tv BBC World News America PBS October 29, 2021 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
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battle for supremacy between the taliban and the islamic state. a story with soul. a nine-year-old whose grandfather inspired his passion for dancing. ♪ host: welcome to world news america. pbs at around the globe. pres. biden met the pope at the start of his second foreign trip and the french president to try to repair frayed relations. it is a busy few days for him. leaders from g20 countries meet in rome tomorrow at the climate summit in glasco on sunday. mr. biden is on the world stage. the fate of his domestic agenda is in the balance. john is traveling with the u.s. president.
john: the ruler of the world's preeminent superpower en route to meet the world's most powerful religious leader. for joe biden, only america's second roman catholic president, this is an audience with his guide and someone he admires enormously. pres. biden: you're the most significant warrior for peace i have met. i would like to give you a coin. my son would want me to give this to you. john: the president gave him a coin as a gift and joked about his irish heritage. pres. biden: i'm the only irishman you have met who has never had a drink. john: the pope chose the bbc today. he delivered a firm message to the political elite ahead of next week's summit. pope francis: the political decision-makers that will meet
in glasco are urgently summoned to provide effective responses to the present ecological crisis and offer concrete hope to future generations. john: joe biden agrees with the pope about the urgency but will words be matched by actions? the motorcade will sweep through rome this weekend, through glasgow next week. world leaders tasked with saving the plat so no big deal there. around the world, there are protests of varying size. this was the scene in tel aviv today. in glasgow, the demonstrators are outnumbered by security guards. in london, greta thunberg was the attraction, buried somewhere in this mob of photographers and had this message for pres. biden. ms. thunberg: when you are a
leader of the most powerful country in the world, you have responsibility and with the u.s. expanding fossil fuel infrastructure, that is assigned they are not treating the climate crisis as urge. john: -- mr. schwarzenegger: all of those who say we will lose -- not lose jobs from going green, all of them are liars. they're stupid and do not know how they are doing it. john: joe biden wants to see the america -- show america is leading the world on climate change but his 85 vehicle convoy may not be leading by example. in this holy city, practicing what he preaches. host: john joins us from rome. pres. biden also met president emmanual macron today.
was that bridge building going on? john: yes, it was. just before you cue it to me, i was reading a joint statement issued by president macron and biden. one sentence is delicious. they share a commitment to systematic consultation and coordination to ensure transparency. that is not what happened over this --between australia, the u.k., and the united states, which resulted in the fh losing $60 billion worth of submarineontracts, which left the french seething and they withdrew their ambassador from washington. when you have them agreeing to increase coordination and transparency, that is macron poking joe biden in the eye. host: most certainly. what about pres. biden's domestic agenda? is that overshadowing his trip as he tries to showcase american
leadership? john: we are hearing a framework agreement is what he is saying. if you kind of picked out a part when you realize it is not actually an agreement, it is certainly not a law that has been passed in terms of this $1.75 trillion that joe biden wants to put into infrastructure into the u.s. and of course for the environment as well. i think those domestic prevails go with you. he had something when he got on the plane at air force one. it wasn't what he wanted, a long way short bob --but he will say this is america's statement and what we will do. i suppose that will give a little bit of leadership kudos when he hears from this weekend and in glasgow next week. host: john in rome. as world leaders prepare to meet in room as john was saying, there is pressure for rich
nations to share vaccines with less-developed countries. in the u.s., the fda is just approving the use of pfizer's vaccine for children age five to 12. more than two thirds of the vaccines that have gone into arms globally have been administered in wealthy countries. correspondent: as the first leaders arrived in rome for a meeting of the world's major economies, pressure is mounting for them to hand over stockpiled vaccines. >> together, these countries have the ability to make political and financial commitments that are needed to end the pandemic and to prevent future crisis. we are at a decisive moment, requiring decisive leadership. correspondent: it has claimed hundreds of millions of vaccines will go to waste because they will expire before they can be used in the countries that brought them, including britain, the united states, canada, and the european union. a group of former world leaders
led by the former u.k. prime minister corrine brown has released an open letter calling for the extra doses to be sent where they are needed. in africa, latin america, and asia. >> vaccines will go to waste, while people are literally dying in developing countries because they cannot get access. there needs to be a very quick response now by high income countries to get those doses out there. correspondent: indonesia's president has spoken exclusively to the bbc and echoed calls for fairer distribution. >> i see that everyone has helped but in my opinion, it is not enough. not enough or indonesia but all developing countries and especially for four -- four countries. correspondent: global coronavirus cases are rising for the first time in two months and there are more than 10,000
deaths a day being reported worldwide. advocates say many of them could be avoided with a fear of vaccine -- fairer vaccines distributed should -- distribution model. host: you had courtney talking about the need for vaccines in africa. across the continent, 5% of the population has been fully vaccinated. only 15 countries in africa out of 50 have jacket 10% of their populations by the end of september as represented by the countries shaded on the map. that was the world health organization's target. the problem comes down to supply. africa relies on covax, the global vaccine sharing program, but covax revised down the number of doses aimed to deliver by the end of the year. we are joined from cape town by the managing director of a pharmaceutical staff working with the world health organization in south africa to develop their own mrna vaccines.
welcome to the program. this is incredible work you are doing. how long until you can have a covid vaccine for africa do you think? guest: thank you and greetings from a beautiful, summer, south african evening. depending on whether we have access to technology, the timelines can be short or quite long. the scientists in south africa under the guidance and support of who have started production forward, integration, and production of the vaccine that is made based on a sequenc one of the best vaccines available to population at the moment, and that is the moderna vaccine, because access to critical information, this could be done in 12 to 14 months if not the timelines longer. host: is moderna going to share its vaccine recipe with you? they got about $1 billion of u.s. taxpayer money so they
should, it is being argued by u.s. lawmakers. guest: these are complex and ongoing discussions. there are many factors that influence the decision to share technologies between companies. we hope that there will be critical support to the teams in south africa who have the capability to produce these vaccines. we require support about quality control procedures and ultimately regulatory procedures because that will slow us down. we know the sequences. we have teams that worked on mrna for 10 years, similar to what moderna has done in its early days. we are looking at making a vaccine. we need the support. host: what could this mean for africa if you are successful? guest: we will never -- would never want to be in this uncomfortable reality we have been in. the purpose of this mrna hub
created by who and partners is to establish capacity and capability on the continent to produce our vaccines. this particular hub focuses on mrna platform. we will build the skills and capacity, transfer that knowledge to different spokes across the country to ensure we build sufficient capacity to produce for future pandemics but in the medium and long term also vaccines for the comfort -- continent. there is no manufacturing capacity for covid-19 vaccines in low in middle income countries. we have to change that and part of this model is to do exactly that. host: thank you so much for joining us from south africa. we go to afghanistan now where u.s. officials warn an offshoot of islamic state could launch
attacks abroad six months from now. the taliban insisthey will not let that happen. two groups of rivals, much smaller than the taliban and accusing them of not being hardline enough. a bloody conflict is escalated between the two sides in the east. reporting from jalalabad. correspondent: a new chapter in the beginning of this conflict. we have come to its frontline. the taliban novel the country. here in jalalabad, everything, a daily stream of targeted attacks from the islamic state group. this, a roadside bombing. they hit and run tactics of the taliban now used against them. it is not just the taliban who are under attack. a prominent social activist has
two young sons who were gunned down earlier this month. >> when they taliban took power, we were hopeful that all of the violence and killings would finally sp. now, we face this new phenomenon of i.s. correspondent: the taliban's intelligence service has detained dozens of i.s. members. hundreds escaped from prison during the takeover. dead bodies labeling them fighters are dumped by the road every few days. the taliban will not admit responsibility for the exajudicial killings. they accused i.s. of being extremist. i.s. accused the taliban of not being radical enough. there are almost daily attacks in jalalabadt seems. are you really and control of the situation here? -- in control of the situation
here. >> as we defeated international forces on the battlefield with the blessing of allah, we tell the world not to worry about traders charaer -- traitors carrying out attacks here, who will be defeated. correspondent: it has launched attacks for years but spread to new parts of the country since the taliban came to power. this, a twin suicide bombing on a shia mosque in the stronghold of kandahar. the good do not control territory. they have deadly cells, particularly here in jalalabad. i.s. is less powerful than the taliban by the attacks they are carrying out our causing real concern, both for afghans exhausted by bloodshed and the international community. >> american officials warn i.s. could launch foreign operations in six months. this former member says the
group has global ambitions that lacks capacity. >> they issued to the hold world. they want to establish everywhere. they are not powerful enough to take over afghanistan. correspondent: the taliban increasing security around eastern afghanistan. publicly, they play down the threat from i.s. but many fear more violence lies ahead. bbc news jalalabad. host: a disturbing development in afghanistan. the news froaround the world. buckingham palace is queen elizabeth will rest for the next two weeks following doctors advised. the queen, 95, will continue to undertake light duties but will not make official visits. she has already had to pull out other climate change conference in glasgow. the parliament has approved a lot to britt -- build a wall to
stop migrants from crossing illegally from belarus. it will cost $400 million and critics say it will not work. eastern european countries have seen it migrants from the middle east surging. pakistan security forces have warned demonstrators not to continue advancing toward the capital islamabad. the crowd from a band moved with a history of violence. the rally began with demands including the police of their leader and expulsion of france's ambassador and cartoons of the prophet mohammed published by a french satirical magazine. a prominent film actor from southern india has died from a heart attack at 46. he worked on 29 films and won the national award for the best child artist early in his career. there has been an outpouring of grief among his fans in front of his house. you're watching bbc world news america. still to come, protesters against the military coup in sudan say soldiers fired at
them. the u.n. appeals for, i had protests planned for tomorrow -- , ahead of protests planned for tomorrow. ♪ host: archaeologist digging on the root of a high-speed railway have announced an astounding set of roman statues. the pieces were thought to be 1000 years old. simon jones reports for us now on this discovery. simon: i dig with a difference. unearthing statues described as rare, remarkable, incredible. the head and shoulders of a woman, a bust of a man, and the head from a statue of a child, in such good condition that archaeologists say it is like looking into the faces of the past. the team that bound them cannot describe their excitement or the smiles on their faces. >> a giant grin. everybody was really astounded to find them. they are so well-preserved.
simon: we may never know who they work for the hold is the statues will eventually go on display, the first time they will be seen in public for more than a thousand years. simone jones, bbc news. ♪ host: there was a coup in sudan monday. the leader is under pressure to give power back to civilians. there is another protest and sudan tomorrow. the bbc has met protesters injured this week because they denounced the coup. the army has denied using live ammunition against the demonstrators. mohamed atta ports -- reports. correspondent: he was hit by a bullet. the university student was outside the army headquarters, told to denounce the military coup. he says --
>> i was alone with the -- seven or eight other people who took us into their homes to help with the injuries. others died on the spot. they took me and other protesters to this hospital. mohamed: --because the moment he thought he would die. he says that other soldiers beat him with sharp objects. >> he hit me with a mental rod in my stomach. i started to spit out blood but was rescued and brought to this hospital. mohamed: they are not alone. seeing sudan's military and a transitional government, the protest has seen bloody scenes. the injured and hospitals -- in hospitals --against people who had gathered on the streets.
there are scores of people who were killed and injured in different parts of the country. the army insists those in hospitals were not shot by soldiers. >> there was no shooting by soldiers. the army is part of the sudanese people. these are all lies and those who spread it on to twist the facts to serve their own bad intentions. mohamed: young protesters are not convinced. they continue to flood the streets. this is a country that saw a popular uprising three years ago and overthrew another political figure, bashir. the people here are sending a message: they cannot afford to have the country brought back to the old days.
host: that coup in sudan is almost a week old. grandchildren can learn a lot from their grandparents as we all know and in the case of a nine-year-old charlie and the u.k., his grandfather inspired him to take up sould ancin -- soul dancing. djs played the music and the 70's. here is how he got on. charlie: the thanks i will wear myself out in the first four seconds and come back for a drink every 10 minutes. ♪ charlie: i am charlie and i like to dance to northern soul. the first i've been to this year. i feel if i do this right and i take it serious, i will get
involved in the long run. ♪ scott: i'm charlie's dad. i always listened to the music and started watching the clips on youtube and other stations. charlie: i have seen people dancto it. i really enjoy. scott: basically i am a promoter. he sent me a video of young charlie. a lot of people like charlie. we have a future. he is 89 -- 8 or 9 and he is fantastic, at a venue like tonight, with real northern soul people. >> when i used to do it years ago, when i was 18 or 19, he has
moved on doing it the same. charlie: the used to do it when he was younger --he used to do it when he was younger from place to place. ♪ >> on a friday, saturday, sunday, i would be back on a monday. it is a quick one. charlie: he influenced me and doing northern soul really. ho charlie showing off his considerable moves. before we go, it is halloween this weekend and here in new york city, there are ghoulish decorations everywhere. the american enthusiasm for trick-or-treating has spread beyond our borders. just ask the belgians. in this belgian zoo, it is the ferry animals getting the pumpkins. lines, buffaloes, rhinos, are getting in the halloween spirits. this is the oldest animal park at belgium and we are 5000 animals, a lot of pumpkins. happy halloween to our
four-legged friends and i'm very much looking forward to giving ouandy on my student and berglund. -- in brooklyn. thank you so much for watching bbc world news america. have a good weekend and happy halloween. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by ctributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
♪ amna: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonight, biden abroad - the president kicks off an overseas trip, meeting with key world leaders as the fate of his domestic agenda remains uncertain. then, it's friday- david brooks and jonathan capehart break down the democratic battle over the president's spending bill, and growing distrust between some progressives and moderates. and resisting the vaccine - why a vaccination mandate in new york city is generating fierce opposition from its police officers. >> if they were getting shot or stabbed on the streets of america at the rate they're dying of covid, there would be outrage, but instead somehow this issue has become politicized. amna: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." ♪