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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 10, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i'm laun washington and this is bbc world news america. the u.s. spy chief warns president putin is preparing for a long fight ukraine. overnight, missile strikes at the ukrainian port city of odessa. a claim russia was using hypersonic missiles. >> it was difficult to of the damage, but this morning, you and. the rocket has ripped to the shopping center and it has complete refolded. laura: finland is about to begin
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the process of joining nato. redrawing a security map of need -- of europe and antagonizing russia. in sri lanka, the authorities order issued on site policy to try to contain the violent clashes. south korea has sworn in a new president facing domestic crises. a new leader has his work cut out. that is still ahead. welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. the u.s. spy chief said that russia's pullback to eastern and southern ukraine after failing to take care of was probably only a temporary shift to regain the initiative. russia targeted the black sea port odessa overnight using what the ukrainians said were hypersonic muscles that are five
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times the speed of sound. the number of civilians killed is far higher than the official figure of just over 3000. carone davies reports from odessa. >> as russia celebrated victory day, odessa burned. this was one of the city's shopping centers incinerated after a missile strike. the ukrainian authority said seven missiles were launched city yesterday, killing one person endangering five more. this morning, the smell of burning plastic still hung in the air. last night when we were here, it was difficult to see the full extent of the damage but this morning, you can. the rocket has completely ripped into the back of the shopping center here and has completely folded. the fire brigade is still her trying to put it out and the missile has been ripped away. russia has been targeting the port city of odessa on ukraine's southern coast. it is strategically important. before the war, it was a key international por on the taking
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ukrainian products to the world. president zelenskyy claims to in the port so that it would reopen. matt lives 300 meters from the strike. as we talk, he fiddles with two pieces of blackened metal he found, shards of the missile. i heard a loud explosion, he says. then i ran down the corridor to find my dog, max. mom tried to call me down, but there were more explosions. we don't know what will happen next. the force of the blast smashed many of the windows in this block of flats. most were unoccupied. katerina and her daughter were on the other side of the courtyard. we were about to go to bed when the air alert began, she tells me. i heard a very large explode --
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explosion. i did not want her to hear the sound of the explosion and be frightened by it. the whole hound -- house was shaking. what do we do when we hear the air raid siren? we run, she says. we run away. young minds already used to living in the constant threat of war. laura: for more on those attacks in odessa and the broader war in ukraine, i spoke to the bbc's chief international respondent in dnieper. rather than escalating it, what is the move? are they living with the constant threat of conflict indefinitely? >> there was enhanced terest in the main victory day speech by presidentutin and capitals around the world including in washington where you are. the rest of the world hoping
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that they would get some clarity about how long this war would go on. but for ukrainians, they already know that this is a war that is going to grind on and on. i remember in january when the world went into a frenzy talking about the possibility that president putin could invade ukraine, ukrainians would shrug their shoulders and say he already invaded ukraine. there is absolutely no trust in what president putin says. they always believe what he says the exact opposite would happen. and ukrainians are even talking about taking back territory that russians took in 2014. they are digging in both physically in terms of the trenches in the donbass and eastern ukraine, but also psychologically, thiss going to be a very long war. and i haven't met a single person yet who doesn't say this is a war ukraine will win.
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laura: russia is now shelling odessa in the south. is that being seen as an attempt to pin down ukrainian troops so they can't fight in the east as well? >> it has been a guessing game from the start. it is clear president putin has ambitions to take over as much territory as he can hear in ukraine, he describes it as the liberation and denazification. he had kyiv in his sights at the beginning of the invasion. now that the forces have pulled back, we think there is an understanding that it simply won't be possible. they may try again. the other city with huge symbolic and strategic value, full of history similar to russians and ukrainians is odessa. president putin knows that. and it matters because if president putin's forces take
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odessa, that means he will have completely cut off ukraine from the black sea. that's not just militarily important. it will have a permanent chokehold on the economy of ukraine. these missile attacks like we saw in the early hours of the morning, a reminder to ukrainians that odessa is also still in president putin's sites. laura: you talked about the economy shrinking and forecast suggest it will shrink by 30% this year. are you seeing signs of that on the streets? >> here where we are in the center east of ukraine, much of the economic activity is continuing. but so much of it has been put on hold because the investment is not coming in. because there aren't as many international travels. there is not tourism. so this is having a huge impact and it is not surprising that we are seeing those kinds of
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numbers. and remember, what happens in ukraine does not stay in your name. those attacks on the port, that is the port where ukraine exports the week -- thwheat, the grain, the corn. everyone watching this program knows that. if this war goes on, it is already having a huge impact on the global economy. laura: for many people in finland, russia's invasion of ukraine has reawakened memories of the country's own wars against the soviet union. the foreign minister said the country is almost willing to send an application to join them nato military alliance area finland joining nato would significantly redraw this ready map of europe and it will be seen as a hostile act. allan little is in finland for us tonight. and a warning this piece does contain archival images showing scenes of war.
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>> finland may be a small country but it has one of the biggest armies in europe. they are not just matters for the armed forces, they are woven into the fabric of the country. >> we have a firm role in society. we still have conscription. >> how many service personnel could you mobilize in the event of a real national emergency? >> 208,000 is the figu right now. >> that is huge, isn't it? >> it is. >> they will do regular refresher training throughout their adult lives. for men, it's compulsory. some women also volunteer. >> i have two older brothers and my father also.
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when they were in the army, i thought that if there was a war, i want to be there. i don't want them to go and have me stay home. i wanted to go, too. >> little finland is putting up such a savage defense. >> finland's thinking about defense is so shaped by an attempt by the soviet union to invade and occupy the country in 1939. finland's resistance is an echo of ukraine today. >> the propaganda films were to be shown in helsinki after the russians had taken the capital. >> annalisa was a teenager in the city. the soviets captured it and made a part of russia. finland nev got it back. >> did you witness some of the destruction yourself? >> of crse, she told me.
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i was there when the bombs were falling. we had to get down on the floor and people were fleeing from their belongings. -- with their belongings. are you still sad it is a russian town? >> of course. ask the border with russia is 800 miles long. it's acceptance and senator would strengthen there might right on russia's doorstep. the trees beyond the frozen lake or in russia. on the other side of this frontier, this further advance of nato will be seen as more evidence of maligned western intent and a directhreat to the security of russia itself. finland's army is already compatible with nato. for finland was once part of the russian empire and the specter
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of resurgent russian imperialism has driven finland into full alignment with the western military alliance and is redrawing the security map of europe. bbc news, finland. laura: in the u.s., the former president of honduras pleaded not guilty to drugs and weapons charges. mr. hernandez governed from 2014 to january of this year interested in february. he is accused of having accepted millions of dollars in bribes when president, in exchange for protecting drug traffickers from investigation and arrest. joining now is will grant. this is a pretty extraordinary story, isn't it? in court in manhattan on gun and drug charges. what exactly is he accused of doing while he was running his country? >> there are three formal charges. drugs and weapons possession.
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what is interesting is the wording that some of the judges involved have used so far. he is effectively being accused of running a narco state and honduras. that was one of the words used by one of the judges, that his regime effectively amounted to state-sponsored drug trafficking. in essence, he favors certain drug cartels, certain drug lords, certain drug cartel members in that they might flourish in order for him to benefit himself and his famil >> the very definition of a narco state. what is mr. hernandez saying in his defense? >> the essence of his defense is that he is an ally of washington bravely leading the charge against drug trafficking and he was working alongside the dea and this is all been orchestrated by disgruntled
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crimals. it will be interesting to see how far that is the legal strategy, but it looks like they call upon presidents trump, obama, and president biden as well. a bold strategy,o say the least. laura: good luck getting them to testify. the u.s. authorities could not arrest him while he was president so they waited until he was out of office. are there other reasons why former u.s. presidents might turn a blind eye to what he is doing? >> there will be a political dimension to all of this. the thing that seems to matter most to washington and centr america is stability. particularly stabilityhen it comes to immigration and the trump administration in the first of all. the last thing they wanted was more iigration coming from
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honduras, spifically, by removing a head of state for drug trafficking charges. there is no doubt at all that certain administration officia simply looked the other way. when these charges were amounting, his own brother was convicted of drug trafficking. the biden administration had to wait until he was out of office because that people stabilization -- destabilization would have been such an impact on undocumented immigration but they ultimately wanted to send out the message that if you are involved in this sort of stuff, the da will be on you. >> think you for joining us. -- laura: thank you for joining us. the sri lankan defense ministry issued an order after protesters violated curfew and continue to call for the resignation of the president.
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his brother stepped down as prime minister yesterday after violent street clashes. the country is going through its worst ever economic crisis. virginia is in colombo and her report contains distressing images. >> a capital under curfew. troops told to shoot on site at anyone who damages public property or threatens lives. the skeletons of a bustling , scourged by an economic crisis. reeling after a day of violence. yesterday, supporters of the prime minister attacked antigovernment protesters and until that point had been peacefully demonstrating. at the city's main hospital, more than 200 have been wnded. many were beaten up. this man fractured his leg after a tear gas canister landed on
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it. more verans are out of hospital. men who lost their legs during sri lanka's civil war say they were beaten up by the very people they made sacrifices for. they started punching me. i was left with only one crutch. they pushed me and i fell, he said. when we served in the army, ople used to pray for us. now we are being attacked, another said. wi trust in the government shattered, the homes of at least two dozen politicians will be torched. this was one of the houses that was vandalized last night. it belonged to a supporter of the government, a local mayor. and this was set on fire. if we just move into the living room completely trashed, look
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around. tonight, a resort belonging to the son of sri lanka's former prime minister who quit yesterday was set alight. and clashes broke out in the city. protesters go to resign. as long as he stays, tensions will be inflamed. laura: as one dynasty teeters in sri lanka, in the philippines, the marcos honesty has returned -- dynasty has returned to power. he said that filipinos should judge him not by his ancestors, but by his actions. protesters have already taken to the streets, claiming the election was unfair after nearly 2000 counting machines malfunctioned. howard johnson reports. reporter: bonbon fans
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celebrating where his dictatorial father started in 1986. the marcos family were ousted from the presidential palace. 30 years on, he looks set to return >> he will continue all of his father's projects. all those will be fulfilled and the whole country will get better. >> marcus junior is calm and we ould be calm,oo. unite. let's all unite. reporter: his chief opponent has yet to concede. she is calling for a probe into how long delays caused by counting machine failures but were followed by rapid election results.
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>> i know it is not easy for you to accept the numbers that come up in the count. not only regret, but frustration . >> and here is what that frustration looks like. this is a protest taking place at the moment outside of the commission of elections here in the philippines. this is a leftist activist group and theyon't want her presidency of bonbon marcos. >> we did our due diligence, we lined up, we voted. to hold swift, fe, and fair elections, they did not do that. which is why we have to hold them accountable. reporter: bonbon marcos pledged he would unite the country. it is clear this election is already causing divisions. howard johnson, bbc news,
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manila. laura: in the afghan capital, women have taken to the streets to protest the order forcing all girls and women to cover their face and body in public. a dozen women marched through central couple chanting justice. the taliban decree is the latest in a series of harsh restrictions against women since the islamist group took power in august of 2021. the heir to the british throne has delivered the wean speech at the state opening -- queen's speech, marking the first time she missed the event since 1963. buckingham palace that she has mobility issues. the speech lays out the priorities for the coming year and included a promise to tackle the sharp rises in the cost of living. the european union has pledged an additional $1 million to help the people of syria rebuild their country. nine out of 10 syrians currently
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live in poverty while another 7 million have fled as a result of the ongoing civil war. elon musk says he would reverse twitter's ban on donald trump calling it morally wrong. the ceo said it was a mistake for the website to ban the former president it was blocked after his supporters rioted at the u.s. capitol. in south korea, the 13th president has been sworn in with the narrowest margin of victory in the history of the vote. less than 1%. he promised to get tough and bolster the security alliance with the u.s. our correspondent has more. >> south korea's new president has a tough task ahead of him. he is a political novice. until then, he was the country's top prosecutor. when he enters office, he's less
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popular than he would like to be. he won this election by an absolute whisker with 7% of the vote. he also ters office with the lowest approval rating of any new president in south korean history. and in his speech, he spoke about the dark shadows that are cast over south korea by the many crises faced. he has a country suffering from rising and it all at a, rising unemployment. his main challenge here is going to be trying to bring together a divided and dissatisfied country. he also takes on a more dangerous world. closest to home he will have to work out how to confront an increasingly hostile north korea. he has said he will take the harder line when responding to north korea's military escalations and he will talk to north korea if it shows they are serious about getting rid of
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nuclear weapons. one thing he said is that he actually wants to put more attention on strengthening his relationships with the rest of the world rather than focusing on north korea. the key to that is building a relationship with the u.s. the united states is south korea's main security ally but he has to work on how he does this without upsetting china which is south korea's main trading partner. it is a difficult balance to strike given that u.s.-china tensions are rising area this is a president who wants to do things very differently. he might be about to find out he has less room to maneuver then he hopes. >> forward go tonight, we have the story of the most expensive piece of american artwork ever been sold at auction. andy warhol iconic marilyn
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monroe silkscreen sold for a record $195 million after four minutes of bidding. it is also the most expensive piece of 20th-century century art ever sold. the proceeds will go to a children's foundation set up by the artwork's late owners, swiss art dealers. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. russia is pushed back in northeast ukraine leaving ordinary citizens to pick up the pieces. then, a lawyer who argued against abortion rights discusses the expected ruling to overturn roe v. wade. and rethinking college. colorado institution reconfigures campus life to reckon with the troubled legacy of boarding schools that aimed to erase indigenous students way of life.

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