister, he is now leaving the president's house. the previous prime minister resigned on monday after violence broke out between supporters and opponents of the government here. people have been protesting against the soaring price hike and the cost of living crisis. that trigger the political crisis in this country. protesters say they want the president to also step down because they want a new political system. but the appointment of the new prime minister may not satisfy protesters and many people are wondering what kind of stability this will have. ♪ >> you are watching outside
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source live from the bbc news room. ou main story is finland's leaders are saying the country will apply to join nato without delay to increase their security after russia invaded ukraine. now to covid in north korea. the country has announced its first ever cases. state media reported in omicron outbreak in the capital pyongyang. kim jong-un made the announcement wearing a mask for the first time since the pandemic began. he ordered all cities and counties across the country to thoroughly locown their areas, to completely block the transmission of what he described as a malicious virus. authorities then released these pictures of people spraying disinfectant, wearing hazmat suits in the capital pyongyang. just hours after that announcement, south korea said north korea had fired three short range ballistic missiles toward the sea of japan. that makes it the 15th banned
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missile test by north korea. the japan times as its purpose was a show of strength after the covid admission. the more than two years now, north korea has insisted it has not had a single case of covid. experts have been rather skeptical about that. so why is north korea admitting it now? here's our correspondent inseoul. >> they have not told us how many cases have been confirmed. i think what we can take away from it is this is pretty serious because, first of all, they ordered by onal lockdown which we have not seen before. secondly, they told us what is going on and told people what is going on. it is possible that we have had potential cases before, even though thedenied it, and so this is clearly on a different scale, something they feel they cannot manage and cannot control without letting people know. they have tried so hard to prevent covi from entering the country but now that it has the
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challenges do control it from spreading. >> north korea has that everything it can to keep covid out since the pandemic began. for two years, there's been a strict zero no covid policy with all the borders being closed. because of that, kim jong-un has called this outbreak of severe national emergency that has breached the country's quarantine front. for more on that quarantine front, here is a professor of korean studies. >> north korea early on in 2020, january, sealed the border quite literally and later in the year kim jong-un ordered even cats and dogs and birds to be shot if they were found entering north korea from china. >> now that north korea has the virus, there is another issue it has to contend with and it is vaccines. as the bbc reported back in september last year, north korea asked promised 3 million covid jabs which were offered to it be
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redirected elsewhere, according to the u.n. their position has not changed. north korea also refused vaccines from china and russia. inther words, it has no vaccines. let's go back. >> they have been suspicious of vaccines, suspicious of the chinese vaccines and even astrazeneca. it means as far as we know, no one under the country is vaccinated, which makes them incredibly vulnerable. you addn to that, this is a country with poor health care, where many people are severely malnourished. they also don't have adequate or test entry system capable of mass testing that you need in order to be able to control the spread of this virus, which leaves them with very limited options and which is why we them opting for this national lockdown. going back to the measures that many of us were using and at the beginning of the pandemic. >> north korea does not have a
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health care infrastructure in place to deal with covid, and that is of particular concern for those living in rural areas. >> the hospitals outside the country's capital, they are poorly managed. it would be very difficult for them to handle at this becomes a widespread infection across the country. ♪ >> an international team of scientists has produced the first ever picture of the supermassive black hole in the center of our galaxy. astronomers have long believed such an object existed in the heart of t milky way, but today's announcement puts that beyond doubt. >> observations of stars orbiting around it revealed the presence of any object that is very massive. 4 million times the mass of our sun. but also very faint.
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for me personally, i met a 20 years ago and have loved it and tried to understand it since. but until now, we did not have the direct picture confirming that star was indeed a blackhole. today the telescope is delighd to share with youhe first direct image of the gentle giant in the center of our galaxy, sagittarius a star. [applause] >> the image of this gentle giant revealed to the world shows a right ring surrounded by darkness. the light comes from hot gas swirling around the black hole and any light that gets close enough gets swallowed by the black hole, leaving behind just that dark void in the center. the object is called sagittarius a star, located 26,000
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light-years from earth. it is incredibly dense, 4 million times the mass of our sun. what exactly is a blackhole? here's one astrophysicist with the answer. >> black holes are objects that are so dense, notng can escape om them, not even light. space and time have literally collapsed inward. we are really breaking the laws of physics as we know. these are really extreme objects that provide brilliant test for our understanding of the whole universe. there's just something quite cool about any object that is so dense that not even light can escape from it. they are featured in science fiction fascinating, but also really fundamental to our understanding of thehole universe. >> the scientific achievement was truly international because no single telescope was ableo
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see the blackhole on its own. so eight telescopes on different continents all think together, combining the powers to create one giant observatory, capturing and processing the image took five years. here is one of the team behind the event horizon to love scope and why it was worthwhile. >> scientists are looking at this across the entire spectrum but now we finally special resolve the core of the galaxy, caught the central engine. we believe every galaxy has a super massive black hole and no one can see our own. in time, we will better understand questions like why don't we see a large-scale object in our galaxy like many others? it is kind of looking at the sun in a way. we observe it all the time. there will come a point when i think wanda we are stuing our galactic center blackhole regularly -- i think we will be studying our galactic center
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blackhole regularly. this is important because black holes are the gravitational glue that hold galaxies together. understanding how they're connected, and very much intimately connected with the galaxy, tells us a lot about how we came to be. we live the edge of our galaxy. mae there's a reason for that. i am being speculative here. >> narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexib wororce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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