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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 8, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> welcome to " after 20 months of pandemic restrictions, the u.s. has opened its borders to vaccinated travelers from abroad. families who have been separated for months are sharing their relief in being able to reunite. >> as you can see, we are excited. ros: -- >> not to be able to
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console each other or keep each other company or whatever, or hug each other when we want a good cry, but we will do it today. i can't wait. ros: also in this half-hour, poland has closed a border crossing, accusing a belarusian who tried to encourage a major incint. some of those migrants have used wire cutters and tree trunks to break down the border fence. police used tear gas to push them back into belarus. the former u.s. president barack obama was the star speaker at the summit on monday. he took aim at china and russia for a lack of urgency. . mr. obama: it was discouraging to see the leaders of two of the world's largest emitters, china and russia, applying to attend the proceedings. ♪ ros: let's begin by talking about the u.s. reopening its borders to international
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travelers for the first time in close to two years. here is a state apart -- state department official. >> foreign national air travelers to the u.s. will be required with only limited exceptions to be fully vaccinated and provide proof of vaccination status prior to boarding an airplane to the united states. the new policy is stringent, it is consistent across the globe, and guided by public health. ros: the travel ban was imposed by donald trump in the early stages of the pandemic. now people from 33 couries, including the u.k. and ireland, also iran, india, and china, as well as if we shift to south america, brazil as well, along with the showing and countries, a grou of 26 european nations, all of this countries nationals are allowed to enter as long as they have proof of vaccination and a recent negative coronavirus test. the u.k. celebrated all of this by having the first two flights to the u.s. takeoff in tandem.
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british airways plane alongside a virgin atlantic one. for many in the u.k., this was a good moment. . not least, the government. >> israel momentous time. this is a massive moment for the aviation sector as we look to build back better from the blow that the pandemic has laid to us. ros: this woman was traveling to see her daughter for the first time in two years. >> have been worried about everyone staying healthy, and things happen in families where you need to be together. and that is what family is all about. not to be able to console each other or keep each other company or whatever, hug each other when we want a good cry, but we will do it today. i can't wait to walk through that door and see her there. ros: the flight crews mark the day in front of the airport with a picture. >> now is the day of unity, finally, we are getting back and as you can see, we are all excited, we are ready to go.
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i just knew to put a crown on and then we are ready to go. ros: there is one of those on these flights, here he is at heathrow airport before he got on the plane. >> it has been 602 days since president trump and people from the u.k. and e.u. traving to america. and let has changed since then. there is a palpable nervousness at this airport. i'm looking across check-in, i've never seen so many people trying to check-in, triple checking their paperwork. no one is not sure, not even stafare sure what is going on this morning. ros: until monday, only u.s. citizens, resides, and a small group of other people have been allowed entry to the u.s. it applies to all individuals who have received a vaccine, and vaccines listed for emergency use by the world health organization. here is chris haslam again.
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reporter: on -- unvaccinated travelers are not welcome. you can get a special allowance to go to america if you are not vaccinated. for practical purpes, that is not happening. you need proof of vaccination. you need to fill in something called a cdc attestation. an odd document. it basically says yes, i've had a test and this is my name. you still need to have it. ros: those who landed at jfk airport in new york were welcomed in style. the ceo of delta airlines has told the bbc that is reopening could be choppy. >> there may be some long lines. it is going to take time for us because our people have to ensure all of the proper documentation. we try to do it on the exit european end before they get to the u.s., so we don't want anyone having a challenge with their documentn when they land. we are ready for it. we are going to learn from it.
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we are going to use as much technology as we can. ros: neto tour fix spent the day at jfk airport. reporter: the whole tourism industry was frankly starving for those big spending foreign tourists. here in new york, they have launched their most aggressive campaign called "it is time for new york." we know airlines are already flying into numerous cities, british airways here where they just landed, their first plane from heathrow. they are flying into 17 cities. by december, they hope to fly to 23 cities and expand that more by the summer. certainly that is going to help. they are seeing bookings coming in, and hoping that does continue into the winter holiday season, so that it will give a big boost for the tourism industry. the big focus here today was the reunion of family members. it was an emotional moment. they set up this big scene with balloons and focused on the fact that while this man -- band has affected business, it has also
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affected personal relationships that you can't have over videoconferencing. personal and braces, seeing new family members for the first time. we got to experience that. it was a touching moment. ros: we can see those touching moments as you are talking. i'm sure there are people watching, wondering about the practicalities. what has changed between when we use to arrive in new york and what happens when you arrive today? reporter: look, you have to allow a lot of time to get your paperwork in order. you do have to show proof of vaccination. that could be from any who approved vaccine. you also have to show a negative covid test that was taken within three days of travel. there are some exceptions for kids, obviously, who cannot get vaccinated. they need to be tested within one day of travel. when you come here, you have to provide contract tcing information. the good news is you will not
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have to quarantine. while there are these new rules that replace the ban, they are meant to hopefully make sure international travel does not have to stop again in the future, particularly when we see these rising covid cases in europe. i spoke with the ceo of british airways, sean doyle, and he says now that there is this plan in place to ensure the safety of travel, they hope that will not ever change, that they will not have to go back to a situation of banning international video -- visitors again in the future. ♪ ros: now poland is closing its border crossing with belarus where hundreds of migrants are gathered. earlier on, the government accused belarus of a major provocation by pushingeople to illegally cross. it sent 12,000 polish troops as reinforcement. this is in response to these groups of migrants trying to break through a barbed wire fence from belarus into poland.
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they used wire cutters and a border guard retaliated with pepper spray. in this video, migraines, many who have come from the middle east and asia, used poles and large tree trunks to force their way through. poland accuses belarus of pushing these people to the border to get them to cross into the european union, which poland is a member of. as the polish deputy foreign minister. >> we demand clarification from the belarus inside. we are informing our allies from the european union and the north atlantic pack about all of these events. only a joint and uniformnswer can stop the regime. i think we should all stand together with border caller -- guards, police, and soldiers who defend the polish border. ros: let's look at the events that led uto this. according to belarusian media, hundreds of migrants head into the border on monday, leaving the border town and heading toward a forest that runs along the border with poland.
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many families including children were seen walking with all of their belongings along the and six highway in belarus. other videos showed large numbers of migrants being escorted by large men -- many men. there are unconfirmed claims that these men are working for the belarusian authorities. we have this footage from the border. belarusian media reported 500 migrants there in freezing temperatures. here is one of them. >> they are just wanting to go, that is all they want. it is the people who want a better future. so many of them don't have water. ros: poland is accusing belarus of trying to or's -- trying to orchestrate an incident. they are preparing a major provocation, there will be in na attempt at a mass border crossing, he added. these aerial pictures to show you. on the polish side, you can see
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a buildup of border police and soldiers. on the belarusian side, hundreds of migrants were gathering. and razor wire fence prevented those migrants from going any further. while i w mentioning what happened next, some migrants tried to cut through the fence. border guard denies pushing migrants across the border. in a statement, it said the indifference of inhumane attitude of the polish authorities has prompted the refugees to take such a step of despair. many don't accept that analysis. the nato defense alliance is accusing president lukashenko of using migrants as a hybrid tactic. that means a combined military political operation. here is the u.s. state department spokesperson nonprice. >> we are concerned with the disturbing images and reports emanating from the belarus-poland border this weekend. the u.s. condemns the lukashenko regime's political exploitation and coercion of vulnerable people, in the regime."
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's callous and inhumane facilitation of irregular migration flows across its borders. we call on the regime to immediately halt its campaign of orchestrating and coercing a regular mic -- a regular migrant flows across its borders into europe. ros: while the european union is calling for sanctions on belarus, here is adam eastern in warsaw for the bbc on the options available to poland. reporter: we can see already as you have mentioned, that they are trying to beef up security. there are 16,000 border guards in the country, many of whom are deployed on this particular border. the military have increased the number of soldiers deployed to the border by one third in recent days. now more than 12,000 soldiers at the border. there is also 2000 police officers. some of those service personnel are the only things that are actually stopping the migrants
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from crossing into the country at the moment because, as you have probably seen on your foote, the border razor wire fence has been destroyed in places by parts of the border where hundreds of migrants are. now ey are kept in tes because they have put tree trunks and flattened the border guar the only thing stopping them is a deep row of five or six rows of polish soldiers. the other thing is there trying to have a diplomatic angle, which is to try to reduce the pushback just pushing these people from middle eastern countries or african countries or asian countries, and diplomatic efforts going on between poland and turkey to try to reduce the numbers of flights into belarus which increased in recent months, not just to minsk but other belarusian towns. also today, iraq announced it
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has closed its belarusian consulates throughout the country, which obviously means migrants will not be able to get the belarusian visas they are required to have before they fly into belarus. ros: thanks. stay with me on "outside source." we are going to talk about u.k. politics, because the opposition is accusing the minister of trashing democracy in a debate over lobbying. ♪ ros: the u.n. food program -- world food program has warned millions of people could starve in afghanistan within weeks if the world is not step in. here is its spokesperson david beasley. reporter: it is as bad as you possibly can imagine. we are working -- looking at the worst humanitarian crisis on earth. 95% of people don't have enough food. now we are looking at 23 million people marching toward starvation. out of that, almost 9 million
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are knocking on the door. the winter months are coming, we are coming out of a drought, the next six months are going to be catastrophic. it is going to be hell on earth. to the world leaders, to the billionaires, imagine that this was your little girl or your little boy or your grandchild about to starve to death. you would do everything you possibly could. when there is $400 trillion worth of wealth on the earth today, shame on us that we let any child die from hunger. shame on us. i don't care where that child is. ♪ ros: i'm ros atkins with "outside source." we are here in the newsroom and our lead story is after 20 months of pandemic restrictions, the u.s. has opened its borders to vaccinated travelers from abroad. it's five days since the u.k. government tried to change the
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parliamentary standard system. five days of what minister george eustis called a westminster storm in the teacup. five days of what dan hodges calls a humiliating omni shambolic multilane pilot. five days which have come to a debate in the house of commons which the speaker says is a chance to cleanse. >> last week was a very dark week. i don't want another week like that. ros: this is a story that begins with lobbying. the former conservative mp, owen patterson, was found by the independent stdards committee to have broken parliamentary rules, a 30 day suspension was recommended. rather than vote that through, the government proposed a complete overhaul of the system, something that at the very least would have delayed that punishment. that was wednesday afternoon. on wednesday evening, i went patterson told sky news he would not hesitate to do it again tomorrow. but he would not get the chance. if that was wednesday, this was
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thursday. >> last night's debate conflated the individual case with the general concern. this link needs to be broken. ros: with that, the government had you turned and soon after with its punishment looming, mr. patterson resigned. the questions kept coming about why the conservatives had done this, why they didn't intervene when the colleague broke the rules? my colleague asked cabinet minister if he had read the report on owen patterson's behavior. >> i actually have not read the report. it would be unfair of me to -- reporter: so you voted on this without having read the report? >> hold on a sond. ros: the minister went on to explain what he meant. >> i've looked at the report. i have not gotten into the details. owen says much of it is contested. i think something like 40 people have sent statements that it is contested. that is a specific case. the committee has judged on
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that. we will have a vote on that. this coming week. ros: it is true, there would have been a vote on the suspension. it's true the vote will not happen now that mr. patterson has resigned. it is also true that the vote was planned after the government's u-turn and it is true an mp contesting a finding is not enough to throw it out. while owen patterson's parliamentary career was over, the story wasn't. on saturday morning, john major went on the attack. >> i think the way the government handled that was shameful and wrong and unworthy of this or indeed, any government. ros: also on saturday, minister george eustis contested his conclusions, but offered this concession. >> ros: -- >> government has already made this clear that wi hindsight, it was a mistake to bring at through on the timing that we did. ros: this was not enough for the leader of the opposition who had drawn this conclusion. >> instead of upholding
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standards, he orders his mps to otect his mate and rip up the whole system. that is correct. it is contemptible. and it is not a one-off. ros: as we have been hearing, the conservatives dispute this characrization. as part of our effort to hear their perspective, here is my colleague tweeting, we asked over 60 conservative mps w voted to pass his suspension to speak to us today. almost all said they were not available, declined to come on air or did not respond. we talked to one who did agree and that mp was richard graham. >> there was an emotional feeling that we owed it to him to pursue whether there could be an appeal process. ros: richard graham is making reference to on patterson's life -- owen patterson's wife taking her life last year. >> focus on what they want to focus on, a particular case of an mp who suffered a serious personal tragedy and who is now
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resigned. ros: as you can see in those pictures, the prime minister was not an parliament there. as you can see from ese pictures, he did not attend the emergency debate and the house of commons due to a long-standing engagement, we were told. he did seek to explain what happened last week. >> what we do need to dos look also at the process. that is what we were trying to do last week. ros: that is what they were trying to do, but at the risk of repeating myself, they were also trying to prevent his immediate suspension. when the prime minister was asked if he should apologize, this was the answer. >> don't think there is much more to be said about that particular case, i really don't. ros: no apology, and while the prime minister feels there is nothing more to say, mps disagree. they gathered for a debate on monday afternoon. it was called by liberal democrats and they began it. >> it is hard to be part of a member of parliament when as a body, we are tarnished with the governments brush. ros: offering the government's
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defense was another minister. >> would like first on foremost to express my regret and my ministerial colleagues over the mistake made last week. ros: while the government says it regrets it's mistake last week, and so far has not commented on owen patterson's conduct. he was found to have failed to declare his interest as a paid consultant to a food company. to have used his parliamentary office on 16 occasions for business meetings with his clients, into have sent two letters relating to his business address on house of commons edit note paper. in the words of the standards committee, he brought the house of commons into disrepute. on that, the government has not expressed regret. ♪ ros: the cop 26 climate summit in glasgow ended its second week. on monday, the star attraction was the former u.s. president
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barack obama. he was scathing of what he called a lack o urgency from china and russia, and he emphasize the need to help small island nations. we will come to the criticism in a moment. here mr. obama who lived in hawaii as a child, speaking about the existential threat facing the islands. mr. obama: in many ways, our islands are the canary in the coal mine of the situation. that they are sending a message now, that if we don't act, and act boldly, it is going to be too late. ros: one of the major threats is rising sea levels driven by climate change, it rose by 16 centimeters in the 20th century. it has been rising more quickly in recent years. even with sharp cuts to carbon emissions, scientists predict it could rise 50 centimeters this entry. it is not just rising sea levels which pose a threat to some islands. here is the head of the caribbean community climate change center.
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>> if we fail to keep global temperatures within 1.5 degrees, the devastation is going to increase exponentially in the future. it is going to cause destabilization of the region, in many cases, you have climate refugees. in some cases, people will have to relocate. the estimates are that for example, if we arrive at 1.5, we will see a 70% to 90% decrease of coral reefs. if we get to 1.5, we are relegating millions of people to a very uncertain future because of the impacts of climate change. ros: other nations want urgent support. here is a foreign minister making that point. he recorded his speech while standing knee-deep in seawater. the message is clear. another island on the front line of climate change is grenada, in the caribbean. let's hear from its climate and environment minister. >> without the right support, we
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will always be the victims in this story. but with the right support, and we are far away from that, we can be a part of the global solution also. and this is all that we ask, to be given a chance. not only to save our island nations, but to be that exemplar of leadership and action to the rest of the world. ros: the minister mentioned the island nations need thright support, and the role of more developed nations is something president obama addressed. he scolded countries who have made pledges in the past but for tilt but failed to carry them out, and criticize the absence of certain leaders. mr. obama: it was paicularly discouraging to see the leaders of two of the world's largest emitters, china and russia, clined to attend the proceedings.
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and their national plan so far reflect what appears to be a dangerous lack of urgency, a willingness to maintain the status quo on the part of those governments. ros: in dispute, the more developed countries can do more, and in is closing remarks, he said one of the keys to holding those countries to account our young people. i've been speaking to a bohemian climate activist who is one of those young people in glasg pushing for change. >> i'm absolutely beside myself with fury at this point. beuse this is an issue that affects me personally, it affects my borderline every single day. a lot of people, they come into this space and for them, it is a matter of the future. for me, it is a matter of survival at this point. ros: just a quick reminder, if you want more analysis from me on a range of global stories, we tweet out videos through the week, every week.
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you can find them in lots of different places. if you follow me on twitter, you will definitely receive them as soon as they are available. you can also find them on the bbc news website, audio version and if you are in the u.k. coming you can get them via iplayer too. that is for this half hour. thank you for watching. see you soon. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond jas. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financl advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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