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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  April 26, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrat: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> welcome u.n. secretary general has been to moscow in the search for an end to the war in ukraine. >> humanitarian corridors that are truly safe and effective. and that are respected by all. >> the u.n. says russia has agreed in principle to allow evacuation of civilians in mariupol. they have made those thomases
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before and have not necessarily follow through. there is no broader prospect of a peace deal. finland is looking like it is going to make a decision about whether to join nato, possibly alongside sweden. we will look at how an neighbors's of rush are looking to bolster security. police have released footage of alec baldwin practicing with his gun on the set where a crewman was shot. ♪ one >> the u.n. secretary general has visited moscow and has called for an end to the war ukraine. here he is meeting vladimir putin. we have heard again from the russian president that he thinks the justification for invading ukraine is there. -- for his part -- part called for humanitarian corridors to
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get civilians out. we know humanitarian corridors have been working, particularly in mariupol in the south. in the last hor, it looks like there has been some progress. here is a u.n. briefing that says president vladimir putin agreed in principle to the involvement of the u.n. and the international committee for the evacuation of civilians from the plant in mariupol. this is the plant in question. we have talked about it a lot because we believe several hundred civilians, possibly up to 1000 are hiding in underground tunnels. there are ukrainian forces present and they are all surrounded by russian forces. if you look at this map, you can see this plant is one of the final parts of the city that is still controlled bthe ukrainians. to be clear, when russia says that humanitarian corridors are possible, that does not mean they will happen. we have seen that repeatedly. we do know antonio could taro
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discussed this with the russian foreign secretary survey laugh laugh -- sir -- sergei lavrov. >> there are different positions on what is happening in ukraine. according to the russian federation, what is taking p is a special military operation with the objectives that were announced. according to the u.n., in-line with the resolutions passed by the general assembly, russia's invasion of ukraine is a violation of its territorial integrity ending -- against the charter of the u.n. it is my deep conviction that the sooner we end this war, the better. >> the u.n. is asking for a cease-fire, but for the moment there is no sign of that happening. also within the last 24 hours, sergei lavrov has been asked if there is a risk of nuclear war. this was his reply. >> the risks are considerable.
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i would not want to elevate those risks artificially. many would like that, but the danger is serious and real. we must not underestimate it. >> ukraine has responded. it's foreign minister tweeting, russia loses last hope of scaring the world off ukraine, thus the talk of a we're -- real danger of world war iii. in germany, ministers from 40 countries allied to the nato military alliance met at an american military base to discuss applying military aid to ukraine. the minister has agreed to meet every month for the for siebel future. a major policy shift from germany too. germany has a long-standing policy of not supplying heavy weapons into were zones. now, that is changing. it is sending antiaircraft tanks to ukraine. that's not the only thing nato allies are supplying. there is a broad range of
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equipment too. antitank weapons like american howitzers, antiship missiles from britain, drones from turkey . the americans are supplying stinger missiles too that can shoot down incoming missiles. a number of countries are supplying armored vehicles and rounds of artillery. america's defense secretary has responded to germany's shift. >> it is significant. that germany announced it was going to provide 50 systems. those systems will provide real capability for ukraine. >> many more weapons heading into ukraine. in an interview monday, the run foreign minister also commented on this military aid that nato is providing. >> nato, in essence, is already engaged in a war with russia through a proxy it is arming that proxy. war means war. >> mr. lavrov is calling what is
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happening a proxy war and the weapons supplied by the u.s. are getting more plentiful. our correspondent writes, it is one thing to give ukraine short range bazookas, it is another to provide them with drones that can cross borders. the line between defending ukraine and attacking russia is increasingly blurred. while on this matter, here's the u.k. defense minister. >> i don't think that right now there is an imminent threat of escalation. what the west is doing to support its allies in ukraine is very well calibrated. >> in kyiv, volodymyr zelenskyy is due to meet -- thursday, but has had something to say on the fact the u.n. chief went to moscow first. he says, there is no justice and no logic in this order. our correspondent is in kyiv and i have been talking to him about zelenskyy's feelings pared i apologize, we will hear from
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been in a minute. actually, i am being told we can show it to you. >> president zelenskyy is angry that antonio -- has gone to moscow first tsee putin for coming to kyiv. he is expected here thursday. they say he should have come to ukraine first. they are worried the u.n. secretary general is effectively being played by putin and the russians, sergei lavrov and others. played in the sense that other leaders like president macron has been played throughout this war, and indeed in the weeks before. this report and talk to them, says one thing, then does something different. in ukraine, they believe there won't be any sort of wish by the russians were put in foa comprehensive peace treaty until russia has seized a big enough chunk of this country and
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succeeded on the battlefield. at the moment, they are nowhere near that. >> bearing that in mind, what is on the ukrainian's wishlist? >> in the short-term, the immediate priority for them is getting civilians out of places like mariupol. there was a bit of movement, perhaps from president putin. he was talking about allg the u.n. and the red cross to be involved in the evacuation of those desperate civilians who have been trapped therfor so long, including the ones in the steel plant. president putin says they are being used as human shields by ukrainian fighters. again, the ukrainians will point out that mr. putin may say one thing about allowing an evacuation throughumanitarian corridors out of mariupol, but it never really happens. it might be said on paper, but
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is never delivered. we have seen time and again the idea of humanitarian corridors simply collapsing. >> you referenced mariupol, there is a desperate situation ere. more broadly at the beginning of the conflict, we talked about how many people were displaced either within ukraine or having to leave ukraine completely. has the pace of that displacement slowed given the russians are now focusing on the east? >> some people have been coming back. coming back to the west in particular could seeing that the fighting is not hugely affecting western areas. i think there is a new estimate of how many people might be -- might have been forced out of this country, ultimately. it was something like 8 million. 5 million at the moment have been forced out, double that displaced from their homes. a huge number of people have already had to leave their homes
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or leave the country. a few are returning at the moment. but, it is a desperate situation for those who have had to leave. ♪ >> police in the u.s. have released footage of alec baldwin practicing drawing his gun before a fatal shooting. it is part of several hours of video that show events before and after the shooting. here is alec baldwin practicing drawing his weapon in rehearsal. he is playing a character in a western called "rest." this is bodycam footage from the policed who arrived at the scene. >> 32 santa fe. one female shot. mail shot in the stomach. >> how many people were in here when it happened? >> three, maybe four. >> four? ok. >> steve was here.
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alec baldwin. he was the actor onset that pulled the trigger. >> alec baldwin? >> yes. >> herwe have a member of the crew saying alec baldwin pulled the trigger, but went on to police -- went on to tell police he didn't. we see bodycam footage of the actor speaking to police. >> my understanding is you were in the room? >> the one with the gun. >> i know your name. >> let me get with my lieutenant. >> [indiscernible] whatever you want o. >> the family of halyna hutchins are saying they are surprise police have released the footage. she was regarded as a rising star in the film industry. the bullet that killed her also hit director joel souza, he survived. police video also shows them
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speaking to the armorer onset, she was in charge of all of the guns. and it shows alec baldwin being interviewed at the sheriff's office at >> she hands me the gun, i assume she has done it the right way, i pull it out slow. we are rehearsing. we are not filming. bang, it goes off and she hits the ground. >> we know this production was using flash rounds. they make a noise. live rounds are never supsed to be on film sets. alec baldwin speculated that perhaps another object had somehow got stuck in the barrel. >> the thing is going to answer your question is what is in joel 's shoulder? a bullet? >> i can show that to you. >> that is a bullet. as i suspected, somebody put a live round and the gun. >> our l.a. correspondent has been explaining the significance of the evidence released.
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>> there are hours and hours of footage. some of that is very harrowing. you see the frantic attempts of people trying to save halyna hutchins' life. it is not just footage from body cameras, but also text messages sent between key witnesses and private investigators over the months of investigation that has taken place. which is now, six months has passed since. what we have learned from this evidence is there are still key crucial parts of information that the santa fe sheriffs office is still waiting to receive from the fbi. they are regarding ballistics and forensics evidence. they say until they have those, only then will they pass this case to the santa fe district attorney. only then will be know if criminal charges will be brought. at this stage, they have not been ruled out. that is the main take away from the information we have
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received. all of it is very interesting but it has not fundamentally changed the investigation. questions are being asked as to why they released this amount of detailed information while the criminal case investigation is ongoing. the lawyer for matthew hutchins, halyna hutchins' husband, has said they are surprised the police have done this and are asking the media to be discerning and exercise discretion in how they use this graphic footage. >> the family is surprised. i suspect there are people watching who are also surprised. have they offered any justification as to why they would release this in the middle of an investigation? >> they have. adam mendoza, the santa fe sheriff, has been speaking to media. he said this was a response to a request for information. what we would call a freedom of information request. he said they were required to do it. they didn't need to do it at
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this time, but there is a sense they want to be transparent. this is an incident that has rocked hollywood and left many questioning how on earth someone lost their life on a movie set when there are interest -- industry safety protocols that should have been followed. >> in a few minutes, we looked in detail at the move from finland and sweden to join nato. we look at how russia possum invasion of ukraine is giving pause for thought for those nearby. ♪ >> elon musk's takeover of twitter has been approved by twitter's board but needs to pass a shareholder vote. there is speculation about what he intends to do. purest michelle fleury. >> currently, it makes all of its money from selling ads. the question is, how could you increase that? it is a private company, you do
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not have to report as much detail then when you are publicly listed. but, you do still have to pay off those loans you are taking to acquire the company. he is going to have to generate more revenue. how? a subscription mod is something they have dipped its toe into, but that accounts for a tiny fraction, less than 5% of revenue. the idea that that would grow substantially to replace advertising seems unlikely. you could reduce costs. does that mean you reduce headcount? there are a lot of question marks about what happens to twitter employees. many are concerned. ♪ >> here in the bbc newsroom. our lead story, the u.n. secretary general has left moscow after talks which failed to deliver a breakthrough with ending the war in ukraine.
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the russian energy company says it will hold gas supplies to poland from wednesday morning. poland is refusing to pay for russian gas in rubles under new rules announced in march. poland's state gas company says it is a breach in contract and is threatening legal action. poland relies on russia for more than 50% of its gas imports. let's be to adam easton. given that statistic, if this comes to pass it will have a dramatic impact on millions. >> that's right. it's 53% in january and march of this year of the total imports of gas into poland were brought -- bought from gazprom. that is a big gap to fill. if this comes to pass, it is fortuitous in one sense because it is now springtime. it is coming up to summer.
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the heating season is over. demand is low. also, poland has taken the initiati to actually fill up its gas store, 80% at the moment according to the polish climate administered. the current situation is looking fairly good for gas customers here in poland. there's no danger of immediate restrictions on their supplies. the problem is what happens in the coming months? what happens in autumn? 53% of all polish imports have just disappeared and we have a situation where many eu countries are now seeking to stop buying russian energy because of the invasion of ukraine. there will be lots of countries competing for a relatively tight supply of gas in europe. poland will be just one of those. come autumn when the heating
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season starts again and demand starts to rise, poland might find itself in significant problems meeting its gas needs. it could then, in theory, start restricting gas supplies to the largest industrial -- if it cannot source enough gas. this really is quite a big hole to fill. to replace, rather. >> can i understand one aspect of this, why is the issue of the currency poland is using to pay for the gas so central to the fact that the gas will no longer arrive? >> this is what gazprom has said, according to the polish state gas company. at the end of march, gas palm -- gazprom said unfriendly
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countries will have to start paying f russian gas in russian currency. 's poland state -- poland's state gas company said they will not do that. it might just be coincidence, but today poland has sanctioned gazprom, which owns part of the gas pipeline in poland. that may be a coincidence, that poland is the first country to actually be affected by a suspension of russian supplies, given the fact that it is just actually gazprom. >> think you very much. ♪ here is another dimension to the ukraine story. sweden and finland look increasingly likely to ask to join nato. they may do so together. finland's foreign minister said
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it may be useful for the countries to make the cision together. finish media reporting the two could get together as early as next month. bear in mind, such a move before the war in ukraine would have been highly unlikely. when vladimir putin ordered the invasion of ukraine, he said it was, in part, a response to nato's expansion. two months on, there is a good chance his invasion will lead to russia's land border with nato doubling in length. just as ukraine borders russia, so does finland. finland mehsud join nato -- finland may soon join nato. >> i will not give any kind of timetable, but i think it will happen quite fast. within weeks, not months. >> that is the current finnish prime minister. this former prime minister goes further. >> finland, and possibly sweden as well, will become members by the end of the year.
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>> that would be a moment of huge significance. nature was already the world's biggest military alliance. it's 30 members include the u.s., u.k., germany and france. other members in eastern europe joined after the collapse of the soviet uni, much to vladimir putin's fury. >> we won't move one inch toward the east, they told us in the 1990's. what happened? they deceived us. they brazenly tricked us. >> nato denies its expansion as a threat, but that is how russia sees it. finlands already a member of the eu and cooperates with nato. while it is unofficially neutral in military terms, it is a milita player. most men do military service. statistics show all-time strength of 280,000 soldiers and 900,000 reservists. finnish defense forces described
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themselves as the backbone of our society. finland's foreign strategy had felt settled. >> the majority have been satisfied with our security solutions to nothing bad has happened for decades. >> now we have vladimir putin's intervention. russia showed the world it could attack a neighbor and that changed the equation. a recent poll found 62% of finns support joining nato. in 2017, it was 21%. they are aware of nato's article five which states an attack against one is considered an attack against all. in other words, nato membership offers the security of collective defense. juice for ukraine, the present and past informs how finland views russia. ukraine declared independence from the soviet union in 1991. finland declared independence from russia in 1917.
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1939, the soviet union invaded finland. it was met with fierce resistance. well it would retreat, it kept nearly 10% of finnish territory. after the second world war, finland and the soviet union signed a treaty. the neutrality that came with that has been the basis of finland's military strategy since. now, there is a reassessment. >> finland is not facing an immediate military threat. but, we must look to the future. finland must be repaired for the use, or threat of use of military force against it. >> being prepared may involve being in nato. but, finland knows that brings risk. a recent report to parliament notes this could lead to increased tension on the border between finland and russia, and would move the nato alliance closer to strategically important areas. that is an issue for the russian government. kremlin spokesperson says it would have to rebalance the
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situation with its own measures if finland and sweden join. he also warned that further expansion would not bring additional security to the european continent. finland is listening here is the prime minister again. >> there are many risks and we have to be prepared for all actionsfrom russia. cyber attacks, different types of influencing from russia. >> finland and sweden also know that if they asked, few expect nato to say no. >> there is a sense o weahy members of eu, strong armies outside of nato if you can have them in. there is no real dispute. >> there is a renewed focus on this part of europe as john simpson described in march. >> this could one day be the border between nato and russia. it is the precise opposite of what russia wanted. >> and an outcome that could happen within months.
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>> if you want analysis videos from the team, including the one we have just shown, you can get them at bbc -- if you would like to pass that finland analysis on, you can get that through twitter. that wraps up this edition of outside source. think of for watching. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to helpou live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.


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