tv BBC World News America PBS January 10, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PST
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbcs america. top officials from washington and moscow held talks in geneva amid fears in the west much -- russia may be preparing to invade its neighbor, ukraine. after deadly protests in kazakhstan, the country's president now claims the demonstrations were an attempted coup. >> one thing is clear. to stay in power, the president of kazakhstan had to call on a foreign power for help. that is russia. >> in australia, novak djokovic is back on court despite not being vaccinated after a judge says the government canceled his visa unreasonably. after 83 weeks of no classes due
to the pandemic, schools in uganda finally reopened today. >> for some schools, it is going to be very difficult to maintain safety measures big social distancing because they have huge student populations and not enough space. ♪ >> welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we start tonight in switzerland where top demo -- topped up amounts from the u.s. and russia held talks aimed at lowering tensions over ukraine peered russia has deployed 100,000 troops close to the ukrainian border. about an administration fears moscow could be preparing to invade its neighr. the top u.s. official at the talk says there is a long way to go. the bbc's diplomatic correspondent reports from geneva. >> the stakes are high. russia has messed 100,000 troops
outside of ukraine. united states has threatened severeconomic retaliation if they cross the border peered at the same time, russia is calling on nato to pull back its own forces from eastern europe. russian diplomat's arrived in geneva last night for their first face-to-face talks with american counterparts about the standoff with both sides -- but both sides have different expectations. the united states along with western allies has focused on deterring pressure from invading ukraine. something it denies planning. >> it is clear we have offered them two paths forward. when is through diplomacy and dialogue. the other is through deterrence and massive consequences for russia if it renews its aggression against ukraine. we are about to test the proposition of which path is it imprudent once to take this week. >> russia once today's talks to be all about its demands for nato to withdraw troops from soviet -- from former soviet
countries enter blot membership for ukraine. western officials say these demands are unrealistic but president putin might use their rejection as a pretext for invasion. others say he is threatening war to secure concessions. u.s. officials say they will not cut troop numbers in europe but they might discuss curbs on military exercises and missile deployments. both sides played down expectations of a deal over ukraine or european security. these talks may show if mr. putin is serious about diplomacy or war. >> james joins us now from geneva. i see that the russians and the americans describe these talks as businesslike and professional but did they get anywhere? >> i don't think today was ever going to be a day for breakthroughs and grand deals peered was it -- what it was was
a chance for the first time for american and russian diplomats to look each other in the eye and air their grievances and set up their demands. the gap between them is huge. the americans urged the russians to pull their troops back from the border with ukraine. they got no such assurance. the russians demanded that nato promise ukraine would never become a member. the americans flatly ruled that out. diplomats will take some comfort from the fact that the talks happened. it did not break up in acrimony. they're likely to continue in the future. there was some discussion about possible areas of compromise talking about distribution of missiles and limiting military exercises. the problem is this. despite the fact that the russians repeatedly said we are not going to invade ukraine, when the american negotiator, the deputy secretary of state was asked does she think on the basis of these talks russia is
willing to deescalate, she says i still don't know the answer to that question. >> so then how would you describe the mood as a veteran of diplomatic talks? does it feel like russia could invade ukraine? >> whenever you ask a diplomat, anybody about that, they shrug their shoulders and say we simply don't know. this is the great problem with this process. nobody knows vladimir putin's intentions. is he been on diplomacy or is he been on war? certainly the fact he has those troops there means that the west is taking it very seriously. the reason they are engaging in these talks against the advice of some people who say that sitting down with the russians is rewarding them for their aggression is simply to say we got to look at a chance of avoiding that conflict matched with a relatively big stick of the threat of massive economic sanctions if the russians were to invade.
the russian troops are still there. the threat of invasion is real. nato makes that very clear. until there is evidence to show that is not going to happen, namely russian withdrawal troops back to barracks, the west is having to calculate that is still an option. >> for more on how the united states is approaching these talksith russia over ukraine, we are joined by the former u.s. diplomate -- to put them -- you treated after the geneva talks we should still expect pressure will re-attack ukraine. why? >> i think we have to be prepared for that. there is at least a 50% chance at least that vladimir putin and the kremlin will decide to re-attack ukraine because they
are constantly attacking ukraine. there figing and they have occupied crimea. they could launch another invasion into ukraine. the reason i say that is as you and james laid out, we had talks today but it was both sides lying down their position and nothing changed. it is good they talked and there may be some opportunity for arms control negotiations as a follow-on but not any negotiions over nato enlargement or the future of ukraine because that i absolutely counter to u.s. values, to the internation community's interest. what russia is doing is not just putting a gun to ukraine's head. they are putting a gun to the international community, to the united nations, which is the umbrella organization for nato. >> do you think in hindsight -- do you think, was the response
of the obama administration to timid the last time president putin tried to invade parts of ukraine? >> i really don't like to grade the work was part of but i will say we have learned a lot. it is clear that what russia did when it sees -- when it seized crimea and altered the boundaries in europe for the first time since world war ii, it was the same time as when saddam hussein launched a invasion and took away and said i know own kuwait. we launched the gulf war to regain sovereignty for kuwait back in the 1990's. i'm not saying we should have gone to war with russia over ukraine but we probably in retrospect could have taken a stronger line. that is why this moment is so important and dangerous because if we don't stand up now on the issue of ukraine, the russians
will continue to push and they will push on nato. >> do you think of what the u.s. is talking about, these tough economic sanctions against russia, is that going to be enough of a deterrent? >> no. that is why think it is important the administration, the biden administration is talking about arming the ukrainians, helping them fight an insurgency if the russians launch another invasion. they are also talking about increasing the forces on the borders of russia ithe nato countries. demonstrating to russia all you are doing is making the situation more dangerous and frankly speaking, tre will be body bags going back to russia, which is something that the regime in moscow will not be able to manage effectively and i say that based on what happened in 2014. >> thanks so much for being with us.
we go from ukraine to kakhstan, which was also part of the soviet union. the kazakhstan president called last week's deadly protest against his government and attempted coup d'etat. troops from russia or in the country at his request to restore order. president putin said kazakhstan had been targeted by international terrorism adding russia would never allow revolutions to take place in the region. steve rosenberg reports from keswick stands largest city. -- from kazakhstan largest city. >> driving in, you see imdiately this is a city on guard. we passed through several army checkpoints. they have been set up to prevent more tax. in the city center, reminders of the violence the authorities now say was an attempted coup. what had started as peaceful protests over fuel prices in
another part of kazakhstan was suddenly looking like war. >> these bandits were controlled by terrorists. for the level of organization here, it must've been a criminal group that planned it in advance. >> dozens of people were killed. thousands have since been detained. there is still a lot of confusion about who was behind this violence. the authorities blame terrorists and bandits. some talk about a power struge in the ruling elite. one thing is clear. to stay in power, the president of kazakhstan had to call on a foreign power for help and that is russia. enter the russian military. on paper, russian troops here are peacekeepers, deployed to kazakhstan as part of a collective security alliance of former soviet states.
most of the soldiers are russian. the kremlin quinto demonstrate its original power. addressing colleagues, president putin made it fit his wider narrative. >> we understand the events in kazakhstan will not be the last attempt to interfere in the internal affairs of our countries. the measures taken by the cst osha we will not allow destabilization at home and for so-called color revolutions to take place. >> after the violence, there are mixed feelings about the arrival of russian troops. >> i welcome the russians coming. they will put a stop to it. >> we should be able to cope ourselves. then again, without outside help, there could be civil war. >> what happened in kazakhstan
has left of this country and its people in shock and in fear of what comes next. >> we go to australia now for the latest on the saga of novak djokovic. the world number one mens tennis player. he was practicing for the australian open today after an australian judge found he had been treated unfairly after being detained in melbourne even though he had been clear to play in the tournament with a vaccination exemption. the tennis player is not vaccinated against covid-19. our reporter is in melbourne tonight with the very latest. >> within hours of today's judgment, novak djokovic posted this picture on twitter saying he was pleased and grateful the judge had overturned the visa cancellation and display a that has happened, he wants to stay and try to compete in the australian open.
andheoment hi supporters found out about his victory. >> what we sell today here in the court that the australian legal system is functioning should it is evidenced based. it is about justice. >> i am extremely happy as everyone in the surbia -- in the serbian community here. >> it became unclear whether djokovic would be allowed to stay despite the court's decision in his favor. at one point, djokovic's fans thought they had caught a glimpse of him but they clashed with the police and were dispersed with tear gas. for djokovic's family, today brought relief also uncertainty about whether he will be able to stay in the country. >> i am very worried. i just hope it will stay like this. that he will be free and he will play. >> this has been a battle for
all of us. it is not just about novak. we have been defending him every possible way we could because we know he is a truthful and rightful guy. >> yvette djovic announced anyway fourth he was going to australia after being graed a medical exemption. a move that angered many australians who have endured strict covid-19 rules. on january 5, he arrived in melbourne but was held by border force officers. his visa was revoked and he was taken to an immigration detention hotel where he remained until today when his lawyers argued his visa cancellation was unreasonable and a judge agreed, allowing him to stay in the country. while many in the tennis community believe djokovic was unfairlyreated, some argue meeting and a country's vaccination rules will pose problems for him beyond australia. >> he will have to face several
times those problems. he will have to get vaccine. for australia, he got the visa and he flew in with all the best intention. having done all the work he should have done before hand. >> today's events have moved and changed at a dizzying speed. it is still unclear whether the government will seek to deport novak djokovic. after his release, the tennis star said he is focused on competing in the australian open. it is only a few days before the tournament. his win in court today does not seem to have guaranteed hia chance to defend his title. >> drama is not over yet. other news from around the world. investigators in new york are looking at whether a maintenance issue with an apartment door may have allowed smoke to spread rapidly around a bronx apartment block.
17 people died. eight of the victims were children. a malfunctioning space heater started the fire. in a pakistan, a committee is being given one week to investigate what led to thousands of tourists being stranded in deadly blizzards outside the resort in the northwest of the country. 20 people died after being trapped in their cars. military and civilian agencies are continuing relief efforts. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, millions of artifacts depicting jewish life for world war ii can be seen online from today. we will take you inside the archives. in the u.s., a new report reveals although america's emissions are below pandemic levels -- below pre-pandemic levels, 2020 saw the first increase in -- energy.
>> in 2021 the pandemic first hit and lockdowns began in earnest, you saw this sharp drop in emissions and there was a silver lining within the pandemic. in 2021, you saw emissions start to climb up. in 2020, emissions were at 22% below 2005 levels. last year, the climbed backed up and they were at 17.4% below 2005 levels. the u.s. has a target of capping emissions by around 50% below 2005 levels by 2030. this shows rather than continuing to build on those gains during the pandemic, actually the u.s. is sliding back. >> it was big day for children in uganda who went back to the
classroom today for the first time since the country's schools closed 83 weeks ago due to the pandemic. it was one of the largest -- the longest school closures anywhere in the world. early half of children in uganda do not have access to the internet are chris boren -- or correspondent as in come peloton i. >> for some of the students, today is the first day of physical school in two years. many have not had any learning in that time and being back in class will take adjusting. >> i am really excited because it has been a long time without seeing our teachers and maybe we have missed out a lot. the covid-19 era has disturbed our education but i am excited to come back.
>> are used to get my books and revise with other friends of mine. >> all schools have facilities to control the spread of coronavirus but it is not going to be easy to maintain standards. for some schools, it is going to be very difficult to maintain safety measus because they have huge student populations and not enough space. school authorities are staying on the alert to keep everyone safe. >> if you expect i have sent three children back home -- a few expect, i have sent three children back home with a cough and temperature. to have a proper examination because it -- before they come to mix with others. >> those who may return to school may struggle but they are the lucky ones. 30% of all students who were in school before the pandemic may never return.
the government says it has made provisions for students to make up for lost time. >> the teachers are going to take them through remedial lessons. >> uganda, which has had some of the strict is measures, is moving to fully reopen the economy despite being at the start of its third wave of the pandemic driven by the omicron variant. >> what's hope those kids can stay in school. today, a massive troves of documents revealing what jewish life was like before world war ii in eastern europe has gone online. it is the largest collection of you dish language materials in the world. it is seen as a major milestone in the preservation of history.
>> inside this building in lower manhattan, there archives containing materials, many from the pre-world war ii eastern european jewish community. four point one million items will be available for the public to see. children's drawings, instruction manuals for jewish farmers and images showing the horror of the massacres that destroyed jewish homes and lives. it is the largest collection of yiddish language materials in the world. >> it tells us how people lived at all strata of jewish society from rabbis to water carriers. women, men, children. it furthermore gives us a window that is quite astonishing about the diversity of jewish life before the holocaust. >> the director of archives in new york took me on a tour of
the boxes containing jewish artifacts that she was involved in digitizing. any of the items wertargeted for destructions by the nazis and soviets. >> even as the nazis are actively murdering and destroying these materials, people were attempting to save it. there is a sadness behind this but also i think it shows the resilience. >> this mammoth online collection will have obvious appeal to scholars but in cities like new york which has a jewish population estimated to be more than one million, there are many individuals who can trace their roots back to eastern europe for whom this vast online connection -- online collection code provide a way of connecting with their history. among them is gary paul who has ancestors from with the winnie appeared >> there might be some connection from my community
history that is there to discover, which is incredible. >> many of the items going online foretell of the holocst which was to come where two thirds of european jews perished and yiddish as a spoken language more or less disappeared. how they had ideas and ambition and creativity before their lives were cut short. >> before we go tonight, we have a story of a sea dragon unearthed in britain. a worker who saw what seemed like bone sticking out of the mud in rutland discovered the fossilized means of this c dragon that lived 180 million years ago. it is the largest and most complete skeleton of its kind ever found in the u.k.
thanks so much for watching bbc world news america. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for erica's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a major surge-- as infections, hospitalizations and deaths from covid-19 increase across the country, some medical experts warn the c.d.c.'s latest guidance is creating confusion. then, rising tensions-- diplomats from the united states and russia meet amid stark disagreements over ukraine and the future influence of nato. and, the divided state of america-- deepening polarization prompts efforts to bridge the gap in u.spolitics by tapping into people's shared experiences. >> there are not simple fixes to this. we're going to have to recognize, like addiction that this is a long term problem that has been gng