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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  January 10, 2022 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james nancial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ ros: i'm ros atkins. welcome to "outside source." novak djokovic has had a victory in court. the australian government has been forced to releaim from immigration attention, to the delight of his family. >> this is a huge win for novak and his family and the whole free world. ros: an image of him training. the australian government will decide to cancel his visa all over again. russia is wanting to west not to risk confrontation with ukraine. new details of parties held in
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downing street during the lockdown have emerged. boris johnson has refused to say whether he attended a social event last may. novak djokovic finally made it onto a tennis court afr a judge ruled against the australian government's decision to cancel his visa. the players as he is now focused on the australian open but the legal battle continues with the possibility could soon still be deported. let's take a look at the story in detail. novak djokovic you left an immigration hotel on monday to the relief of his father. >> in the end, he won. justice has won. the rule of law has won. ros: his brother was less enthusiastic what happened when djokovic got covid last year.
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>> so, this press conference is adjourned at the moment. ros: police are clashed with djokovic fans and the whole saga has led some to draw this conclusion. >> it appears to be a complete embarrassment for the australian government. ros: the harold sun describes a total balls up. despite all that has happened, i want to stay and try to compete in the australian open. i remain focused on that. novak djokovic is right, a lot has happened. he arrived in australia last wednesday night. he had his visa revoked and then was ved to an immigration hotel. that he had an appeal upheld, the government admitted he had not been given enough time to respond to that decision.
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the judge decided, the rules were not observed. but what were the rules? it is far from straightforward. >> the policy changed while mr. djokovic was in the air. ros: this is backed up by the newspaper. >> hours before he arrived, the federal government changed its view and said it would apply its own, stricter policies at the border. ros: a crucial point, the policy on whether a recent covid infection matters. >> they made a different judgment on his medical exemption. ros: the prior infection exemption. by the time djokovic related, the government was saying this didn't apply, but tennis australia have been saying something different. in a letter, it told players you may enter australia with an overseas exemption certificate. one reason for exemption was a recent positive covid test.
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but listen to the ceo of tennis australia on sunday. >> there was plenty of conflicting information. we were seeking clarity from day one. ros: seeking clarity and finding it are different names. prime minister scott morrison argues the information was there. >> in relation to the federal government's advice to tennis australia, that was set we are in november. ros: the australian health minister wrote to tennis australia saying people who do not be the definition of fully vaccinated will not be approved for entry. he went on, people who have contracted covid in the last six months but have not received the vaccine are not considered vaccinated. >> and medical exemption for a prior infection has never been a reason to enter australia for an unvaccinated person. ros: tennis australia thought it could happen in this case, so djokovic may have been following the rules, but was given the
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wrong rules to follow. we did clear up one thing, the transcript of djokovic's conversation at the airport has been released. ask, are you vaccinated? he replied, i am not. djokovic may have broken self-isolation rules in december. his legal team have put out that he tested positive for covid on december 16. the test and the result where the same day. we don't know when he was told. also on the 16th, he attended a ceremony for a new stamp in his honor and shared a picture. the next day, he was at a tennis center in belgrade where tennis trophies were handed over to the young talent. the 18th, a french newspaper did a photo shoot with him in belgrade. then djokovic was tested in serbia, where you are required to isolate for 14 days following a positive test.
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that does not appear to have happened. djokovic has not addressed why. remember when his family was asked. >> so, this press conference is adjourned. ros:n the middle of all of this, we also don't know if djokovic was planning to miss the australian open unless he happened to get covid. the judge's ruling on monday left the government with a choice. let novak djokovic stay despite him not meeting rules that all australians have to follow, or to deporthe mens tennis number one, wch would bar him from the country for three years after he has done what was asked of him. the u.s. and russia have concluded tense security talks in geneva, marking the start of a crucial week of diplomacy that could shape the future of ukraine and the security of europe. the u.s. has said talks have been frank and forthright.
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moscow says it was open to continuing discussions. on the agenda, russian military buildup on the ukrainian border. it is causing a great deal of concern for western allies. speaking after the talks, the russian for deputy minister said the west should not underestimate the risk of confrontation. >> if nato proceeds toward deployment of capabilities that are being developed very rapidly in the u.s., and would possibly be introduce somewhere in europe, it would require a military response on the russian part. that is a decision to counter this threat through means of our discretion. ros: the deputy secretary of state for the u.s. also spoke to
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reporters. she said russia was born of the consequees should the date ukraine. >> we will do what we must to deter russia from taking any action that would be untoward toward ukraine, and should they do so, there will be enormous cost, substantial, significant, and really compelling cost. it is really a stark choice. one that i suspect only mr. bruton, president putin can decide. ros: i've been speaking to our diplomatic correspondent in geneva. >> the parameters of the meeting were aston simply purely bilateral between the united states and russia. the united states were falling over itself saying it would not make any agreement on ukraine nato, without those countries involved. but that said, the parameters
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were defined by russian demands and russiaactions. in other words, russia's decision to put 100,000 troops on ukraine's borders,hat is why these talks are taking place. secondly, russia's decision to demand before christmas a massive need retreat from eastern europe. those are the issues that were on the table today. both sides use the moment, the first chance for diplomats to talk about both of these issues, to air their grievances, set out their demands. no sign of any agreement or process but at least they did not break up in any acrimony. ros: i was going to ask about that. when we talked about brexit, we would talk about the need for a landing zone. i wonder if theres a landing zone being sketched out between the russians and americans on this issue? >> let's be honest, the gap
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between their two positions is great. there is not in a meeting let i -- immediate landing zone that can be seen. for example, russia demanded today a cast-iron guarantee that ukraine would never become a member of nato. the united stas has rejected that outright. on those kinds of issues, there is no possibility of concession. where there might be the possibility of some kind of discussion, the americans put forward some ideas for curbing military exercises, or looking at the deployment of missiles. they raised specifically the idea of reviving the intermediate nuclear forces treaty, which was abandoned by donald trump two years ago, afr the russians were accused of preaching provisions. today they said why don't we have another look at that to
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discuss? mutual issues where they can have reciprocal action. thats just a russian and american idea. no idea whether the russians will agree with that. what is clear, they say they are willing to carry on talks in the future. the americans said, let's see how the talks go with nato later this week. ros: when you talk to those involved on the american side of the equation, do they acknowledge that perhaps nato's expansion toward the east has caused russia some discomfort, can they see that? >> they say, look, nato is an organization that countries joined voluntarily. it has nothing to do with united states. if countries want to discuss joining nato, th can do that, that is there cice. -- their free choice. ros: boris johnson has refused
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to say whether he attended a social event during lockdown which broke covid rules. several sources have confirmed they received an email inviting them to a gathering in may 2020. i've been speaking to our political correspondent. >> you could meet one other person outside at around that time when this email is understood to have been sent. several sources confirmed they received this email from the prime minister's private secretary, a senior official. it was inviting them to a drinks gathering in may 2020, explicitly asking them to a social event with distancing in place. they confirmed the contents of the email which were leaked earlier showg this invitation, they have confirmed that. the email says that after an incredibly busy period, it would be nice to make the most of the love weather and have socially distanced drinks in the number garden. ros: this comes in the context
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of other claims about social gatherings at downing street at different points of the pandemic. >> several claims about social gatherings at different points in the pandemic. we didn't know about this one before, it was raised by the prime minister's former aide, dominic cummings, in a blog post , saying the gathering happened. the prime minister was asked about this gathering earlier, asked whether or not he attended. he referred to the inquiry being carried out by a senior civil servant. he said all of that is the subject of a proper investigation by sue gray. two eyewitnesses have also said they saw the prime minister and his wife at the event in the garden. sue gray, downing street not commenting get. sue gray is investigating a number of gatherings throughout thedemic and is due to report later.
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ros: in a few minutes, troops from russia are currently in kazakhstan to help restore order after what the president has called and attempted coup. we will have the very latest. ♪ she was ousted almost a year ago by the military and found guilty of illegally importing and possessing walkie-talkies. >> among the other charges she faces, could carry prison sentences which could put her in jail for life. she is in her mid-70's. nobody outside of the military takes this seriously. this is a means by which they are hoping to create an illusion where she cannot be legitimately involved in politics. that is the argument that they will make, if myanmar reaches an
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end to this crisis. this walkie-talkie charges ludicrous. they were discovered in her house when she was arrested, almost certainly used by her security guards. the idea that she is responsible for the licensing of it is farcical. ros: i'm ros atkins. our elite story is that novak djokovic has made it onto a tennis court in melbourne after another type of court rejected the australian government's cancellationf his visa. the president of kazakhstan has described the protest last week in which dozens were reported killed as an attempted coup d'etat. troops from russia are in the country to restore order. president putin psychotic stand
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was targeted by international terrorism, and also said russia would never allow revolution to take place in the region. we are in kazakhstan's largest city, almaty. >> driving in, you see immediately this is a city on guard we passed through several army checkpoints. they were set up to prevent more attacks. in the city center, reminders of the violence the authorities now say was an attempted coup. almaty, last week. what h started as peaceful protests over fuel prices, and another part of kazakhstan, was suddenly looking like war. >> these bandits were controlled by terrorists. for the level of organization here, it must have been a
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criminal group that planned it. >> dozens of people were killed, thousands have since been detained. there is still a lot of confusion about who was behind the violence. the authorities blame terrorists and bandits. the soviets talk about a power struggle in the ruling elite. one thing is clear, to stay in power, the president of kazakhstan have to call on a foreign power for help. that is russia. enter the russian military. on paper, russian troops here aree peacekeepers, deployed to kazakhstan as part of a collective security alliance with former soviet states. but most of the soldiers are russian. the kremlin came to demonstrate its regional power. addressing colleagues, president putin made a defense his wider narrative. >> we understand the events in
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kazakhstan will not be the last attempt to interfere in the internal affairs of our countries. the measures taken by the csto show we will not allow destabilization at home and so-called color revolutions to take place. after the violence in almaty, there are mixed feelings about the arrival of russian troops. >> i welcome the russians coming. they will put a stop to it. >> we should be able to cope ourselves. then again, without outside help, there could be civil war. what happened in kazakhstan has left this country and its people in shock and in fear of what comes next. ros: a sociologist who studies
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post-soviet countries at the university of cambridge. >> this narrative about terrorism should be taken with a caveat that we don't have the transparent investigation on the ground. president tokayev mentioned that there are investigations going on from the state level that will provide the full picture, hopefully the fuller picture. what is important right now, we don't have many independent voices are investigations. the main voice that we here right now is from the regime, president tokayev himself, and the forces on the ground, president putin himself. i would say, from certain eyewitnesses, it seems like the violence is organized and well-planned, but we still do not have -- we only have one view on that that is provided by the state. ros: when you want to find reliable information about
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kazakhstan, where are you turning at the moment? >> i am from there, have been researching, doing academic research on the ground, a network of different people connecting. while there was a huge blackout outcome internet going in the country, several providers, media providers that seemed to have access to the telegram channels. we have been stressing this with my colleagues, scientists, political sociologists. it is important, we don't have the institutionalization of independent media or channels in kazakhstan. even before the violence, they were already in the social media space, so we were trusted, and we could get some information from some of these independent sources. several foreign correspondents on tround right now but also people who were self organizing,
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trying to police the streets. we have certain reports like that but we still have to wait. what will be the report from eyewitnesses. we will have an independent investigation going on on the ground. ros: the world just experienced its fifth hottest year ever, has average global temperatures continue to rise. this is from a new report from the eu climate change monitoring service. the past seven years have been the warmest in recorded history by a clear margin. >> deadly floods heralded a new year in brazil, and there have already been wildfires in the u.s. state of colorado, as 2022 looks set to continue the trend of extreme weather we saw st ar.
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these latest temperature figures confirm that europe experienced its warmest summer on record, as well as devastating floods in germany and belgium in july. the data collected by european satellites shows 2021 was the fifth hottest year ever recorded. it also shows the concentration of warming gases in the atmosphere continuing to rise, with record levels of both carbon dioxide and methane. >> the new data concerns that the world has been warming. we do see, from year-to-year, some years are warmer, some are cooler, but overall they are getting warmer. alongside of that, the buildup of carbon dioxide and methane, has continued. >> what has been really striking say experts are the weather extremes the world experienced a 2021. the exceptional heat in canada, and in the u.s. for example.
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and the direction of travel is impossible to ignore. today's figures show the last seven yrs have been the hottest years ever recorded. and the bad news is, a temporary cooling event in the pacific ocean actually lowered temperatures marginally last year. that will soon pass, so don't expect any letup in the morning trend for years to come. it is, said one scientist today, another morning of the damage we are doing to our planetary home. ros: the world is getting hotter and a team of researchers believes changing our diet can help society and the environment. they say cutting out meat and switching to a plant raised diet could make the difference. a senior author of the research has been telling more. >> we know that cutting levels of meats and shifting to
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plant-based diets will reduce the emissions in the form of belchers and animal manure across the world. what we looked at, because animals take up such a large amount of land, 80% of all agricultural land is used for animal agriculture. we could put that land from a dietary change into better use, into sequestering carbon from the atmosphere. we find you get a double dividend, double the benefit of your shift in diets, if you are able to allow that land that previously had mostly animal agriculture, some vegetable products, too, back to nature, so that it would draw down carbon back into the vegetation. ros: you talked about a shift in diet. does that mean you are not necessarily suggesting people give up entirely, just less of it?
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>> exactly right. this is not a purist thing. it does mean you have to cut out quite a bitf meat. maybe one time a week at a maximum. we looked at planetary diets, assessed to be good for health, and environmentalists say it would be good for the environment, too. and it is not just climate change, but a vision for the future. it not only reduces the amount of omissions, but if we could free that land, we looked at people in higher income nations, if they ate, you could save the amount equal to the eu. ros: you can find more analysis from me and the team elsewhere on the bbc, videos each week on the bbc website, and you c subscribe to audio version through the bbc sounds app.
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thanks for watching. see you soon. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.

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