tv BBC World News America PBS January 17, 2022 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
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announcer: and now, "bbc wld news". >> i am laura trw york city. this is bbc world news america. tonga's volcanic eruption. an anxious away from the pacific islands. after four people were held hostage at a synagogue in texas, arrests have been made in england. we will have the latest on the investigation. one of the great wartime mysteries -- who betrayed the family of and frank to the nazis -- has a new suspect. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america. we begin tonight in the pacific nds of tonga where a massive
underwater volcanic eruption took place. the blast triggered a tsunami and left the region blanketed in volcanic ash. the authorities have not officially asked for aid, but the island's communication network is virtually destroyed. our correspondent rupert wingfield-hayes has been following the story. rupert: these pictures of the former tonga are from last friday. this was just foretaste of what was to come a day later, and eruption many times larger. this is the volcano poking above the ocean's surface last week, and today, it is completely gone. it has been confirmed the huge eruption severed the main cable linking tonga to the outside world. new zealand dispatched aircraft
to try to find out what is going on a. >> some of those islands are reporting that they have not had loss of life, but it is secondhand and early days. rupert: this british woman angela glover was killed by a tsunami that hit the island sunday. she moved to tonga to open an animal shelter. she died trying to rescue her dogs. >> the uglier the dog, the more she loved it. her initial call to tonga was to swim with whales, which she did. a beautiful girl. she's irreplaceable. rupert: offers from new zealand and australia to help tonga are being complited by covid. the island nation is currently covid free and wants to stay that way. >> they've had disasters during the pandemic previously from cyclones and hurricanes, and
what they did was air dp supplies in. there was no physical contact or teraction between troops and the local forces. rupert: a century ago, nearly one in 10 tongans died in the 1918 flu pandemic. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news in tokyo. >> joining us now is steven mcgann, former u.s. ambassador to tonga at georgetown university. knowing these islands as you do, what is your greatest concern for the people? >> thank you for the introduction. i think it is important for us to consult with the tongan authorities, but we know the key issues will be food security, freshwater, and health care infrastructure. we've mentioned the importance of keeping the population safe from covid.
i think it is incumbent on the united states to look closely at how they could vaccinate the rest of tonga's population. i believe the rate is at about 60%, but those are areas that we have to address. laura: just how resilient do you think the infrastructure on tonga is from your experience on the islands? >> we've seen as long as the airports are open, if we can turn to using the port facilities, they are sufficient enough. any robust international humanitarian response has to take into account key factors. first of all, women and vulnerable populations have been sically undercut by this natural disaster. women work in agriculture, the commercial sector, as well as
fisheries. any humanitarian response will have to take into account sustainable outcomes for these valuable -- vulnerable populations. laura: give us some idea about the people of tonga and how they must live in fear of an eruption like this given their history. >> we understand the people of tonga are incredibly self-reliant. we have to focus on the close ties between the united states and tonga. the overwhelming amount of monthly support for tongan families actually comes from tonga's expatriates in the u.s. in calornia and utah. we understand tonga has strong ties to thehurch of the latter-day saints. tonga, is proportionate to its
size, has been a strategic partner, supporting our coalition efforts in iraq and afghanistan, consistently voting with the united states at the united nations. this points to an important role that the united states can play with australia, the u.k., new zealand and other pacific island countries addressing this problem. the most important thing is that the tongan people have to be supported through a combination of civilian agencies, u.s. military, as well as civil society. laura: thanksnow to the investio the hostagetaking at a synagogue in texas, which is now a transatlantic one. in the u.k., two teenagers have been arrested in manchester.
the attacker was shot dead by police after a 10 hour standoff. he had taken four people hostage, including a rabbi. ed thomas now reports. ed: what made him leave blkburn, the place he called home, to travel to texas, are himself with a gun and hold people hostage inside a synagogue? there was a tense standoff as an fbi swat team moved into. the 44-year-old spoke to his family back home. his words were recorded as he became increasingly desperate. >> [indiscernible] ed: these pictures show several hostages running for their lives. within minutes, he was shot dead. the rabbi here described the ordeal. >> it did not look good.
it did not sound good. we were terrified. when i saw an opportunity where he was not in a good position, i made sure the two gentlemen still with me, that they were ready to go. the exit was not far away. i told them to go. i threw a chair at the gunman and headed for the door, and all three of us were able to get out without a shot being fired. rupert: throughout the standoff, he was demanding the release of "lady al qaeda," a pakistani neuroscientist jailed in the u.s. for trying to kill american soldiers in afghanistan. >> it is the way he was killed. he was shot. ed: this man knew him d his family.
he says manyuestioned his mental state at the time he went to america. >> it is very frustrating for the family. our prayers are with them. if there was mental health issues, why did he go in the first place? why did he fly out? questions are not being answered, you see. ed: this was thought to have been from his brother and has since been taken down. he apologizes and says, we were confident he would not harm the hostages. a second close family member who did not want to be filmed raised concerns over his state of mind. he said it was widely known in blackburn he was struggling with his mental health.
the u.s. president s described what happened as an act of terror while those who escaped said they felt lucky to be alive. laura: ed thomas reporting. sophie long joins us live from outside the synagogue. this is a transatlantic investigation. what are you hearing from u.s. authorities about the possible motive of the attacker? sophie: this investigation is very much now a transatlantic one. the authorities have made clear its an investigation that has grown global in reach. when president biden was talking, he said what happened was an act of terror, and we know counterterrorist officers here and in the united kingdom are working on this investigation, as evidenced by those arrests in manchester. authorities are trying to esblish exactly wt happened, what his movements more -- were.
we know he entered via jfk airport. don't know how he made his way to dallas. what they are trying to establish are his movements and motive. what made him come to america, and what made him come here and target the building behind me? laura: what more can you tell us about what unfolded in that synagogue behindou? sophie: as you heard in the report, we heard from one of the hostages themselves. he gave a great amount of detail about what happened saturday. we know now that the hostage taker seemed like a vulnerable person and was welcomed into the synagogue. the rabbi said that although parts of his story didn't stand
up, he didn't notice anything suspicious. he said when he turned his back, it was then he heard a click. he said it could've been anything, but it was the click of the gun appeared we heard from the rabbi about what unfolded in those last few minutes, and he said the active shooter training that not just he and members of the unger gratian had undertaken from the fbi and other organizations was invaluable, and it helped them take that opportunity to make their brave escape. we learned much more about what happened inside the synagogue, but many questions yet to be answered. laura: sophie long in texas, thank you. the saga of novak djokovic is not over. he was deported from australia and could not defend his title because he was not vaccinated. it is not clear if the tennis star can compete in the upcoming french open either.
the french government said sporting stars will need to be vaccinated to play. dan rowen has more. dan: he had hoped to return to his hometown as e first man to win 21 grand slams. instead, know that djokovic landed at belgrade having been thrown out of australia following a bruising legal defeat that ended 10 days of drama over his vaccination status. reflecting his status,he world number one slipped out through the diplomatic exit, avoiding a crowd of fans furious about his deportation. >> i think they should all be ashamed of themselves, and i think novak will rise from this. >> to treat any human that way is just wrong. sophie: after a buildup that threatened to boil over amid controversy over his presence,
the australian open began today without the reigning champion. rafael nadal, through to the second round, but the man he is level with in grandson titles, still a big talking point. >> i wish him all the best. i think the situation has been a mess. on a personal level, i would like to see him playing here. if it is fair or not is another discussion that i don't want to talk about. dan: one of just three men in the top 100 on vaccinated, djokovic risks being frozen out of grand slam tennis, likely to be barred from the government tightened the rules, something for him to ponder as he arrived home at his luxury apartment in belgrade. after a damaging saga that sparked a debate about vaccination policy, djokovic trying to put this episode behind him in a city where he
enjoys unwavering support. it means his hope of becoming the most successful player in the history of the men's game remains uncertain. bbc news, belgrade. laura: in other news from around the world, prosecutors in ukraine called for the former president petro poroshenko to be detained for two months or pay bail of $35 million. mr. poroshenko returned to ukraine monday after a short exile in poland. presidential election haseen fined more than $11,000 after a court in paris found him guilty of hate speech. it relates to remarks he made in 2020 when he called unaccompanied child migrants to france thieves, killers, and arapists who deserve to be sent back. north korea has launched a
missile into the sea of japan. the japanese military detected the missile, which was fired from nth korea's coast. north korea claims to have launched two hypersonic missiles in january. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come tonight, it is martin luther king day in the u.s.. we will be asking if the american streets named for the civil-rights leader live up to his vision. ♪ the chinese economy grew by 8% last year. that is better thanome were expecting, but in december, growth slowed dramatically. our asian correspondent has more for us on the story of china's economy. >> consumers seem to be less optimistic with retail sales coming in much weaker than expected. china's strict covid policy
means many provinces went back into lockdown a. we have yet to see the full impact of that either. the government is unlikely to ditc its zero covid policy ahead of the olympics. it is important to remember that while grth of 8.1% is impressive, the country was in the middle of pandemic lockdowns in 2020. it is coming off of a low base. there are some worrying signs. laura: we turn to a question that has plagued historians since the end of world war ii. who betrayed the family of anne frank to the nazis who died in a concentration camp? her diary is the most famous first-hand account of jewish
life during the war. detectives believe they have discovered who revealed the location of the franks. we report from amsterdam. >> the final entry in anne frank's diary, tuesday, the first of august, 1944. i keep trying to find a way to become what i want to be and what i could be if only there were no other people in the world. yours, anne m. frank . three days later, the jewish teenager was arrested. this was the frank family's hiding place during the nazi occupation of the netherlands. this question of who betrayed the frank family who lived in this building undetected for nearly two years months before the end of the war has remained one of the great mysteries of dutch history, and this team o investigators have identified a man who they believe is the key suspect, a jewish lawyer who had been based in amsterdam helping
jewish refugees fleeing nazi germany. no dna clues or video images existed, so detectives relied on circumstantial evidence and a note. >> the final suspect became the person who was named in an anonymous note sent to otto frank shortly after he got back from the camp osher in which a man named vanderburg was named as the betrayer. >> otto frank was the only member of the family to survive the war. a suggestion that the betrayer appears to be one within the jewish community is hard for many to bear. the historic context is critical. >> it is the story of a man who was cornered, and in order to save himself, his wife, his children fm the gas chambers, he gave a list ofddresses to
the sd, which had no names. the story is tragic. >> while there is still a degree of skepticism that we may never know the real identity of the betrayer, it's a lesson of what humanity may be capable of, another way of anne frank's legacy remains alive. laura: a wartime mystery may have been solved. in the united states, it is martin luther king day, a national holiday celebrating the life and legacy of the civil rights leader. dr. king's family led a peace walk for voting rights with his son and other relatives marching over the frederick douglass bridge. 11 years ago, i spoke about the u.s. documentary named in dr. king's honor and if they have seen thequality he campaigned
for. a couple days ago, we spoke again in washington about what has changed since 2011. when we spoke 11 years ago, you just produce to this documentary y. remind us what you were trying to do. >> we were working with high school students in washington, d.c. who've been doing work in d.c., and i wanted to take them around the country and see if the streets named after dr. king lived up to his dream. does the street named after the man we all celebrate having this wonderful vision and dream actually reflect his body of work? laura: 11 years ago, you're finding was that the streets that bore martin luther king's name did not reflect his dream, did they?
>> at the time we were doing the documentary, there were some that reflected his dream. in oakland, it was a neighborhood that was not economically where you would want it to be, but i think it was interesting that it showed the economic diversity and the diversity that is america's. laura: 11 years on, there's been this racial reckoning following the death of george floyd. is the dream more advanced than it was when we spoke 11 years ago? >> that is such a loaded question. i think it is more at the forefront of what black folks knew were the issues. it has become a hot topic of conversation because we have cell phones and cameras, so everyone can see what has been going on in our communities for a long time. are we advanced? i think not. we are at the starting point of real change because everyone is having conversations about it.
laura: what to you is the significance of martin luther king day? >> i think it is a wonderful celebration of a persons life who is an integral part of the world community and having these larger conversations around equity. it's wonderful that we have the state to celebrate and talk about community and diversity and all of the things we should be talking about every day. i think it is important to celebrate the man, the life, the legacy. i'm laughing at a lot of senators and congressmen who want to invoke martin luther king when talking abouttical race theory. he was not talking about little black girls and black boys holding hands with each other. his work was so much deeper than this idea of the dream.
oftentimes, we call on that because it is the most consumable way to talk about king, but if you look at the body of his work, you understand the work happening today is definitely an extension of his work, and it is about being out on the streets and telling the world about equality. laura: thank you so much for being with us. >> thank you for having me. it is my honor. laura: before we go, we want to remember the pioneering u.s. air force pilot charles m who died sunday at the age of 102. he was one of the most decorated african-american military pilots in u.s. history, a member of the tuskegee airmen. he flew more than 400 combat missions in his career, battled segregation in the u.s. military, too. in 2011, he was enshrined into the national aviation hall of
fame, even celebrated his 100th birthday by celebrating a jet plane. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial seices firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blumovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruf good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, m.l.k. day. as the nation honors martin luther king jr., the civil rights leader's son makes the case for why new federal voting rights legislation is key to >> this is fundamental to our democracy in terms of saving our democracy. it shouldn't be about making it harder for people to vote. it should be making it easier and expanding and protecting. >> woodruff: then, searching for answers. authorities in the u.s. and the u.k. investigate why a british citizen held a rabbi and congregants hostage at a texas synagogue. and safety measures: as new covid cases drop in some parts of the country but spike in others, we