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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 5, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presention of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. toary artist. a raymond james nancial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> this america. across because exam, there is a national state of emergency as protesters storm government buildings. peacekeepers are being deployed. the french president wants to make life difficult for unvaccinated people as governments across europe struggle with how to stop the spread of omicron. investigating the capitol riot nearly one year on, we have a special report on the election conspiracy theories. with tens of thousands of russian troops still close to the ukrainian border, eu top diplomat goes to kiev.
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we have the story of a woman breaking barriers as she reaches the southwall. ♪ -- south pole. >> welcome. we begin tonight in central asia in the former soviet republic of kazakhstan where there is a state of emergency. antigovernment protests have taken place across the country for a fourth day. what began as demonstrations against the rising price of fuel have spiraled. protesters have stoed an airport and seized government buildings. peacekeepers from a russian led alliance will be sent to help stabilize the country. paul adams has more. >> across this vast country,
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scenes of tension and turmoil. in almaty, running battles lasted into the night. the police struggling to maintain control in this city. this is the fourth day of protests. what began as demonstrations over energy prices now morphing into something more serious. >> they said kazaks wouldn't take to the streets, bu we are tired and have had enough. >> protesters storm city hall. police responding with teargas. the president said terrorist gangs are trying to take over parts of the country. he threatened tough action and declared a state of emergency. he has called on neighbors, including russia, for help.
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far to the west, more crowds in the streets where it all began. a sudden drum and the price of gas used to power cars fueled fury. the protests have tapped into corruption -- long-standing grievances. some vent their frustrations on the leader. "old man, leave" they chant. in another city, a crowd tries to pull his statue down. the u.s. has urged authorities to use restraint. back in almaty, some policeman were giving up. eight policeman and national guardsmen have been killed. >> dramatic scenes there. we go now to europe where the omicron variant of covid has led
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to record numbers of cases. in italy, we saw a new high of 200,000 infections today. the government is meeting to talk about compulsory vaccines for workers and people over the age of 50. in france, where 330 five cap -- 335,000 cases have been reported, president macron wants to make like difficult -- life difficult for those who have not been vaccinated. >> the youngesto be armed in the endless battle against covid. five-year-old eduardo gets his first jab as italy steps up vaccinations for children. maybe too small to grasp how the pandemic has changed their world. >> why did youant to vaccinate your son? >> because i love him. his father and i really love him and want him and all of his friends to go back to a normal
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life. this is the least we can do. respect science and respect our children. >> it was ok. >> did it hurt? >> just a little bit. >> they do their best here to soften the experience with certificates of bravery, a rite of passage for the pandemic generation. >> you can see the smile on their face. they ask, now can i see my friends? you say yes, now you can play with them. >> when italy became the first country in the west to fall to e virus in 2020, it was the first in the world to impose a nationwide lockdown. today, despite record cases, it's streets are once again busy as it, like much of europe, titans vaccine rules instead.
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in france, a heated debate in parliament over mandatory vaccination for trains was suspended amid protests over an interview with president macron. he told a newspaper he aimed to bar the unvaccinated from social activities using a slang word, [ eight -- meet > the messages that he wants to improve things, but his form of words was not great. >> at the vaccine center, they are ramping up shots before school's resume next week, hoping to stem the omicron surge. among the messages, my biggest dream is tt covid ends. sometimes children put best. -- put its best. >> president macron causing quite the stir. return to england where the
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latest covid figures suggest one person in every 15 in the country had covid in the run up to new year's eve. prime minister boris johnson has confirmed there will be no new restrictions, saying the government is taking a balanced approach to covid. vicki young reports. >> a new year, a familiar problem. >> [indiscernible] >> england has fewer restrictions than many other countries. boris johnson says his plan b, which is more masks, covid and -- but that is it for now. in the commons, he was bullish about the strategy. >> balanced proportional approach we have taken to covid, we have been able to keep this country open and keep our economy moving, more open than any other economy in europe. >> with a huge rise in cases, the testing system has been under strain. today, a change in england and wales. if you do not have covid
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symptoms but you are positive, you will have to isolate but will not have to confirm. staff shortages remain a problem. in hospitals and other sectors, services canceled or delays because so many are in isolation. the labor leader is one after testing positive for the second time. >> doctors, teachers and pupils can't get the tests they need now to do two tests a week. emergency workers are reportedly stuck in isolation because they can't get their hands on a test. the government has been asleep at the wheel and the result is total shambles. . >> before christmas, the prime minister was under huge pressure after his own mp's defied him and he had to rely on labor votes to get his covid plans through. boris johnson is the kind of politician who instinctively prefers to let people make their
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own decisions. even if you wanted to introduce tighter restrictions, that would meet another fight with his own mp's. for now, he is leaving things as they are while admitting the nhs might feel overwhelmed. cory mp's were more supportive, but r&r now pushing for an exit plan. >> it is not in our interest to shut down our economy every time we see a new variant. take this opportunity to inform the house as to whether and how the government will be changing its approach when new variants arrive. >> got to have a plan to live with this virus like normal forever. when his he going to set that plan out? >> for now, mr. johnson is watching and waiting to see the full effect of this latest covid wave. >> almost one year since the attack on the u.s. capitol building.
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by supporters of former president trump who wanted to stop congress from certifying joe biden's victory. among those who stormed the building, members of qanon, the conspiracy theory that was influential in spreading the lie th the election was stolen. -- reported on the rise of q and on pandemic and now has this update from the united states. >> it is a powful conspiracy theory that spread paranoia and distrust and contributed so much to this infamous day. are people still held in qanon's grip? >> the pandemic isn't real. >> reporting back in 2020, i first met nick on the internet. this time, i had a chance to meet him face-to-face. when everything unfolded nuary 6, what were you thinking? >> get off national television. what are we doing?
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>> things have changed. >> they have. i do not want to believe in some of these nefarious things. the information i have researched let me there. when the information has not led me there and former president trump is not the president and joe biden is the president, i am going to be a realist. a lot of people were supposed to get arrested. that didn't happen. >> believers claim a cabal of satan worshiping police run a child sex ring and are trying to control politics and the media. donald trump, they say, is fighting the cabal. a poll found that 7% of americans believe that this is true. that is down from 17% a year ago. one in three americans still say they do not know if it is true or false. nick says he is having doubts, but i spoke with others who still believe. >> sacrifices, babies being
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sacrificed. >> in our government -- dark entities. >> a grandmother by a copywriter a dog groomer. >> while i am noticing there are fewer new members, which is good , still, the cases that i get, they are very difficult. there is still so much hostility and aggression. it is just as toxic for certain people, it exists in their system like a poison. >> as we spend time together, nick and i sat down to watch videos from a qanon conference in las vegas. >> jim caviezel? >> watching a hollywood actor speak about the conspiracy theory energized nk. >> the fact he is talking about this is amazing because of who he is.
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he is a huge hollywood actor. >> in defiance of tyranny. >> in defiance of tyranny. >> here is a glimpse into just how easily he and millions of others could potentially get pulled back in to all of this. >> i wish i was there for that. i'll be honest with you, right now in this moment, i believe wholeheartedly. >> the influence of the qanon conspiracy theory on the capitol hill rioters. the u.s. justice department has arrested and charg more than 720 five people for offenses committed on january 6. this afternoon, merrick garland had this to say about one of the biggest and most complex investigations in the history of his department. >> the justice department remains committed to holding all january 6 perpetrators at any
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level accountable under law. whether they were present that day or were otherwise criminally responsible for the assault on our democracy, we will follow the facts wherever they lead. >> the u.s. attorney general merrick garland. tomorrow, we will have special coverage of the anniversary of the attack on the capitol here on bbc world news america. tensions continue to mount on the border between russia and ukraine. ukrainian security officials say more than 100,000 russian troops are deployed there. today, the eu's top diplomat went to ukraine. he promised massive consequences for russiif it launched a military offensive and stressed the eu must be involved in discussions about the situation. >> the conflict on the border is on the verge of getting deeper. tensions have been building up
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with respect to the europeans. >> the eu's top diplomat there. >> the u.s. and russia are to hold talks over the tensions and ukraine over the next few days. those talks have left some european leaders feeling left out as they want the eu to have a greater role in resolving the conflict. nick beake has more from brussels. >> so far, as the escalation in tensions has occurred over the past month emma has very much been a bystander. certainly the european union because this is something which president putin and president biden have been talking directly to one another about it. the eu says they want to be at the table and we've got these talks in geneva between officials from moscow and washington and the eu says if you are discussing what is happening on our doorstep, the
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east and central part of our bloc, we want to be engaged. that is the hope from brussels. president putin last month basically said as one of the demands for de-escalation is he wanted to see security and military arrangements in eastern europe rolled back something like 25 years. he wanted russia to have veto over who joins nato. ukraine is not a nato member and put into's not want it to become a nato member. the hope is that the eu can remain relevant to what clearly a big geopolitical situation. >> nick beake reporting on rising tensions in ukraine. in other news, novak djokovic, the number one tennis star in the world has been denied entry to australia and could face deportation after his visa to play in the australian open was canceled.
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he had been granted a medical exemption from australia's requirement that everyone be vaccinated. it has led to criticism that the star was receiving special treatment. medical staff in eto psa patients are dying because of a blockade. government forces have been fighting for more than a year doctors in the region say they have not been able to perform surgeries due to lack of intravenous fluid. try your bolsonaro has been discharged from the hospital. doctors said he had a blockage in his intestine, but has recovered. mr. bolsonaro, who is 66, has been admitted to hospital many tmes since he was stabbed in the abdomen three years ago. the far right leader iseeking eight -- as second term in office but the opposition
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criticizes his handling of the pandemic. still to come, but exciting develop and scan the world expect from scientists in the year ahead? we have a preview. ♪ >> in the u.s., the rise in coronavirus cases has led to staffing shortages in schools. some reporting at least 10% of teachers calling out sick. >> we are seeing in chicago they have gone back to online learning because that is what the teachers union wanted to do because of staffing shortages and because of the spread of coronavirus. if you look to new york city, this is the largest school district -- school board, rather, in the united states. there have been requests by the teachers union here to go to
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online learning. but the new mayor, eric adams has pushed back, saying no, we do not want to close schools. anecdotally for my six-year-old, she has been saying there have been a lot less students in her school. her own teachers are not there. it is really difficult to get that substitute staff. ♪ >> what advances can be expect from the scientific community this year? 2021 bught covid vaccines after all. mega rockets will be launched and there is goi to be another climate summit egypt. rebecca morale reports on what scientists have in store. ♪ >> it is a big year for space.
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we should see the launch of two mega rockets as america prepares to take astronauts back to the moon an beyond. starship from spacex, one hundred 20 meters high, the tallest rocket ever built. in 2022 it will attempt to fly around the earth. and then there is nasa's space launch system which will send a cap so-called -- capsule called orn. no people will be aboard, but if they are a success, astronauts will soon be takg a ride. back on earth, anoth critical year for climate change. at november's climate sumt, a deal was reached to try to curb global warming. it was clear that the plans did not go far enough. in 2022, the world will meet again, this time in egypt. nations have been asked to return with more ambitious pledges. the question , will this be enough to stop the worst aspects
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of climate chang remember the large hadron collider? it is the world's most powerful particle accelerator and its discovery of some atomic -- subatomic particles have changed physics. but it has not been operating. the shutdown was planned to make vital repairs that the pandemic meant has taken longer. soon, the collider will be switched on again for the next phase of experiments. the u.k. new polar research ship has arrived in antarctica and willoon be undergoing trials to see how it copes with the thick ice. the vessel, which was almost killed -- almost called boating make boat face is the most advanced ever to sail and scientists will study every
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aspect of this remote ecosystem. 2022 should be a dazzling year for the james webb space telescope. the most ambitious astronomy mission ever attempted. after its launch, the huge eye in the sky has been slowly unfurling to open up its giant sun shield and mirror. by the summer, it should be ready to send back its first images, giving us our best ever view of the universe. >> we go from scientific developments to an inspirational story out of antarctica. an officer in britain's army has become the first woman of color to complete a solo expedition to the south hall. the captain tracked 700 miles in 40 days with her equipment. >> this was the moment candy made it to the south paul. she braved 60 mile-per-hour wind
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whileulling a 90 kilograms lead. after her grueling 40 day trek, she posted this message. >> i made it to the south pole. it is snowing. i am feeling so many emotions. >> the preparations weren't easy. she spent 27 days alone in greenland to prepare for the extreme conditions. before she left, she said she wanted to inspire others. >> as a woman of color, when people see me doing this, an image they do not expect to see, they are excited. people have said to me i am a role model, just to see someone who looks likely like them. >> the trip cost a hundred thousand pounds and was organized by a charity called team army. >> i got the sense of her tenacity, her drive. i thought oh my god, i just have to help you.
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she has been amazing. absolutely exceeded everyone's expectations. >> she reached the pull five days quicker than expected, despite sickness and exhaustion about all of which melted away with elation at achieving her goal. >> you can achieve anything you want no matter where you are from. everybody starts somewhere. i didn't want to just break the glas ceiling, i wanted to smash it into one million pieces. >> getting used to the solitude, which is good because an outbreak of covid that was going to bring her back is stuck in isolation. >> amazing achievement. before we go, a story from turkey which shows why you should pay attention when driving. commuters in istanbul were stunned to see a car coming down the tracks. the driver took a wrong turn and ended up on the track.
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thankfully no one was hurt and the fire bgade med the car. thank you for watching. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america'neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, misinformation wars. one year after the attack on the u. capitol, how politicians and trump supporters have spread false narratives about what happened january 6 >> if we can turn that something then, omicron's toll. a record number of children are hospitalized with covid-19, as doctors warn the risk to young children isn't being taken seriously enough. and rebuilding a dty. a museum's decades-long effort to restore a 1,500 year-old statue of the hindu god krishn all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."

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