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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  May 4, 2022 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ros: hello. this is "outside source." the u.s. central bank makes a big move to combat inflation. the half-point interest rate riserom the u.s. federal reserve is its biggest and more than 20 years. russia's forces have entered the steel plant, the focus of the fighting in mariupol. and amber heard takes the stand in the defamation trial with her
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ex-husband, johnny depp, describing how she first fell in love with him. >> i felt like the most beautiful person in the whole world around him. it made me feel seen. it made me feel like a $1 million. -- -- like a million dollars. ♪ >> welcome to the program. we are going to start in the united states, where the federal reserve has made the biggest increase in interest rates in two decades. the u.s. central bank has increased interestes by half of one percentage point to come back soaring inflation point, driven by energy prices. here is john powell. >> the current picture is plain to see pair with the labor market is extremely tight and inflation is much too high. against this backdrop, today the fomc raised the interest rate by half percentage point. >> michelle flory has been
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analyzing the shift in monetary policy in washington. reporter: the federal reserve has raised rates by half a percentage point, as expected. bringing its key benchmark rates are the range of 0.75 and 1%. this was a big move designed to try and manage soaring inflation, which is not currently at a 40 year high. it is a step up in efforts that began a month ago. but even one the federal reserve -- when the federal reserve raised rates last month, there has not been a cooling off in prices. so it's trying to act more aggressively to address the cost of living prices. >> there has been some criticism they have been a bit slow on this. reporter: well, there have been plenty of criticism they were too slow to react. i think part of that has been driven by the fact that you are talking about inflation as i mentioned at 40 year highs. u have to go back to
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1981. they are being forced to play catch-up. that means that we are expecting throughout, much of the rest of this year. there are five more for meetings after this one, where we expect more rate increases as they try to manage this problem of inflation. if you want to give them the benefit of the doubt, one thing you could say is they could not of anticipated the persistent nature of covid, nor the war in ukraine, all of which have helped drive up prices even more. >> what do you think the impact then of this rise will be? >> look, if ordinary americans, they are goi to have to pay more, when it comes to borrowing. so credit cards, mortgages, we were talking to a mortgage realtor yesterday who said, they are already seeing the impact from some homebuyers, who either are moving u tir purchases to get ahead of things because they realize the longer they wait, the more they are going to have
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to sort of put towards mortgage costs. this is all designed to try and sort of slow down price rises and slow theconomy. but here's a danger, if you listen to economists. the fed has to tread a narrow path. if they moved to aggressively -- too aggressively, there is a risk they break something and the fear is, can they tackle inflation without pushinthe economy into recession? >> the s&p 500 gained some ground after the federal reserve past the statement, only a few minutes ago. this is economics, but it's always politics as well, those midterms are coming up. we are expecting to hear from president joe biden. reporter: yeah. we have heard already from president biden this morning, talking about how his efforts to try to bring down the deficit would help ease some of the pressure on inflation. there's no doubt that this is
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causing economic pain for many people. but it's also causing political pain, ahead of the midterms. you're going to hear more from republicans in the months leading up to that, basically hammering the biden administraon for not doing more to bring it down. in truth, there's very little the white house can do. it really is largely the territory of the federal reserve. that is why all eyes are here today, on what policymakers have to say about how they are trying to deal th this, not just on their sort of keep top interest rates, but also on their $9 trillion portfolio -- that was the kind of stimulus that they built up to support the economy during the pandemic, which they are now trying to shrink and remove. >> let's turn to the war in ukraine now. we are going to cover sanctions in a moment. first, let's go to the southern city of riupol. officials are reporting russian troops have entered the ste plant. the city has been besieged for weeks, mostly under research
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control -- under russian control. men have been wounded. we know hundreds of civilians are still trapped there. to get the latest, here's an advisor to president zelenskyy. >> that's probably what they intend to do, to annihilate the rest of our troops. i guess the civilian citizens -- the civilian populations we have there, they have been waiting for some people to get out, now they probably calculated that this would be the right moment to take the steel plants by storm. we don't know exactly what their plans are. but we know how they treat our people in other places, where they managed to establish their occupation. so there's nothing good that probably awaits our citizens and troops, if they are successful in taking control of the steel plant. >> the steelworks i the last part of the city under ukraian control -- this is what it looks like from above. underneath, there is a sprawling
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network of tunnels and bunkers. civilians and ukrainiafighters have been using this network. because of this a week ago, president putin told his troops to block off this industrial area, so that not even a fly can pass through. but russia denies storming the plant. this is what the russian defense minister has to say. >> in accordance with the order of the commander-in-chief, there are many militants locked in the industrial zone -- our proposals to the nationalists, to let civilians go, and lay down their arms guarantees of life and decent treatment and international law was ignored. >> while many remain trapped inside a steel mill, some have managed to get out. a new group of civilians left the city earlier. these are pictures of a convoy that arrived in the city tuesday. the journey there was an ordeal. here is one of our q. week. >> you enter a tent, take off your clothes, they said that they would rebuild and construct mariupol. there is no more mariupol.
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> next to the city of lviv -- >> next to the city of lviv. this is the aftermath. we know through electricity substations have been damaged. the city, without power, including medical facilities. the mayor has been giving an update to the bbc. >> today, all cities in ukraine have very similar situations. i don't know what is the next target for russian missiles. this is a huge hub for refugees. every day, there are new wounded. today in the hospital, we have together more than 1100. >> earlier, i spoke to our correspondent in kyiv, i began by asking him about the latest developments in mariupol. >> about the evacuation of about 100 civilians from the steelworks, the russian troops are now attacking it.
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looks like a final sort to deal with those 2000 or so ukrainian fighters, who were making a last stand. it may be that with the may 9 victory parade coming up to mark the soviet victory over nazi germany, president putin wants a final victory in mariupol. he wants the steel plant cleared. he might've said before, let's just lay siege to it -- but it looks like they are mounting an assault on it. >> why the assessment then of the performance so far in the east? it's been a while now since russia redeployed its troops to the region. how do you assess the progrs? reporter: well, the ukrainian defense ministry was saying todathat russian forces there are trying to speed up the tempo of their attacks, although we have had assessments, too, from british and military intelligence and the u.s., that actually the russians are quite
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slow with that advance and that offensive. they are several days behind schedule. in some areas, we know around suburbs in kharkiv for example, ukinians are pushing back. but we also get the picture that the russians are using a lot of long-range artillery. much longer reach artillery than the ukraians of. -- have. troops in the area are suffering and taking some pretty horrendous casualties, because the russians have so much artillery. when you talk to ukrainian politicians in kyiv, the one thing they keep saying time and time again is, give us more weapons, but specifically give us long-range artillery. long-range rockets, so they can fire back at the russian forces. so they can answer some of those artillery bombardments in the east. >> indeed. can you take us to the west now? i am interested to know i suppose, what impact the strikes in the west have, of course, we know that is traditionally up until now -- has relatively up
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until now been a relative area of safety. reporter: what they have been trained to do with those attacks, the russians, on the electricity substations in and around lviv is to hit some of the railway infrastructure, the transport infrastructure that is used -- being used by ukraine to bring weapons in from poland and elsewhere, coming in through the west. so the russians are desperate to destroy some of that infrastructure and stop weapons being transported in. it's not just in lviv, by the way. it is around the country. we have been talking to ukraine's infrastructure minister, who said -- who was telling us the russians are specifically targeting roads and railways and bridges and also petrol stations, oil storage depots trying to crash and dismantle the entire infrastructure of this country, in order to stop more weapons coming in and to cripple this country. they are suffering from that,
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the ukrainians at say, but equally trying to repair that infrastructure, as soon as it is destroyed. they are still managing to bring those weapons in and keep those supply routes open. >> thank you for that. we have covered the situation on the ground in ukraine. now let's look at the latest sanctions. the european union has proposed some of its toughest measures yet against russia. the included total ban on oil imports by the end of the year. moscow supplies around 25% of that you -- the eu's oil and 40% of its gas, that has not been included in the sanctions. you can see how reliant the eu is on russian gas, making it harder to replace with alternative sources. back to the oil import ban -- let's hear from the president of the european commission. >> today, we will propose to ban all russian oil from europe. this will be -- [applause]
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this will be a complete import ban on all russian oil, seaborne and biplane, fruit and refined. >> the package also suggests other sanctions, including disconnecting russia's largest bank from swift, used to transfer money across borders, cutting off three ofussia's state owned broadcasters from the eu, and sanctioning those involved in thsiege of mariupol. here is a response to that announcement. >> we are considering a variety of options. sanctions aspirations of the americans, europeans and other countries are a double-edged weapon. trying to harm us, they, too, have to pay a price, they are already doing it, paying a big price. the sanctions to european citizens will increase every. >> i should emphasize these are just proposals at the moment. not all countries are fully behind the oil import ban idea.
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our correspondent is in brussels. reporter: he proposed a complete embargo on russian oil to be phased in by the end of this yea r. she said it wouldn't be easy but that putin had to pay what she called "a heavy price," for his brutal aggression in ukraine. this is very complicated. there are a number of eu states which are very heavily dependent on russian oil, hungary, slovakia. we have heard from the hungarian foreign minister quite recently in a video on facebook, saying the proposals as they stand would destr the hungarian economy. he said it was not in the question of political will. it was just an economic reality. we have also heard from slovakia, saying they would need more time in order to find alternative sources of oil. we have also heard from germany,
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which had been more reluctance. it says now that it would be behind this oil embargo, if the transitional periods were correct. but the economy minister of germany warned the prices are likely to rise and that of course is something that is a big problem for all of european consumers in these times of difficulties, in terms of the economy. a come to get a question for the eu. >> thanks for that. stay with us here on "outside source." still to come -- amber heard takes the stand in the defamationrial of her ex-husband, johnny depp. ♪ >> i, nelson mandela,
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will be faithful to the republic of south africa. >> the cnnel tunnel has been formally or been by the queen and president. the tunnel is still not yet ready for passengers and freight services to begin. ♪ >> for centuries, christianity and islam struggled for supremacy. now it symbolizes the willingness to coexist. ♪ >> he became the first man in the world to run a mile in under four minutes. >> memories of victory, as the celebrations reach eir climax. ♪ >> this night is dedicated to everyone who believes in a future of peace and freedom. ♪ ♪ >> hello.
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this is "outside source." live from the bbc newsroom. our lead story -- the u.s. fed has raised interest rates by half a percentage point to combat soaring inflation. it is the biggest rise in more than 20 years. let's go to the u.s. now, with the defamation trial between hollywood actor johnny depp and his ex-wife, amber heard. she is testifying right now. we will hear more from her any moment. let's remind ourselves first with this is all about. the defamation case was brought by johnny depp. after this article by amber heard in the washington post, where she claimed she was a victim of domestic abuse. johnny depp denies any abuse. he has sued her for $50 million. amber heard countersued him for $100 million. let's listen to a little bit of what amber heard said. i want to play you this clip of her talking about a moment when she said johnny depp slapped her
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twice -- a warning, some viewers might find this upsetting. >> i didn't know what to say. i didn't know how to react. i sat there thinking, how much time do i have? what do i need to do? god, did he just hit me? no. i wanted to leave them here but i didn't want this to be the reality. i didn't want to have the man i was in love with -- i know you don't come back from that. i'm not done. i know you can't hit a woman. you can't hit a man. you can hit anyone. you can't just hit somebody -- i knew it was -- i knew there was no -- i knew it was wrong and ideal that i had to leave him. that broke my heart. because i didn't want to leave the best thing that ever happened to me. and i wish i could sit here and say that i stood up and i walked out of that house and i drew a line and i stood up for myself.
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but i didn't have the will to get up and to walk out of the door, because i knew i needed to. and i really slowly stood up and i remember looking at him and i -- just looking at him, because i didn't know what else to do. and before i know it, he starts crying. and -- you know, i had never seen an adult man cry. >> well, that was just a few moments ago. amber heard, speaking there. just continuing to testify. i want to repeat that warning -- some viewers may find this distressing and there may be details of alleged mystic abuse -- alleged domestic abuse. let's return. >> he had done drugs and alcohol
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at the time, he had come back in my life, having gone through this horrible thing where i felt like my heart was ripped out of my chest, you know? a relationship ending is hard for anyone, but ending under that circumstance is really painful. when he would come back, it would almost feel like a solution to that and it would feel great -- we would be good again and it would be -- he would be extra nice and extra apologetic and extra loving, and we would be back in the good bubble, the warm glow. and eventually, we would get bored, then i would see him drinking again. when i started to get upset, seeing the pattern, of the violence going with the drinking and drugs, then he started sneaking it. so it became less clear and i would have to look for clues. so i just knew how to react, you know? johnny on speed is very
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different from johnnon opiates. johnny on opiates is very different from adderall and cocaine johnny -- but had to get good at paying attention to the different versions of him. 2012, i was in the beginning stages of this, just learning ese patterns. i was just learning that drinking correlated with the violence. >> and did you confide in anyone, about these issues you are having? >> objection, hearsay. >> i think she can see if she told anybody. >> as long as she doesn't say what she said. >> we are listening to the trial, live in the u.s., the defamation trial between amber heard, you can see her there giving her testimony, and her ex-husband, johnny depp, who we have been hearing from in previous days.
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so you know, this is live, but it is also on a 32nd delay, so occasionally, there may be issues with the sound where it will drop out. we heard from amber heard so far detailing early stas -- the early times of her relationship with johnny depp, how they met filming and how that retionship blossomed, and how it grew in intensity. she was just 22, 23 years old at the time, she described the early days of their relationship being one about presence, gift buying for each other, in the end, he bought her a horse, but it turned sour, we have been hearing difficult details of that pyramid lets us into a bit of what amber heard said earlier. why she was there. >> i am here because my ex-husband is suing me for an op-ed i wrote. >> how do you feel about that?
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>> i struggle to have the words, i struggle to find the words to describe how painful this is. this is horrible for me, to sit here for weeks. relive everything. hear people that i knew, some well, some not, my ex-husband, with whom i shared a life. speak about our lives in the way that they have. this is the most painful and difficult thing i've ever gone through for sure. >> that was amber heard,
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speaking in the last couple of hours. before today, johnny depp testified for 13 days. let's hear some of that. he denies any abuse. >> never did i myself reach thpoint of striking miss heard in any way, nor have i ever struck any woman, in my life. >> that was johnny depp there. he talked about the impact of these allegations on his reputation. >> one day, yo are cinderella, so to speak, then in 0.6 seconds, you are quasimodo. and i -- i didn't deserve that, nor did my children, nor did the people who have believedn me
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for all these years. >> that was johnny depp, speaking. we can cross back live. amber heard is continuing to testify. this is live in the courtroom. i do want to stress, there is a delay on the speed of about 30 seconds or so. the sound keeps cutting in and out, for various procedural reasons. just want to recap where we are -- this has be heavily anticipated. amber heard, taking the stand, testifying for the first time today. this trial has been going on for quite some time. we have heard lots of details from johnny depp. this is the portunity of the first time to hear amber heard's word. she did say at the start of this at this is the most painful and difficult thing she has ever gone through, let's see if the feed isack, if we can listen in now. >> -- my mom, i knew she understood these dynamics.
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and she wouldn't judge me, for staying with him, for loving him, even th this was happening. >> that is all we have time for on this edition of "outside source." this is bb narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.


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