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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 28, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ laura: i am laura in washington dc and this is bbc world news america. president biden heads to europe for beatings with world leaders he unveils his on $.75 trillion spending plan. a histoc investment in the future. >>the framework will create millions of jobs, grow the economy, invest in the nation and our people. laura: russia enters a partial lockdown as the country battles
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record covid cases. and the return of the wild boys. 80 -- 80's pop told -- 80's pop stars durant ran our back. there at the top of the charts. welcome to world news america, with pbs and around the globe. resident biden called on house democrats to embrace what he called historic investments in america. it would help to determine the course of his presidency. he says his party has reached an agreement that would include huge investments in infrastructure, climate change, childcare. the president made the announcement just hours before heading to rome. >>america is still the largest
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economy in the world. we still have the most productive workers and innovative minds in the world. we risk losing our edge as a nation. our infrastructure used to be rated best in the world. today, according to the world economic forum, rank 13th. this is not about left versus right or moderate versus progressive or anything else that pits americans agnst each other. this is out competitiveness versus complacency. laura: let's look -- let's look more closely at how what he announced relates to his old plan. $1.57 trillion is a lot less. the white house has managed to hold onto some key proposals. tax credits for parents, funded
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pre-k, money to fight climate change. a lot went out. paid community college is gone, as well as plans to lower drug prices. barbara, both president biden and former president obama have been stressing that this bill is a compromise and you cannot get everything that you want. it it transformative for the social safety net in the way democrats originally hoped? >>it is the most sweeping legislation of this kind in a generation and will have a very sweeping impact in childcare and eldercare. as well as fighting climate change. it is not the transformative cradle-to-grave social safety net that mr. biden had envisioned. you have the two years of free
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preschool, but you do not have two years of free college. you have subsidies for child care, but no paid family leave. that is a big gap. these kinds of programs, it takes time for people to get accustom them. we saw that with lyndon johnson's great society with the affordable health care a to a degree. there is also less chance of them making fundamental change. laura: this could still unravel, could net? given -- couldn't it? >>i think they are closer now than they ever have en there it that is why mr. biden felt he could take this step by announcing a framework. it is an outline of a bill.
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some of the key details are being hammered out. it is not a difference of two factions between the democratic party. it is to hold out democratic senators. they are the ones they are the ones that have forced the scale back of the cut down of mr. biden's signature legislation. you have had invested interest lobbying as well. fossil fuel industry and pharmaceutal industry have been lobbying hard to water it down. laura: president biden jets off now to the g20 and the climate summit. he says it important for the world to see american lea is that why he was making this announcement when it is far from a final bill? >>i think you want to go to europe with some kind of deal in hand. he wants to reposition the u.s. as a world leader on this issue.
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he has to show that america can make a neat a basis -- have an ambitious plan. over $500 billion devoted to fighting climate change. he had to drop the muscle. no penalizing polluters. it is more carrot than stick. it is more than anyone has spent on climate change. he wants to show that democracy works. he said quite pointedly in his speech the rest of the world is wondering if america functions. >>thank you. as barbaraas saying that, resident biden is attending the g 20 meeting on the weekend. there is a humanitarian crisis in afghanistan. the u.s. is providing an additional 140 $4 million of aid
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to afghanistan. bringing the total to nearly half $1 billion. romania is seeing soaring covid cases. the death rate in romania from covid is among the highest in the world. political infighting there is not helping. reporter: this is the epicenter of the ranian storm. the intensive care unit in bucharest. 20,500 icu cas -- adds -- beds are full. one person dies every five minutes. romania spends barely half the eu average on health care and suffers a huge shortage on doctors and nurses. so many work abroad. last year the health system coped. this year it has fallen apart. why? >>the political warm oil.
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-- turmoil. the main cause is most be accuracy combined with the lack of -- >>in june romania's authorities declared victory over the virus. vaccinations fell to a trickle. only 34% of the adult population was vaccinated. here are the also played a role. >>even now, in the center today, i met a older lady. a high-risk person who would've been a priority for vaccination from the start. she was afraid to get vaccinated , because she heard on tv that you could die from it or get adverse effects. >>the virus has sped -- spread fast since mid-september. vaccination is now picking up
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dramatically. vaccination marathons like this one organized by the military -- >>the high infection and death rate has panicked many romanians and digging the jab. it is getting harder and harder to lead a normal life without the vaccination certificate. >>i came here to get vaccinated. the main thing is the restrictions. you cannot go to the mall or many crowded areas. many different places. i would like to be free as much as possible. >>i was hesitant because i was worried about the adverse effects the vaccines may have. i have a heart condition. what convinced me was the current situation with so many getting sick. reporter: front line medical
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staff still cope somehow. they have little choice. 14 european countries have sent help to romania. hungary is taking in wrigley ill patients. -- critically ill patients. laura: another country that has been grappling with the virus is russia. the number of deaths and new cases in the past day have reacd an all-time high. the government has imposed a partial lockdown. non-essential businesses are closing the capital. >>this is a partial lockdown. people in moscow did not have to stay at home unless they are over 16 have not been vaccinated -- over 60 and not vaccinated. coert halls are closed, although museums and theaters
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will be open. authorities hope that this will slow the pace of coronavirus infections. similar measures are being introduced across the country. the official figures across russia are not looking good. health officials have reported more than 40,000 new covid infections in the past 24 hours. that is a record. 1000 159 covid related deaths. will these new restrictions make a difference? it does not feel like a lockdown. there is a lot traffic on the roads, a lot of people on the street, a lot of passengers on the metro. a lot of russians are using the opportunity, these 11 days, to take a holiday. to go abroad or go down to southern russia for a holiday. the crucial question, will russia be able to boost quickly the pace of vaccination?
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it is very slow right now. laura: steve reporting from moscow. it is been a tough few weeks from -- for facebook. mark zuckerberg has announced that facebook parent company will be renamed metta. the rebranding comes after a whistleblower accuses facebook of failing to act when it knew it was harmful. joining us now for more, our technology reporter, james clayton. was this rebranding as meta in the works? >>and most certainly was. for a long time facebook has struggled with this idea that it was called facebook after the platform that was founded 15 years ago. they have instagram, whatsapp, they own oculus. many different companies.
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when you say facebook and you refer to instagram. this is been in the works for some time. the timing, after facebook has been criticized and no end, will make many people think tha doing it now, because they feel facebook the brand has become toxic. that is the danger about this rebranding. we are already seeing, ignoring metta completely coming -- completely, calling facebook facebook. when google called itself alphabet. no one called google alphabet. the other thing is, meta is an actual word. it will be annoying for people that actually use the word and it now refers to facebook. i will suspect that people will
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still call facebook facebook. laura: metta or facebook announcing any changes to its policies or -- to its algorithms or is it just a new name? >>is basically cosmetic. if fractures facebook. it segments the social media apps into one department, the oculus, that is vr and the idea of the meta-versthat is a space where you can be your friends and buy things on lines -- has not been built out yet and is what mark zuckerberg is interested in. there is a sial media bit and the virtual-reality bit. he is interested in the meta-verse bits of the company. laura: thank you.
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the world health organization has appealed for $23 billion of the next year to address the unequal global response to the pandemic. the money would prevent at least 5 million deaths from covid. they called on the g20 leaders to finance the program. police have arrested three kashmiri students for celebrating pakistan's win over india and the cricket game. they were charged with promoting enmity and cyber terrorism. the latest is the crackdown in indian muslims for cheering th pakistani team. indigenous protesters have blocked roads across ecuador. police and troops used a heavy machinery to clear tree trunks and burning tires from the main highway. protesters say that cuts to fuel subsidies are increasing the economic hardship in a country
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hard-hit by the pandemic. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come in tonight's program. the eu is the world's biggest polluter in the world -- how is it going to be carbon neutral? we have a special report. for 20ears the u.s. has imposed sanctions in zimbabwe's political or -- elite amid accusations of corruption. those sanctions should be lifted because they harm ordina people. >>zimbabwe's president and over 100 individuals including senior governments and military officials have been under u.s. sanctions for close to 20 years. while the u.s. government and other you western countries say they are targeted and have ttle impact on ordinary sin bob wayans the government says
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there is reputational risk assoated with being sanctioned by the world's most powerful countries. it goes to a growing chorus of voices, but it is unlikely to sway the u.s. and other western countries who say they first want to see respectful particle reforms as well as human rights. ♪ laura: we have been reporting on how president biden igoing to glasgow or the all-important climate change conference that starts on sunday. the u.s. is the second biggest emter of polluting gases in the world behind china. the u.s. -- the european union is the third-biggest computer -- polluter. they want to be carbon neutral by 2050.
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>>the eu is the globe's third largest economy. also the third largest emitter of co2 gases worldwide. it has a plan to change that. the european commission's green deal, this is the promotional video, one ceu to be carbon neutral by 2050. >>even though the finish line is 30 years away, the race starts now. >>targeting all sectors of the economy and trade, it is in bishops first, -- it is ambitious. >>is the green deal a big deal the european commission have us believe? >>there are a lot of issues, but the targets are not binding or enforceable. >>the you denies that, but live bsr committee is -- but
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lobbyists are familiar faces and the corridors. using a mixture of money and meetings, subsidies and sponsorships, five oil and gas corporations and their lobby groups are estimated to have spent over a quarter of a billion euros targeting eu decision-makers over the last decade. as for eu member states, the aim is to go green or. -- greener. >>big influential germany still burns a lot of coal. this plant help heats up berlin. here, there are plans underway to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels. all too often political realities plat -- clash with environmental goals. it kicks it that much further down the road.
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germany is by far the biggest co2 emitter in europe. >>we would have been earlier in our climate action, but now it is a priority. >>relations between fossil fuels and industry are often described as to cozy. >>there is his conflict of interest lawmakers with second jobs and bake polluting industries. -- bake polluting industries. >>you will see, at least in this building, there is no conflict. >>as politicians haggle now over green deal details, the streets of europe there is a rising sense of fear that the time for talk is over. their future is slipping away. bbc news brussels. laura: it has been more than 40
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years since the pop stars durant around have exploded onto the music scene. now the band is back with the 15th album called future past. they going head-to-head with certain elton john. we went to meet them. >>can i just say, for people who don't know, we have been here for a while. it has such a good vibe in the room, with you for guys. >>we are super excited to have the new record. it has been a long road the last five years. ♪
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>> is it a silly thing to say, that the new alum -- album really does sound like you? >> it really does. >>it is a very silly thing to say, but it is true. ♪ >>we want to experiment with music. that is what excites us. finding the new tunes the new music relationships. they beats and sounds. if it does not sound like us, the fans that we have who have kept us going all these years, will not like this. >>do you ever look at what people say about your songs? >>not really. reporter: here are some nice ones. someone just watched invisible and have seen the video they write, i am 50 years old
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now and it makes me feel 16 again. another one says, six down -- sit down grandkids, let's see how we did in the 80's. >>that particular video has no markers of time in that video. it is a very modern piece. ♪ >>what i am thinking is, it is an emotional attachment to all of you. a time and place. >> it was a time for mavericks and all sorts of things. music and dashing design and arts. people were really prepared to stick their necks out at the time. if you look at the charts you will see all kinds of artists.
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madonna, find young cannibals. all kinds of different artists that were like nothing else in the charts. as music has become slightly more corporate as time goes by, there has been an encouragement for us to head for the middle. >> these are some extreme times in the best possible way. ♪ laura: i can tell you that my father always wanted hair like simon. now my dad has more hair than simon. i have to tell him. we bring you ns of a new arrival at his sue and the u.k.. the black rhino is a few years old and does not have a name yet . there are 3000 black rhinos left
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in the world. they are a critically endangered species. the zookeepers are very pleased with his progress. he is just figuring out how to take his first steps. orable. i am laura trevelyan thank you so much for watching bbc world news america. good evening. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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emergency planning for kids. we can't predict when an emergency will happen. so that's why it's important to make a plan with your parents. here are a few tips to stay safe. know how to get in touch with your family. write down phone numbers for your parents, siblings and neighbors. pick a place to meet your family if you are not together and can't go home.
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remind your parents to pack an emergency supply kit. making a plan might feel like homework, but it will help you and your family stay safe during an emergency.
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight. the president unveils the framework of his trillion dollar domestic spending bill, and calls for party unity: but key progressives say they are not on board. then board , getting the vaccine. u.s. public health agencies will soon approve pfizer's shot for millions of children between the ages of 5 to 11, in what could be a turning point in the fight against covid-19. we hear from the cdc director and big oil under fire. congress takes top industry executives to task, accusing them of decades-long denial and a misinformation campaign against climate change.
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>> for far too long big oil


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