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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 23, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> welcome to outside source. pres. biden: local action will be taken to bring down the price of petrol for americans. pres. biden: we are launching a major effort to the price of oil. >> inflation rising in the u.s.,
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whether the president and his policies can impact it. 100 days since the taliban took over in afghanistan, and as winter looms, more than half of afghans are at risk of going hungry. >> what is the point of living with no food or water? >> my landlord tells me if i pay i can stay. >> child was given a winning lottery ticket, but he is being threatened by gangsters who want the money. ♪ >> let us begin in the u.s.. president biden has announced a coordinated global action plan to try to tackle rising petrol prices. in a sech on how to lower prices for americans, his plan would involve 50 million barrels of oil being released from the
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emergency reserves. pr. biden: today we are launching a major effort to moderate the price of oil, and effort that will span the globe and ultimately reach your corner gas station, god willing. i have worked hard, cold and meetings with foreign leaders and policymakers to put together the building blocks for this announcement. while our combined actions will not solve the problem of high gas prices overnight, it will make a difference. it will take time, but for long you should see the price of gas drop where you fill up your take. >> as the first court needed release of oil of this nature in a decade, the u.s. will tap into emergency oil supplies in texas and louisiana. there are around 600 million barrels in the reservoir. china, india, japan, south korea, and the u.k. are also living. india released 5 million barrels
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of oil for local use. we know why president biden is doing this. inflation is at 831 your high, petrol prices seven your high and both are impacting americans and the president's approval ratings. pres. biden: the impact is real but we have faced worse spikes before. in the last decade, we saw it in 2012 when the price of gasoline hit $3.90. we saw it in 2014 when it hit $3.69. as recently as 2019, we saw it surpassed three dollars in many places. we always get through those spikes but we will get through this one as well at hopefully faster. but does not mean we should stand by idly and wait for prices to drop on their own. >> joe biden talking about the price and the stastics. according to the american automobile association, the
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average price is $3.40 in pennsylvania, california, nevada it is higher. in perspective, a year ago the figure was two dollars and $.11, over a 50% ris -- two dlars -- $2.11. over 50% rise. pres. biden: oil-producing countries and large companies have not rented the supply weekly enough to meet demand. and the smaller supply means higher prices globally for oil. >> while prices are feeding into high inflation in the u.s., last month it surged to 6.2%, the biggest jump since 1990 and and this is how it is impacting americans. bacon prices are up 20% in the last year. eggs are up 12% and used cars are up 26% in the last year.
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democrats are concerned how this will play into the crucial midterm election six year. the time -- timing of the speech matters because inflation is a pressing issue but also this weekend, many americans are heading away for the thanksgiving holiday. most will set off on thursday and millions will be going by car and will notice the price of petrol. while the bbc's michelle listen to the speech, she gave me her assessment. >> democrats have grown nervous that the higher inflation levels would cause huge problems if you look at congressional elections in a years time. you've seen them on to that, speaking more forcefully in recent days about what exactly has been done to help and support the economy. if you go back to the speech, you started offalking about higher inflation but also how
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far the u.s. has come since the pandemic and tried to put it i context relative to prices we have seen before. actions is a meditation has taken to address supply-chain bottlenecks. that he talked about actions were taking today. he framed it in terms of high gas prices that americans have paid -- face before, saying we have come through this before and we are doing somethingbout it. that is the overall message. again, with the ideaf trying to remind people of what has been done, bearing in mind the shocked the pandemic caused to the economy. >> i was struck by the fact that the president sized this was not to do with environment concerns. that struck me as being the words of a person with a keen eye on the polls and approval ratings, and his political weaknesses. >> obviously this is a president
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who has said he wants to make climate change central to policy decisions, but what we are seeing now is a traditional bread-and-butter economic policy. when prices go up at the pump, it is something americans feel this relate. but here we are at the start of the winter season, heating costs will be an issue in the months ahead and we are trying to get in front of that and say we are aware of the problems and the pain you are feeling, and we are trying to address it. you are starting to see recognition of that when you look at various polls that say how do people feel the biden administration is handling it in terms of inflation. increasingly, republicans cents an opportunity. there have been advertisements pushing home the point of how some of the president's policies have been driving up prices. all of this is crowding out talk of climate policy which when he was elected, he said that was a central concern of his.
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♪ >> 100 days since the taliban took power in afghanistan. many commentators viewed this as a humiliation for the west, nato and for president biden in particular. this was when the taliban or since entered the presidential palace in kabul. the president had vacated, preferring to leave the country. today, girls education is heavily disrupted and an economic crisis is deepening. the red cross warned of a humanitarian disaster in the winter with millions using malnutrition -- facin malnutrition. as well as limiting girls education, the plight of women is a focus. one woman who is a university teacher is remaining anonymous for her safety. >> if i compare my life, it is not only a comparison of my life but of the entire society of
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afghanistan in this current regime, obviously it is a catastrophic situation. a condition that no one had dreamt of. it is something that we are still thinking it has to be a nightmare. >> the taliban says it wants peaceful relations with other nations and is blaming the humanitarian rises on international sections. >> the situation in afghanistan and the direct military and situation we are facing is the work -- or let's frame it as achievements as they like to call it, of the past 20 years. we never wanted this situation. all we did was fight for our freedom, today -- to gain our dependence from occupation.
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>> bbc's report is in kabul. >> at this food distribution center in kabul, the hungry wait. a nation on the brink of salvation and for aid agencies it is a race against time. she has arrived with her disabled son, pleading for help. [speaking foreign language] >> the world food program says they are doing everything they can, but it is not enough. [speaking foreign language] >> she tells me she is desperate. [speaking foreign language]
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>> the taliban says the world is to act. the international community has a head in that because they have proposed sanctions which have led to a humanitarian crisis. >> these are the phases of the crisis. we have come to the endura gonda children's hospital -- endura gandhi children's hospital. she is three, so weak she can barely open her eyes. she is nearly one. [speaking foreign language] >> it is not just patients suffering. health care staff of dump and pa for months.
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-- staff have not been paid for months. >> they can't pay for their ticket to come here, they can't pay for the food here and she was saying something -- someda the-- someday they may have to commit her as a malnutrition patient because she does not know where she will get her meal next. >> before the taliban can to power, there was a humanitarian crisis. drought, aid cuts and economic collapse have turned prices into catastrophe. >> i spoke to her and she told me more about what the taliban is trying to do to alleviate this crisis. >> that is something this entire nation is wondering and waiting to hear. the entire international community is waiting to hear how the taliban plans to heal -- deal with this crisis to avoid a potential collapse. i was speaking to people from this region who say that
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whatever happens in afghanistan will not name just in this country. it will spill over to places like pakistan, others. it will then read to a refugee crisis into turkey and europe. ♪ >> now to a terrible story and bulgaria. 46 people have died afr a bus crashed and burst into flames. on seven people managed to get off the bus alive. many passengers were children. they had been traveling through bulgaria on their way to north macedonia after a trip to stumble. our rep has more. bethany: a catastrophic -- our europe correspondent has more. bethany: a crash on a motorway southwest of here. it tore away a 50 meter section
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and verse in flames. on board were tourist mostly from north macedonia, returning from a trip to istanbul. the victims have not been officially named. a cause has yet to be determined but witnesses reported hearing a blast. >> the question is what caused this blast? if it was an expose and inside the bus or caused by the bus hitting the guard rails, this brings us back to the main leads. if it was a technical fold in the vehicle or human error. >> seven people escape from the wreckage. survivors were brought to this emergency hospital. they are being treated for burns and other injuries. they only managed to escape by breaking through the windows of the bus. for relatives and friends, thi s is agonizing.
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this man had not heard from his nephew. >> i sought information from the crash at 6:00 a.m. this morning, on facebook, and as my nephew was in turkey asserted searching for more information on the internet. i called the company's phone number, three or four hours, and we do not have any information. nor are they answering the phone. >> locals say accidents are common on this stretch of motorway as the authorities continue their investigations, the families mourn their dead. bethany bell, bbc news. >> in a few minutes, a story from mexico about a children's nursery that won almost a miion dollars in a lottery that the parents started to be threatened by gangs. we will talk to will grant in mexico city about that.
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♪ >> former iranian prison official accused of handing out sentences during a purge of dissidents in 1998 has testified in a trial in sweden. he faces multiple charges including crimes against amenity. bbc persia's gia has more. >> he has been accused of war crimes and murder. he was accused of crimes against humanity for his role in ams execution of political prisoners in the 80's in iran but swedish prosecutors could not prosecute him for war crimes against amenity becse sweden joined the convention in 2014 and the crime was committed in 1980. the prosecutor is collecting evidence, he has been in prison
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almost two years. four months ago the court started working and he started defending himself today. ♪ >> hello, in the bbc news room, our need story is that president biden has announced a coordinated mobile action plan to tackle rising energy prices. the u.s. is to release 50 million barrels of oil from its reserves. to covid-19 in europe, world health organization is warning of further so hundred thousand people -- several dutch 700,000 people -- 700,000 people could die by march. basic public health measures need to be in place. >> we need to boost mask use.
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48% of people in our region report rescues. we need to increase this. erratic inductions in transmission where we see increased mask use. vaccines, we need to boost vaccines to save hundreds of thousands of lives over the winter. basic public health and social measures are still so important to everybody, everywhere in european region. >> on the subject of how different countries in europe are coping with covid, the chief executive of the company that makes astrazeneca is causing a stir. he says the u.k. may have fewer hospitalizations as a rate against infection rates is that it merely used the astrazeneca vaccine. there is a lot to unpack. let us start by reminding ourselves how the vaccines work. they provoke two types of immune response, antibodies, proteins that target the virus, they are
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the main defense. but there are also t cells. they stop you getting infected but they help you clear the virus out of your body once you have it. astrazeneca's ceo was speaking to justin and emphasized how the astrazeneca vaccine produces t cells and he made this claim which causes upset. >> in the u.k., therwas a big peak of infections but not so many hospitalizations. in the u.k. of this vaccine was used to vaccinate older people, whereas in europe initially people thought t vaccine does not work in older people. >> president micron said -- mac ron said so. >> it could relate to the durability of the response especially in older people. this vaccine has been shown to stimulate t cells to higher degree in older people. >> on hospitalizations first, what he said is true.
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the top chart shows confirmed cases from january two today. the u.k. is the pink line. for the end of the year, the u.k. had more cases than other countries. the bottom chart shows hospitalizations and it is closer. more people were being hospitalized in the u.k. compared to other countries, but the gap is smaller. so was astrazeneca being used widely the reason? danny is a professor of immunology. >> obviously knew right with the astrazeneca vaccine which has done a lot of heavy lifting in the pandemic, and you can't argue with the impact of 2 million doses. but to carry on with your refresher course on immunology, every vaccine activates the two arms of the response, the b
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cells and the t cells. to carry on primer a little, the key to protection is how much neutralizing antibody you make. the mrna scenes do at best and that is thought to be the reason they are more effective in the pandemic. astrazeneca uses -- induces slightly higher t cell responses. we don't know what the benefit of those might be, but all immunology is -- immunologists sign off on the idea that there is some effect. >> as we look at the differences between the u.k. experience and other european countries, could the vaccines they have chosen to use be a factor in explaining the different? -- difference. >> it would not behind on my list of hypotheses because they
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would not model all of the differences. we vaccinated at different times, had different levels of rate -- waning. we had different levels of the population, vaccinating our teams at different times, we had passes in places and not others. you would need to apply a lot of rain wattage to work out how one -- brain wattage to work o how one plays into another, but the vaccine choice would be lower list. >> on a point of fact, is it true the astrazeneca vaccine generates more t cells than some of the other vaccines? >> they are all brilliant vaccines for antibodies and t cells, the others are slightly ahead on antibodies, astrazeneca on t cells. ♪ >> let's talk about what should have been a happy story for mexico is pving far from it.
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parents in the south of the country are being threatened by a gang after their children's nursery one close to $1 million in a lottery. this is in an indigenous village that has over two dozen pupils. the parents were put in charge of ministering the prize but they are sleeping rough because they are being threatened by gangs. a number of tickets for what mexico calls its lottery was donated to the nursery. >> the idea was that the president going to raffle off the dutch what belonged to his predecessor. what would an ordinary mexican family do with a presidential jet? it was revised to be a lottery in which there would be 100
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prizes around $1 million each, and a lot of them bought benefactors and going to needy schools. so far so good, but as you said, this one school ended up at beneficiary but it turned ugly. >> do we know if the money is being delivered to these parents? >> as far as we know, yes. the money did reach the recipients. the problem is that it reveals so much about the security situation in mexico that as soon as it was announced that this tiny village had the best part of $1 million, the local gang started putting greater and greater pressure on them to buy them new guns. they ignore the pressure and decided to build a new roof to the school, and since then and is have become so fierce and difficult that they have been forced from their homes and have to leave their crops,
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livelihoods, and are appealing to the local government, saying unless this organization are disbanded and disarmed, they will never be able to go back to their homes. >> i'm sure this is our naive question, but is it beyond the local authorities to provide them the necessary reduction to enjoy the money they have received? >> it is not naive. i think it reveals just how much local gangs and local politics are intertwined in mexico. this is not a well-known gangs -- gang. but no doubt they control a lot of things in the small villages and that is a difficult these families are facing. >> thanks for that. if you want analysis videos for me and the outside source team, on place to find them is on twitter. you can follow me a bbcross adkins.
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i tweet videos, but if you have missed them you will be able to catch up with them. you will see our report on boris johnson speech to prisoners -- british buness leaders, it drew attention for unusual reasons. get the whole story in four minutes via my twitter account. thanks for watching. see you tomorrow. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and adviso. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are beingeinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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