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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 4, 2022 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ anchor: this is bbc world news america. the most portable children are the unseen victims of this war. we have a special report from southwest ukraine where disabled children have been moved across the country and abandoned. meanwhile, russia is bombing power stations in western ukraine. the european union plans to ban imports russian oil. >> every dollar spent on russian
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oil and gas is funding a military that is doing all of this. anchor: in shanghai, people as old as 100 have been removed from their homes after testing positive for covid as millions are living under lockdown. >> is shanghai's most vulnerable who suffer the most. almost all the official data are elderly an unvaccinated. china's leaders insist that chasing zero covid is the right thing. anchor: class, the u.s. federal reserve approves the biggest rise in interest rates in more than 20 years in a bid to curb inflation. there is still ahead. ♪ anchor: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. on the 70th day of the war in ukraine, the terms of the plight of disabled children.
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thousands have been abandoning institutions. that is think -- according to an investigation by disability rights international. severely disabled children were tied to beds and children's homes. our correspondent reports from institution and the relative safety of southwest ukraine where disabled children from the east were left by their caretakers, who then fled to safety in neighboring countries. you may find this report distressing. reporter: this is the sound of the war you have not heard yet. teeth grinding anxiety hides the trauma of u.k. -- ukraine's disabled childre the least visible victims. they are nervous, disoriented, distressed. >> they are not treated as human beings. they are only kept ave here. reporter: they have been dumped in a place that can barely handle them.
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are you certain you can give these children the care they need? the director could not believe how people fled and left these children behind. >> they were so selfish that they ran out of your assesses they could. i that they would come here and tell us who had epilepsy, who was incontinent, and so on. but then they sat here until lunchtime and left it i do not like criticizing my colleagues. reporter: she is one of 22 children moved here from an orphanage. left behind when the less severely disabled were taken to germany. she has frequent seizures and we are told she is putting restraints at night. she is 14 years old. these are all teenage girls. the nurse tells me she is not used to dealing with this level of disability. she believes the children are not able to understand their situation. she asks, what intellectan you
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see here? >> my heart breaks, actually, as a mother of two children. reporter: disability rights experts are documenting these conditions. >> even though they are in a safe place, their stage will deteriorate and time because they are not getting any kind of stimulation, any kind of rehabilitation. this is further disabling them. reporter: there is no future beyond these walls. these homes are relics of an outdated system. the boss insists a resident sing for it. staff shortages mean older residents help care for these children. those in from the east have much greater needs than this place can handle. disability rights investigators saw three more institution struggling with new arrivals. >> they barely had time to give them any individual attention before the war. now they are left lying in cribs
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, beds, tiedown, totally neglected. it is very dangerous. these children with disabilities are paying the price for the war. reporter: this flies in the face of any sort of international good practice in terms of the care these girls should be receiving. but on the other hand, this is people trying to do their best area under the toughest of circumstances. we were told she could not speak because of severe learning disabilities. >> she says that. reporter: then she spotted our microphone. there is a flicker of the potential that could be unlocked. are you taking my job? there is a call for these children to get more international support for the love and care of a family. when so many ukrainians are running from war, it looks like thousands will still face lives
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lost unseen and unheard. anchor: as the war grinds on, attemptso punish moscow are ramping up. today the european union announced plans for a total ban on russian oil imports by the end of the year. that requires unanimous support from eu member states, and hungary has said no. russia is paid up to half $1 billion daily. inside ukraine, officials say moscow has launched a major risk -- assault on steelworks in mariupol. russia says it will have a cease-fire and a humanitarian corridor open for civilians tomorrow starting for three days. our correspondent reports from kyiv. reporter: it has been 10 weeks of war andussia is still
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attacking ukraine from east to west. this was a power station after a missile strike. >> moscow is posting of its success. it says it is targeting supply routes for weapons from the u.s. and europe. it is hitting far more than that. reporter: the european commission wants to ramp up the pressure on moscow. it is proposing that eu countries and russian oil imports. the commissioner said vladimir putin should pay a high price for his butyl -- brutal aggression. >> today we are addressg our dependency on russian oil. it will not be easy. some member states e strongly dependent on russian oil. we simply have to do it. today we will propose to ban all russian oil from europe.
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[applause] reporter: the sanctions need unanimous support. while europe argues, these people are under fire. the last ukrainian fighters in mariupol. they are encircled by russian forces in a giant steelworks. the mayor believes there are 30 children among the civilians. across the donbas region, the fighting is relented spirit a local governor says no city is safe. around kyiv they know exactly how that feels. staff at this hospital in the ukrainian capital talk of operating under fire, saving the lives of wounded civilians in terrible danger. i asked the hospital director
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what she thinks about western sanctions. >> she thinks some countries do not understand what is happening here. perhaps they do not believe it, but they should. hungary has already said it will veto the ban on oil imports. with the wreckage of war all around, many ukrainians struggled to understand why the west would even hesitate about sanctioning russia. every dollar spent on russian oil and gas is funding a military that is doing all of this. ukraine did defend its capital. but russia's war has shifted focus now. it has not stopped. anchor: joining us now for more on the lest western sanctions against russia is america's former ambassador to nato. do you think it will be possible
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for the west to maintain its unity in the face of russian aggression when the cost hits home? we see hungary saying no to a man on russian oil imports. >> i sure hope so. it is remarkable that 10 weeks into this war we have maintained unity so far. making sure that ukraine has the means to defendpushing the russm the advances they achieved earlier. to make sure that the russians economy is not able to sustain the war over a long term. and to maintain the unity o native to defend -- nat to defend every inch of nato territory. there has been a hiccup in the discussions in brussels with the hungarians wanting a longer time to phase out the reliance on oil. they were supposed to be able to have an extreme year to do this compared to others in europe.
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we know how european summits and discussions go. this will take a couple of days. i am confident we will all be back. the reality is oil from russia in the long term is not going to be flowing into europe anymore. anchor: meanwhile russia has said yet again that nato supplies of arms to ukraine are a target. do you think there are cracks in nato's unity that russia can exploit? >> i do not. i think the allies of all come together around this single principal. that we will help ukraine defend itself. if russia wants to stop this war, it is very simple. they could move forces back to where they came from. ukraine is defending its own territory. nato is only helping ukraine as long as russia is attacking
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ukraine this is all in moscow's hands. anchor: speaking of that, both the u.s. and the u.k. have quite clearly coordinated a move suggesting that president putin could use the victory day parade next monday to declare actual war on you rate instead of calling it a special military operation. >> there would be significant psychological issues. the russian people have just been told that it is a special operation. we know from the pictures we have been seen for the past 10 weeks that this has been a war that was unprovoked. and illegal. and launched by russia. it would mean that russia could mobilize forces. those forces would need to be trained. that would take months in order to have a real effect. i think the impact is really
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designed to find a way to explain to the russian people the costs that are already clear , economic costs and the cost in russian lives. some 15,000 of whom have now barely been killed on the bow field. and many more wounded. putin has to explain how a special operation that was supposed to be over in weeks is gointo continue. by declaring war, that is what he's going to try to do. anchor: thank you so much for joining us. >> my pleasure. anchor: in shanghai, after more than a month of lockdown, covid rules have just been able to ease the number of new cases is falling. but thousands of people are still in quarantine in facilities run by the government. we have seen evidence of people as old as 100 moving out of their house after testing positive. our correspondent reports from shanghai where he is still in lockdown. reporter: it has taken more than
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a month. but now leaders think this outbreak is contained. it is time for a mass cleanup. disinfection by an army of workers, thousands of them, before a gradual opening up. the brutal war against covid has left a scar city. people as old as 100 were among those tested positive and taken to quarantine centers. one man detailed what he saw firsthand on social media. >> a lot of the old people have underlying health problems. the conditions inside quarantine centers are not good. we hope the elderly can be sent to better hospitals. reporter: in the five weeks i have been locked down, you cannot step outside the gates. it is shanghai's most burnable who have suffered the most. almost all the official dead are elderly and unvaccinated. chinese leaders insist that
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chasing zero covid is the right thing. the enforcement has been rsh at times. some people barricaded into their homes. or dragged out of them. neighborhoods fenced off. ey have made it clear there is no change. the man in charge of the ruling communist party believes persistence is victory. this is now a test of china's way, of his credibility. one part of china has changed tax. >> in hong kong we never did a total lockdown. schools were closed. a lot of people were working from home area but it was by no means a lot down here my concern in shanghai would be how long can this go on? the case numbers are never going to come down to zero. they will drop down slowly. the whole thing could happen again in a couple of months if there is another outbreak of omicron. reporter: debate about living
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with it on the mainland has been shut down in public. there is little room for dissent. this man was detained by police. his crime? highlighting the food supply problems. the government said this small scale, so protest, banging pots and parts of shanghai, influenced by foreign forces. china's capital is now on guard against any spread. most become g has been virus free now for almost two years. but as omicron threatens, a new anxiety is spreading. anchor: here in washington, the nation's capital is still in shock after that leak from the supreme court suggesting that justices may be about to reverse the abortion ruling known as r v. wade. democratic senators hope to hold
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a vote next week to preserve the right for abortion. this may depend on what state you live in. this is led to protests here in america. there has also been international reaction. canada's deputy prime minister said in a statement that she was shocked and worried by the news from the u.s., adding that as part of canada foreign policy it has been the priority of the government to support reproductive rights and it will continue to do so. joining us now from toronto is jessica murphy. we have this divisive debate over abortion in the u.s. how does that compare to canadian views on the subject? >> they are always a different. in canada abortion was decriminalized with our own landmark supreme court ruling in 1988. since then there have been no federal laws in place.
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they have left that status quo in place. most canadians are satisfied. ma federal political parties affirm that right to an abortion. it is a little more complicated for the conservative party. there are members who want more restrictions. and members of parliament as well. their policy for years has been to essentially not reopened the debate in canada.
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yesterday those frontrunners were saying they were pro-choice. they would stick with their preference to not reopened that debate. not to say that all the leadership candidates are pro-choice. there is a debate to have abortions. we do have a movement that is antiabortion. they stood up and took notice of what was happening in yesterday. they said this shows that in canada we have two remain vigilant.
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what is happening in the u.s. just happened here. in terms of organizations like that, they said this really shows potential momentum here in canada. we are left hopeful by that leaked document that came out. anchor: thank you so much for being with us. in other news, left-wing parties in france have announced a challenge to president macron's party. he led the historic effort to form an agreement that would see his party, socialists, greens, and communist allied together. the former of guinea will be prosecuted.
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he was toppled in a military coup last october. senior officials face prosecution for alleging crimes. amber heard has taken the stand in her defamation trial brought by her husband johnny depp. she described her experience in court as the most painful and difficult thing she has ever done. it is the first time the jury has heard from her directly since the trial began three weeks ago. there are numerous accusations of violence on both sides. here in the u.s., the federal reserve raised interest rates by half a percentage point today. it is the most aggressive increase in more than 20 years. it is meant to combat record inflation, which is at a 40 year high. u.s. markets have their best day since 2020 in response.
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a north american business correspondent reports. reporter: the price of a big mac is up 7% from last year. consumer prices at their highest level in four decades. causing economic and political pain. >> bringing down the deficit is one way to ease inflationary pressure on the economy. we are at a consequence of war and gas prices and oil and food. it is just a different world at this moment. reporter: fighting inflation is primarily the job of america's central bank. fed chair jerome powell said more hikes of the same size were likely at the next meetings. >> inflation is much too high. we understand the hardship it is causing. we are moving expeditiously to
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bring it back down. we both have the tools we need and the resolve it will take to restore price stability on behalf of american families and businesses. reporter: u.s. financial markets soared after mr. powell ruled out a even larger rate hike. the dow rallied more than 900 points, nearly 30%. there are signs that policy is having an impact on the housing market. mortgage rates have risen along with interest rates. this realtor is receiving fewer offers from potential buyers after the by wednesday that marks the pandemic area >> we have seen a few people back out. they have had to adjust their price point. i will have to change my budget. >> i love this area. reporter: this first-time homebuyer wants to jump in before rates get any higher, as mortgages become more expensive, she will be able to afford less. >> when i started my search i
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had a bigger budget based off of what the rates were at the time. once they started to hike, not only did it change what i could put down as a down payment, but i also had to be realistic with what my monthly payments were going to be because of the interest rates. reporter: plenty of economists think the fed was behind the curb -- curve in battling inflation. that leaves many people nervous that in the months ahead, it is overshooting and tipping an already tepid economy into recession. anchor: before we go tonight, we have news of the most expenve piece of sporting memorabilia ever sold. the jersey of a soccer legend. it was going by diego maradona when score the famous hand of
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god goal, the second goal was seen as one of the greatest in the history of the beautiful game. it went for $9.6 million at auction in london. thank you so much for watching bbc world news ameri. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... naator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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geoff: i'm geoff bennett. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight. fighting inflation -- the federal reserve raises interest rates in an effort to curb rising costs across the economy. then the invasion intensifies -- russian forces bombard eastern ukraine, killing more civilians while the european union proposes a ban on russian oil. and rethinking college -- we visit one of the hundreds of cities nationwide fighting growing education inequality by offering free or reduced college tuition. >> the problem is the jobs that are being created and the jobs that pay at living wage are increasingly and now primarily requiring some sort of post-secondary education. geoff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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