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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 12, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented th a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". nada: this is s america. the climate summit is pushed into overtime with emotions running high, negotiators try to strike a deal on how to comba global rising temperatures. with thousands of migrants stranded on the border between belarus and poland, we look at dangers they face, freezing conditions and a burning political row.
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a grand jury has indicted one of donald trump's former aids. --aides. a new injection helps paralyzed mice walk again. could it lead to a breakthrough for humans? welcome to world news america. the u.n. climate summit in glasgow has now passed it scheduled finishing time. negotiators are continuing to work through the night to try to come to an agreement about what steps the world must take in order to combat climate change. a draft is being worked on to replace the last one. hundreds are marching through the venue claiming the proposed
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actions don't go far enough. our environment editor is darren has this report. -- he is there and has this report. world leaders are singled out for failinto keep promises, for allowing the planet to become dangerously overheated. demonstrators lay down at the tes of cop26 to ram home lives are being lost because of climate change. calls for action came within the conference walls as welcome activists lling on governments not to water down key points in the agreement, a plea echoed i the most vulnerable nations. >> our safety, the safety of my children and yours hangs in the balance. as i said to the high ambition coalition this morning, it is time for us to level up. this will be the decade that determines the rest of human history. we cannot let it slip by. david: but some disputes are proving really difficult to
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settle -- over coal, and what to say about phasing it out. how often countries should update their climate plans -- every year to flip the urgency, or less? and how much to paid to give the poorest nations, not just now, but ercoming decades. the point of these talks is to try to limit the rising global temperatures. how is that going? compared to preindustrial times, we have warmed by at least 1.1 degrees celsius, and record heat waves are becoming more frequent. above 1.5 degrees, many coral reefs are expected to die off, among a long list of other impacts. now, if everyone here keeps to the promises they have given, a big if, we are still on course for about 1.8 and that means even higher sea levels and more people threatened by flooding. but being realistic, as things stand, a more likely outcome is 2.4, which means even longer
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droughts affecting food reduction across vast areas of the planet. i asked america's veteran climate envoy john kerry, will any of this slow down global warming? >> we are moving in the right direction. are we moving fast enough? no, but that is what this meeting is about. scientists never said you guys have to have this done by the end of the cop. they said, you have 10 years. >> they said it was incredibly urgent. >> it is incredibly urgent and that is why 65% of global gdp says we are going to keep 1.5 degrees alive. david: as haggling continues, the conference chairman another plea for agreement. >> now, we need that final injection of that can-do spirit which is present at this cop so that we get this shared endeavor over the line. david: but emotions are running high, and many delegations are worried.
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>> for us, ambition 1.5 is not just a statistic. it is a matter of life and death. >> se among us are wasting precious time here attempting to be negotiate what was already agreed. david: a long night of negotiations lies ahead. nada: my colleague christian fraser is in glasgow talking to the climate envoy for e marshall islands, one of the country's most vulnerable to climate change. >> people are behind me having their photograph taken. people thought it would happen tonight, but it will probably go into the late hours tomorrow and
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a new text will be published at breakfast time. you would think they wouldn't want a fourth or fifth draft. the negotiations are continuing through the night. they will take that document to every group in, then it has to be translated into six languages. then they will have a plenary in this room tomorrow at 6:00 -- 10:00. the feeling will be when it comes to the sticking points which is finance as well as mitigation, details on the rules behind the paris agreement, the language around al and fossil fuels and whether or not they're going to come back every year of grade their ambitions, all of those things have to be sorted.
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it is certainly the ambition of the presidency here. the question is that the floor or is that the ceiling? with some of the stronger language we have been getting today, it was the floor because it is been approved as we have along. >> to that int about the room wanting the deal, how is the mood different for this summit opposed to others? >> we have been showing today reporting from california and the damage has been done to the great sequoias. we know what happened in louisiana and new york state this year. the same is true in europe and germany. we have had flooding in china as well. there have been forest fires in russia. that has been the backdrop to the negotiations.
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veterans of this summit say there is a very different atmosphere. it is largely because at one point, we are already seeing the effects of change. the urgency is there and we hopes -- we hope that will get us over the line tomorrow. >> as you have been hearing, the climb across -- comic crisis is no longer looming. it has been a record year of fires in california. workers in california have battled fires more than 2.5 million acres. one giant blaze took nearly three months to get under control.
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our climate editor reports from california. justin: meet general sherman, the biggest individual organism in the wor. this giant sequoia is 84 meters tall and it is 2200 years old. >> these trees are restricted to 70 grows on the western slope of the sierra nevada. very narrow, little patches of just the right remaining habitat. justin: it is a habitat that has always included fire. these trees are exquisitely adapted to cope with fire. listen to this. [knocking was bracket the bark is ll of tiny air pockets. the branches are high up and are lifted clear of the biggest fires. but fire has not become the biggest threat. years of climate-induced droughts left vegetation dry and
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in a policy of suppressing small fires which allow deadwood to build up, fires are now ripping through calirnia's forests faster and hotter than ever. justin: general sherman escaped and singed un-singed. but other trees weren't so lucky. >> before 2015, no one saw sequoia like this, torched like this, to become a kindle and earn up in this way, before climate change -- become a candle, and to burn up in this way, before climate change. they are gone and we will plant new ones. but it takes 1000 years. there won't be this for a long, long time. justin: it isn't just trees burning, communities are, too. >> it took a the color out of my life. look, everything is just a shade of gray. justin: the entire town of
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greenville was razed to the ground in just two hours. but nicole believes something good could rise from the ashes. >> greenville could be a lighthouse community of sustainability and climate adaptation, and how we live in our new normal. because big fires are now the new normal. >> the crown is totally intact. there is living bark under this char. justin: and in the forest, christy has not given up hope either. >> this will all come off, and the bark will continue to grow. and this tree is completely fine. justin: she says the resilience of the trees should inspire us. >> we need to act on climate change now. and every little bit counts. justin: it isn't too late, she says. not yet. nada: staying here in the united states, one of former president
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trumps former aides has been indicted on two counts of can -- contempt of congress. steve bannon refused to comply with a subpoena. for more, i am joined by our north america editor. what can you tell us about the charges and what happens next? >> there have been two counts by a federal grand jury of contempt of congress by steve bannon's refusal to appear before the selectommittee investigating what happened on january 6. it is no surprise that the committee wanted to speak to steve bannon. the day before on his radio show, he more or less laid out what was going to happen. all hell is going to break loose, it's going to be wild. committee wanted to speak to him. he said i'm not going to appear.
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they issued a subpoena and he still didn't appear. after that, a federal grand jury has ruled he must and it is understood that he will surrender to the authorities on monday and appr in court possibly monday afternoon. it is pre-dramatic. the real significance is not steve bannon, it's all the other people who were part of the trump campaign who chose to follow behind steve bannon and say i'm not going to appear either. how many of them will want to face a federal and time -- indictment for not appearing? nada: as you say, so many people have gone on to follow president trump exerting executive privilege. >> on the once side, people were saying i was working for the president i have executive which i don't have to answer your questions. then you have congress one of
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the coequal branches of government saying yes you do. a federal grand jury has been brought together. they have looked at the issues and they have said yes, you do have to appear. by not appearing, you are in breach of congress. that is an indictable offense and could face up to one year in prison if you don't appear. i would imagine a lot of those people are now thinking twice. nada: thank you so much. the humanitarian crisis along the border between belarus and poland i worsening as migrants to continue to head to the border almost to be caught in a limbo between the two nations. alexander lukashenko is accused of orchestrating the crisis. our correspondent is in ella
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bruce and is more. >> the border of belarus is transformed into a camp of those waiting to get into the eu. tonight, border guards agreed to take us into the camp right up to the border. behind the barbed wire, the eu just meter away. many here are kurds from the middle east. the eu believes that belarus helped them get here. the country is facilitating illegal migration into europe. revenge for sanctions. poland won't let them in. >> we ar homeless. we don't have any place to stay. the weather is too cold. we are burning our trees to make
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our bodies heat. we hope that we never give up. >> we have been told there are more than 2000 people in this camp living in a sick conditions. this story is a very human from. -- drama. backdrop is geopolitics. the migrant crisis is ratcheting up east-west tensions. near theorder, her troopers held joint exercises signaling whose side the kremlin is on. >> increasing is alexander schinkel's rhetoric. this week, he vowed to block the flow of russian gas to europe if the eu imposes more sanctions on belarus. those who see belarus as a steppingstone to the eu coul't care less about sanctions or geopolitics. they just want a better future.
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many of them have paid thousands of dollars for package tours the bring them to belarus and deliver them to the border with europe. no further. for most, the journey stops here. they have to wait in the cold whe governments argue. waiting and hoping to be lit through. -- to be let through. nada: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, demonstrations continue and arak against last months elections. bridges in the capital of sudan are closed as the military government prepares for demonstrations against last months coup.
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they are demanding that the recently ousted government be reinstated. the head of this government is still under house arrest here. there have been mediation efforts between him and the journal -- general but so far, they have not been successful. what is expected to give the protests more momentum is the fact that the general has already formed a sovereign ruling council that consists of 14 members with himself as head of it. nada: protest 10 you and arak
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against the parliamentary election results. last week, groups clashed with forces. a few days later, the prime minister survived an assassination attempt after a weaponized drone hit his house. it was hoped that the election would move the country forward, but disputes over the results are creating doubts about a futu civil war. >> waiting for a new government. this camp sprung up in the days after the election. it is now home to thousands of pro-iran militias. they cling corruption is the reason their party lost so many parliamentary seats. ♪ last friday, this protest turned violent. two men were killed. this man insists the ballot was
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rigged, even though there is no evidence. he was injured in the clashes. is it just because the party you voted for didn't win? that is not the same as something being wrong with the election. >> they played with the numbers. there is no one paying me to say this. anna: on the fringes of camp, military figures stand guard, but these are not regular soldiers. popular mobilization forces are a paramilitary group backed by iran. the lines have long blurred in iraq. warlords are now kingmakers. the influence of a cleric is everywhere. these streets so fierce battles during the war and now, the man who orchestrated so much violence, the man this area is named after, as a crucial position in deciding the future
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of this country. his party won the most seats in the election, giving him the most bargaining power. but even in his stronghold, optimism is hard to find. >> iraq is not thriving, it is going into the unknown because of our leaders. anna: october's election was supposed to solve widespread unrest about corruption, unemployment and a troubling economy. but those with the loudest voices were kidnapped or killed and many people boycotted the election. this woman did stand as a candidate, but it wasn't easy. >> they physically assaulted me and i had to move home five times, she told me. i will keep going, because if i give up, then many women will also give up. anna: many people are
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persevering here, but it will take iraq's leaders to guide this country out of the dark. anna foster, bbc news, baghdad. nada: a judge in los angeles has just terminated the conservatorship over britney spears. for years, her father was the conservator and he oversaw her estate and much of her personal life. a group of scientists in the united states may have found a breakthrough treatment for reversing paralysis after testing a new therapy on mice.
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so-called dancing molecules were injected into the spines of the animals sending a signal for their spines to repair themselves. they began walking after four weeks. >> spot the difference. this is a mouse before treatment and after. walking again. >> over three to four weeks, we were able to observe that and initially paralyzed mouse as a result of severe spinal cord injury regained great ability to walk. >> how did scientists do it? a treatment packed with hundreds of thousands of molecules was injected in the tissue around the spinal cord to repair cells. crucially, this therapy kept everything moving. >> we discovered that the motion of the molecules inside the
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filament is critical in their ability to signal cells in the spinal cord in order to initiate repair. >> to trigger the experiment, an incision was made in the mammals spine. that is to replicate what happens to humans after they suffer a car crash, sports industry -- injury, or from a disease. it is hoped human trials could begin next year. for now, this exciting discovery the unique assembly of many molecules may offer hope to hundreds of thousands of people living with spinal injuries with a simple injection in the back if human testing stands up to scrutiny also. nada: bore we go, we leave you with an extraordinary feat. an olympian has set off on quite a challenge swimming across one
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of south america's largest lakes. 10 days, 122 kilometers, all at freezing 10 degrees celsius. the freshman -- frehman is in a pt. -- an amputee. we narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provideby, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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judy: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, the tipping point. negotiations go down to the wire at the global climate summit but meaningful agreements remain elusive. then, ethiopia in crisis. the regional war in tigray spills over into the rest of the country and ensnares innocent civilians. >> it's the most alarming place in the world at the moment. and tigray is probably the worst place in the world to live right now. judy: the sharper divides in congress and the political implications of ongoing inflation. all that and more on tonight's
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