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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 16, 2021 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: nding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. annocer: and now, "bbc world news". ros: welcome te source." a former cricketer has revealed the full extent of the racism he experienced. appearing before mp's at westminster, he gave a harrowing account of the impact it had on him and said racist language was used constantly during his time at yorkshire. >> there seems to be an acceptance and no one ever
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stamped it out. ros: tear gas and water cannons being deployed to deter migrants trying to force their way across the border in belarus. steve rosenberg is there. reporter: migrants started doing rocks and bricks and branches toward the polish forces. as you can see, it is a scene of chaos that is continuing here. ros: how dangerous was a russian missile test to the international space station. it has beecondemned by the u.s., but ross -- but moscow says it poses no threat. here in the u.k., a former yorkshire cricket player has given evidence on how he was bullied and racially abused at the club and has accused cricket of institutional racism.
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for we hear some of his testimony, some of the details are upsetting. >> pretty early on, me and other people from an asian background, comments such as you lost it over there, in the toilets. the word [beep] with used constantly and there seems to be an acceptance in the institution and the leaders, no one ever stamped it out. ros: azeem rafiq was speaking to the digital sports and media select committee. in 2020, he went public with allegations of racism he experienced from 2008-to be 14 and again from me 16-to the 18. this prompted eight month investigation by the club. a subsequent report found he was a victim of racism and bullying, but the clubs that no one would be disciplined. >> that game as a whole really
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has a problem. it has been yes, but, but there is no yes, but to racism. there are no two sides of the story when it comes to racism. ros: at times, the testimony was emotional. following the stillborn death of his son, it forced him to speak out. >> i just carried my son from the hospital to the graveyard and how i'm getting treated here is not right. to me, it became very clear that i had been looking the other way. not just yorkshire, but throughout the country. i'm going to be the one who's going to speak about this. ros: one of the people at the heart of this is -- he stepped out over claims of institutional racism and has appeared before
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the mp's committee. he was asked if the club is institutionally racist. >> the report concluded there was insufficient evidence, the panel concluded there was insufficient evidence. i have to observe in the last few months, there has been a substantial amount of thoughtlessness and ignorance and a reluctance to apologize, a reluctance to see azeem rafiq as the victim and a reluctance to put into place the recommendations, which i think are really important. >> that sounds like you are edging toward the word yes. >> i think the question remains unanswered. >> my question is to you rather than what happened -- in your view, u have resigned --
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sorry, i shouldn't speaacross you. >> yes. i feel it falls in the definition. ros: azeem rafiq made allegations about a number of his former teammates. here is the bbc sports editor on that. reporter: he claimed former teammate used the word kevin as a derogatory term to refer to any player of color and this was an open secret. another star called his dog kevin because he was black -- a disgusting joke, he called it. and the captain who that he couldn't recall any racist behavior at the club. >> he never engaged in racist language. i found it hurtful. he was involved in a lot of socializing, and he mit not remember it, but it shows how normal it was in that
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environment, in that institution. reporter: azeem rafiq asked about the former captain, michael vaughan, who strongly denied the whistleblowers claim, since corroborated by two other cricketers. >> he said his reputation is being trashed unfairly, what is your reaction? >> i think it's important that we don't make it all about michael. it was a long time ago. michael might not remember it because it doesn't mean anything to them. reporter: our sports or has been westminster and explains how this has been an issue for all of english cricket. reporter: azeem rafiq was asked during the evidence session if he believes the problem is institutional, not just in yorkshire but within the game. he said he thought it was and his experiences are being
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replicated up and down t country and describe the scale of the issue as scary. the new chairman said from his conversations with other county chairman, he believes this to be a game wide issue that requires a game wide approach. in the last few days, we've heard from other counties embroiled in this crisis, notably essex, whose chairman resigned last friday of allegations he had used racist language and a board meeting. we have since heard from two former essex players have alleged racist abuse at the club and other counties were named today and have come forward to say they found azeem rafiq cost testimony to be harrowing and distressing, but they have committed to taking action. we know the ecb, the england and wells cricket board say they have learned a litany of lessons that will be applied across the game. ros: violence has broken out at
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the belarus border with poland. groups of migrants are trying to cross illegally into the european union. thousands are stuck in freezing conditions. these pictures give you an idea of the scene. some migrants have been throwing stones and polish police have been responding with tear gas and water cannons. they say migrants tried to break down a razor wire fence poland has erected. we have this footage filmed by the bbc showing more chaos. at least seven officers are said to have been injured. they are saying that belarus forces have supplied the migrants with stun grenades. reporter: these are polish water cannons and they are being deployed because around midday on the border, on the belarusian side, migrants started throwing rocks and bricks toward the
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polish forces. it is a scene of chaos which is continuing here. and it feels very much like a pre-planned provocation. it is quite hard to breathe because pepper gas has been employed. it feels like a provocation. as if a decision has been taken on the side of the border to exact a response from over there, from poland, from the eu. as you can see, more water cannons being used. more rocks and branches going in. in many ways, this picture we are seeing come of this image is very much the picture alexander lukashenko wants to transmit to the world. belarus has been trying to portray europe as uncaring and uncompassionate. there had been rivers -- had
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been rumors these kinds of scenes could develop here. certainly belarus will use it to portray that image of europe to the world. ros: there is steve right by the border. poland's defense ministry has been tweeting -- the migrants attacked our soldiers and officers with stones and are trying to destroy the fence and get to poland. our services used paragraph -- used tear gas to stifle the aggression. belarus accuses poland of mistreating migrants. all of this is playing out at a border crossing. on one side we have poland, and eu member, and belarus, which isn't. stranded in the middle are thousands of migrants tryi to reach the eu. at the border todayas the eu's high commissioner for human rights. >> the situation is evidently extremely complex and problematic. we can see in norma's suffering
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of people left in limbo. -- we can see in norma's suffering of people left in limbo. we can see how the people are suffering and manipulated. we need to step aside and think what is happening at the european border. why are these people left in limbo? ros: the eu is very much focused on the president, alexander lukashenko. he's exasperated the crisis by luring them to the border. the situation we can be certain of is migrants are in dire conditions. they've been camped out in freezing conditions for over a week and at least eight migrants have died from hypothermia. this is the assessment from one charity helping the migrants. >> the boundary of poland is dominated by thick and remote
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woods that extend for thousands of kilometers. the migrants who managed to cross the border, they are walking through that forested area for thousands of kilometers, especially during the night, when temperatures are at the lowest. there are multiple cases of hypothermia, there are conditions like diabetes, various cases of trauma, and while very often the medical teams operating ambulance, we are receiving distress calls and sometimes we have to track 30 or 40 minutes to reach the people in need. saving lives, saving the well-being of anybody in this area is of utmost concern because during wintertime, poland records about 50 people freezing to death every winter. i can only sympathize with people coming from other countries in those conditions and are exposed to the freezing cold, especially during
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wintertime. ros: the escalation on the border happened as there were signs of de-escalation between the eu and president lukashenko. at's because on monday, he had a rare phone call with german chancellor, angela merkel. this was his first contact with a western leaderince he crackdown on protesters against his election victory last year and that led to eu sanctions. bear in mind more sanctions followed on monday because of what we are seeing at the border at the moment. that's the backdrop and here's the president's assessment of how it went. >> we agree this escalation was not in anyone's interest, neither the eu or belarus and we cannot allow it to continue to the point of violent confrontation. we also agree we will be in constant contact until this problem is resolved and we will discuss this issue again in the near future. ros: perhaps some more optimism coming from that assessment, but
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we know the migrants have mostly come from the middle east. we know many of them promised safe passage and an easy route into the eu, so this is not going to disappear for the belarusian president. we have more on the options these people face now. reporter: we did ask the migrants what are they going to doere are they going to go? as you can see, there are people still camping out here, confused about the situation. some people told us they want to go back to b minsk and pla to go back to minsk. but they don't know what to do then. will they go home or make another attempt to get across into europe? they simply don't know. a lot of people are confused. they've been camping out for more than a week. they are hungry and many are desperate. ros: stay with me. in the next few minutes, we will hear some more of the fir interview by the myanmar military since the coup i february. and army represented of has
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talked exclusively to the bbc. president xi jinping and joe biden have had their most extensive talks yet on videoconference. he warned encouraging independence would be playing with fire. mr. biden warned against undermining peace on the island. here's more from robert brandt in shanghai. reporter: t fact that these two men have met and theeeting passed off without incident will be offered as a sign of success by both sides. the one big achievement appears to be they appear they don't want to go to war. it is that blunt. they want this to be a relationship, as far as president biden sees it, defined by competition, not becoming enemies. joe biden talked about common sense guardrails. xi jinping talked in
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metaphoric per -- metaphorical terms about two ships sailing the seas that should not collide. they want to ensure the relationship improves and is not allowed to descend into outright military hostility. ros: we are live here in the bbc news room. our lead story, former yorkshire cricketer at the center of the racism scandal in english cricket has given compelling testony to mp's, saying the institute is racist. the garment in re -- the government and myanmar has brought charges against aung san suu kyi. it is alleged she committed election fraud in the election she won. the paramilitary seized power in february, bringing to end 10
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years of democracy. thousands of people have been detained at more than a thousand have been killed. aung san suu kyi had already been charged with sedition and corruption. onuesday, it was reported she faces this additional charge. there are further concerns about her well-being. here is the myanmar military spokesperson speaking about that in an exclusive interview with the bbc. >> keeping her in detention -- we let her live with her own people in her house, though she is under house arrest. we are trying our best toive her what she wants, whatever she wants to eat. ros: those assurances are impossible to confirm. regardless of the case, we know military authorities have a track record of mistreating prisoners. let's hear further from a spokesperson for national unity government of myanmar, a political coalition which opposes the military regime. >> she is not ok with the charge
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against her. they have charged 11 fraud charges against her. they are preparing for 104 years of sentencing her in prison. they want her to die in prison. ros: one way to scrutinize the military's claim would be a u.n. investigation, but the u.n. envoy has been denied access. here's the military spokesperson speaking with the bbc. >> the reason w do not allow the minutes because number one, we consider it not the right time. two, we can't agree with their demands, and or three, what they say about myanmar is not constructive. reporter: when will you allow them not to enter the country? >> they need to show steps toward acknowledging the existence of our government. ros: acknowledging the existence of the governments a major sticking point. here's the u.n. rock onto her on
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human rights. >> this is no legal regime in every sense of the word and there is growing evidence of crimes against amenity and war crimes being committed systematically by this junta. they are not going to be recognized. they want legitimacy, but they are anything other than gitimate and will not be recognized as such. ros: among the reasons for denying legitimacy is its treatment of vitors. i should warn you the pictures we are about to see our graphic. state tv showed these images of the detainees after allegedly being beaten inside jail. the associated press reported on systemic torture across the country. here is rebecca henke confronting the general with the account of one former prisoner. reporter: she was told by her interrogators, do you know what we do here to women? we rape and then we kill them. >> we have released her so she
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can accuse us and say whatever she wants. i don't know why she said that. this kind of fake news comes around. if she was tortured in prison, there is a system to complain. why didn't she complain in the prison? ros: the regime's attention of critics has been in the spotlight, not least because danny fenster was pardoned and released from jail. last week, he had been sentenced to 11 years in prison. on tuesday, he arrived back in the u.s. >> i'm going to take time to celebrate and spend time with my family. then, continue concentrating on not just journalism and prisoners of conscience in myanmar and everywhere else. just a lot of citizens, doctors, teachers are in prison right now. that's another point everyone here is reiterating -- this will
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be a short little celebration, but is focused on what the actual story is here. ros: he already had spent six months in prison in the military regime insists its action in terms of the detention and treatment of prisoners are justified, but that is being met with widespread skepticism. here's the u.n. envoy again. >> no connection at all to reality. these bizarre statements and claims -- i don't understand them. it is as if they think anyone in the world is actually going to believe them, despite the overwhelming evidence. over 10,000 people have been arbitrarily detained. we know many have been tortured. some have been tortured to death. there is clear evidence children have been abducted and tortured. i've spoken personally to people who have been tortured while being abducted by the military junta. it is completely outrageous, it
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is overwhelming, the evidence, and to continue to deny this, i'm at a loss to know why they attempt to do so. not a single person outside of myanmar and inside of me, for that matter, believe it. ros: tensions between the west and russia are not unusual, but they are when it comes to space. that is what happened today because the russians have blown up a satellite during a missile test. the missile was fired aa defunct russian satellite from the 1980's. this was all deliberate but blowing it up creates housings of pieces of space debris and there's concern it could reaten other satellites. the crew on board the international space station went into capsules because of concerns about the debris and nato had this to say -- >> this was a reckless act by russia. nato has developed a space policy, not least to address the challenges we see in space. nato will not weaponize space. ros: and if that is nato, this
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is the u.s. -- >> russia's dangerous and responsible behavior jeopardizes the long-term sustainability of our outer space and demonstrates russia's claims of opposing the weaponization of space are disingenuous. ros: and if that's the u.s., this is russia's foreign minister responding that russia is being an aggressor in space -- >> to declare the russian federation creates risks for the peaceful use of space is, at the very least, hypocrisy. there are no facts. ros: on that point about hypocrisy, certainly it is true other countries as well as russia have blown up satellites using missiles in the past. the u.s. last fired a missile in this way in 2008 and destroyed an old intelligence satellite. china knocked out an old weather satellite in 2007 and we know india has the capability to do this. but in this case, the debris did pass the international space
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station without incident. the broader issue of space junk doesn't go anywhere because these fragments from this particular strike could carry on, causing a threat for years to come and more broadly still, after 60 years of space missions, there are a llion objects orbiting the planet. any one of them could hit a satellite and cause a major problem. here's a former nasa engineer explaining the problems this particular test could create. >> it is terrorism to a certain extent because with the fragments going wherever they wish, it is a threat that will continue to bother people for years. every time you do this, it is a decade-long risk or longer. ros: that's one reaction, here's another from a research analyst at the think tank, the royal united services industry. >> the initial reaction from ice -- from the space community as well as myself as this is a very irresponsible act, not only for the space station, but the
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chinese space station. ros: although the russians have a ng-term involvement in the international space station, presumably they took a risk was not particular great. >> the russian space ancy said the debris field had left the orbit, which meant there was no longer a risk. at the initial risk of the iss was great enough that measures were taking -- take into place the crew into the capsules that would allow them to head back to earth if there was an emergency, if the iss was damaged going through or approaching the debris field. ros: a quick reminder -- if you want all the analysis from me and the "outside source" team, a good place to that is my twitter account. you can follow me and every video we posted whether in the
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u.k. or around the world is always available on my twitter account. you can t the videos at bbc russ adkins and access all of them through the bbc website, bbc.com/news. that's it for this addition. thanks for watching. see you tomorrow at the usual time. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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