tv PBS News Hour PBS January 19, 2022 6:00pm-7:00pm PST
♪ judy: good evening. on the newshouronight, pres. biden: it has been a year of challenges but also a year of enormous progress. judy: president biden defends his track record after approval rating dips and challenges. the democrat push for voting rights legislation faces opposition in the u.s. senate. then the secretary of state reassures ukraine of u.s. support but rns russia could launch an attack at any moment. all of that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.
entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems, skollfoundation.org. >> the lemelson foundation on the web at lemelson.org. supported by the john d and catherine macarthur foundation. macfound.org.and with the support of these institutions. this was made possible by contribution from your pbs viewers from viewers like you. judy: president biden fielded questions from reporters at a marathon news conference on everything from soarin
inflation, the stalemate on voting rights legislation, to americans' anxiety over covid 19. it was his first formal meeting with the press in 10 months. geoff bennett joins me now to discuss where the president's agenda stands and what remains to be accomplished. hello. let us talk about what the president had to say. what assessment is he giving himself? geoff: the president in talking about the past year said it has been one of challenges, but as he put it, one of in norma's progress. he cited the pace of coping vainations, rising wages, and uptick in job growth. but in assessing the setbacks of his first year in office, he said he failed to grasp the level of republican pushback he would encounter. pres. biden: i did not anticipate that there would be such a stalwart effort to make sure that the most important thing was that president biden
didn't get anything done. think about this, what are republicans for? what are they for? name me one thing they are for. and so, the problem here is that i think what's happened, what i have to do in the change of tactic if you will, i have to make clear to the american people, what we are for we pass a lot. we pass a lot of things that people don't even understand what's all it's in understandably. geoff: later the president was asked why did he fail to get a better sense of republican puback given that he was president obama's vp and he said the level of republican obstructionism had changed dramatically. looking ahead to year two of his time in office and beyond, he said he intends to get more into the country, talking to the american people about how his policies and agenda items can
benefit everyday americans. judy: we sought the president was also asked about the fate of voting rights legislation which is being debated this evening in the senate. does he see a path forward? geoff: he seemed to suggest of the democrats might be able to carve a path forward to breaking out elements of the john lewis voting rights act and the freedom to vote act, into individual standalone bills. aching election day a national holiday, having senators vote on that specific thing. same thing with voter registration. up and see if they have success by breaking parts of those bills out and passing them separately. the president was also asked that in the absence of significant voting rights legislation, can the american people feel that elections in this country will continue to be free and fair question mark cares as response.
--? here is his response. pres. biden: all depends on whether or not we are able to make the case to the american people that some of this is set up to alter the outcome of the election. geoff: the president also nodded to what is at this point in early effort among a bipartisan group of lawmakers to rewrite the electoral reform act. he suggested they might have success there, too. judy: we know the president was also talking about the economy. he said that he has created 6 million new jobs in america, but he also said that he knows that inflation is something he needs to get under control. what does he say about how he plans to do that? geoff: he acknowledged the pain so many americans are feeling, given that inflation has risen 7% since last month. he talked about the tools in his toolbox that he has available to him to address this issue. fed policy.
ixing the supply chain. he also said he wants to pass parts of his build back better agenda. pres. biden: it's going to be -- there is a lot we need to do. it is not going to be easy. it's going to be painful for a lot of people in the meantime. that's why the single best way to take the burden off middle class and working class folks is to pass the build back better peace that are things that they're paying a lot of money for now. if you get to trade off higher gases, opening up with higher price of hamburger and gas versus whether or not you're going to be able to pay for education and/or childcare. i think most people would make the trade. the bottom line would be better in middle-class households. but it's going to be hard and it's going to take a lot of work.
geoff: he also made some news in at press conference, suggesting a path forward for the build back better agenda is to also break that into specific state alone bills and trying to pass those as standalone elements. universal pre-k, free community college, all of those agenda items that as he sees it would expand the social safety net. judy: this was a marathon press conference, it went on almost two hours. i think we will be dissecting what he had to say well into tomorrow . geoff: i think that is the case. the thing i'm interested in seeing is the way the president and this white house changes there as a ching strategy. how they intend to brag about the things they see they have accomplished in this past year. the president tried to reframe the work he and many white house and cabinet officials have done not just on covid but the economy, and changing the economy generally to make it
work for working people. judy: jeff bennett reporting on this news conference today. thanks very much. geoff: sure. ♪ judy: -- stephanie: i am stephanie sy with newshour west. we will return to the full program after the latest headlines. the biden administration is making 400 million n95 masks available to the public for free starting next week. today's announcement said they'll be available at pharmacies and community health centers. and, new mexico became the first to ask national guard troops to serve as substitute teachers to keep schools open. u.s. supreme court justices sonia sotomayor and neil gorsuch are denying a reported rift over wearing a mask. today, in a rare statement, they said, quote, it is false. while we may sometimes disagree about the law, we are warm colleagues and friends.
the justices specifically denied that soda mayor, a diabetic, -- sotomayor, a diabetic, gorsuch to mask up. npr reported that she joined oral arguments remotely because gorsuch was not masked. npr said it stands by its story democrats in the u.s. senate pushed again this evening for voting rights legislation -- but republicans moved again to block it. democrats claimed new state voting laws smack of jim crow segregation. two black senators south , carolina republican tim scott and new jersey democrat cory booker, clashed on that point. >> to have a conversation and a narrative that is blatantly false is offensive, not just to me, or southern americans, but offensive to millions of americans who fought, bled and died for the right to vote. so if we're going to have an honest conversation about the right to vote, let's engage in that based on the facts othe laws that
are being passed. >> don't lecture me about jim crow. i know this is not 1965. that's what makes me so outraged. it's 2022. and they are blatantly removing more polling places from the counties where blacks and latinos are overrepresented. i'm not making that up. that is a fact. stephanie: breaking news tonight, the bill has been locked by a republican filibuster as democrats push to change senate rules. we will return to this. the alaska supreme court today upheld a new voter approved election system that would end party primaries in the state. instead, voters will use ranked choice voting - an overhaul that will allow voters to rank candidates by preference in a blanket nonpartisan primary - and then again in the general election.
the damage from saturday's volcano eruption on tonga is coming into greater focus. ash has been cleared from tonga's airport, and planes carrying disaster relief supplies froaustralia and new zealand are on the way. the government said nearly every home on three of the smaller, sparsely populated islands was wiped out. new zealand also sent two ships with supplies and a de-salination plant to provide clean water to thousands. >> for the people of tonga, we're heading their way now with a whole lot of water. the ship can hold, currently holds over 250,000 liters of water and we'll be able to provide that once we arrive. and every day thereafter, we're going to be producing another 70,000 liters of water. stephanie: the flights are expected to arrive soon and are expected to stay on the ground less than 90 minutes to minimize the risk of spreading covid. a suspect in last summer's assassination of haitian president jovenel moise has been extradited to face criminal charges in miami, a department
of justice spokesman confirmed today. businessman and convicted drug trafficker rodolphe jaar was arrested last week after crossing into the dominican republic. the taliban urged foreign in afghanistan governments to , recognize their regime and loosen restrictions on economic aid. the appeal came today at an economic conference in kabul. meanwhile, a u.n. labor organization reported more than 500,000 afghans have lost their jobs since the taliban took control. back in this country, the u.s. supreme court rejected former president trump's request to block release of white house documents sought by the house january 6 committee. the committee said it is already receiving the records late this evening. also today: new york state's attorney general has laid out evidence that the trump organization exaggerated assets to win loans and tax breaks. that's in a court filing aimed at forcing compliance with subpoenas. it says in one case, the company claimed the trump penthouse in
new york was nearly three times its actual size. the trump organization rejected the allegations. if women's basketball pioneer and lusia harris has died in her native mississippi. in 1977, she became the only woman ever officially drafted by the nba. she declined because she was pregnant. in 1976, she became the first to score a basket in women's olympic basketball. she was inducted into the basketbal hall of fame in 1992, the first black woman to earn that honor. lusia lucy harris was 66 years old. still to come, the university of michigan reaches a major sexual abuse settlement with more than 1000 former athletes. white airlines are warning 5g technology could cause havoc at airports. the life and legacy of the late fashion journalist andre leon talley. plus much more.
>> this is the pbs newshour from>> weta studios in washington and in the west from the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university. judy: tonight on capitol hill, a vote some democrats have waited years to hold on whether to advance a voting rights bill in the senate. but with republicans ready to block it, democrats are also poised to vote on whether to change the senate's rules. to help us get a sense of where things stand, i'm joined by our congressional correspondent, lisa desjardins. she is at the capital. they succumb a remind us what democrats are trying to do here and what political waves this has been causing. lisa: the ultimate goal for democrats is to pass voting rights legislation, a national standard for how we vote across this country. we know they do not have the votes. so what they are also trying to do is change senate rules to allow voting rights to come
through via the talking filibuster. this is a reminder of what they want to put on the table. we expect this today or tomorrow. the idea from democrats is to force senatorsho want to block the voting rights bill to stand and talk their way through it through the talking filibuster. it would mean the debate could be very long, but it could also mean that a final majority te would happen once every senator who opposes the bill finished speaking. to pass the rules change, they need all 50 democrats oboard and we now that at least senator manchin and kyrsten sinema of arizona also oppose changing the rules bipartisan majority. both senators are experiencing backlash from fellow democrats, including some very political, serious consequences. kyrsten sinema has had endorsements withdrawn, including one from the group and -- emily's list.
they put out a press release about her, writing that her decision to reject the voice of allies and constituents who believe the importance of voting rights outweighs that of an arcane process means she will find herself standing alone in the next election. at the same time, for those democrats supporting this change, there is a risk some of them who might have tough elections this year. that might not be popular this year, like senator maggie hassan of new hampshire. there is some question, why take this note if they know if it will fail question mark to that, senator chuck schumer says we have to vote on the record. republicans are more than happy for democrats to do that. judy: what is next for decrats? lisa what is going to happen here, thi is a critical period coming up. let's start with where we are now. this is the voting rights discussion today, yesterday. we want to look at a calendar
also going possibly tomorrow. next, we have got about five weeks where the senate will be here and could try and work out a possible alternative to build back better. after those five weeks, you will see at the end there is a deadline for government funding on february 18. that is important because immediately after, the senate is set to go on recess. following that, another very big date on march 1. president biden does the state of the union address. he wants to have some part of the agenda through. followin the press conference, it seems that there are more doubts the dutch about the child tax credit, a big loss for progressives but talks will continue. judy: lisette reporting on it all. thank you. lisa thank you -- lisa: you're welcome. judy: secretary of state antony
blinken was in ukraine today to meet with its president and high command as more than 100,000 russian troops remain deplod on ukraine's borders. in a moment i will speak with two u.s. senators just back from ukraine to get their views, but first nick schifrin brings us up to speed. nick: in kyiv today ukraine's president volodymr zelenskyy and secretary of state anthony blinken met while staring down the barrel of a gun. >> today there are some 100,000 russian soldiers near ukraine's borders, and in that sense the threat to ukraine is unprecedented. nick: those soldiers are signaling escalation. this week the russian defense ministry released video of troops near ukraine's border practicing the urban warfare they would launch if they invaded. and now russian tanks. and russian troops are arriving in belarus to pomp and circumstance. belarus calls it a surprise readiness check. a
senior state department official says they arrived in the guise of joint exercises potentially to attack ukraine. those troops could be launched from just 200 miles north of kiev, joining what us -- u.s. intelligence has identified as four additional locations of russian troops surrounding ukraine's eastern border-for a total of 0,000. >> that gives president putin the capacity, also on very short notice, to take further aggressive action against ukraine. ♪ don't you want somebody to love! nick: ukraine's not feeling much love but its military released a slick video granting russia no grace to a jefferson airplane soundtrack. it shows off u.s.-made javelin anti-tank missiles that senior
u.s. officials say are now deployed to key transit points. a senior state department official today, said the u.s. would provide an additional $200 million of military assistance, on top to $450 million provided last fiscal year, and ongoing us training of ukrainian forces. but today on capitol hill, republicans urged the biden administration to send ukraine more military aid, and sanction russia, today. >> putin doesn't take this president, they don't take his threats and they certainly don't take his leadership seriously. nick: this afternoon, president biden said the extent of western sanctions, would depend on russian actions. pres. biden: russia will be held accountable if it invades. and it depends on what it does. it's one thing if it's a minor incursion and we end up having to fight about what to do and not do. if they continue to use cyber efforts, we can respond the same way, with cyber. nick: but while the enemy's at the gates, some ukrainian guns are pointed inward. former president and current opposition candidate petro poroshenko rallied supporters in kiev. the sitting government accuses him of treason and funding terrorism.
accusations the west believes are politically motivated. blinken today urged unity. >> leaders inside and outside ukraine's government have to put aside their differences in the favor of -- in favor of the shared national interest, and work together to prepare for difficult days. nick: but zelenskyy suggested the us didn't know what it was talking about. >> your intelligence is excellent, but you are far overseas, and we are here, and i think we know some things a little bit deeper about our state. nick: meanwhile in russia today, deputy foreign minister sergei ryabkov told a forum moscow posed no threat. >> we will not attack, strike, invade, quote unqoute, whatever, ukraine. nick: on friday blinken will meet with russian foreign minister sergei lavrov, hoping to forestall an invasion that, despite russian claims many fear , is inevitable. for the pbs newshour, i'm nick schifrin judy: secretary blinken's trip comes just days after a
partisan congressional delegation went to kiev. their goal was to show american solidarity with president zelensky - even though u.s. lawmakers disagree on the best strategy for combating president putin. the leaders of that delegation were democratic senator jeanne shaheen of new hampshire, and republican rob portman of ohio. and i spoke with them this afternoon just as president biden's news conference was starting. senator shaheen, senator portman. thank you both very much for joining us. senator shaheen, you first. to americans who are right now preoccupied with covid and a number of other things at home, explain to them why it should matter to them, whether russian troops go into ukraine. [44.5s] -- into ukraine. >> well, we don't want to see a reprisal of the cold war, and unfortunately, that's what we began to see with vladim putin. and the fact is, if he does invade ukraine, it would be the worst conflict on europe since world war ii. that's not good for our allies, and it's not good for america.
we want to see ukrainis like americans and other democracies have the opportunity to determine their own futures. and we do not want to give vladimir putin and russia a veto power over what happens in ukraine in the future. judy: but senator portman, if the united states is not prepared to send troops of its own into ukraine, which is what bipartisan leaders are saying is not in the cards, how are the american people to understand why this is a priority for them? >> well, first of all, the cause of freedom is being fought all over the world, but no place more so than ukraine. here you have a country that is sovereign, independent part of europe, freedom loving. you know, they decided back in 2014 they went through a process, or they kicked out their russian backed authoritarian government and they said, we want to be a receipt. -- democracy. we want to follow free markets. we want to be like america and like western europe. and so now, unfortunately, vladimir putin is
surrounding them with this massivforce that is causing a huge threat to the cause of freedom. so it's not just about ukraine, it's about destabilizing all of europe, but it's also about countries all over the world that are watching this, both other authoritarian regimes that are thinking about what they might do in terms of taking over another country's territory. and, of course, countries around e world who are wondering, is the united states and is the free world going to stand up? judy: senator shaheen, what more can the united states do? i mean, republicans are saying, as we just heard from senator portman, send more aid and now do more to train the ukrainian troops. what more can be done? >> well, we want to continue to show the ukrainians and vladimir putin that we are united, we're united in congress and trying to make sure that we provide the support ukrainians need and also that we point out to putin what the threat of sanctions is should he take action. judy: senator portman, some of
your republican colleagues are calling for harsher sanctions on vladimir putin himself right now. how do you know, though, that that wouldn't embolden him even more? make him angry, make him more determined to go into ukraine? >> well, he's already built this massive force over 100000 -- 100,000 troops surrounding ukraine, more troops going every day, more heavy armaments going every day. so i don't, you know, and that's with no provocation. so i agree with what senator shaheen said. we need to do two things. one, we need to work with our allies to provide the military assistance that ukraine needs to defend itself, and we are starting to do that more. and second, we need to be absolutely sure that the russians and vladimir putin know that if they should invade again , and remember they invaded ukraine already and took crimea, they also come into the donbas and took ukrainian territory there. but if they do it again with this massive force, that there will be devastating sanctions. and the difference between republicans and democrats that was played out last week was the timing of those sanctions. judy: one of your republican
colleagues, senator rick scott of florida, was saying today that president biden has been appeasing president putin and that president biden needs to grow a backbone. >> well, we are where we are. there may be some things we could have done earlier, but we are providing lethal defensive weapons. again, the president has just chosen to spend another $200 million, 60 million last year in congress. i think we will appropriate additional funds. and i think that there's also a lot of unanimity around sanctions should something happen. judy: senator shaheen, i again, i hear you saying there's unity. but do you also agree with with the republican criticism that president biden should have done more, sooner? >> i think the administration has been very engaged with ukraine. and as president biden told us this morning when we had a classified call with the members of the delegation who
went to ukraine. he he was the one during the obama administration who worked with ukraine, who went in, who tried very hard to make sure that we did more at that time to hold russia accountable. so i think he understands very clearly what's happening. that's why all the members of the state department have been in ukraine. when wendy sherman, why secretary of state blinken is there and why the president was very interested in hearing what are -- what we learned when we were in ukraine earlier this we. the fact is there are several sanctions bills and the senate right now, one of which would put personal sanctions on vladimir putin as well as other members of the military there in case of an incursion. i think we ought to be able to work out some compromise that allows us to make clear what the threat is should putin take any
action. i think there are ways in which we can provide additional aid, additional lethal weapons that can show the ukrainians and russians that we are intent on doing everything we can to deter this aggression and to hold them accountable should go into ukraine. judy: with the two of you standing there together, i cannot miss the opportunity to ask you both about one other thing. that is what's on the floor of the us senate right now. that's voting rights. your two parties are on opposite sides of this issue. i just wonder from each one of you, what would you say to the other one about why the other one's wrong, why you are right on this issue that is so the two parties right now, divided in senator portman? >> well, judy, i have very strong views about this. i think it's been a big mistake for us to spend the last week, including today on something that frankly isn't going anywhere anyway. it's a political exercise. we all know that. but it is basically saying to the american people that
elections don't really matter because they're so corrupt or that there's so much voter suppression that's just not true. you know, many of the same democrats who who had criticized republicans about questioning the results of the election because of fraud and therefore drawing into question the legitimacy of elections, are now doing the same thing by saying that somehow democracy is in crisis because we have all this voter suppression. and then finally, of course, because democrats are doing this in an entirely partizan way, they have no republican support. in fact, they have a couple of democrats who aren't supporting it because what they want to do is change the rules of the senate. that is the one thing that keeps the senate from being not even more partizan, which is called the legislative filibuster, which just means you have to have 60 votes rather than 50 votes. without that one rule in place. the senate would become far more partizan. judy: senator shaheen, you hear senator portman saying this was the wrong way to do it. if it's partizan, it's wrong headed. it's hurting the country. what
do you say? >> well, i think we can all agree that the elections in 2020 were record turnout. even donald trump's own head of elections and homeland security said they were the safest secure elections in history. and that's where the differences lie because what we've seen and in 19 states, over 30 states that are considering changing their election laws in response to the big lie that donald trump actually won that last election , is what the issue is in new hampshire. i'm very worried about our all, our republican controlled legislature that is unwinding many of the reforms and election laws that have taken place over the last two to three decades. they're trying to prevent young people from voting that has been struck down once , already in the supreme court in new hampshire, and they're
trying again. they're gerrymandering congressional districts in the state as well as state sate districts. so this is really -- i agree with senator portman that we ought to be able to work together. but unfortunately, in an effort to try and address what's happening in states across the country to restrict voting, there has been real reluctance on the pt of our republican colleagues to work with us. lisa murkowski has signed on to the john lewis voting rights act, but she's the only republican who has been willing to do that. judy: well, we couldn't leave the two of you without asking you about it. and it's a it's a reminder that yes, there are issues the two parties work together, but this is one where you are profoundly part. we cannot thank you enough. senator jeanne shaheen of new hampshire, senator rob portman
of ohio, thank you very much. ♪ judy: one year into president biden's tenure, we are taking stock of where some of his key campaign commitments stand. even befoe taking office, mr. biden called climate change an existential crisis, and promiser to take historic action. amna nawaz joins me now to look at what he's done so far. hello. we know this is a huge issue. tell us how he is delivering on it. amna: it is a massive issue. climate change is now in crisis, so to assess how president biden has done in your one to address it, we will look at four commitments he made. he promised to develop a clean energy economy, and to build more resilient community is, to
reestablish america's global leadership on this issue and to work toward environment of justice. this is not a comprehensive list but it is illustrative of his key commitments. judy: let's take this one by one, starting with the clean energy economy. amna: it is an ambitious goal, hitting zero carbon emissions by 2050. this is how he framed it when he was talking about it in july 2020. pres. biden: we also know that transforming the american electrical sector to produce power without producing carbon pollution and electrifying an increased share of our economy will be the greatest spurrg of job creation and economic competitivenesin the 21st century. amna: so he has taken some action on this front. in particular with cars. we know transportation is the largest source of u.s. in missions. but here is what he has done so far, a brief list. he signed an executive order to
electrify the entire government vehicles made, about 650,000 cars. he secured a billion dollars in the bipartisan interceptor package for electric vehicle charging stations and to electrify transit. they ao put the most ambitious electric car standards yet, but a lot of this hinges on t build back better plan. put the question to dr. leah from uc santa barbara. >> that bill will make it way more affordable for everyday americans to buy an electric vehicle, and it will also make sure that those electric vehicles are increasingly built in union shops. with the build back better act, we will have a fighting chance to cut carbon pollution at the pace and scale that's necessary and tackle the climate crisis. amna: so we know the plan has
been stalled. negotiations continue but experts say without it it will be hard for biden to meet those goals. judy: what about the impact of climate change on communities question mark last year was one of the worst ever in terms of climate change affecting and natural disasters. how is the president doing in terms of making communities more resilient? amna: this is a rare area of partisan cooperation and work moving forward. that is because the devastation and damage from those extreme weather events is undeniable. so the president has helped to secure funds to help mitigate some of the worst impacts in communities. that came as part of the bipartisan infrastructure bill. 47 billion dollars going to projects like moving highways out of led zones, grants for wildfire prone communities and water storage in drought affected areas. judy: to the third promise,
recommitting to global leadership on climate. how has he done there? amna: on day one in office, president biden reentered the paris climate accord which sent a strong signal. we should remind people on the campaign trail candidate biden thomas to go further to lower global emissions and demand to change especially from places like china, among one of the global leaders in emissions. here is how he talked about that in september 2020. pres. biden: i'll bring us back into the paris agreement. i'll put us back in the business of leading the world on climate change, and i'll challenge every other country to up the ante on climate commitments. amna: so late last year, president attended the climate summit in glasgow. he slammed the chinese president for not attending and the u.s. and china, the biggest polluters, ended up signing an agreement that experts say was
big on ambition but short on specifics. a mixed record on that front. judy: finally, the president talked as a candidate about putting equity at the center of of all of his policies. how has he done when it comes to equity and the environment and climate change? amna: the key part here is a study after study has shown, people of color do tend to live at the desk and be exposed to higher levels of pollution than any other members of the population. present biden has made that essential to his policy. in flint michigan, before election day he talkedbout that. pres. biden: the impacts on climate are too often fall disproportionately on poor communities and communities of color. we're going to make sure communities benefit from the hundreds of billions of federal investment in infrastructure and climate change. amna: he pledged $45 billion to replace every leadpipe in the
country. he ended up getting $15 billion in the infra structure bill, less than he wanted but more than previous and ministrations. we asked a reverend about that. he is from benton harbor, michigan where they have been dealing with contaminated water for three years. here is what he said. >> in most cases, by this being a really a black community, we don't get stuff done here. i have to applaud the president because of what he has done. he let us know that he's willing, he has willing to do what needs to be done to make sure that our communities of color have all the tools they need to be successful. amna: the reverend says the epa officials from the have been in touch with his community regularly. he says he is happy with progress. we know about $3 billion of that $15 billion has been making its way out into the community and the administration says they
think they can meet that goal to replace those pipes within a decade. those are specific examples but big picture will take a lot for president biden to see through his clement agenda. he will need congress to move forward, he needs the courts to not get in his way and quickly. republicans have shown little interest in doing this. judy: so important to look at this thank you very much. ♪ judy: the university of michigan has reached a $490 million settlement with former athletes and students who say they were sexually abused over decades by a long-time university physician. a warning that some may find this report disturbing. john yang has the story. john: judy, dr. robert anderson worked at the university of
michigan for nearly 40 years - beginning in 1966 until he retired in 2003. he died in 2008. last year, a university-commissioned investigation concluded that anderson engaged in a pervasive, decades-long destructive pattern of sexual misconduct and that the trauma that dr. anderson's misconduct caused persistso this day. the report also found that the abuse was an open secret among students. more than 1000 survivors of anderson's misconduct, most of them men, will share in the settlement. david jesse is the higher education reporter for the detroit free press and has written about this story extensively. thanks for being with us. i think this case may be less known tower viewers than the larry nassar case at michigan state. can you give us a sense of the scope of dr. anderson's misconduct and what he did
according to the reports? david: he was at the university for 40 years. he started and worked in the health services for the broad campus. he also was the dr. for the football team under the famed coach. he did physicals for football team members, wrestlers, athletes. over that course of four decades, he saw thousands of students in about 1000 of them have come forward to say that they were sexually assaulted. when they went to him for routine physicals or because their elbow was hurting or those routine type of things, they had unnecessary exams done of them and were sexually assaulted. john: the report said this was an open secret among the students. they had a nickname for him. what is known about what administrators and coaches new? david: we have heard that one
wrestler came to the athletic director in the 70's and said this was going on, that he had been assaulted. the athletic director at that point swept it under the rug, hold the scholarship of the wrestler. we have heard from multiple former football players who say they have reported. the famed football coach, one of his adopted sons said he was sexually assaulted and told his dad about it. there has been a pattern of several of the men coming forward and saying the administration knew about this and did nothing and let it keep going. john: the investigation talked about the effects this abuse had on students while they were at university. some of them questioned their sexuality, their academics were hurt. in terms of depositions and interviews, what do we know about how it affected the survivors of this abuse later in their lives? david: we have heard from people like chuck christian, a former
football player who was sexually assaulted by anderson, who had a deep distrust of going to the doctor. he equated that pain and shame of going to the doctor with what had happened when he saw anderson. and now he has cancer and it is far along the stages. he says this could have been caught if i would have gone to the doctor, what i was not going to because i was not going to go through that experience again. we have heard from a number of these athletes who have said the same thing. john: sexual abuse is often a tale of power imbalance. what power did he have over the students and student athletes? david: he had the power for playing time. he could say they are healed, put them back in. he had the power of scholarships, saying they are not paying attention, they are not healed, you don't want them here, they are not obeying. he held the career of these athletes in his hands.
john: you covered the larry nassar case at michigan state. how do the cases compare and how do the settlements compare? david: the cases are similar, these people who were assaulted both by doctors that you trust, you trust that your doctor is looking out for you. when they say what you are doing t -- what they are doing to you is what needs to be done, you go along with that. as far as settlements, michigan state university paid the nasser victims $500 million, and in this case they are blowing $490 million, so close. john: david jesse of the detroit free press. thank you. ♪ judy: verizon and at&t are forging ahead with their plan to switch to new high speed 5g
wireless service nationwide. but with an important exception near u.s. airports and runways. those exceptions were made yesterday because of fears that the new technology could interfere with plane technology and potentially impact landings. science correspondent miles o'brien is here to unpack it all for us. hello. tell us what is the problem. miles: the device is called a radar altimeter, it is a device on an airliner that gives pilots precise information about the relative distance to the ground the closer they get to it. it is crucial during landing in bad weather and without it, we could not have the proverbial safe landing on that dark and stormy night. any time the aviation industry gets word of something getting
close to that piece of the spectrum where this device operates, they get nervous. that is what led to this fight. judy: miles, we know this was supposed to have been resolved sometime ago. the two federal agencies, the fcc and the faa, are at different places. what has happened? why has it not been resolved? miles: the aviation industry has said this is a problem, and the communication industry is saying the aviation industry is focused on worst-case scenarios that are improbable. will that is what the industry does. there is a clash of cultures here. the concerns are potentially real. these frequencies tend to spill outside of their lanes and it is important there are specific filters on the devices so they do not pick up stray signals, giving bad indications to the pilots.
judy: you think about all of this, surely the faa considered this as they were moving forward. miles: the was considering it, but the fcc was pushing as well. it was a little like a game of chicken to see who was going to fix the problem. with the transmitters on the ground be modified? with the power be reduced, and tennis renamed question with there be bubbles -- antennas re-aimed? when they put bubbles around airports, or would they fix the ones that might cause trouble? judy: what can we expect to happen? can they resolve this so that airlines and the faa feels comfortable and 5g goes forward? miles: it can be done. 40 countries have done this and what t copper mines that was announced is a lot like what has occurred in europe and
elsewhere, providing lower transmission power, directing antennas, creating corridors for runways. all of that is in the proper minds. that will stay in place for a while until such time as the aviation fleet gets upgraded with radar altimeter's that are not likely to be fooled by 5g. this problem will work itself out over time. the compromise will probably be here for a while, as it takes a wild for this equipment to be retired. judy: it sounds complicated, but i know people who fly on passenger airliners or anybody who gets in a plane wants to be sure they are safe. miles: absolutely, and that is uppermost here. obviously the aviation industry does not want to be in a position where something like this causes an accident, particularly in the wake of the problems in the 737 max scenario where they were accused of not
being aggressive enough identifying a safety issue. in this case, they are in front of it. the compromise is in place and people can feel safe flying for the foreseeable future. judy: miles o'brien reporting on all things aviation. thank you. ♪ judy: andre leon talley, the towering former creative director and editor at large of vogue magazine, has died. he had a front row seat to fashion shows around the world and provided his readers with a lens into that world through his writing. jeffrey brown has our appreciation of talley as part of our arts and culture seri, canvas. jeffrey: at six foot six, andre
leon talley cut a large figure - and wore it well. and he had a major impact on the world of fashion. >> he had tremendous clout and influence. jeffrey: robin givhan, senior critic at large for the washington post, has long covered the fashion industry. >> andre leon talley was really a rare creature in the fashion industry because of the status that he had when he was at vogue. he was creative director. and that is a position that, in reality, no other black person has held at american vogue. >> born in 1948, talley was raised in north carolina by his grandmother. he spoke of getting a first taste of style from her as they attended church. he went on to study french literature at north carolina central university before receiving a master's degree at brown. he spoke in the 2018 documentary the gospel according to andre. >> i did not know who exactly i was, i was becoming. but i did get out of the jim crow south.
brown gave me a freedom, a liberation, it propelled me into the world that i know. jeffrey: an apprenticeship at the metropolitan museum of art brought him to new york and first encounters with the fashion industry. >> this is andre leon talley reporting live from paris. jeffrey: he would go on to work at magazines including 'interview' and women's wear daily, where he was paris bureau chief, before serving as creative director at vogue magazine. he was a fixture on the fashion scene, a regular at runway shows. and he was also a rare black editor in a largely white world >> you don't get up and say look, i'm black and i'm proud, you just do it and somehow it impacts the culture. jeffrey: he's spoken out about the racism - and anti-gay bigotry - he faced along the way. >> people have said many bad things about me. they used to call me queen kong. i was like an ape. i was a gay ape queen kong. but i had to move on, i had to get on with my career.
jeffrey: he was known for playing with that history - as in a reworking of gone with the wind' in the pages of vanity fair. he was also known as an enthusiastic champion of designers he liked. here, at the exhibition, black fashion designers, in new york in 2016. >> you have a plethora and a rainbow of success based on innate quality and innate technique. these people taughthemselves. they had dreams and they put their dreams in their fashion. >> i honestly don't know that i have come across anyone who could be as effusive in their praise for something that they really admired or they really found, you know, took pride in. and, you know, he was someone who i think was in a really challenging position for a long time, which is he was such a unique character and he had he occupied such a high status. but at the same time, he was
only one person. jeffrey: today tributes poured , in that spoke to his influence as a role model. robin givhan defines his legacy this way. >> i think that every time andre took another step forward, he cleared the path a little bit more, he opened the door a little bit farther so that a few more people could could step through. i mean, i think every time he defied a stereotype, he made the fashion industry that much more inclusive. jeffrey: andre leon talley died yesterday in white plains, new york. he was 73 years old. for the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown. judy: and all the more remarkable because he faced obstacles throughout his life, beginning with his childhood. that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff, join us online and again here tomorrow, from all of us at the newshour, thank you please stay safe and , we'll see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs
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