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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  January 20, 2022 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> welcome to " new satellite images show russian troops are closer to ukraine's border and the americans are warning russia any invasion will have catastrophic results. pres. biden: if any assembled russian units move across the ukrainian border, that is an invasion. it will be met with sere and coordinated economic response. >> tensions ramping up between russia and the u.s. as they seek a unified strategy on the issue. moscow denies they are preparing any form of attack. and forme pope benedict is
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accused of misconduct over for child abuse cases when he was archbishop in munich. and widespread destruction in a mining town, many people are feared dead. and the first plane carrying eight has arrived in tonga five days after that huge volcanic eruption and a tsunami is flattened many villages. -- a tsunami which flattened many villages. ♪ american diplomacy is -- in high gear as tensions around the russia and ukraine border continues to escalate. for ministers from key countries have been holding talks in berlin with u.s. secretary of state anthony blinken, trying to coordinate a western strategy as the tensions ratchet up. >> we have been very clear throughout, if any russian military forces move across the ukrainian border and commit new
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acts of a bresson against ukraine, that will be met with a swift, severe united response from the united states and our allies and partners. ross: mr. blinken appears to be clarifying earlier remarks made by u.s. president joe biden where he appears to suggest that nato was divided over how to respond to a russian invasion. pres. biden: it's one thing if it's a minor incursion and we end up having to fight about what to do and not do, etc. ross: the president tweed there are no minor incursions in nations and no greek nut -- no less loss of grief over loss pres. biden: ukrainian border, that is an invasion, that will be met with severe and coordinated economic response.
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ross: as for moscow, it has this message for the americans. >> threatening statements against russia with a warning that russia will allegedly have to pay a heavy price for some hypothetical actions have been her daily. we believe they in no way contribute to defusing the tension that has now arisen in europe, and moreover, contribute to the destabilization of the situation. ross: have a look at the satellite images, these are russian forces yesterday a few kilometers from the ukraine border. it's estimated russia has around 100,000 troops in the area. this is also causing concern, russia has moved troops into neighboring belarus for what it says her joi military drills. the ukraine president has in the last few hours urged western partners to act. >> our partners need to be
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effective. what is important is not just information about what russia can do, but what russia will do in this case. naming specific sanctions, measures that the hold world is prepared to take. ross: there a some important considerations here. moscow and crimea in 2014 and when it invaded, it faced resistance from ukraine's military. eight years later, ukraine is much better equipped. in 2018, ukraine reportedly had a million personnel and service. currently there are around 250 5000 active military personnel and another 900,000 reservists. this is still far fewer than russia has at its disposal, an estimated 3 million strong force. let's hear from the president of the european commission. >> if the situation
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deteriorates, if there are any further attacks on the territorial integrity of ukraine , we will resnd with massive economic and financial sanctions. the transatlantic community stands firm on this. ross: russia is denying it is planning an invasion, but at the same time and has said it could take unspecified military action unless the west agrees to its list of demands. above all, it must prevent ukraine from ever joining the nato defense alliance and it once a rollback of military deployment in central an eastern europe. a former u.s. national intelligence officer has a specialism in russia. >> we have to hold the door open for diplomacy. i think you have to make it very clear that there will be massive
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sanctions if there is a russian military incursion into ukraine. i'm glad president has clarified that, if they try to take more of the southeastern region, there will be very severe financial sanctions. and the third part of it is, it's military are performing now much better than it did in 2014, but it still needs a lot of help. at least sending more equipment as the u.s. has promised more military assistance. try and negotiate, be clear about the consequences if there is a military incursion. ross: let's pick up on one of your recommendations, try to negotiate.
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do you think nato and the west should consider listening to the russians concern that perhaps nato has expanded too far into the east and that is not unreasonably uncomfortable for russia? >> there was a nato russian council meing last week and they discussed these things before. but nato is not going to allow russia to veto its decision-making power. if a country wants to join nato, it will be a able to apply. ukrainian mbership in nato is not in the cards at the moment. but they won't close off the possibility of any country joining, including finland. ross: you study russia and the west relationship with it very closely. lots of our viewers around the world are looking at this and trying to gauge how serious the possibility is of a conflict
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here. what would you say to them? >> i think it's really quite serious. if you look at the russian military movements, the tanks, the joint exercises with ella roos to the north, they look as if they are preparing for an invasion. i think they want us to think they are preparing for an invasion. i think the likelihood has gone up even since all those discussions last week. russia said the discussions failed and unless the west meets these demandse ultimatums that russia has given them, then they will have to take some action. so i think the likelihood is very strong. we have the beijing olympics coming up, people may not remember this, but in 2000 eight when russia went to war with georgia, the chinese are very happy about this. china and russia are close partners. so there might be a few weeks of
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waiting here, as the olympics begin on february 4 and end on the 20th. so that's all by way of saying that the likelihood is quite strong, and one can only hope. ross: a report commissioned by the catholic church of germany has accused a former pope, pope benedict, of conduct over the way he dealt with priests under his management who abuse children four decades ago. benedict retired as pope in 2013 after serving for eight years. the allegations appeared much earlier in his career when he was archbishop of munich. the report was conducted by a firm of lawyers. >> and a total of four cases we have come to the conclusion that
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the former archbishop is to be accused of misconduct in cases of sexual abuse. two of these cases involved acts of abuse committed during his tenure, sanctioned by the state under criminal law. in both cases the perpetrators remained active in pastoral care without explicit activity restrictions. ross:et's look at exactly what the report says. to the cases involved abuses during benedict's tenure in munich. despite previous -- another case involved a priest who was allowed to transfer to munich despite convictions of abuse outside. and a statement by the former pope that he had not attended a meetin in 1980 about the priest transfer. they say it lacked credibility and the minute show that he was present. reporter: pope benedict denies all wrongdoing and said he knew nothing about the background of that particular man.
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but the report focuses on the minutes of a meeting in which the man's transfer case was discussed. the pope -- former pope said he had never been at that meeting but looking at that minutes showed he had indeed been there. ross: i've been talking to -- about what lay members say about these findings. >> when you look back to what happened in the 1970's and 1980's, is quite staggering what happened with the lack of communication and mismanagement between the diocese that someone was able to operate and commit these crimes and to move over to diocese without proper coordination between the authorities. what seems to be different in this report and it's part of a global trend of churches instigating these reports is the level ofetail. what is not new is that this is
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a case that surfaced in 2010 and what the former pope did and didn't know about the case. what has surfaced now is, if he was at the meeting, what was mentioned, is there a level of detail? there is contestation about the facts, so it is for the lawyers in the days and weeks ahead to sift through this. it shows a different approach that the church put forward, the desire to be accountable, and we see this happening across the catholic church. think it is a sign of how the church sees this differently from the 1970's and 80's. ross: do you think it also raises questions about how the church went about choosing pope and addict? -- pope benedict? should the church have done more to understand his role in munich before elevating him to the top? reporter: it's hard to look back
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retrospectively. the report was commissioned and they except there were systemic deficiencies. the original case came up in 2010. the chief of staff of the archbishop of munich took full account. subsequently when he took senior roles in the vatican they did quite a lot to further or prioritize child sexual abuse cases in the catholic church. but clearly there was a lack of due diligence which is why the vatican and others have supported the publication of reports like this. the church needs to learn the mistakes that have been made, so it is good that these things are coming to light. what the governor's approved in
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the church is the key question. ross: in terms of this report and this investigation, what comes next, or is that the end of the process? reporter: we can't really speak in terms of that in the -- at the moment, but in the coming days and weeks we know the archdiocese in munich will have a press conference next week. benedict, who has willingly cooperated in the process, submitted 82 pages of submissions to the report. so we are likely to see much more of the story coming to light. ross: now we turn to a developing story in ghana in west africa. many people are feared dead after huge explosion in a mining town. this happened when a truck
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carrying explosives to a mine collided with a motorcycle. this is in the west of ghana. reporter: this was a huge explosion that has basically destroyed the entire community in western ghana. the video footage is quite astonishing, showing hundreds of buildings that have just been reduced to rubble, pieces of wood, broken brick, twisted metal. rescuers can be seen pulling bodies from the scene. the president of ghana has spoken of this tragedy. he described it as truly sad, unfortunate, and tragic. he has promised a lot of help. he has also spoken about rebuilding the community, which seems pretty optimistic at the moment when you look at the state of it. the police and ghana are saying what caused the explosion was when a lorry carrying explosives
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traveling to a mine in the area collided with another vehicle. there is a vast crater in the groundight next to the road, which shows just how powerful this explosion was. but it is still not clear to many people died, but it is feared that many were buried under the rubble. ross: stay with me here on "outside source." in a few minutes we will update you on tonga. the first eight has been arriving five days since that huge eruption and the tsunami that followed. it has been one year since joe biden became president in the u.s. he started his term with a 56% approval rating. at the moment, 28% of americans say they want him to run for reelection in 2024. here is more on why his popularity has waned.
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>> around the beginning of the withdrawal of afghanistan, that sort of faded from people's consciousness, but it was a turning point, i think. then we got the delta variant here, which slow down the promised opening the president had made as a big moment for the country in terms of getting over covid, then we get delta and then omicron. and of course the inflation figures are at a 40 year high, while prices -- wages are rising, prices are also rising. so they are starting to feel that in their pocketbooks. ross: we are here in the bbc news room. our lead story, new satellite images are showing russian troops closer to ukraine's border.
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u.s. is warning russia any invasion will have catastrophic results. in france, the government has been setting out a roadmap to lift covid restrictions. the measures that will go over the next few weeks include working from home advise, capacity limits for large events, and rules around wearing masks outdoors. all this is happening despite huge case numbers in france. it's ported more than 400,000 cases on thursday, the third day running that that is happened. but the government says there are encouraging signs that the wave of omicron cases is ending. our correspondent has more for us. reporter: they're very mindful that what happens in the u.k. tends to happen in france just a few weeks later. and britain, as you've been reporting, even though we are in the middle now of a very clear ebb of the omicron wave, that's
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going to happen here and has started here. perez has been first here, as london was in the u.k. -- paris has been first and is now beginning to come out of this massive wave. that, plus evidence which is compiling all the time that the numbers may be brightening, but in general the effects on individuals of the variant is much less severe is encouraging. the government set out this plan for the weeks ahead and we will see on february 2, to things like the compulsory wearing of masks in cities and working at home three days a week. these measures were announced three weeks ago at the start of omicron and it was said they would be in place for three weeks. they will be lifted from february 2, and two weeks after that, we will see discotheques being allowed and nightclubs being allowed to reopen.
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people will be able to eat and drink standing up in bars. other restrictions will remain in place. above all the vaccination passport, which is part of the government strategy, will come into force on monday, having just cleared its passage through parliament. ross: i was going to ask about that passport as you described. is the idea that that will be put in place for months or even years? is there any sort of timeframe on that? reporter: that is the question that looms in everyone's mind. if are beginning to enter a freer and happier time, then why is this restriction on civil liberties, which is what it is, why is it still in place? the government's answer is, well, we are not there yet. we need this passport to access
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all sorts of things like traveling, we need that to keep people vaccinated. ross: the first plane carrying aid has arrived in tonga, five days on from that huge volcanic eruption and the tsunami that followed. the defense force plane landed and was only able to do so after the runway being cleared of ash. it's bringing in water, shelter, and communications equipment. several ships carrying humanitarian supplies are also en route. as the days pass, we start to get a better sense of the devastation caused by the tsunami. there were 70 structures here including a resort. as you can see, they are all but gone. some communication links were restored. as you can see there has been a huge loss of property.
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some buildings have been completely destroyed and villages have been flattened. these images are the beachfront of the capital. the buildings that used to be here are now largely rubble. >> right now, we're in a process of cleaning up. trees, offices, vehicles everywhere. what we are concerned now is clean drinking water. most of our drinking tap water has been affected by the dust from the aftermath of the volcanic ash. ross: remember, tonga is in the south pacific. it's made up of over 170 islands in just over 100,000 people live there. it's estimated 80 people have
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been affected -- 80% of people have been affected by this. one story has captured people's imagination around the world. the story of a disabled man who survived by floating in swimming for 27 hours. he is 57 and disabled. he described his ordeal in an interview on the radio. he was swept out to sea with his niece at 7:00 p.m. on saturday. he then held oo a tree trunk to keep afloat. several hours later he arrived on an island and was able to find help there. on sunday morning at 10:00 he swam for another island five kilometers away and that took him eight hours, but he couldn't find help there either. on this point it's almost 24 hours into the ordeal, but he decided to keep swimming. this time for the main island, which you can see marked on this guardian graphic. two hours later he had found safety, 27 hours after he was
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initially swept out to sea. he said he staggered toward a house, eventually arriving at the end of a public road and was picked up by passing vehicle. others have been looking back at the moment the tsunami hit. >> when the first explosion happened, we couldn't even hear each other. people reporting to their families to get up and get ready to run, so that's what we did. it's like we were in an airplane. ross: communication with tonga is still difficult. one ex-pat lives in london. >> we finally made it through this morning after many hours of trying. communications or backup, but it's still patchy for international calls.
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with the internet, only those who have access to a satellite phone. but finally people are posting on socia media, they have gotten in contact with their families. there's a lot of devastation, a lot of people in need. but also people are in good spirits, they are thankful to be alive, they are thankful to be together safe and sound with their loved ones, with their families and communities. they are really just ready to get to the business of cleaning up and rebuilding. tongan's are very resilient people. think you can see this, we are thankful and grateful for the aid we will be receiving from australia and new zealand, but even before that, tongan's were mobilizing, every church, every village, the royal family, business people are mobilizing to help each other with what they have already. ross: that is where we finish this edition of "outside source."
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thanks as always for your company, we appreciate it. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-dda♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from

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