tv BBC World News America PBS April 27, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
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he had been detained since 2019. in the opinion city of marty ball -- mariupol, bombardment. we hear stories of those who have the wind -- have escaped. a special report from the site. in the democratic republic of congo, and urgent campaign is underway to vaccinate people against ebola amid outbreak. very few have even got a covid job. the latest. and with weeks to go into the philippines hold an election, the front runner for president is the former dictator's son. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. russian president putin has warned moscow will respond to any country trying to interfere in the war in ukraine.
speaking to lawmakers in st. petersburg, pugin said he had all of the tools to respond and had chosen his likely approach. during the day, the european union accused moscow of economic lack mail and escalating the war by cutting off russian gas supplies to poland and bulgaria. see rosenberg reports from st. petersburg. >> the venice of the north, the color. it was peter the great who built st. petersburg to make russia look and feel european. today the gulf between russia and europe is growing wider. in his st. petersburg palace, the president. putin was addressing lawmakers. from them, a sign of loyalty. the letter z, symbol of russia's offense of any green. from him, a warning to ukraine's
western allies. >> if anyone from the outside intends to interfere in what is happening, they should know this. if they create threats for us, of the strategic nature, our retaliation, our counterstrike will be instantaneous. we have all of the necessary instruments, ones no one else can boast of. all the decisions on this have been taken. >> across town, another decision announced. state energy giant gas prop had shut off gas supplies to poland and bulgaria, and escalation condemned acro europe. the european union has accused russia of using gas as an instrument of blackmail. it said it was unjustified and unacceptable. but russia is on repentance. the speaker of parliament said
let's cut off of the gas to all countries who are hostile to russia. talking of hostile, russia continued to attack ukraine, here with missiles. there are russians who oppose this operation but public protest is dangerous. she knows that. she has been charged with spreading big news about the russian army. she is accused of replacing supermarket price tags with antiwar messages. that, she faces up to 10 years in prison. >> what this tells us is that freedom of speech in our country is being stamped out. political repression has got worse and that people who are against the war are being persecuted and put in prison.
>> what those in power here demand is unflinching support. for the offensive in ukraine and russia's confrontation with the west, steve rosenberg, bbc, st. petersburg. laura: in the ukrainian city of mariupol, hundreds of civilians including children are trapped in a steel factory hiding from russian forces. many have been there more than 60 days. today a ukrainian marine commander inside the plant made an appeal for help, warning people will die a few action is taken. our correspondent is in the nearby town where many who have escaped have fled. >> smoke billows from the gnt steelworks building. ukraine says russia continues to bombard the plant despite saying it would not. the controversial nationalist
regiment which defends the facility posted this video of an injured woman online. it says up to 1000 civilians are trapped in the bunkers. but if president putin -- president putin insist there are no ongoing attacks and accuses ukrainian soldiers of using civilians as human shields. the united nations is calling for humanitarian access to m ariupol. she escapes the city with her husband and children, the youngest is two years old. they braved checkpoints to get to ukrainian held territory. >> at the first checkpoint, the man pointed his gun at us and was not letting us through until he saw there was a child with us. it was frightening. i thought that was it for us.
>> nata left the city months agolia -- natalia left the city a month ago. an increasing number of residents say russian soldiers forced him out of their homes and took them to towns they controlled. share members of the moment she had 100 neighbors were found in a bunker. >> i realized something bad was going to happen at that moment. after that, everything collapsed. all of my hopes. i realized news were people i did not invite, do not expect and did not want to come in >> she and her husband are living in central ukraine. she says russian controls were not strict and they hitchhiked from another town.
katerina and her family are also safe, in a shelter for now. but she tells me it is hard to believe that health they have all been through. -- the hell they've been through. peace and quiet, a relief for families who have spent night after night under schelling. volunteers say number of people coming through their doors have fallen because of the siege and that people can often out. they are likely spending another night under heavy bombardment. catherine, bbc news, zaporizhzhia. laura: despite tensions between the u.s. and russia over ukrae, russian authorities released an american who has been held since 2019. trevor read is a former u.s. marine -- trevor re is ae
former marine who was held on charges of assaulting a policed -- police ofcer. tells about this prisoner swamp. >> yes, it took months to achieve as well. so he was convicted by a court in moscow. he was accused of assaulting two police officers in russia, which his family and the u.s. government said were false start does and they were politically motivated. what galvanized his release was concerns over his health. this exchange happened in turkey. he was swapped for a russian citizen called konstantin, convicted in 2011 for conspiring to smuggle drugs into e u.s.. his family protested outside the
white house and secured president biden's attention. they released a statement saying their prayers have been answered. but it has thrown the spotlight on two hyo -- high-profile cases of americans and russian jails, the wnba player brittney griner and the former marine paul whelan. he was detained on alleged spying charges. his family released a statement saying they were happy but they are questioning why their son has not been released and have said that hope is doing. the state department has said the cases of brittney griner and paul whelan are so high-priority cases for them. laura: how is it that is one prisoner swamp was able to happen despite the immense tensions between the u.s. and russia at this moment over the war in ukraine? >> it is interesting, the government has said this is nothing to do with ukraine, not related at all.
but what it does show is the communication channels are still open and despite the fact that relations between ukraine and america, russia and america are at an all-time low. they can still engage in basic diplomacy. >> separately, it was a big date in washington. the funeral service was held for the first female u.s. secretary of state, madeleine albright. you are attending outside. tell us about the eulogies and what was said about her. >> yes, i was at the washington national cathedral were more than 1400 people were packed in to see and hear president biden deliver the eulogy for madeleine albright. it was a mixture of politics and personal. former president clinton also liver to speech as well as the former secretary of state, hillary clinton. they marveled at the well-known journey of madeleine albright
from europe after world war ii to america, they talked about how she was a champion of human rights and democracy and freedom. we also heard anecdotes, esident biden said she was someone who could go toe to toe with dictators, but also someone who would teach ambassadors how to do the tango or the macarena on the united nations floor. lots of anecdotes that we heard about her. the final tributes came from her three daughters. they talked about her journ as a child refugee from the then czechoslovakia, fleeing the nazis and communist love you. they said she was always a grateful american. laura: thank you. the head of the international atomic energy agency has been to the disused chernobyl power
plant in ukraine and said the risk of an accident when russian soldiers were in charge had been serious. troops took over the site on their first date of the invasion of ukraine and stayed for several weeks. workers told the bbc they were forced to steal fuel to keep generators working and prevent a dangerous leak of radioactive material. our eastern europe correspondent traveled with the nuclear watchdog and sent this report. >> the road to chernobyl is littered with the wreckage of war. this was a route taken by russian tanks as they advanced on give-- kyiv. it cuts through the contaminated zone around the worst ever nuclear disaster, but hundreds of russian troops stopped and made their base here at the atomic plant. the head of the un's nuclear energy watchdog thanks the ukrainian technicians who stayed at their boats -- posts, protecting this under occupation.
>> i don't know we were very close, but the situation was abnormal and very dangerous. >> the u.n. brought radiation monitors and kits to replace what was damaged by the russians or stolen when they withdrew area troops had dug trenches into radioactive soil and churned up dangerous dust with armored vehicles, oblivious to the risk. the u.n. says radiation levels here are back to normal, but the ukrainian military are still clearing the area of minds and booby-traps. >> one word that is used about the russian troops presence internal will is reckless. -- trent noble is reckless -- in chernobyl is reckless. the risk of an accident here was real. >> as they marked the anniversary of the 1986 meltdown, ukrainian officials said they diverted another
disaster. although the soldiers on guard when the russians rolled in were all captured. 169 from this unit are now missing. they are our comments and i am worried about them, he tells me. we want them back as soon as possible. beyond the exclusion zone, invading troops occupied houses. here they parked a tank outside. she was so scared she hid in the woods. he stated withou food or water for two nights, she tells me. it waswful. her fear was no high-tech nuclear accident. it was the russian soldiers who climbed through her window and took over her home. laura: in other news from around the world, a crt in myanmar
has sentenced to the country's political leader five years in prison after finding her guilty of corruption. the case centered on allegations she accepted bribes. she dismissed these as absurd. this is one of several cases she has been tried for since the military coup last year. iraq's ministry of water resources as the water reserves are 50% lower than last year. the tigris and euphrates rivers which provide a rock with most of its water will dry out in 20 years of nothing is done says the ministry. mass burials taking place in nigeria for victims of a deadly explosion at an illegal oil refinery. emergency officials say 110 people are known to have died and more than 70 others were wounded in the blast friday night. the world health organization says it is starting to vaccinate people in the democratic public of congo against ebola after an
outbreak killed two people. while this vaccination campaign ramps up, only 1% of people in the drc are fully vaccinated against covid. an official from the covax initiative says at this point the problem is not lack of code vaccines but lack of demand. i have been speaking to our correspondent to adjust returned. >> the drc has gone through so many campaigns, what can you tells of this one? >> it has. ebola ravaged through the eastern part of the country where then 3000 people were tested positive for the disease and more than 2000 people died. the world health organization declared an end to what was then the second largest outbreak of te disease in summer 2020. there has been a few cases since then in 2021 mother were 12.
-- there were 12. but recently there have been two in the democratic republic of congo. two patients have died and this has prompted the vaccine campaign in which vaccinations are being bought in order to stop the spread of the disease. some of the vaccines had already arrived on wednesday and the people who were given priority where the people who had contact with the two patients who test positive and died. laura: we are talking about vaccination for ebola, but we are learning less than 1% of people in the drc are fully vaccinated against covid. i know from having been there myself, it is a huge country. but what explains this incredibly low vaccination rate for coronavirus? >> i think there is a huge
amount of things that are instigating the slow uptake. the democratic republic of congo has a population of nearly 90 million people, and less than 1% of this population is vaccinated. we have to consider the access to health care, basic health care in the democratic republic of congo is extremely difficult, especially in places outside the capital city. this coupled with fake news on the internet, i recently went to the capital and a lot of people feel as though the vaccine is dangerous, they are scared to take it, they feel they can't trust it. accommodation of these things is causing people to be extremely fearful and hesitant for taking the vaccine. laura: you have just been in the drc reporting on the plight of displaced people. do these vaccination campaigns,
whether they are for ebola or coronavirus, seem secondary to people when life is so fraught and they are having to flee fighting? >> that is a good point. in the eastern part of the democratic republic of congo, there have been decades of instability. there is political instability, armed groups who attack innocent civilians, villages, camps of displaced people, sometimes on a daily or weekly basis. so when people are fearful of their lives, they are fearful of whether they will have a roof over their head, food the next morning for themselves and their children, i think in some cases it would be fair to say that access to vaccination, having the covid vaccine is not necessarily the number one thing on their mind. we also have to consider that in these rural parts as we mentioned in eastern congo for example, it is difficult to access pple. the roads are not properly
billed, the infrastructure is not great. we have been getting on the desk even getting on the ground to measure the vaccines to people is a big challenge. laura: joyce in nairobi just back from the drc, thank you for joining us. we turn next to the philippines where in under two weeks, they will vote for the next president. the front runner is the son of the country's late dictator. his corrupt and autocratic rule led to a popular revolt in 1986. his son says he will make the country rise again but has been criticized for failing to confront his father's legacy. howard johnson reports from manila on the closing days of the campaign. >> activists and students out in force during a public holiday to commemorate the popular uprising that ousted late philippine
dictator ferdinand mcos. he ruled the country for two decades, much of it under martial law. his regime rigged elections, tortured and killed political opponents and plundered an estimated $10 million. 30 years on, his son is on the verge of returning the family to power. he is currently the front runner in opinion polls with his nearest rival more than 30 percentage points behind. opponents believe online disinformation, whitewashing the crimes of the past, is at the heart of the reversal of fortunes for the family. but some truths are indelible. his sister, a student activist, was abducted by the government with nine other students. plugs they keep saying we have to move on, we have to unite. but moving on means you have
found peace with the past. how can the likes of me find peace with the past? when the disappearance of my sister has not been explained? >> there are millions in the philippines who support marcos. in the 70's, the former mayor allied himself with the father to receive preferential treatment to develop his town. >> i want this country to be great again. >> what about people whose loved ones disappeared? >> it really happened. but why would they point out that at marcos for all of this, death? >> what was the first music i will be bought? >> bridge over troubled weather. -- water. >> he says the campaign is directed to people through social media. >> we will have to skip him, who is absent.
plugs but his reviews -- refusal to take part in runtime media debates and independent media interviews me we approached him at a rally. can you be a good president if you don't answer serious questions? are you hiding some of from the public? despite facts proven by court evidence, intelligence and whistleblower accounts, many in the philippines say the reporting of the marcos era abuses is not true. misinformation is prolific and is turning philippine history on its head. howard johnson, bbc news, manila. laura: dynastic politics in action in the philiines. before we go, take a look at this scene along italy's coastline. thousands of jellyfish have invaded the waters by the port city of trieste. scientists say the phenomenon is
caused by strong winds pushing the jellyfish toward the shore. they also say it is a sign of the effects of climate change. the much warmer seas help the jellyfish population actually increased. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
amna: good evening, i'm on no nowise. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, russia shuts off the natural gas supplied to poland and bulgaria, escalating the standoff between russia and the west. volunteer humanitarians risk safety to provide food, supplies, and shelter to fellow ukrainians on the front lines. >> they start feeling better when they have warm food, tea. they are scared and want to go home. amna: the biden administration point person on immigration defense border policies in hearings on capitol hill. l that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.