tv BBC World News America PBS April 28, 2022 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ laura: i'm laura trevelyan in new york city, and this is "bbc world news america." president biden calls on congress to approve extra aid for ukraine as the head of the united nations goes to ukraine to seeor himself how civilians have suffered during the russian invasion. the bbc investigates claims by ukrainians that they were captured by russian forces, beaten, and thrown into a russian prison. >> the kremlin says civilians
are willingly going across the border, but everything we've heard strongly contradicts those claims. laura: in sri lanka, thousands take part in antigovernment protests amid a devastating financial crisis. we are on the ground in colombo. >> the price of food has gone up so much, they are struggling to pay for three meals a day. laura: we report on the south african still waiting for government help to arrive after the deadliest wedding in decades. plus -- deadliest flooding in decades. plus, the chinese car market. ♪ welcome to "world news america" on pbs and around the globe. the head of the --
he called the war evil and unacceptable in his first trip to ukraine since russia invaded more than two months ago. our correspondent traveled with the secretary-general and has this report, which does contain some details you may find upsetting. >> it was like a message from moscow. the first missile strike on steve -- kyiv in two weeks. a residential building was hit and civilians wounded right when the u.n. chief was in town. earlier, antonio guterres had been on the edge of kyiv, witnessing the destruction therefrom russia's war -- there from russia's war. ukrainian families under fire in their own homes. antonio guterres was taken to abuja, -- bucha, too, a name
that is now synonymous with massacre. when russian troops occupied this town, locals dug a mass grave in the urchyard for civilians shot in the streets. mr. guterres called war evil and absurd. >> i'm glad the international criminal court sees the situation, that the prosecutor's office was already here. i appeal to the russian federation to accept, to cooperate. >> he got a warm welcome at the presidential palace. volodymyr zelenskyy had been annoyed that mr. guterres wen tto -- went to moscow first. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [translating] we dedicated much of our time to this issue,
and like the relatives those -- of those trapped, i believe we will have a successful result, bringing people back alive. >> in bucha, the morgue is still receiving bodies exhumed from shallow graves, gathering evermore evidence of war crimes. some of the dead here are still just numbers for now, waiting to identified. and people are stilsearching databases for their loved ones a month after russian forces suddenly withdrew. >> [speaking foreign language] >> gregori just found his son. >> [sobbing] >> he tells me he was shot, then burned, and his bones, left to bury. at the town metery, ludmila described how her husband was killed with a single shot to the head. she still has his hat with the bullet holes. valeri had just come out of
their bomb shelter to make a phone call. at last, ludmila can give him a proper burial in the graveyard, not their garden. in bucah alone -- bucha alone, more than 400 civilians were killed. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [translating] they should be prosecuted. they have to be. but who knows? putin should be first, and his band of criminals. this happened because no one person -- punished russia sooner, and russia corrupted the whole world with its oil and money. >> there are already so many personal tragedies in ukraine. in a war that russia launched that shows no sign it is ready to stop. bbc news, bucha. laura: today, president biden asked congress for $33 billion in extra support for ukraine.
mr. biden said the military and humanitarian aid was designed to defend ukraine rather than attack russia. joining us is a republican congressman from michigan who was in ukraine at the weekend. welcome to the program. based on what you saw when you were in ukraine, do you think congress should authorize this additional $33 billion in aid for the country? >> absolutely. it's good to be with you. i appreciate you covering it, what is going on in ukraine, the atrocities that are taking place . in my travels this weekend, easterly -- easter weekend in ukraine, it was evident in talking with high-ranking political officials, chief of staff of resident zelinski, military generals -- president zelenskyy, military generals, rank-and-file soldiers, community aders in lviv and o desa, that ukraine truly
believes they can win this war. if there is support that comes from their allies in the western nations, including the united states. they are grateful for what they received, but they pleaded for more and quicker. the quicker it comes, the sooner they can push back the russians. that will reduce the numbers of injured, maimed, and killed on both sides. they truly believe, and i agree with them, that is not the ukrainian soldiers that are killing russian soldiers. it's vladimir putin who is killing ssian soldiers, and that's a tragedy. laura: do you think the united states should go even further than all this massive lee terry aid and commit u.s. troops to the fight against the russians in ukraine? >> that's not what the ukraine is asking for during our time.
there was never a request for troops coming from america or other allies in the west. they said and have clearly shown that they could handle the lethal weapons that were supplied to them, that they can use the rockets, the missiles, the javelins, the stinger missiles, and they can use them well. they also have shown they can use antiaircraft. they just asked for more in a more rapid fashion, to -- to be able to not only hold russia back, which they have been doing . russia is showing they can't come in on the ground or through the sea. they have to do it by missile strikes, and that's indiscriminate. for us to stand in odessa beneath the apartment that was attacked with a missile and see the evidence of a loss of life we are a grandmother, her daughter, and the child of her daughter, a three-month-old baby, were brutally killed, innocent lives -- if you are
talking war crimes, that certainly is. and the husband who just went out for groceries com back to see that. that's tragic. laura: congressman, i can imagine how upsetting that was. if we could briefly talk about this u.s.-russia prisoner swap, paul whelan from your state was not included in this prisoner swap. do you think enough is being done to release him? >> well, the negotiations continue. ambassador sullivan has done a great job. i applaud both president trump before and president biden on their efforts and attention to the details. i think that's why trevor read his home now -- reed is home now. paul whelan, who is a michigander, his parents live in my district, has been suffering this uprt njmeotisiaimor.nton oothey are two different situations, but, nonetheless, we
are still hopeful that, in the end, paul whelan will come home. >> congressman, thanks so much for being with us. now, the ukrainian government has told the united nations that more than 500,000 of its civilians have been forcibly deported to russia, including 120,000 children. the kremlin says ukrainians are willingly moving to russia, but the bbc has heard from those who refute these claims, including families of those taken captive by russian forces. >> still in disbelief that he is back home, volodomir was deported to russia, captured as he was evacuating people from war-hit areas near kyiv. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [translating] we were beaten with rifles, punched and kicked. they blindfolded us and tied her hands with tape. -- tied our hands with tape.
they used tasers and kept asking for information about our military. after six days in a crowded basement in ukraine, we were taken to belarus. they thought we couldn't see, but i saw. >> he ed us the identity slip made for him there. it's issued by the military of the russian federation. what does it say on the top? from belarus, he says, they were driven to a russian prison. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [translating] they treated us like animals. one evening, i counted 72 people, but there were more, because we could hear the voices of others. women were beaten, to. -- too. >> he doesn't know what he was picked for the prisoner exchange, the only one from his cell. further north, at the chernobyl nuclear site, we found more evidence of forced deportations. this is the basement where 169
ukrainian national guard were held for weeks, before being taken from here by russian forces as ey withdrew. in a village nearby, we met the family of one of the missing men. we're hiding their identities to protect them. the guard's wife last spoke to him on march 31 just before he was taken. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [translating] i could hear the anxiety in his voice, she said. our son keeps asking where his father is. he is very worried and he is scared that i might disappear, too, so he keeps following me around everywhere. from different parts of ukraine, we spoke to the families of more than a dozen civilians who have been taken. only a few have been released. most are yet to return. this includes a family of four
with two young children who have managed to contact their relatives here, to say they are not being allowed to leave russia. the kremlin says civilians are willingly going across the border, but everything we've heard strongly contradicts those claims >> -- claims. a paramedic went missing when she was evacuating wounded soldiers and civilians from mariupol. a a few days later, she was featured in a propaganda video by pro-kremlin tv channels. that's when her husband found out she was in russian captivity. >> what i want is for russia to release my wif situation, in general, i want them to stop this bloody war. >> thousands of families, stuck, not knowing where their loved ones are. bbc news, kyiv. laura: the agony of the war in
ukraine. across sri lanka today, a massive strike forced schools, shops, and banks to close. the protesters, demanding the regrsiapgnplates witofh the worc crisis since independence from britain. thousands are camping outside the president's office in colombo. our correspondent is there and sent us this report. >> waving sri lanka's national flag, thousands marched through the streets of colombo, from all walks of life. the slogans against the government were strong and powerful. with the dwindling foreign exchange reserves, the government is badly -- has banned the import of essential items and prices have escalated, hitting millions hard. >> there's no electricity. there are sometimes kilometer-long queues for d
iesel. th demands of the people will be met. >> the protesters want t president and the entire cabinet to step down. the government is under pressure. tens of thousands of protesters have come fr different parts of sri lanka, expressing their anger. people here say they don't have any faith in the government in handling this economic crisis. but the president has rejected calls for his resignation and instead expressed his willingness to form an interim government. the government's negotiations with the for a bailout loan have not satisfied some of these protesters. >> period are accelerating -- people are celebrating. it's an institution. the monetary capitalizes the global monetary system.
it's ok if you have a few things, but when you are destitute, you have to completely go by their prescription. >> more protests are being planned to put pressure on the government to resign. many fear the worst is yet to come before it gets better. laura: in other news from around the world, indonesia, the world's largest producer of palm oil, has now banned -- the president said the move would lower the price of the cooking oil within his country, but it is expected to increase food prices globally. in the united states, the economy shrank for the first time in nearly two years due to supply cha issues and trade disruptions resulting from the war in ukraine. some economists are now worried about a recession.
others went to strong underlying consumer and business spending. we turn now to south africa, where dozens of communities are struggling to recover from recent floods, which were some of the worst the country has seen in decades. the government has promised to send aid to the most vulnerable. in many places, help still has not arrived. we are on the ground with more. >> this lone grave is a reminder of everything the floods took from this family. the three-year-old was killed, along with her mom, and the worst floods in decades. they were swept away within minutes. their home collapsed in the middle of the night. i first met the grandmother just days after the iident. two weeks on, her body is still missing. a part -- apart from the
community coming together to help find her, no other health has come. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [translating] i want to know where she is so i can bury her. it's not right that we can't bring her back home and labor to rest -- lay her to rest. i often think about where she could be and in what condition. the police wouldn't help us look for her. i sometimes think, it help -- if help had come, we might have also found her. i'm heartbroken and angry. >> although the family had hoped to bury them together, with no one looking for the missing woman, the grandmother says she was forced to hold a ceremony on the homeste, if only for some kind of closure. the people of the village on the fringes of durban say they have had to come to each other's rescue. a few hundred meters from this home, a kitchen was opened, feeding more than 100 people per
day. >> people are hungry, suffering. we decided we can cook for them, in order to have something. >> there are remnants of the violent water that swept through, takin lives andomes. some roads are still unusable, cutting off communities from each other. the people here are running out of clean drinking water and many are short of food. they tell me they have to rely on each other for help. they say it seems that poorer communities have been forgotten by those with the power to help change their desperate condition. and so, the people continue to do it themselves. downstream, residents take turns to clear the roads, to help people get to and from work, school, or the shops. >> the government programs are not there. we decided to build our own service with their own hands.
we help ourselves to clear everything. >> while there are still immediate needs to be met, there is the added long-term fear of what happens to these communities if this becomes the new normal. bbc news. laura: so much loss in south africa from those floods. for the past five weeks, shanghai has been under a very strict covid lockdown. some people have been smashing down the temporary fences meant to keep their housing blocks isolated. as infection rates decline, the government is shifting -- considering a shift away from its zero covid policy. we report on a city dealing with lockdown. >> we are approaching the end of our fifth week of lockdown that has confined almost everyone in this city, this vast city of
almost 25 million people come into their homes or places of work. the good news is, the statistics appear to show that cases are consistently coming down. the government is shifting the goal posts slightly. it is not aiming for absolute zero covid now. it is aiming for societal zero covid. noases springing up outside of quarantine centers, outside of places where people identified are being contained. it's been brutal for many people. tens of thousands taken off to quarantine centers, many of them 100 miles or more away from shanghai and kept in varying conditions. what is clear is that the government in shanghai and overall, xi jinping, the man at the top, remain committed to this policy of containing zero covid. the focus is shifting to the capital of beijing, hugely
symbolic. a handful of cases there. they up red -- they appear to be spread across the city. beijing is not the same as shanghai. it's always been like a fortress so they have a much better chance of containing it early. in shanghai, as i said, it hasn't bottomed out yet. but the statistics seem to suggest that maybe by this weekend, they will have contained it to the extent they want to. laura: let's go to norway now. despite the country's large oil supply, it has become one of the biggest adopters of electric cars in the world. as demand has increased from a chinese companies have left in -- has increased, chinese companies have leapt in. we have more from oslo. >> anyone for table tennis? yoga? or perhaps a latte with that? it feels more like a clubhouse
or an apple store, but this is actually a car showroom. a chinese electric carmaker, one of the latest brands to enter norway. its business model breaks with convention. >> you buy the car. you have a subscription to lease the battery. first of all, the purchase price is reduced. then, you always have to have the newest battery technology. >> just outside oslo, this is europe's first out -- battery swap station. >> just rolling forwards into the square. >> the car is guided inside autonomous lee. >> i'not even touching the steering wheel. my feet are off the pedals. >> power swap is about to start. >> the plan is for 20 in norway by the end of this year. in china, there are already hundreds. the idea of this battery swap station is, when you go longer distances, or you don't manage to charge up, you can replace
the battery and use a quick charged one. the car can be charged, but swapping increases the range without the weight -- wait. in another five minutes, i'm ready to go. but it's already up against other newtek -- tech with faster charges and longer-lasting batteries. the chinese home market is now the world's biggest for electric cars, but norway has the most per capita and plans to phase out sales of new diesel and petrol cars by 2025. players like this hoped to win over norwegian drivers, but soon they will be battling for business elsewhere in europe, too. adrian murray, bbc news, oslo. laura: before we go tonight, we have news of a historic first in outer space. nasa's spacex dragon capsule docked last night.
one of the astronauts arriving was jessica watkins, the first black woman ever to join the international space station crew for an extended stay. the event is an important marker, for the space agency and the country. i'm laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narratorfunding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
judy: good evening. i'judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, president biden's request to congress for $33 billion more in aid for ukraine underscores the u.s. is bracing for a prolonged conflict. then, with a new report showing the economy contracting, experts weigh whether this or other signs of resilience matter more for the future. and, a tiny vial with big ambitions -- a vaccine for the world, to help close the gap in global vaccine distribution. ouu seca ill t fhe firs e depao and we want to be the fire department for the world. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."