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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  April 27, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc wld news". >> hello. this is outside source. as the war in ukraine answers its -- enters its third month, president putin speaks. >> the current developments create funds -- on acceptable strategic threats for russia. our response will be lightning fast. >> this comes after russia cuts off gas supplies to poland over e refusal to pay in rubles.
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the eu calls a black male. we have all the latest reactions about it from our correspondent also on the program. the high court rules that government policies are not discharging patients into care homes since the start of the pandemic. it was unlawful. he comes after two women took legal action. >> think -- the -- the claim is that this was around care homes in the first wave of the pandemic. it was nothing more than a despicable lie. >> hundreds gather in washington for the funeral of madeleine bright, the first female u.s. secretary of state. president putin has threatened countries with retaliatory strikes that they create what he calls strategic threats to russia by intervening in the ukraine. he made a commentn a speech to lawmakers in st. petersburg that
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was broadcast on state tv. >> if someone from our side moves to interfere in the current developments, thus creating on acceptable strategic devoutness russia, they should know that our response should be lightning fast. it should be quick. we have all the tools for this, the kind that nobody else can boast of, and we won't brag. we will just use them. >> our colleague is think -- keep -- kyiv. >> it is different to know with -- difficult to know if vladimir putin with lightning quick rhetoric what he is talking about and what he is reacting to, but it may be that this is just speculation, but it may be that he has been antagonized by this meeting by western nations, 40 western nations, at from
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stein in germany with the u.s. defense secretary. they were talking about how to rash it up -- ratchet up supplies for the ukraine. there were almost 40 nations, not nato, but other countries and nations as well. it may also have been a reaction to the u.k. armed forces minister who suggested yesterday that the ukraine would be entirely legitimate. he used western weapons. it was given to attack russian targets inside russia. for example, logistics and supply lines. whether or not mr. pruden is reacting to all of that or any of that, we don't know, but it has been for ocean -- ferocious from the russian leader. >> can you tell us, you talk about military movements. what is happening on the ground today? >> we know that russians have been stepping up there campaign
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in the east. they withdrew their forces from around here, from around the capital to focus on the other regions. we saw one ukrainian mp earlier today who is a member of presidents army. he visited troops there. he said it is a difficult situation for the ukrainian troops, that they are outnumbered by the russian forces. they are finding it tough, frankly, and they were saying they need, desperately, western weapons, and western heavy weapons, artillery, and so on. specifically, it is the only real city that the russians have taken. the russians are now saying that have -- they have taken the entire region. there were process today -- protests today, saying they wanted a referendum. the russians are proposing a referendum of people to portray
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that as a place that does want russian rule. that is the latest on the ground, and of course, in mar iupol, we heard from a soldier who is a spokesman for the troops. they are at a steel plant there. they are trapped there with a lot of civilians, saying that he wants a dunkirk style evacuation , but whether there will be any humanitarian work, that remains to be seen. >> thank you so much for that update. let's get more on the develoent over the past 24 hours. russia is cutting off gas to two european countries. president putin laid the groundwork in march, citing a presidential decree that all russian gas could be paid for in rubles. he stated that there was nothing for free. they would not do a charity, either. existing contracts would be
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stopped if the requirement was not met. the use said come at the time, that contract between member states and the state gas company would not have to pay gas rubles. they said that if countries paid rubles, they would be violating eu sanctions. is here from the president of the commission. >> our guidance is very clear. to pay in rubles -- if this is not foreseen in the contract, to pay in rubles is a reach of our sanctions. we have run 97 percent of contracts that explicitly stipulate that payments euros dollars. it is very clear. >> i will show you this map. it shows the major gas pipeline networks of all the countries that it sends gas two. russia cut off supplied two of them. poland and bulgaria. they are supplied by the europe pipeline. you can see it runs across belarus and the turk stream
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pipeline,hich streams to turkey and hungary. it is described as black male. let's hear from the prime minister of bulgaria. >> this is a breach of the contract and black male for the use of a noncontractual plan for payment of rubles to third-party switches not guaranteeing supplies or money. we are not giving into racketeering. >> ithe short-term, russia is cutting off gas to do considerable damage to the countries economies. they are seen more than 50% of the gust -- gas from russia since the start of this year. bulgaria gets more than 90% of its supply from russia. despite those, both countries are insisting they can still meet demand for consumers. we will hear from the deputy foreign minister. >> down here in poland, a couple of years ago, the conservative government took a decision to build an energy terminal in poland, so we ve other options
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to include gas from the united states for both countries. this year, we have finished the project of the pipe, so norwegian gas, it will be available also for us on the polish market. >> poland can also expect assistance from the eu neighbors. let's return to the pipeline map. again, gas will be flowing down from the pipeline to other countries. just not those affected by the band. particularly, germany. this can reverse the flow of gas, sending it from west to east. this means as long as germany buys russian gas, it can help supply poland. that is the gas. why is russia doing this? poland says it believes that moscow's action is in retaliation for the sanctions that are being imposed by western countries. resident pruden addressed those sanctions and the effect that they have on his country in a speech earlier.
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>> we not only soften but repel and block the first crushing, as they believed in the west, below of illegitimate sanctions against our country. our banking system, national currency, transport, trade, economy as a whole, have listed them, and not crumble. -- have withstood them and not crumbled. >> there is very little doubt that every day, get the little bit harder in russia to withstand the sanctions, so the ordinary day-to-day shopping we are seeing evidence of shortages , and some goods have been restricted, so there is evidence that sanctions are having some kind of effect. whether that is a long-term effect or on the economy, that is open to question, but there are predictions that there would be nine to 12% drop in gdp of russia. that is during the course of russia. this is the extent to which it
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will undermine russia's capacity to finance military expenditure, and to keep the domestic population on the side. quick some people might be wondering, rebecca. why have they not hired more impactful -- fired more impactful hits on the economy. we have heard that there have not been such extensive sanctions from so many countries coming down and trying to isolate russia in that sense. what is keeping them from going under? >> that is an interesting question, and i think you have to look at the preparation. russia put this in before him. rated the beginning of the crisis, russia was saying sanctions are not going to have a huge amount of effect. the reason why is because we have modeled every single scenario. we have worked out what will happen pretty if you look at the ta, going back to 2013, you can see how russia is repairing by building up its reserves, and so on.
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but the most immediate thing that russia has done over the last few weeks is to make sure they have controls on the ruble. the ruble is very important because what it does is it is almost emblematic of russia struggle against what it sees as a threatening power. once the ruble is strong, and it has recovered, that actually access to communication vehicle between rusa and the rest of the world, and its domestic population. >> thank you so much. were going to look at another element of this war, and that his military aid supply from the west. as the war enters its third month, the ukraine allies are stepping up their support, evermore offensive weaponry to use against russia. they agreed to tanks. a big turnaround from the german policy prior to the war of not selling weapons for use in war zones. u.k. has been supplying the ukraine with antitank weaponry.
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the foreign secretary said in a speech this evening that western countries should send warplanes to ukraine. the type of military aid being supplied is changing. here is our diplomatic correspondent. >> this is a big speech. sending this out for foreign policy agents not -- policy eight is not just in the short term, but for the range of how to deter russian you crash -- aggression in the future. the foreign secretary says that they should double down and increase the amount of military aid not just for the grade -- for the ukraine, but for other countries to prevent future aggression. this should beiven to ukraine. it should not be tanks but artillery. airplanes also. the reason that stands out is that thus far, western powers have been reluctant to send airplanes for fear of provoking
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western retaliation, so that is why it stands out. with foreign secretary's not saying is that british raf jensen go there. but i think the point she is making is that the longer term, aircraft, warplanes, they do have to be managed. in the west needs to consider is rearming the ukraine. >> thank you very much. the speeches expected 90 ms. time. -- in 90 minutes time. government policies are discharging patients from the start of the pandemic, and it was unlawful. we will hear from the women who died, and the election. >> in the capital, statue which once presented friendship has been ordered to be brought down by the city's mayor. crowds of people gathered as the monument was dismantled brits
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some cheered. joe think wood rerts. >> the statue has stood as a monument of friendship for ukraine and russia. after two months, but there's not much left of the friendship. the city council have decided that the statue needs to come down. i spoke to the mayor of the city who said this. >> russia destroyed the normal life of the ukrainians. they destroyed peace in europe. >> we [indiscernible] this place, her name, a place of friendship. with russia and ukraine.
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>> this is outside source live from the bbc news room. our top stories. president putin will retaliate against anyone attempting to interfere with the economy. this comes after russia cut off gas supplies to poland and bulgaria after they refused to pay in rubles. we want to take a look at what is happening in washington dc. world leaders and u.s. officials are payin tribute to madeleine albright, the first female american secretary of state. she died of cancer in march at the age of 84. the funeral took place in washington national cathedral. hundreds attended. you can see the former president barack obama, bill and hillary clinton, and joe biden gave the eulogy. let's listen to what he said. >> her name is still synonymous with america. as a force for good in the world , madeline never minced words or wasted tim when she saw something needed
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fixing, or someone who needed helping, she got to work. >> a little now about the life of madeleine albright. she was a czech immigrant. her family came to the united states as refugees in 1946. in997 she became the first female secretary of state to, craddick president bill clinton. she was instrumental in efforts to end ethnic cleansing in kosovo often called a champion of democracy. the former president bill clinto spoke about the last conversation he had with her, two weeks before she died. >> i said, tell me how you're feeling? she sa, look, i've got a problem, but i've got a perfectly good doctor and i'm doing exactly what he tells me to do. i'm getting good care. whatever happens, it will be the best outcome i could give. waste any time on that. -- don't waste any time of that. what matters is what world we will lead to our grandchildren.
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i will never forget that conversation, so long as i live. it was so perfectly madeleine. i'd like to live to be 90. 95, 100. but the thing that really matters is, what's going to happen to our grandchildren? are we going to lose freedom or democracy? have we decided after all that all that matters are our differences in this fleeting life instead of what we have to come. >> this funeral is happening obviously in the shadow of russia's invasion of ukraine. that also came up. let's listen to former democratic presidential candidate and former secretary of state hillary clinton. >> we must heed the wisdom of her life in the cause of her public service. stand up to dictators and demagogues from the battlefields of ukraine to the halls of our own capital.
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defend democracy at home,ust as vigorously as we do abroad. live up to the ideals of the country that welcomed an 11-year-old refee, sailing into new york harbor on a shi called ss america, and made her secretary of state. let us honor madeleine's life and legacy by being the indispensable nation she loved and served. >> i want to turn out to a story in the u.k.. in england, policy to discharge patients from hospital care at the start of the pandemic has been ruled unlawful by the high court in london. the court also called the policy
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irrational. the case was won by these two women. dr. kathy gardner and also faye harris. both decided to cover care homes during the pandemic. the two women took the health secretary mattancock and public health england. the governor bodyas called to report. this is dr. gardner's reaction after the ruling. >> i believed all along that my father and other residents who cared about care homes, were neglected and went down by the government. >> let's take a look at the policy. at the beginning of the pandemic, you might remember the u.k. government was free of space in english hospitals. 25 pounds of hospital patients were discharged into care homes. negative covid tests were not required before those transfers. that was problematic. if the patient had covid but no symptoms, and if there was no suitable isolation areas in those care homes, dr. gardner's
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lawyer was clear on the impact of that. >> it was increasingly recognized that people without symptoms were able to transmit covid. at that time, the government said it was ok to admit people to care homes without recommended isolation. they effectively sted covid into care homes. >> the policies seated covid into care homes, as you heard him say. he believes that his wife her dad died. don harris was living in a care home and he was doing well, but a month after the pandemic began, he died. let's listen to her thoughts. >> they were extended but. i think they were regarded with nothing at all. my dad worked all his life to the age of 75, with assurance that he had a right to life, and they had a duty to care. he was failed. >> kathy gardner's father was
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michael gibson britt he died in a care home in early april, 2020 print let's listen to aittle over story. >> the last time was able to see my father was about 24 hours before he died. he was in a ground-floor room's and throw window. i did not think i could do that because many families couldn't see their loved ones at all. i believe that lives could have been saved and cared if the government had acted differently. they pursued a policy involving currency -- quarantine, testing, public training on ppe, all of those things. they could have saved lives. >> a woman said these policies caused shocking death toll's bid there were 20,000 deaths of care on residents in england and wales from march to june of 2020. residents accounted for 40% of covid deaths during that. . that in mind -- bear that in mind we listen att hancock about the start of the pandemic.
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>> right from the start, we try to throw a protective ring around our caroms. >> a protective ring around care homes caused controversy then and still does now. are being called to apologize. let's hear from the doctor again. >> matt hancock's claim that the government through a protective ring around care homes in the first way of the pandemic was nothing more than a despicable lie. >> we did hear from matt hancock today through his spokesperson. he said that mr. hancock wished the risks were a symptomatically a and brought to his attention earlier. that was echoed by the prime minister today in parliament. >> the thing we didn't know particularly, mr. speaker, was that covid could be transmitted asymptomatically, in a way that it was. it was something that we should know more about. >> they said that there was awareness of the risk of a symptomatically and the time,
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but the doctor, the former chief scientific advisor to the government spoke as early as the 13th of march. they said the government simply failed to take into account the highly relevant consideration of that risk. our social affairs editor has reported on the story. i got to ask her about the impact of this report. >> has exposed the decision-making by really difficult and challenging decisions where the science was changing fast, where there are a lot of moving parts going on. it is exposing the decision-making going on there. i would say, this will be the start of that detailed look at what was done in those early days. more detailed and complex looks at what is going on, taking place with the public inquiry. the reason this is so important is because if, when, there is another pandemic or similar situation, the authorities need to know how toct quickly to
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protect the many very involved disabled people across the u.k.. this is important to learn from this, and when we talk about saving the nhs, they also think about saving and protecting people who live in care homes thattarve, and the people who work tre, because they are also on the frontline. >> that is people to remember as well. family and residents of the care homes. but the staff that were there, i know you spoke to them throughout this pandemic. you think they wilheal any vindication with this ruling? wax yes, i think they will. again, it is because they are really struggling at the start to get protective equipment and the number of people -- times i've had conversations with care homes, managers, owners, where they would say, we need guidance now.
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we need guidance about how we should deal with this. to their mind, that was not arriving on time. so this ruling is a starting point. it is giving us an idea of some of the decisions that were made. but it is also important that we remember these words -- these were very difficult decisions, and the key thing that really need to be taken away from this is everyone who has been touched by what happened in care homes, we need to make sure it doesn't happen again. we need to make sure that the protection is there for people when they needed. that is both residents and staff. >> think you so much. as we were mentioning earlier, the u.n. secretary general has arrived in ukraine after visiting moscow. let me to show you know what he has tweeted. we will continue our work to expand military support and secure the evacuation of civilians in conflict zones, and sooner this war ends, the better for the sake of ukraine, russia,
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and the world. so there you go. ahead of the meeting with resident zelenskyy on thursday. stay with us on bbc world news. we will update you on how that visit is going and all of the other aspects of the russian invasion in ukraine. you can also check out our website. thank you for wat narrator: funding for is presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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