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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  May 9, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead touture ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> hello, thise source." vladimir putin uses russia's annual victory day parade to justify the invasion of ukraine. >> nato begin active military development of the territories adjacent to ours. this was an absolutely unacceptable threat, systematically created for us and brought to our borders. >> military hardware and
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thousands of soldiers march with no indication of any change of course by russia in ukraine. in the u.k., buckingham palace is the queen will not attend the state opening of parliament on tuesday due to ill health. and in sri lanka, the prime minister has resigned after weeks of protest which have increasingly turned violent. ♪ russia has been marking its annual victory day celebration which commemorates the defeat of nazi germany. this was the scene in moscow's red square earlier today. every year, russia holds a military parade. vladimir putin took the opportunity to justify what the kremlin calls a special military operation in ukraine. >> in december last year, we suggested to have a security
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agreement of russia-urged europe to find a fair compromise including interest of everyone, but that was in vain. they didn't want to hear us, and that means they had completely different plans. we could see that. they were preparing a punishing operation to intrude on our historic land. >> we have to note vladimir putin provided no evidence for those names. we also heard from the ukrainian president volodymyr zelenskyy. >> this is not a war of two armies, it is a war of two worldviews. war waged by barbarians that believe that their missiles can destroy our philosophy. it annoys them and scares them. in essence, we are free people that have their own path.
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today, we are waging war on this path and we will not give anyone a single piece of our land. today, we celebrated day of victory over nazi-ism ande won't give anyone a single piece of our history. >> pallotta ms. zelenskyy there. -- the lot a mere zelenskyy there. --president volodymyr zelenskyy there. >> why are they shooting us? it is very unclear. >> victory day for me is the holiday of our parents and our ancestors because they fought for their land. for me, it will be the day that ukraine wins and ukraine will win. everything will be ukraine. glory to ukraine. >> take a look at victory day itself. it commemorates victory over nazi germany. 20 seven million soviet citizens died and what russia calls the great patriotic war. it was the greatest loss of any
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country under russian vladimir putin. victor day became an annual event. it featured heavy weaponry for the first time since the soviet collapse. a few months later, russia invaded georgia. let's hear an assessment of how victory day hashanged under president putin. >> vladimir putin became president at the time when a generation of war was giving way. because of their victory, it became more important in the memory of the perished people. and more and more a celebration of victory, we can overcome the tragedy of the people. and it can be a more patriotic the tour with support of the
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regime. >> the u.k. defense secretary had this message for the kremlin. >> they want them to be awed and intimidated. the conflict in ukraine does nothing but dishonor those se soldiers. >> our chief international correspondent is in eastern ukraine and gave me this update earlier. >> this is a long and grinding war, and this is a painful war. i'm very struck coming here to the eastern ukraine. what are now the main frontlines in the donbass region, how this spirit of patriotism and resilience is still holding strong amid so many people right across every walk of life. they keep saying to us that everyone must do what they can in order for us to win. we spoke with engineers,
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celebrity blacksmiths, young students, older people. they are all suffering. but to a person, they keep telling us that everyone is doing what they can to help their armed forces. and they all insist to a person that this is still a war that ukraine can win. >> 10 weeks into this war and the fighting is no less inse eastern parts. given the ferociousness and some of the scenes in the donbass region. >> we are hearing from correspondence in the donbass in the trenches meeting ukrainian soldiers. they do complain that they are not getting the heavy weaponry promised by western countries quickly enough.
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they show how they are fighting with old soviet style weaponry that is no match for the long-range artillery and the firepower russia has. and still with that very unequal situation, we see how ukrainian forces have been able to push back the russian forces just south of kharkiv. but as you have hinted, how long can they continue to go on? is a question i ask the senior ofcial with the defense courses here in the east. and he said, you know, my daughter was born in mariupol. my wife is from there. when i see was happening there, i see it with pride and with pain. every place in russia has occupied, temporarily, pushing ukraine back 100 years. this makes us evermore determined to fight back. so for the moment, anperhaps
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more than two months is a very long time. it could be just the beginning of a very long and grinding battle. it is a war that is difficult to see how and when it will end. >> our chief international correspondent in eastern ukraine close to the donbass where the fighting is rrently the most fierce. it 10 weeks into this war, russia still has not taken control of many major cities. it wanted to create a corridor between crimea which it illegally annexed in 20 14 and russia itself. ukrainian resistance has prevented that. russia is focused on taking control of the east. russia already holds territory there. fighting is most intense around the city but the russians are making little progress. there are reports of heavy losses.
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andrew harding has sent this report from east ukraine and i have to warn you that it contains images you may find distressing. >> a quiet village in the donbass is saying farewell. someone killed by a scrap. his wife begged him not to go. his father is lost in grief. but something else in this village a burning sense of defiance. he was defending freedom for everyone of us. his lip trembling. glory to our heroes. a lonely ukrainian war plane.
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and a defiant spirit is growing. seizing this corner of eastern ukraine, close ties to russia was supposed to be an easier task. the blundering goes on. my shop is hardly a strategic target. and all this is stiffening the result of ukrainian soldiers in is unit, holding their ground in a spot where russia was trying to break through. they have other strengths. >> we are unity. we fight for independence from russia. russian soldiers fight for money.
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>> the russians have been pounding these front-line positions for weeks now. the big picture is that the kremlin's offensive was largely stalled. they have taken hardly any significant towns and the ukrainians are making them pay a heavy price. further out and no man's land, the job is to collect the abandon bodies of russian soldiers. too many to count. i can't see how the russian army can keep going. it is losing so many men, he says. i don't understand this madness. back at the village, ivan's father is still inconsolable. but his widow brings their five-year-old son to the graveside.
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he was a stubborn man and a good man, she tells us. sounding resolute now, the struggle for the donbass. andrew harding, bbc news, eastern ukraine. >> the queen has said she will not attend the uk's state opening of parliament tomorrow due to ongoing mobility problems. prince charles will stand in for her. in a statement, official said the queen continues to experience episodic mobility problems and in consultation th her doctors, has reluctantly decided that she will not attend the state opening of parliament. >> a decision has been taken. >> the speed which -- the queen's speech will be read by the duke of wales. they are counselors of state and
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empowered to do that. this is what the statement says within the last few minutes. the queen continues to experience episodic mobility problems. and in consultation with her doctors, has reluctantly decided she will not attend the state opening of parliament tomorrow. at h majesty's request, the prince of wales will read the queen's speech on her majesty's behalf with the duke of cambridge also in attendance. we are told the decision was taken today in consultation with the royal doctors even though earlier today we were led to believe that she was still hoping to attend. the palace won't go into detail as to what these episodic mobility problems are specifically, but we understand they are a continuation of the issues she has experienced since last autumn which caused her to miss other recent church services. but she is continuing with virtual audiences and australia today.
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there will be a consultation with the prime minister also. so that work is continuing from windsor castle, but she will not be attending the state opening of parliament tomorrow. >> nicholas will sta with us on outside source. the philippines is electing a new leader. the son of a former dictator who is forecast to win. >> the pope was shot, the pope will live. the essence of the appalling news from rome this afternoon as an italian commentator put it, terrorism had come to the vatican. >> he went on trial today in the french town where he was the gestapo chief in the second world war. >> just sentenced to six years in jail, the judge told misses
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mandella there was no indication she felt even the slightest remorse. >> the chinese government has caed for an all-out effort to help the victims of a powerful earthquake. >> the computer deep blue has triumphed over the world chess champion, the first time a machine has defeated a world champion in a classic chess match. >> america's first legal same-sex marriages are taking place in massachusetts. >> welcome to outside source live from the bbc news room. vladimir putin has blamed the west for the war in ukraine. in a speech of russia's annual victory day parade in moscow.
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buckingham palace is the queen will not attend the state opening of parliament in london on tuesday due to ill health. we are going to turn to sri lanka now because the prime minister has resigned after weeks of economic protest. meanwhile, his mother -- brother has not yet stood down. it looks like he will form a new coalition government but protesters are still calling for both to go. >> when we talk about the others, they have a family business and politics, a political dynasty that has ruled for many years theormer finance minister also accused of bringing sri lanka into this current financial mess. now they have stepped down as prime minister and actually was president before.
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it wasn't really a surprise that he was going to step down today because there had been mutterings about this for the last week. the president remained in office. >> earlier, i spoke to a journalist who has been covering the protests in colombo and she believ it is unlikely the prime minister's resignation will calm things down. >> things are very tense. even with a lot of spelation, every time a minister resigns, the president does not accept the resignation. despite the riots and the protests and everything going on right now, there is no official
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statement from the government. people are still really tense. there are a lot of protests on the road and also have extended curfew to tuesday if i'm not mistaken. >> people are continuing to protest. people have lost their lives. >> basically, the pro-government protesters instigated a fight and it got really ugly. people said the police and special forces were looking by as this happened. things have escalated a lot currently. there is a lot of pro-government ministers houses.
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and on my way back from the protest, i wasn'able to get the vehicle so i had to get the bus. it was stopped every few minutes crowds of people. and they wanted to basically pull them off the bus and beat them up. nothing has really calmed down. things are still pretty violent. >> what will it take to calm the protesters? do they want the president to be gone as well? >> they want the whole presidential family to be gone. the president, the prime minister, and it has been a family run regime. they don't just want the president to go down, they want his nephews to go down and his other brothers. they also want constitutional reforms because the current one is just not ok.
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>> let's turn to the philippines now are people have been voting to choose the next president. whoever wins takes over from roderigo. he is a hardliner who has come to the end of his six-year term in office and it looks like this man is going to win. he is the son of the philippines former dictator ferdinand marcos that was ousted in 1986 after a brutal 20 one year regime with widespread crackdowns and martial law. the marcos family became known for corruption and excesses. revolutionaries stormed the presidential palace and found more than 3000 pairs of his wife 's shoes. th daughter of the current
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president, the main rival is currently the vice president and also a liberal. the unofficial tally shows that he has double the number of votes. dorothy is the head of policy and the campaign for global justice now. i spoke to her about what the return to per means for the country as a whole. >> we're making sure that the namesake leading that margin, it is still close, actively dominated by the political machineries. the dynasties and clans are the gatekeepers. they have the financial resources, traditional and symbolically they arehe gr. but where this nontraditional
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volunteer led campaign is, they can manage the financial resources in reach of traditional politicians. plantains --plans dominated philippines politics. >> you have the political class that you talk about and i wonder if you can help us understand. what will they be like? it is quite an explosive combination when you think about their parents. >> yes, indeed. for sure, they will have this legacy. they will also follow the policy on the war against drugs. but what they are also sad about here is that you already know that this campaign will be an active battle.
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for six months, they generated a lot of fight. they managed to put why people should choose a different kind of tng. that people should choose the names that they know. the associations that supported them. and even if people see them as the person that led them through the dark days of the pandemic, they can transform into the votes that people are hoping. there is now a movement for those kinds of politics. it is something promised, something worth watching.
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>> let's return to the announcement from buckingham palace that the queen will not be attending tuesday's state opening of parliament. my colleague greg mckenzie is monitoring this for us. and greg, this is the state opening of parliament, a constitutional ceremony. it's very significant the head of state will not be there. >> the state opening of parliament marks the start of the parliamentary year with the queen's speech setting out the government' agenda and any laws it is hoping to introduce. the queen won't be attending tomorrow. it is described as episodic mobility issues. instead, her son prince charles will carry out that speech on behalf of her majesty. twice before has the queen missed the opening state of parliament. once in 19 59, the second time in 1963 due to pregnancies.
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buckingham palace has issued a statement. the queen continues to experience episodic mobility problems and in consultation with her royal doctors has reluctantly decided that she will not attend the state opening of parliament tomorrow. at her majesty's request and with the agreement of relevant authorities, the prince of wales will read the queen's speech on her majesty's behalf with the duke of cambridge in attendance. >> ring us up-to-de. what has her activity been like in terms of public appearance recently? >> the last time she was publicly seen out of the realm of real duty was back in march for the public event which was a thanksgiving event. but in terms of her duty, she is continuing to hold virtual audiences and will be speaking to australia today and the privy
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council and a consultation with the prime minister from royal residence at windsor castle. >> greg, thank you for talking us through that. the queen pulling out of this year's state opening of parliament do mobility issues. much more on our website and much more on bbc news. stay with us. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well anned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. bymbracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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