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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  December 6, 2021 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. an contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> u.s. has announced a diplomatic white clock -- boycott over human rights. and condemning the prison sentence for aung san suu kyi is politically motivated. the sentence was reduced from four years to two years but this is his first in a series of verdicts that could see her jailed for life. in new york, privaector employees will will be required to have been vaccinated against covid after christmas. ♪
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the u.s. has announced that government officials won't attend next years winter olympics in aging. here's a white house press secretary. >> the white house will not send any personnel to the winter olympics and pair limping games given the ongoingenocide and crimes against humanity and other human rights abuses. the athletes on team usa have our full support. we will be behind them 100% as we cheer them on from home. we will not be contributing to the fanfare of the games. u.s. diplomatic or official representation would treat these games as business as usual in the face of the prc's egregious human rights abuses and atrocities and we simply can't do that. as the president has told president xi, standing up for human rights is in the dna of americans. we have a fundamental commitment
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to promoting human rights and feel strongly in our position and will continue to take actions to advance human rights with china. >> this is what we heard from the chinese foreign ministry. >> what do you should do is to correct its attitude, practice a more united olympic spirit, and take china's concerns seriously. stop calling for the so-called diplomatic boycott of the beijing winter olympics so as not to affect the dialogue and cooperation between china and the u.s. in important areas. if the u.s. insists on willfully clinging to its cause, channel will definitely take resolute countermeasures. >> i spoken to michael payne, a former marketing director and here he is assessing how significant the situation is. >> it sends a political message but i don't think it is significant at all.
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the u.s. is the only one who sends a political delegation. i think it's a little bit of politics. in the end, politicians don't go to the games. it has zero impact. >> you once worked with the international committee -- olympic committee. >> the olympics has always been in the crossfire of politics. you know that over 20-30ears, at the end of the day what the ioc is focused on is making sure all the athletes can go to the games. the year ago they were talking about an athlete boycott. thankfully that has been
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dropped. >> men mars rulers are facing -- myanmar's political rulers are facing condemnation, the u.s. secretary of state antony blinken said it was an affront to democracy and justice. it was called a violation of human rights. this is what the you in said. >> the trial was a sham trial controlled by military court. >> aung san suu kyi has been under house arrest since february. the trial took place in a small courtroom in a government building in the capital which was a military stronghold. these are stills from the trial. the sentence has been reduced to two years after partial pardon by the military, but she faces more charges. descendants could be just the beginning.
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reporter: the military government is trying to give an impression of lenicy by cutting the sentence, but as human rights groups have pointed out, the trials have's -- little similarity to what we consider a fair process. she has been kept in total isolation since the day she was arrested when the military seized power. she does face another 10 or possibly 11 more serious charges that could result in a prison sentence of up to 100 years. and they could take many more months to go on. in the meantime, or country has descended into a catastrophic conflict is people support aung san suu kyi initially started protesting and were gunned down by the military. they're beginning to take up arms and were seeing conflicts all over the country and the economy has collapsed. that will probably be what ultimately decides what happens to her, rather than these sham
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trial processes. >> elected lawmakers and embers of parliament acid in the coup formed a government in exile. here's their reaction. >> the brutal military junta has shown that they see themselves above the law. they have weapons they bought from china and russia and they attack the very roots of democracy. >> she spent nearly 15 years up until 2010 under house arrest at the hands of the military. she was awarded the nobel peace prize for her efforts to bring democracy to me and more. -- two myanmar. her reputation was severely damaged by her handling in one
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crisis. the burmese military was accused of targeting and killing members of one community. there were horrific stories of rape and murder. in 2019, she appeared in the international court of justice to defend a military against accusations of genocide, something that horrified her international supporters. but she remains hugely popular at home. these protesters took to the streets one day after her ntence was announced. demonstrations have been taking place ever since the military seized power. 1300 people have already been killed during those protests. here is the u.n. on that. >> there was an incident in myanmar and security forces used a truck to ram into peaceful protesters and that open fire on unarmed protesters. this is vicious, utterly
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reprehensible behavior. it sends a signal that the military is desperate to legitimize its role but in fact is accomplishing exactly the opposite. >> so aung san suu kyi has been jailed again but others are getting even harsher treatment. reporter: this is not about only aung san suu kyi, but this is about the hundreds of people who have been detained just because of their peaceful exercise of human rights. the way they are going after aung san suu kyi, it may get worse, the way they -- it made it worse how they're going after other people who do not have her profile. >> a burmese journalist living there. >> it's not exactly a surprise.
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we all knew from the beginning that they were going to find her in pretty much everyone they decided to bring charges against guilty. like jonathan said, this was a sham, bogus trial. also we have to remember this is just the first verdict of many and the many cases against her under the anticorruption charge and the secret act, those will be the ones where there will be longer sentences. so we will have to wait and what kind of sentencing and verdicts we will see from all those other charges as well. >> is there any separation between the military and the judiciary in this particular trial? >> absolutely not. >> in that case, we would imagine those in charge of the country are in complete control of aung san suu kyi's fate. and as sh, what if anything
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can those inside myanmar due to trying bring pressure on the situation, particularly with reference to their elected leader? reporter: well, that is also why you're seeing this uptick in armed conflict and the targeted assassinations, even in cities and towns, and even shootings, because people are getting desperate and thonly way they see as being able to bring about any type of change is to take up arms. >> from this point onwards, where do you see myanmar going? it seems to have weathered the initial diplomatic and international storm that was created by the coup and the military looked relatively secure in power. reporter: i guess we can say the military looks secure, but you have to remember that the military still has not been able to bring the last wave of the
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country under its control. protests are still happening, not on the same scale, but flash mobs. civil disobedience is still going on. people are still refusing to turn up at their jobs. armed clashes are happening. it may look as if the military is secure, but it has not actually completed its coup. >> finally, a word about aung san suu kyi and how she is faring at the moment. do we have any information from her? is she able to communicate with anyone? reporter: no, we have no clue as to how her mental or physical health is. her team of lawyers have been gagged from talkinto the media and the outside world is very hot to know what is going on beyond the little scraps of atements we are seeing. it's very hard to know. she was a very powerful opposition figure before the
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issues around the rohingya a in the international arena. now, because she is quiet again, she is under detention, it is much easier for people to impose their ideas and their perceptions again and in some ways, she has become an icon again. ♪ >> let's go back to our lead story, the u.s. has announced a diplomatic boycott of the winter olympics in beijing next year, all connected to china's human rights record, the biden administration says. howard, how do we assess this in chinese terms? will this be a significant diplomatic blow? reporter: i guess the chinese already expected something along this line. over the past few days, we've seen chinese state media already
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laying out a certain line in front of the public, saying anti-china international forces are trying to politicize the winter olympics and use the winter olympics as a new focal point to attack china. that has been the official line already. so i guess they are expecting some type of diplomatic feedback. >> when the summer olympics happen, we knew this was a big attempt by china to place itself on the world stage. what do you think of its goals for these winter olympics? reporter: i guess when the winter olympics was first approached by the committee, that was myears ago. at that time, china, most of the country was at a different stage, a different relationship. the trade war and animosity did
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not quite happen at that time. now over the past few years, the trade war leading to attack war, and now atrocities in the camps and atcks on hong kong freedom, lots of things have happened in the world's opinion of china has changed. >> thank you very much for helping us with that. new york has announced vaccine mandates for private sector workers. those were imposed in an attempt to prevent another wave of infections during the winter. here is the mayor, bill de blasio. >> it is time we put health and safety first, by ensuring there is vaccine universally in the private sector. a lot of folks in the private sector have said to me they believe in vaccination but they are not quite sure how they can do it themselves. well, we are going to do it. >> the new rules would affect
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184 thousand businesses. they will take effect december 27. i ask a professor whether she agrees with the mayor's approach. >> i'm really excited that we are going to be doing some vaccine mandates. we actually have very high vaccination rates in the city. it's around 80% of adults are fully vaccinated. there's about 20% of people who are not. this is going to be the way that we can get everybody vaccinated. there's a big concern because of the variants that continue to emerge. >> how do you think this will be enforced? >> for the public sector workers , if they're not gting vaccinated, then they have to be tested. i suspect something like that will happen for the private sector as well.
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however, there is not as much time to get those policies into place by december 27. but new york businesses are pretty sure this will happen. >> is they're worried that this will create staff shortages? >> that is possible, but with the public sector mandates there was an option for weekly testing. so if you're not vaccinated you can be tested on a weekly basis. there will be some ways that can be dealt with, particularly for those people who are not able to get vaccinated for health reasons. >>'s or any part of you that is uncomfortable with the idea of mandating the vaccine? >> i understand people's hesitancy around vaccine mandates. generally, giving people the tion to have a treatment or not is really important, but right now, we are coming into two years of this epidemic, or
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pandemic. we've had over 800,000 deaths in the united states and we are still seeing variants at large. i'm worried aut the people who may not survive the pandemic, and this is an opportunity for us to really take care of our community. >> still to come, we'll talk about drinks, nibbles, and games, as questions continue about weapon -- what happened in downingtreet when covid took place. a british teenar has survived a crocodile attack in zambia and says she is lucky to be alive. she was saved our friend who is now recovering in the hospital. >> she was on a gap your trip of a lifetime in zambia. but in the waters near victoria falls, the 18 euro was attacked by a crocodile.
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-- the 18 year old was attacked by a crocodile. >> i was told that my friend was going to be fine, and it was such a relief. >> the accident happened on the zambezi river when she was whitewater rafting. she was airlifted to wear surgeons performed an operation and saved her leg. she will be transferred to a hospital for more treatment. ♪ >> we are here in the bbc news room. our lead story, the uss government officials wanted tenant schuurs winter olympics in beijing because of china's
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human rights record. let's turn our attention to an ongoing political story in the u.k.. for the next few minutes, will begin the questions that remain about a gathering at boris johnson's residence at downing street on most 12 months ago. last december, there was a christmas party at number 10. boris johnson spokesperson insist there was not a party at number 10. the party took place when covid rules made such gatherings illegal. boris johnson's spokesperson said we don't need to get into the positions we've taken, it simply a statement of fact. the government has been trying to explain that what happened was within the rules and that it wasn't a party, without offering any evidence to back up either claim. there was this from the prime minister last wednesday. >> all guidance was followed completely during number 10. >> the vaccine minister on
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question time last thursday. >> i have been reassured that all guidance was carefully followed. does that answer your question? >> no evidence was offered to justify it. then on the weekend we heard from the justice secretary and deputy prime minister. >> last christmas, or christmas parties allowed in london? >> generally, no. >> this is backed up by a bbc reality show, when shown the guidance, he agreed that the meeting was clear. >> it's something that was clearly contrary to the guidance. >> the justice secretary talked about a formal party but there -- the law made a distinction saying it takes place in any
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indoor space. government guidance said you must not have a party that is up are merely social activity. he said it is impossible to answer the allegation on the basis of anonymous sources. >> we can agree that if it happened, it was wrong. >> of course it would be wrong. >> rember, one source told the bbc food and drink was made for staff and party games were played. these are people who work closely with the government who were working at number 10. yet on monday, the government was still questioning if something we know happen, had happened. >> i don't evenw if the event took place. >> the crime and policing minister doesn't know if the event took place, but an event did take place.
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an event which would have breached government guidelines. that party took place on the 18th of december. there are multiple reports of another event on the 27th of november. it goes on to say a source with knowledge of the gathering said joson came in and made a speech, mentioning how proud he was of the room, before leaving shortly afterwards to continue working. but this time there was a national lockdown. all social gatherings were banned unless within a household. weeks later, on december 17, the men is out offic were shut down at a wedding where 40 people were in attendance. it went on, holding large gatherings could mean the difference between life and death for some people. you must not mix inside with anyone who is not in your household or support bubble. this video was shared showing a raid on a gathering.
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>> guys, the party is over. >> the party was over, to people with 10,000 pound fines each. here's tristen kirk of the evening standard. prosecuting an alleged illegal gathering on december 18 last year, not in downing street, but the one source said the downing street party was attended by several dozen people. this weekend, they said this, it's our policy -- in response to letters, it said we will consider the correspondence received. while we consider the gap between government assurances on available evidence, the prime minister has been launching a crackdown on drug dealers and has been asked again about last december, to which mr. johnson
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said, all i can say is, no covid rules were broken, and there you go. so once again, we have mr. johnson telling us rules were't broken on downing street while offering no proof of how this could be true. by all other accounts, it did happen. ♪ >> the trial of ghislaine maxwell has entered its second week in new york. a second woman said jeffrey epstein sexually abused her. the woman is being referred to -- she told the court ms. maxwell groomed her to be abused by epstein when she was 17 years old. ghislaine maxwell has pleaded not guilty to the charges. >> this is a really interesting case, because the prosecution and the defense have been arguing about this particular woman specifically because she
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was at the age of consent at the time of the alleged abuse. the judge has instructed the jury that the sex acts that she is testifying about are not illegal. instead, her testimony is really being used to show the prosecution's case that going maxwell really could play -- a plated pivotal role in jeffrey epstein's life and in this so-called grooming process. >> our lead story comes not from new york but from washington dc where the biden administration has confirmed a diplomatic boycott of the winter olympics in beijing. this is not a big surpris president biden had hinted at the fact that th would come. and the chinese were expecting the announcement as well. speaking to one person, a former member of the staff of the special olympics committee, they play down the impact it would have on the games.
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saying joe biden wants to send a message to beijing. think narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. toary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from

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