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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 5, 2022 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a ymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuingolutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world new. anchor: i am laun washington and this is bbc world newsmerica. russian forces are closing in on ukrainian fighters still inside the steel plant in mariupol'. a ukrainian commander says russian troops derailed efforts to evacuate civilians. president putin said ukrainian fighters must surrender. meanwhile other rescue efforts underway in eastern ukraine. we report on volunteers risking their lives to try to save civilians. >> we have been told all rescue
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efforts have been suspended because of the danger, but that leaves something like 2000 civilians trapped in this town and we are told many more civilians caught in other frontline towns. anchor: a new report from the world health organization says the pandemic has caused the deaths of almost 15 million people globally, three times higher than the official tally. history is made on london's q. we speak of a designer who is the first person to e redesign the iconic logo. ♪ anchor: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. russian president vladimir putin has called on ukrainian troops holed up in the steelworks in mariupol'to surrender. it is the last stronghold of
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resistance of the city and around 200 civilians are thought to be sheltering in its underground tunnels and bunkers. the commander leading ukrainian troops says difficult, bloody battles are being fought. russiaas been bombing other cities across the country as it tries to win more territory in the east of ukraine. this report from our correspondent contains flashing images from the very start. correspondent: they struck in the dead of night. and here is what they hit. the air raid siren still wailing as daylight revealed the destruction. russia talks abo its precision missiles and military targets. it never admits that any of this , but every day more lives in ukraine are shattered. this is in the east.
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ludmilla said a wall collapsed. she was buried in rubble in her own bed. hours earlier several hundred people were brought to safety from variable. the u.n. says -- mariupol'. the u.n. says they are their way to rescue others. ukrainian fighters are refusing to surrender. they have posted these pictures. moscow had said it would cease-fire today. ukraine says children are among those trapped. one of the commanders has made a new call for help to evacuate the civilians as well as wounded and dead soldiers. ukrainians are following their fate closely especially in places like this, which survived
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its own nightmare. russia's war on ukraine has ruined houses and wrecked lives. here in abuja -- bucha, people's horror stories are still spilling out. there were jews queues for food because many lost everything in thisar. this woman tells me russian soldiers stole all of her savings. even her gradaughter's jewelry while the family cowered in fear in their vegetable seller. in moscow russian troops are rehearsing their annual proud parade, all of this to mark so victory in world war ii. while in ukraine there shells are hitting playgrounds and apartment rocks -- blocks.
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anchor: as russia intensifies its attacks on eastern ukraine thousands of people are trapped in horrifying conditions. our correspondent reports on the volunteers, including a math teacher from britain going in and out of towns to try to rescue people, putting themselves at enormous risk. correspondent: face it in stunned silence on the school bus that jrescued them from hell. still weary with terror, two other buses with them did not make it back. it was so scary is all she can manage to say. thousands are running the russian government trying to escape from the kremlin's new offensive in eastern ukraine. but imagine escaping this and then going back in again and again. that is what a group of
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remarkable volunteers are doing in dundas -- donbas including the man who filmed this, a british math teacher who came out last month to lend a hand. >> we have been going quite close to the front and evacuating bedridden people, a couple of blind people. i am quite scared most of the time. correspondent: who would not be. this was filmed by the driver of another school bus, one of the two that went missing. mikhail is a local history teacher. last friday he left for a rescue mission and never came back. then, a surprise announcement on russian television. mihail has been captured alive.
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then another surprise. while speaking to his wife, a phone rings. it is her husband still held captive but calling with important news. he spoke about a prisoner exchange. my husband said the russians might swap in for prisoners held by our government, soon i hope, so maybe everything will work out. perhaps it will, but for others still trapped in the town no help at hand. this is as close as we can get to the town right now. artillery is in the distance and shells are landing in just the other side of this field. we are told all rescue efforts have been suspended because of the danger but that leaves 2000 civilians trapped in this town, and we are told many more civilians caught in other frontline towns.
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all evidence of a slow, ging conflict with no end inht. anchor: while the bbc chief international correspondent was in kyiv when russia invaded ukraine weeks ago e is now in eastern ukraine and i asked her out close the war is to her? correspondent: it is just around the corner, one missile strike away and all ukrainians know that. it has been said time and again that no place in ukraine is safe even though there are areas in eastern ukraine that is now the focus of the most intensifying attacks by russian forces. we arrived in a center east of ukraine yesterday, a place which s not seen russian attacks for weeks, and suddenly air raid
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sirens sound and the building we were in in the center of the city shook, and cruise missiles slammed into the city center destroying a bridge and date railway facility, underlying again out in this phase of the war russia is targeting critical infrastructure that is being used by ukrainian forces both to supply their forces in the east of ukraine, and that includes significant flow of western weapons, which are making such a difference. wherever you are in ukraine you are painfully aware that at any moment that quiet could certainly be shattered. anchor: you have traveled across ukraine to get to where you are. what are people telling you about daily life in a country that has been at war for 10 weeks? correspondent: what the ukrainians will tell you is that this war is been going on for many years now, ever since 2014 when russian forces and next the
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crimean peninsula and russian-backed separatists took over in the donbas, but this is a war unlike that long intensity war. we wento a cafe, which is no longer just a cafe. they serve great coffee, but it is a place where volunteers gather, people pay for their coffee and the coffee is free because they know that will go toward the war effort. security officials are gathered there who had just come from eastern ukraine. you meet volunteers who are giving food, getting close, doing whatever they can to help in this effort. one woman said to me it makes her feel good f people together because there are smiles. she said smiles matter in war, and they must matter in a war
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which gets uglier and darker by the day. you feel it here even in the quiet moments, you know it is not far away, and you know there is no clear idea about when this work will see it sent. -- its end. anchor: thank you. as the pdemic is in its 30 or a new study from the world health organization says nearly 15 million globally ofied from covid-19. that figure is nearly three times higher than the official tally. the study takes into account deaths resulting from people being unable to get treatment for other illnesses. our corrpondent has more. >> she was the one we looked up to. correspondent: this family just before the pandemic started, even after theirus began spreading in india, covid seemed remote.
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but in august 2020 family members fell ill one by one. a 71-year-old died in the hospital. >> we never thought this could happen to her. i could see she was slowly but surely deteriorating. correspondent: her death would have been recorded, but millions were not. the who nowhinks indy's debts were 10 times the official count. russia undercounted too with access deaths at 3.5 times at was recorded. in the first two years at the pandemicorldwide it was not around 5.5 one million people die from covid, but because of that you testing, poor record-keeping and the fact that some people died of lung covid
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causes during lockdowns, the world health organization now thinks that figure might be more like 15 million. >> it is a tragedy, this is a staggering number, and we have to hold policymakers accountable. if we do not count, we will miss the opportunity to be better prepared for the next time. correspondent: brazil was at the epicenter of the pandemic for a while and saw deaths on a mass scale. a nurse from sao paulo lesser grandmother but had to carry on working rather than grief. >> sn after i had to work in the covid icu. the patients reminme of her, they remind me of my grandmother. correspondent: britain had access mortality -- excess
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mortality rates above average, on par with italy but nots good as friends. this pandemic was tough even for some of the wealthiest nations. anchor: in the wake of that who report let's look at south africa where new infections are once again beginning to rise. at the end of last year cases were soaring due to the omicron variant first discovered in south africa. in the past week new infections have tripled, and hospitalizations are increasing. for more about why cases arising in south africa and whether the rest of the world should be worried i have been speaking to a south african epidemiologist advising south africa's government on their covid-19 response. thank you for joining us. why do you think south africa is seeing this new wave of infections when it was thought
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the popution at significant immunity? >> what seems to be driving this new surge of cases is a subvariant of omicron, so not a completely new variant but a new subvariant comprised of two viruses quite similar to each other. one is called ba4 and the other is ba5. both of these viruses are spreading rapidly and slowly displacing ba1 and ba2. anchor:: these new variants be the start of a new global wave? >> it is too early to tell, but it looks like the way in which they are seading, it does not look likit is going to cause
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massive new waves. part of it is because individuals will have been vaccinated and to acquired ba1 infection, there immunity is very good against ba4 and ba5. it is the unvaccinated we are most concerned about. given that south africa has 50% vaccination in its adult population, the actual risk population is quite small. i would not expect ba4 and ba5 to cause a rampant surge. anchor: you work in the united states and south africa, both countries have a significant population of unvaccinated, but south africa it is higher. why is that? >> south africa is going to a particularly complicated challenge right now. there are high levels of
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misinformation and in instances disinformation not just through social media but through a whole range of mechanisms, so the effort has now been try to combat some of that misinformation, but ultimately i think we are going to have to have stronger incentives for vaccination if we are to get to the 70% target we had set. anchor: is the worst of the pandemic behind us? do you think as an epidemiologist or is it possible a new and deadly variant that could evade our vaccines could emerge? >> what we have seen is in the five variants of concern, each of those variants emerged independently of the others. variants emerged i related to past variants.
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we could always see a new variant not related to the other variants so that risk remains with us but the virus has to reach a point, and i anticipate sooner rather than later that it cannot continue mutating to get an advantage. it will continue mutating, but those mutations do not give it an advantage, and the sooner we arrive at that better, because that is the version of the virus we can regard as endemic. until then we are always at risk of newaves. i am hopeful -- let me just say i have wishful thinkinthat the worst is behind us. i remain ever vigilant that a worse form of the virus could quite easily still occur. anchor: thank you so much for being with us. >> it is a pleasure. anchor: in other news, a global
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alliance has been launched to support a bid to get the international court of justice to consider for human rights impact of climate change. more than 1500 civil society groups from 130 countries are backing the action. they say they will take the case -- the island in the south pacific is threatened by rising sea levels. president biden announced today that pierre will become is new press secretary, the first woman and first openly lg bt q american to hold the position. the current press secretary will step down later this month. let's go to the latest from the multibillion-dollar defamation trial here in the u.s. actress ever heard is being sued by her ex-husband, jenny debt. amr heard cast johnny depp as
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being deeply troubled by jealousy and drugs. i warning, this report contains details some may find distressing. correspondent: day two of ever heard's testimony and to return to the witness stand to continue a recount of her relationship with a man sitting in front of her, johnny depp, her ex-husband suing her for libel after she described herself as a victim of domestic violence. her evidence begin with photographs she had taken to catalog what she says was his drink and drug problems. >>'s employees and everyone who had been taking care of him versus my word, so i started to take pictures and say, this is happening. correspondent: she went on to describe a confrontation on a plane in which johnny d is said to of accused her of an
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affair with jas franco. she made a recording of what she said is her ex-husband out of control howley -- howling on that plane. another instance in which she said was assaulted. >> i feel this boot in my back. he just kicked me in the back. correspondent: and then on a trip to australia she said there was a drug fueled violent sexual assault with a wine bottle. >> i could not breathe, i could not get through to them, i could not get up. i do not know how that ended. i do not know what happened next. [crying] correspondent: that brief look up was one of the few times
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johnny depp took his eyes off his desk. there was no i contact with a woman whom he says was the violent abuser this relationship, not him. anchor: an emotional day in court there. turning to the u.k. into a makeover for the iconic london underground logo. it has welcomed millions onto the tube since 1908, but it westminster station has been given african flair. correspondent: it is a busy morning at westminster station, workers walking up the stairs to start their day at the heart of the u.k. government, and houses of parliament. tourists here to see big ben, a daily seen central to lundin's identity and history, but
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something has changed. westminster station has become the home of new artwork based on the ubiquitous underground sign. the artist who created it, a brish ghanean. >> to be the first artist to show artwork at the station it is slowly sinking in. correspondent: the colors represent the country's independence struggle, mineral resources, with 54 black stars representing the number of counies on the african continent. his work was commissioned by the art on the underground project. >> it brings british history and african history into one stunning --, so it i interesting to have those two icons looking at each other. correspondent: the award-winning
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work includes films, photography, sculptures, and painting. he draws inspiration from his parents who migrateom ghana in the 1980's. >> my mom would tell me sries as a kid, and i carry them with me to this day in the weight that i work, the way that i tell stories. correspondent: it is his hope that his installation will inspire an african artistic revolution at home and across the world. anchor: now the cat is out of the bag on this one, this story has be getting lots of attention today on social media. this picture was posted by wildlife officers in kenya called to deal with the stray lion individual -- village, this is the expected culprit. if you zoom out you can see this is a bag with a big cap printed
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on it. when officials opened it i realized the lion did not have a body was in fact a shopping bag carrying harmless avocado ceilings. there you have it. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. have a great night. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. the newshour tonight, the pandemic's toll. the world health organization reports about 15 million deaths associated with covid-19 including nearly one million in the united states. then, the ongoing war. russia continues its attacks in eastern ukraine as the costs of the conflict rise with no apparent end in sight. >> i don't know what there is to say. one moment it sounded far away. then the roof started crumbling down. judy: and, the kids are not all right. a new report shows the pandemic and pedal -- and political targeting exacerbated the already difficult ment health struggles felt


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