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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 8, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financl advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i am laura trevelyan in washington. this is "bbc world news america. barack obama urges the world to stay angry over the climate. he says climate change is bigger than politics. >> there is one thing that shou transcend our day to day politics and normal geopolitics and that is climate change. laura: the world food program warns and afghanistan millions
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could start. >> the winter months are coming. it's going to be hell on earth. laura: barbed wire, border tensions. polish troops use pepper spray to keep migrants out as diplomatic tensions flare. [applause] plus, joyful scenes at america's airports. international travelers can enter the u.s. as pandemic restrictions are lifted after 20 long months. ♪ welcome. we begin tonight at the cop26
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where barack obama said the world is nowhere near it needs to be. it's the start of the second week of the climate meeting. he scolded china and russia's leaders for not being there in person. our editor reports. reporter: deeper floods. bigger fires. high temperatures. climate change is being felt around the world, so the talks are not just about the future but coping with a hostile climat pushing for an urgent response is barack obama. getting a rockstar reception here and saying it's not too late. >> our planet has been wounded by our actions. those wounds will not be healed
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today, tomorrow or the next. but they can be healed. reporter: addressing young activists, he appealed to keep up the pressure for change. >> the most important energy in this movement is coming from young people. [applause] they have more stake in this fight than anyone else. you are right to be frustrated. folks in my generation have not done enough to deal with a potentially cataclysmic problem that you now stand to inherit. reporter: any young people have suffered cataclysm already, a typhoon in the philippines claim 6000 lives, and one survivor fears more violent weather to come. >> i have seen death, i have seen my family struggle. i have so many dreams.
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i still want to have my family, still want to have children, but i don't know if they will have a good future ahead of them. reporter: with emotions running high, activists say even mr. obama has broken a progress this promise to get climate aid to the poorest countries. >> we need his action. he knows what the people want, and that is what he pledged in copenhagen. reporter: more and more people are enduring the kind of extremes scientists have warned about as the planet heats up. this is a chance to prevent a bad situation from getting worse. bbc news and glascow. laura: for more, we are joined by the governor of the state of washington. welcome to the program. you are there as negotiators from nearly 200 countries are
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trying to reach a final agreement. do you think one is within reach? >> iertainly hope so. we are here principally to vocalize the actions by what we call the super nationals. u.n. calls them sub nationals, thinof ourselves as super nationals. i led a group in taking immediate action, not just big promises decades from now, but immediate action to put carbon constraints on our economy by insisting on eliminating coal and fossil fuels. we are acting, regardless of what happens to the nationstates, we super nationals are acting. i think this is the secret weapon in our war against climate change. which is local action.
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laura: that is very encouraging. tell us about what you are doing there in washington where you are insisting all of the vecles owned by washington state be electrified. how mh of a difference is that going to make? >> it's a great start. i just issued an executive order to insist by 2030 all of our vehicles are non-internal combustion vehicles. we intend to move forward by requiring all of our vehicles by 2035 in private fleets to be non-internal combustion engines, that is the right thing to do because it is necessary and practical. we are also electrifying, making sure electrical grids are clean, we have a binding law and our state that our electricity because been neutral by 2030 and
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zero fossil fuels by 2045, and we just passed probably the most aggressive cap industrywide, economy wide to cap carbon to have a binding limit on the amount of carbon, and help people get access to solar panels, charging stations and the like. we also have a clean fuel standard. from soup to nuts, we are moving and are not alone. we're joined by korea, scotland, cape town. this is a movement we want to be above the nationstates. laura: what is your sense as someone who ran for president and has met chinese leaders? do you think a big pledge from china on climate is still possible this week? >> i don't know the answer to that. we were pleased that they did state they would no longer finance coal plants outside of china, but they need to up their game big time.
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we have to be insistent that china do so, and be have to think about means to incentivize them. one could be a border trade adjustment so if china is not decarbonizing adequately that we take that into consideration on imports. that would be a strong incentive for china. more important than that, we need to innovate, get our private businesses in a position to take these markets in the next generation of solar panels, electric vehicles. that is a growth opportunity for us. we need to take those markets from china, that is the most important incentive to get china to build a clean energy economy. we're doing that in my state and making real progress. laura: thank you so much for being with us. >> you bet. laura: millions of people and
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afghanistan could be starving within weeks if the world does not step in to help. that is the latest warning from the head of the u.n. world food program. many of the problems predate the taliban, drought has affected harvests and the conflict only made matters worse. the reduction in foreign aid for the new taliban government is also playing a part. our world affairs editor reports from afghanistan. reporter: winter is coming and it looks like a bad one. camels are on the move toward warmer areas. we are heading west, out of kabul through the taliban road. it's not long before we reach the snow. in one district, food aid is being distributed. everyone here knows things are likely to get really bad in a few weeks. there is a real possibility we will be frozen this winter, this
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man tells me. these people are so poor they cannot afford to buy food or fuel. a humanitarian disaster could bring the taliban down, so they are cooperating with the international aid agencies even if they don't like them. ahead of the world food program -- the head of the world food program does not mince his words. >> the winter months are coming, the next six months are going to be catastrophic. it is going to be hell on earth. reporter: we reach an agriculture center which has been hit by drought. of course, there was an infamous taliban i'm here -- crime here. a couple of hundred yards from the place where statues used to stand until the taliban destroyed them, a woman lives. she is a widow, raising her children on her own. before the taliban took over,
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she got by with occasional food aid and the money she and her eldest boy earned from weeding the fields and herding sheep. the drought has put an end to all of that, and food a does not reach here. within weeks, they could be starving. some women sell their daughters for marriage. if it was absolutely necessary keep everyone alive, she answers, she would hate it. listening to all this, it was hard not to think of your own family. >> imagine if this was your little girl or your little boy or your grandchild about to starve to death. you would do everything you possibly could. when there is $400 trillion worth of wealth on the earth today, shame on us. reporter: that's, -- her children leave from school, those allowed to go. like millions, their lives are
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under real threat. the next few months will decide. laura: to west africa, in sierra leone a mask real -- mass burial has taken place from 100 people who were killed in a fire on friday. it started after a fuel tanker collided with the truck. the president has declared three days of national mourning. the bbc's west africa corresponded reports from freetown. reporter: this more to overwhelmed with bodies. now, it is sending them to a mass burial site in a country that has already suffered many disasters, this one stood out. >> i have never experienced it before and all of my career as a doctor. this is massive. when i saw the incident, when i
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came to this hospital, i was taken aback as to see what happened. we are still yet to understand what happened, because it is too soon. reporter: at the scene of the accident, reminders of the horror. it's been more than 48 hours and there is still smoldering ashes and smell of rubber hangs in the air, this is one of the city's poorest neighborhoods and its inhabitants are having to deal with loss of livelihood but death of loved ones. her house was burned in an electric fire back in july. >> all of the nighttime crime. i don't know -- it is not easy for me. i lost my pharmacy, i lost my house. reporter: sierra leone inns have
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gone through more trauma than most. the country has been rocked by civil war. now, there is one more challenge they need to overcome. laura: in other news, travis scott is being sued after at least eight people were killed and hundreds injured in the festival on friday. the lawsuits accuse him and event organizers of inciting violence and claimed the venue failed to provide adequate security. two are seeking $1 million in damages. satellite images appear to show china has built full-scale mockups of u.s. warships in a desert in the country. one of the images shows a structure shad like a military aircraft carrier placed on rail tracks. the u.s. warned that china has
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been expanding its military as tension builds in the south china sea. in nicaragua, of elections recalled a sham after oppotion leaders were jailed ahead of the vote. the president declared himself the winner. u.s. secretary of states as washington will work with allies to press for a return to democracy. bbc has more. reporter: as he cast his ballot, the president might as well have declared himself the winter there and then. having arrested all of his main opponents, the selection was always going to end with another five-year term. he later repeated his claim that his rivals are glue -- guilty of terrorism and sedition. >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> we also the attempt at a terrorist who in 2018. they thought it was through these means that power could be taken. but order and have been restored across all social, economic and political spheres. reporter: such justifications were dismissed out of hand by exiles. in costa rica, hundreds took to the streets to denounce the vote as fraud and urge countrymen to delegitimize it further via boycott. >> this is definitely a fraud and all nicaraguans are aware of it. we are calling on the international community not to recognize this vote. reporter: this is a protest over an election whose result has been decided. these people know there is next to nothing they can do to force the president from power, but they want their anger to be heard about his relentless grip on power.
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the white house later called the vote a pantomimelection that was neither free nor fair, and most certainly not democratic. that will be welcomed by the protesters, but it is unlikely to concern the president. for years, they have figured the cries of the play. instead, they have held a vote with no election observers. they would use such electoral theater to justify remaining in power for years to come. bbc news, costa rica. laura: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program. pollan pushes back thousands of migrants trying to course -- cross the border from belarus. we will have the latest. ♪
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the world cricket board has suspended yorkshire county cricket club from hosting matches, after an investigation found a player had been the victim of racial harassment and bullying. the new chairman it has -- has apologized. reporter: we had a statement, an emotional statement, you get a sense of what he and his family have been through over the past year. he says he appreciates the fact they made the offer of sorting this out, they should not have taken a year to realize they would not be silenced through an nda. he goes on to say it's an encouraging start, but he also calls for change of leadership
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of the club. ♪ laura: poland has accused belarus of trying to trigger a major provocation on the border. video shows hundreds of people near a barbed wire fence, with some attempting to force through. in response, the government ordered 12,000 troops to patrol the border. the eu says belarus wants revenge for the sanctions against it because of human rights violations. bbc reports from warsaw. reporter: rush-hour this morning in western belarus, and they were only heading one way, tords the european union. accused of directing this surge of human traffic, president lukashenko's regime which has weomed thousands of migrants is now pointing the way to the border with poland.
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at that border, this was the welcoming committee. the site and mht've a polish military helicopter was intended to turn them back, it did not work, neither did the teargas. and soon, they were trying to prize their way through to the goal, eu soil. the polish authorities themselves accused of pushing migrants back over the border illegally in recent months released this video to show what they are dealing with. this crisis has been brewing for months. six weeks ago, we found these men who had been trapped in the forest between belarus and poland. >> belarus would feed us, push us. beat us, push us back to belarus. >> you all face criminal charges. reporter: today's mass attempt is the biggest sofar and is more reminiscent of the scenes on the greek macedonian border more
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than five years ago. president lukashenko, who enjoys russia's support, claims all this is the eu's fault. but the european union says he has weaponized migrants in retaliation for sanctions, and tonight, it's thought more than 3000 are stranded on the border as the temperature falls below zero. laura: he joins us now from warsaw. how much further could this escalate do you think with 12,000 polish troops being deployed to at border? reporter: a also hearing the potential for 10,000 migrants remaining in belarus who may be funneled towards the border. that is certainly the claim from some on the polish side. i think it's hard to say. tonight, the european union which has been at loggerheads with the polish government for many weeks, the eu has expressed
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its solidarity with poland, yet, the government is keeping in place the state of emergency on the border which means eight agencies, journalists cannot get there and cannot see what is going on. tonight, a lot of human rights groups are extremely concerned about the level of force that may be used, tactics employed out of sight in the name of protecting the border. laura: thank you. new york, here we come baby! that was one excited passenger boarding a plane to the u.s. as the u.s. lifted the travel ban is kept people from 30 countries out for 20 months. joyful reunions at airports in the u.s., as families separated were together at long last. only vaccinated travelers could enter the u.s.. bbc spent the day at jfk airport in new york city. [applause]
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reporter: that first embrace, that flood of relief. none of them could have predicted they would spend such a longtime apart. the international arrivals at new york kennedy airport spring to life with heart wrenching transatlantic reunions as passengers deplaned the first flights from london heathrow. and ran into the arms of loved ones. >> it is the best thing ever. it's been so emotional. this is the best thing. reporter: sisters hav't seen each other in two years. >> thank you so much. [indiscernible] >> not being able to touch my sister and having my children has been the hardest part. [applause] reporter: so many have missed out on precious moments they can never get back. >> they missed the birth of my son, he is 3.5 months.
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they get to meet him. they haven't seen him since he was crawling, now he is a walking to other with opinions. it's going to be fun. reporter: airlines are hoping for many more scenes like this in the coming weeks, it's a major milestone for separated families and a lifeline for the tourism industry ahead of the winter holiday season. >> there is a more pragmatic framework in place which is becoming more universal, to allow travel to exist alongside the pandemic. reporter: the band was symbolically lifted with a dual takeoff, even with a watchful eye on covid cases in europe, they are optimistic they can avoid any more turbulent parations. bbc news, new york. laura: before we go tonight, we have news of another reunion. this time a dog and his handler from the second world war, brought together again in the form of a bronze statue. carl saved his hander from
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drowning in holland after german forces bombed their ship during world war ii. proof that dog is man's best friend. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the road ahead-- the president celebrates passage of the massive infrastructure bill, but the status of the remainder of his agenda is uncertain. then, tipping point-- world leaders struggle to take meaningful steps to combat the ever worsening global climate crisis. and, taliban takeover-- afghanistan's future looks bleak as the economic freefall and dire food shortage hit the poorest hardest. >> ( translated ): there is hunger back home. we have food but very little. we just put something small in our stomachs. there is no work and no money. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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