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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 9, 2022 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible wororce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i lauran washington. this is bbc world news america. in a ukrainian city, a maternity ward is hit by a russian airstrike. ukrainian officials say dozens were injured including women in labor. the attack happened while a ase-fire was supposed to be in place. president zelensky has called it an atrocity. a cease-fire seems to have held, but in other towns where the fighting was meant to have stopped, russian bombardments continued. heineken is the latest big brand to exit russia in protest of the war. mcdonald's, coca-cola, and pepsi
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joined the corpote exodus this week. >> tens of thousands of people continue to arrive to flee the fighting. we have much more on the humanitarian crisis, coming up on the program. laura: will come to world news america on pbs and around the globe. a russian airstrike hit a maternity ward in the besieged city of mary a poll today with the kremlin accusing the united states of waging an economic war. forces did agree on cease-fire in some places so civilians could be evacuated. the agreement focused on six cities in the areas most intense conflict. in each place, routes for safety were prearranged. the cease-fire held in some areas but others, the shelling
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continued. the airstrike we mentioned injuredozens of people inside a maternity ward including women in labor. near the border with poland, it's a hub for refugees fleeing the war. it is being reported that nearly 50,000 civilians have been evacuated from the fighting. >> we keep hearing about these developments and we will continue to speak about the humanitarian crisis. we will also be hearing from our correspondence on the ground reporting on what is going on. let's begin with our international correspondent. >> survivors emerge from the wreckage after what ukraine says was a russian airstrike on a maternity hospital.
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the local governor says women are among the wounded. there was supposed to be a cease-fire in place to let civilians flee in safety. instead, this. here, the massive crater just outside the building. ukraine's president called it an atrocity and said there re children under the wreckage. russia's response, "we do not fire on civilian targets he had tell that to those we met fleeing the russian bombardment just outside the capital of kyiv. many had to be carried here today. they survived the shelling and a
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staggering one million of ukraine's children in just 14 days since russia invaded. thunited nations calls this a dark historic first. hour after hour, people keep leaving. the town is being emptied of its residents. and it's not just happening here. there are othe cities in ukraine being bombarded by the russians. there is just corner of the fastest-growing refugee crisis in europe since world war ii. we met svetlana on the road. our house is gone, she says. we've been in this cellar for 14 days with no light, water, or heat.
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but weill be back, for sure. further down the road, the immense relief of reunion. friends who are unsure they would ever meet again. you are alive, she says. under the watchful eye of ukrainian troops, many have managed to walk away to relative safety outside. we saw these ukrainian soldiers at the edge of town. let's go, he says. we have no time. in time maybe running out. russian forces have advanced inside. here is a little of what is in store if they try to get down the road to the capital.
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laura: now let's go to the city of sunni witches in the northeast of the country. thousands of people have been escaping to relative safety using those who military and corridor's we have been speaking about. -- those humanitarian corridors we have been speaking about. we have this report. reporter: they have not eaten like this for two weeks because these children have been hiding beneath th ground. as the city above was bombed and shelled by russian troops. this morning, they made it to safety. the director tells me the airstrikes were the scariest. as we speak, a door bang somewhere and she jumps. >> it is not normal.
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so far from normal. they heard the shooting. that's not normal. reporter: children who were vulnerable before this war, there were more airstrikes. russia claims it is liberating ukraine. no one here has to be saved. or for their homes and lives to be ruined. families are forced to flee, uprooted, abandoning everything. this girl has been living in a seller, russian jets flying overhead. she said it's too expensive. so most are trying to get out.
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it has become one giant waiting room. thousands are evacuated from the front line and the immediate threat. there are people from all over this region and they have come here in the hope of getting a ride as far west as possible. at the moment, there's no information and no trains. when the train pulls in, they surge forward. it is a moment of hope but it is a fleeting one. this train is traveling east, not west. towards the fighting, not to safety. laura: -- reporter: so much chaos and devastation as people leave their homes and lives behind. in many instances, families are torn apart and they make their way to the relative safety of western ukraine.
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i spoke to the mayor and he told me this city is now completely overwhelmed. >> it is a very difficult situation. today would be very important for ukraine. there are more than 200,000 refugees from different cities in ukraine and every day, more and more refugees arrive. we need support from international organizations. i predict maybe 100,000. today, it is our maximum. we already host more, but only with support from international organizations. reporter: what is it that you need?
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>> we need a mobile tent for people. and we need food. we need more medical treatments. over two weeks, we have zero support for international organizations. it is a very difficult time. reporter: the international community says they will provide or increase a do ukraine. where is it? >> if we received support, we immediately sent to east ukraine, to kyiv. laura: that is the mayor telling you about everything he has experienced. about tomorrow in turkey, there is a very significant encounter.
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ukraine and russia will meet face-to-face for the first te since this war began. what do you think could come of that? reporter: any kind of talks are important, but the expectations have been low from both sides. and there haven't been any real outcomes. that we did see some positive developments with the humanitarian corridors that were able to take place over the last 24 hours. you're a member the shelling that took place -- you remember the shelling that took place. the minister's meeting with sergey lavrov on the sidelines of that conference in turkey. there are hopes from the turkish side that they will be able to mediate something when they bring the two sides together. the biggest question will be about the humanitarian crisis
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creating more windows for the russian side. they say they will not stop this war. they will not stop the bombardment until ukraine esn't agree to become neutral and agreeing to put in the constitution that it will not join nato. they also want crimea, for example, to be recognized. and so therere various things that need to be discussed. and ukraine is showing signs of me kind of compromise. though when you hear from president zelensky, he remains defiant. he says he's going to fight for his nation. laura: on that topic of fighting for his nation, in the u.s., lawmakers have come up with a bill that would give ukraine six point $5 billion in military but will that arrive in time?
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reporter: in the last 24 hours, the polish government announced that they would offer the 29 fighter jets to the u.s. through their airbase in germany, and they said do with them what you wish. the polish government didn't want to face the wrath of the russian. giving this kind of fighter jets to the ukrainians, facing the consequences. the united states says that is not tenable. military weapons and ammunitn continues to flow into this country from the west where we are now. so the government here continues to demand that level of support and says they are assisting whatever way that they can. but they are asking for things like a no-fly zone which has been ruled out. things like fighter jets which
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look like they have stalled. these negotiations continue to take place behind the scenes while the fighting rages on. the people of ukraine are paying the consequences. laura: thank you for the very latest reporting from ukraine. 14 days after russia invaded. top officials from nato or warning against an no-flyone in ukraine saying it could lead to direct confrontation between nato and russia. many governments say that they are going to increase their supply for defense purposes. our security correspondent looks at progress of russia's military campaign. >> two weeks into this invasion and russia continues its assault. it assembled forces to attack ukraine. but what is the mility strategy?
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russian forces are takg significant losses and britain is about to step up its supply of weapons. >> in response to ukrainian requests, the government is taking the decision to explore star streak high velocity and anti-air missiles. we believe that the system will remainnd allow the ukrainian rce to better defend. >> the robust resistance armed by the west continues to frustrate moscow's plans. this is almost like a war in two parts. russians have made slow progress as ukraine fights back. they have failed to take a single city. ky, the capital, is still very much the big prize. you can see here that it is circled in a pincer mement and is bracing for eminent russian assault. the russian army has had more succs and is taking the city,
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and circled and shelled. including the hospital. it has gonon for days as it advances eastward toward the russian held areas. if forces c take odessa, they can cut ukraine off from the sea. the devastation heaped on cities has added urgency to diplomatic efforts to secure a cease-fire. china, a possible future mediator is so far staying on the sidelines while praising peace efforts. president putin is not budging. he says the operation is going to plan and appears determined to inflict untold damage on his neighbor. >> we saw the failures of the initial military plan to subjugate the country. that has failed. he is now turning to a strategy of laying waste to the population centers. reporter: amidst global
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sanctions, the u.s. has banned russian imports of oil, gas, and coal. >> one thing is very clear. we absolutely have to get out of dependence on russian gas. we have shown that we can achieve this independence much faster and do without russian gas. >> there is no question this invasion is putin's war. it came as a surprise to some of those around him. the problem now is how to end it. without looking like a failure. laura: hi nick it has become the latest big brand to suspend operations and russia following in the footsteps of mcdonald's, coca-cola, and pepsi. the exodus has had a profound impact.
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after president biden banned imports of russian oil and gas, our moscow correspondent on russia's increasing economic isolation. reporter: life is changing for russians. sanctions are making their country look very different. at mcdonald's, final orders. it is suspending business in russia over what it calls the needless human suffering unfolding inkraine. it believes the russian offensive has destroyed russia's future. >> it is not just mcdonald's closing. everyone who can is leaving. it is a symbol of the new times. reporter: back in the ussr, happier times. when mcdonald's opened up, the
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fast food was slow but because of the he crowds. it felt as if russia was getting an appite for good relations with the west. i was in the queue here 32 years ago when mcdonald's first opened. it took me three hours to get inside and i can remember the excitement in the crowd because this place was a symbol. a symbol of russia opening up to the world. a symbol of east embracing west. but it feels now that that is all gone. instead, russia is increasingly isolated. international brands are vanishing. they have less money to spend here anyway. sanctions because the value of the ruble to plunge. but those who back moscow's onslaught, many of them claim that they could care less about
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rubles disappearing from the russian market. >> the era of soviet colonization started with the arriving of mcdonald's to russia. and the era of soviet russia starts with mcdonald's leaving. have a nice trip. >> moscow is defiant, compromisingunapologetic. but russia is intricately connected to the global economy. isolation will hurt. laura: the cost of war for russia. in other news from around the world, the australian prime minister scott morrison declared a national emergency and unprecedented flooding into states. 20 people have been killed in new south wales and queensland as rising waters inundate homes. the man who became the first person to receive a heart transplant from a genetically
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modified pig has died. david bennett said he knew the risks and acknowledged it was a shot in the dark. in austria, the first eu country to make vaccines compulsory for adults will drop the mandate. the omicron variant has been less of a threat than austria anticipated. and finally, to anxtraordinary discovery. or than a century after it sank, the last ship of the antarctic explorers have finally been discovered. it was found by a team of scientists at the bottom of the sea in antarctica. rebecca has the story. >> emerging from the antarctic deep. the world's most famous undiscovered shipwreck now found. it is the first time anyone has seen it in more than 100 years.
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endurance, perfectly preserved, frozen in time. 3000 meters beneath the ice. >> i knew this was probably the first or second most strongly built ice ship ever. i was in all of her construction. any would build ship would be the endurance. and she did. she held together beautifully. but i ve never seen anything like these beautiful wonders, inspiring as this one. reporter: the condition of the ship is astonishing. bolts gleam in the woodwork. the portholes look polished. and these white circles are dinner plates, abandoned by the crew.
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thisas the polar ice breaker that brought the team to the rack. the conditions were challenging. they carved their way through the thick ice in the metal city. underwater robots were deployed and spent weeks searching the deep until the endurance was at last found. and this was the ship, just before it sank. captured on camera in footage that has been restored and released by the bfi. the endurance was in trouble from the start, becomingtuck in thick sea ice. it drifted for months before an order was eventually given for the crew to abandon ship. shackleton recounted the final moments in his diary. >> she wt today. she w the final dip.
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ran up to the lookout. at 5:00 p.m., she went down by the head. the stern, the cause of all the trouble, was the last to go underwater. i cannot write about it. >> the ship won't be raised. and nothing will be removed. left exactly as it was found. resting in the darkness of this most remote corner of the world. laura: before we go tonight, a reminder of the latest developments in ukraine. maternity and children's hospital has been destroyed in a russian airstrike. the attack happened while a cease-fire was suppose to be in place. meanwhile, a cease-fire held in a city in the easternkraine allowing thousands to flee to safety. and heineken becomes the latest big brand to suspend operations in russia in protest.
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i'm laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching bbc world news america. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour tonight, the war grinds on. evacuations from ukraine become ever more desperate as brutal russian shelling continues on civilian targets, including a maternity hospital. then, putin's power. we examine the long career of the russian leader, from his beginnings in the kgb to his increasingly totalitarian rule as president. >> i think he is genuinely fearful that western values and democracy could undermine his leadership and the whole regime. judy: moves forward on several major pieces of


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