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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 9, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well anned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> i'm laura tn washington and this is bbc america. vladimir putin uses russia's victory day parade to justify his invasion of ukraine, not escalate it. the parade saw military hardware and soldiers but no indications of any change of course by russian soldiers in ukraine. >> and prime minister's decision to attack ukraine has sparked global condemnation and sanctions and is turning russia
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into a pariah. laura: russia is pummeling ukraine's donbass region but fears ukrainian resistance is slowing moscow's offensive. >> the big picture in the donbass is the kremlin's offensive has largely stalled. they have taken hardly any significant towns and the ukrainians are making them pay a heavy priceor every scrap of land. laura: in sri lanka the prime minister has resigned after weeks of protests which are turning violent. the fossil hunter who found a shark tooth that is millions of years old, and he is only six. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we begin in moscow's red square, where today russian president
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vladimir putin addressed the crowds during the annual commemoration of russia's victory in world war ii. he justified his invasion of ukraine as a preemptive strike. the parade is an annual reminder of the kremlin's the terry might. steve rosenrg reports from moscow. steve: it is the annual pomp to showcase russian power. across red square they marched, thousands of soldiers, in a parade marking a glorious victory, the defeat of nazi germany. but today there is no peace. vladimir putin has invaded ukraine. >> [translated] back from there, paratroopers who moscow says took part in the russian offensive. steve: a war of conquest, says
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the west. the kremlin disagrees. >> [translated] the defense of our motherland when its destiny was at stake has always been sacred. as in the past, soldiers are fighting for our people in donbass for the security of our motherland, for russia. steve: on display, lots of firepower, and yet in ukraine moscow has suffered military setbacks. what russia does next isn't clear. you can march thousands of soldiers across red square. you can parade your very latest military hardware. but that does not automatically make you an internationally recognized superpower. the prime minister's decision to attack ukraine has sparked global condemnation and sanctions and is turning russia into a pariah. and that has consequences.
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doused with paint, russia's ambassador to poland at a soviet military cemetery today. the crowd is calling the russian officials fascist. moscow has launched an official complaint. there were individual protests in russia. the sign says, no to the new war. it wasn't up for long. others on victory day held signs declaring, this isn't what they fought for. and what about those who fought in world war ii? maria, who is 100 years old, says all she wants is peace. >> [translated] the war i thought in, we understood, but this more now, well, maybe i am old. there is something not quite right about it. i hope it ends soon. steve: vladimir putin russians to believe the decisions he takes are right.
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this giant victory day event portrayed him as the father of the nation, but in a system built around one man, if he gets it wrong, it is dangerous. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. laura: ukraine's president zelenskyy has released his own video message commemorating the victory over nazi germany, saying his country will win its war with russia. much of the fighting inside ukraine is in the east and south of the country with russia's defense ministry saying 200 targets have been hit today. the former industrial heartland that hugs the border with russia. despite the attacks, the russian offensive overall does appear to have stalled in the east with reports of heavy losses. andrew harding has sent this report from eastern ukraine. it contains pictures you may find distressing. andrew: a quiet village in the
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donbass is saying farewell to ivan, killed by a scrap of russian shrapnel. the 30-year-old builder volunteered to fight the day after putin's invasion. his wife begged him not to go. now his father is lost in grief. but something else is stirring in this village and across this region, a burning sense of defiance. he was defending freedom for every one of us, says a village elder, his lip trembling. glory tower heroes -- glory to our heroes. a lonely ukrainian warplane funders overhead. the front lines are just a town away to the north and a defiant spirit is growing here as the bombs fall at random.
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seizing this corner of eastern ukraine with its close ties to russia was supposed to be an easier task for the kremlin's blundering army. the blundering goes on. >> [translated] my shop is hardly a strategic target, says lilia with contempt. all this is stiffening the resolve of ukrainian soldiers. we met this tank unit, holding their ground at a spot where russians tried to break through. they badly need better equipment, but they have other strengths. >> we are united. we fht for our independence from russia. russian soldiers fight for money. andrew: the russians have been pounding these front-line positions for weeks now, but the big picture in the donbass is the kremlin's offensive has
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largely stalled. they have taken hardly any significant towns and the ukrainians are making them pay a heavy price for every scrap of land. further out in no man's land, ukrainian volunteers collect the abandoned bodies of russian soldiers. too many to count, according to alexi. i can't see how the russian army can keep going. it is losing so many men, he says. i don't understand this madness. back at the village, ivan's father is still inconsolable. but his widow brings their five-year-old son to the gravesite. he was a stubborn man and a good man, she tells us, sounding resolute as the struggle for the donbass grinds on. andrew harding, bbc news, in eastern ukraine.
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laura: joining us from frankfurt is retired lieutenant general ben hodges, who was the commander of the u.s. army in europe. do you think it's significant that vladimir putin didn't use this high-profile speech today to escalate his war with ukraine? instead he justified it. is that because russia is making such slow progress in the east? >> great question. there were several things that were significant about this insignificant ceremony. first, where was general grass amount of and foreign minister lavrov? we didn't see either of these guys. these are two who typically would have been prominently featured onhe reviewing stand or walking around. neither one. there is speculation the general was wounded a few days ago when he was visiting the front. i don't know. it could be both of them are being eased out because things
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have gone so poorly. there had been speculation there would be a general mobilization announcement. nothing. only a request from the office which manages mobilization, an offer for anyone who wants to to mobilize. i think they would have been humiliated if they tried to enforce a general mobilization because the system is so corrupt and a lot of people would not have shown up. in a way it was a goothing there was no announcement of escalation, no new direction. it feels to me they are acknowledging in a way tt there is nothing else. they have come close to culminating. they are still going to kill for weeks. the chance of russia winning i think is gone. laura: what do you think of president putin actually acknowledging the toll the
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fighting has taken on russia? he admitted that this is very hard for the families of dead soldiers. >> that was interesting to me, that he acknowledged they have wounded and killed and will have to take care of the families. of course he didn't say how many. what he did try to do the entire day was connect what is happening now to the victorious and glorious struggle of 1943, 19 44, 1945. that's what today was all about, to wrap the operations in ukraine in some cloak of legitimacy by saying this is an extension of what they were fighting for to defend russia in the second world war. in that vein, you can say of course there are casualties. laura: thank you so much for being with us tonight. >> thanks for the privilege. laura: we turn to the
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philippines, where early returns in the presidential election ve ferdinand marcos junior, son of the former dictator, a clear lead over himain rival. voting took place amid reports of fatal shootings at polling stations. the vote was also marked by nearly 2000 malfunctioning counting machines, leaving many questioning the election's integrity. howard johnson has more. howard: philippine history is turning on its head. once a disgraced family ousted from theresidential palace in 1986 amidst charges of corruption and brutality, the marcos family looks set to return with the people's backing. this was marcos earlier, casting his vote in his father's hometown. he was joined by his father soundro, who is running for
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congress. this, a rare periods of 92-year-old ml the, once a byword for greed because of her excessive collection of designer shoes bankrolled by the taxpayer. the marcos promised a return to the golden age of economic prosperity but critics say they have used social media to whitewash the sins of their past. the only person in the way of a marcos arrival is lenny, a human rights lawyer and economist, but she i well behind the unofficial tally of results. this year's election has been marred by reports of vote buying, violent skirmishes, and malfunctioning counting machines. you can see there are tensions in this polling station. we have been waiting for hours to feed their ballot papers into this machine, which has been malfunctioning for six hours.
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people are being told to leave their papers to be fed in later on. because of the lack of trust, people want to wait to see their paper go through so they can get the official receipt. >> [translated] it is dodgy. all i want is the truth. i almost collapsed earlier. howard: the philippine election commission says or than 1800 machines malfunctioned but the body failed to heed calls to extend polling hours, leaving many questioning the integrity of this election. supporters of the marcos family say they deserve a second chce. the results will shock the world. crimes proven by court documents, whistleblower accounts, and independent media reporting seemingly means little to the majority here. howard johnson, bbc news, manila. laura: joining us from manila is
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the bbc's charishma. early results suggest ferdinand marcos junior is in the lead by millions of votes. is there any way his rivals can catch him? >> to be honest, i don't think that is a possibility. what we are being told and what we are seeing from those unofficial partial results is the fact there is a landslide victory in store for marcos junior. even here at the national commission of the center on elections, where we are expecting a press conference later today, that's when we are going to get some indication of the official results,ut they are unlikely to be that different from the unofficial partial results that have been coming through. this was expted for some time. the polls suggested in the lead
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up to the election that overwhelmingly filipinos were going to vote for ferdinand marcos junior, known here as bongbong marcos, and that is because of some things howard was mentioning, the idea he has been able to whitewash the past and put forward a message of unity to the filipino era. a lot of people between the ages of 18 to 25 don't remember the brutality of the marcos era and they are hoping his son wl somehow bring them a brighter future. laura: you are talking about the golden era, but it was a. when there was martial law and thousands of people were jailed, killed, tortured. there were allegations of corruption against the marcos family. who can forget ml the marcos's shoes, if you are a certain age? how is it marcos junior has been able to recast that?
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>> it's a remarkable makeover, you are right, for those of us who remember the 1986 people power protests that saw ferdinand marcos overthrown in those massive street protests that set a precedent for other protest movements across southeast asia. this is a huge image transformation for the marcos family. one of the ways analysts say he has been able to do this is through social media. there are videos being circulated on youtube that in a way rewrite history about what that era was like. the fact that so many people here are young and want a message of positivity is the analysis we are hearing. they are emerging from a pandemic where it has been pretty grim in the philippines. like many southeast asian countries, the philippines saw a lockdown, children not going to school, jobs lost.
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people want to move away from that is the sense i am getting are many voters. for some reason they are buying the message that ferdinand marcos junior is giving, the idea that there will be unity in the future and he can ing hope. laura: thank you. there is up people in sri lanka as the prime minister has resigned. his brother the president remains in power but violence has erected in cities across the country as pro-and antigovernment protesters clash. the island nation is under curfew and a state of emergency. our correspondent reports. correspondent: an island nation sinking past -- fast. an explosion of anger after weeks of antigovernment protests. as the two sides ce face-to-face, supporters of the prime minister attacked the so far peaceful demonstrators
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calling for the government to go. they accused the police of iling them. the scenes are extremely tense. this is outside the prime minister mahinda rajapaksa's house. violence once plagued this nation during decades of civil war. noan economic emergency has left millions struggling to survive. >> this shouldn't be happening in this country. no gas, no essential medications, and people are suffering, living with one meal per day. i am so sorry to say this. correspondent: a cost-of-living crisis after a pandemic has brought thousands to the streets. they blame the government for reckless borrowing, ill-timed tax cuts, and a failed
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experiment in organic farming which has driven fuel shortages. political heavyweights in sri lanka, prime minister mahinda rajapaksa and his brother the president have ruled sri lanka on and off for decades. now the man once known as the country's lion has quit. addressing his faithful one last time, mahinda rajapaksa, who has also served as president and finance minister, is stepping aside to make way for an all party government. these protesters have just found out that sri lanka is prime minister mahinda rajapaksa has resigned. it is a big moment for them. they have been calling for the prime minier and the president, who remains in power, to quit over this economic crisis. tonight the home of a government mp was set alight by protesters.
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until president gotabaya rajapaksa, he and his party will continue to feel the heat. bbc news, colombo, sri lanka. laura: britain's queen elizabeth has pulled out of tomorrow's state opening of parliament. it will be the first time since 1963 that the queen will miss the annual ceremony. prince charles will deliver the speech instead. buckingham palace said the 96-year-old monarch could not be there because of mobility problems. searches continue for survivors after 35 people were killed at an explosion in havana last friday. four more bodies were found in the rubble this morning and officials fear more victims could be among the ruins. the blast is believed to be caused by a gas tanker outside the building. the u.k. opposition leader says he will resign if a police investigation concludes he bro
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u.k. lockdown laws in 2021. the labor leader says no rules were broken when he had curry and a beer at an mp's office. he is facing allegations of hypocrisy after calling for boris johnson's resignation when he was fined for breaching covid rules. emmanuel macron has said it could take decades for ukraine to join the european union. in a speech, he suggested a parallel european community could be established rather than lowering the bloc's strict membership criteria. we have the story of a rare and precious find, a tooth from one of the world's largest prehistoric sharks found in the u.k. and could be up to 20 million years old. the fossil hunter who found it is only six years old. joe black has the story. >> the tooth of one of the largest prehistoric sharks,
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extinct for roughly 3.5 million years. it is a discovery and he experienced paleontologist would be thrilled with, but this mega lid on tooth was unearthed by a six-year-old and now sammy and his fossil are the talk of his school. >> sammy, i like your fossil. >> i think the tooth is heavy. >> it is really big and from ages ago. jo:hat does sammy make of it all? >> it is so big, i didn't know what even it was. jo: how did you find out what it was? >> my daddy told me. >> there are very serious fossil hunters there with all the proper gear, and then me and sammy in muddy boots walking along the beach hoping to find a shark's tooth and starting up this mega lid on tooth. jo: they are thought to be the largest fish that ever lived and the full body length can range
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from 30 meters to 18 meters, or almost the length of two double-decker buses. it was the last bank holiday weekend where sammy struck lucky. sammy has been to this speech before looking for shells, but inspired by talking to fossil hunters, he decided to try and look for shark teeth. this was his first attempt, and of course he found one, but at first he didn't realize how spial it was. >> i have been looking for a megalodon tooth since i was six and have not found one yet. i am very pleased he has found one. jo: sammy has taken to sleeping with his special tooth. it might be a once-in-a-lifetime find, but this six-year-old is determined it won't be his last. laura: what find by sammy. no wonder he is sleeping with that tooth. before we go, check out this for
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a new way to celebrate american independence day. drone shows are in high demand in states where fireworks pose a fire risk. it is becoming a safer, eco-friendly alternative to the traditional fireworks display. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountantand advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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judy: good evening. i'm judy wdruff. on the "newshour" tonight, words of war. at an event commemorating the end of world war ii, vladimir putin paints russia's brutal invasion of ukraine as a response to western policies. then, an uncertain future. a lawyer who argued a landmark abortion rights case before the u.s. supreme court weighs in on the possibility of roe v. wade being overturned. and, rising hunger. the ordinary citizens of afghanistan struggle to meet their basic needs as the taliban further restricts the rights of women, drawing international condemnation. >> with the international community putting sanctions on afghanistan, the taliban aren't suffering from this. it's the common afghans. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."

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