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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 21, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i'm laura trevelyan in washington, d.c. and this is bbc world news america. as extreme weather trips the world ahead of a key u.n. summit onlimate change, the bbc learns of countries moving from a slower move away from fassel fuels. india has seen the effects of climate change firsthand. rebound floods have kid more than 150 people. >> in in small village alone,
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more than 100 homes were complementally destroyed and just as many left damaged. as the river rose earlier in the week, people say they ran for their lives. laura: booster sholz are on the way for millions of americans, even as rich countries are accused of prolonging the pandemic by failing to share enough vaccines. tensions are-esque lating between sudan's military and swivellian leaders. plus, a possible break love the in the world of translates involving a -- transpractice, involving a pig. this could help solve the shortage of donated or gages. ♪ >> organs. >> laura: welcome to world news america on and said around the globe.
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a huge leak of documents is raising questions over tackling climate change. the leaks show how countries like called rain, japan and australia have asked the united nations to play down the need to rapidly move away from followsle fuels. some wealthy nations are questioning the need to pay poorer countries to movement to green technology. we have a reporter. reporter: the clock is ticking only tackling climate change. the science says unless we start marking dramatic cuts to emissions now, we risk very serious consequences. world leaders will be meeti here in glasgow for a crucial drive conference in just 10 days. yet leaked documents seen by the bbc show some countries are pressuring the u.n. to change its message on the options for tackling the challenge. called rain, australia and japan are arguing the world doesn't need to reduce fassel fuel use
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as quickly as the u.n. sugges. the u.n. says the focus for the energy sector snob actively phasing out fossil fuels. death delete this, says called rain. one aim of the conference is to agree an end to the use of comb bum energy india says it expect it to remain the mainstay of energy production for decades. meanwhile, brazil and argentina asked that the evidence that eating less meat can help cut green hallsmisses -- emissions be watered down. the schismtists key to the report, they have given to the u.k., which passed them on to the becomes. >> in demon statements the depths to which they will go to fry and stop progress in climate change. >> this is just one part of
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three, these are pretty much the bible of climate science. they're used by the government and they will provide a crucial inch put to the negotiations in glasgow. scientists say the u.n. since is objective >> there is absolutely no pressure on scientists to sell the comments so if the comments are lobbying, if they're not justified by the science, they be -- will not be integrated in the report. reporter:he world has experienced some of the most extreme weather ever recorded in rebound years. the big terrible floods including in china, ferocious wiped fiers in australia and right around the world. it knee, says a veteran of many international negotiations, that most worlds leaders do uniform what is at stake in glasgow. >> people can seep the effects of climate change. this is awful about urning that
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even though the challenge is immense, there really isn't an at active to dealing with it because within my lifetime and certainly in your generation, you're the ones going to be living this -- with this. reporter: glasgow wants to snow its best fails for the world for this conference. it could be the biggest gathering of british leaders in history. christiana will be there. environmental royalty. she says it is vital that governments are involved in the review process. >> everybody's voice has to be there. that's the whole purpose. this is not a single thread. this is a tapestry woven by many, many threads. reporter: but there is no time toupees. every second, more corbin dioxide is building up in. atmosphere. what the world needs now is laura: india's leader has
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confirmed he'll be attending that u.n. such on climate change in glasgow. host be a key volleys at the negotiating table. india is one of the world's largest plumers and the currently is seeing firsthand the effects only the weather. recent flood across independence air and me pam have claimed the lives of more than 150 people. our correspondent sent this report from the southern india statement and viewers may find some of the inches distressing. reporter: india's coach paradise is testament to the beauty of nature but it's also been a reminder of the devin station it can leave in itself path. the state's happened more than double the you shall rimpf it getsn october. thousands have been left homeless after floods and land slides. dozens have died, many of them
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children. a smart and friendly 3-year-old, as muchy, was buried -- sachi, was borned under the mud. hiss mother to seea is in hospital covered in bruises. she was trapped inside the land slide and said the muhammad came right up to her he would. my son woke up in the morning and went to brush his teeth, she told me. he didn't even had his breakfast and then we heard a noise like thunder and the house fell down. in a nearby bed, zsofia's two other children, quorum also injured and are facing the faine of lime without their sibling. rescue teams are still seahing the river for victims. in this one small village alone, more than 100 homes were complete limb destroyed and just as many were left damaged and we're just standing in what's
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left of one family home. as the river rose earlier in the week, people safe they ran for their lives. images of this house in the village went viral. just like that, it was gone. she lived her with her parents and escaped minutes before the family home was washinged away. >> this happened in a few moments. we lost everything. reporter: these families staying at a make shift camp. scientists in india say rising sea temps are to blame for the extreme weather here and it's often the poor est who are hit the hardest. laura: even as i finda grapples with climate change, it's celebrating a milestone for coronavirus vaccinings. the country has now given out 12
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billion dozes. india's prime minister went to a hospital in adam hi saying it was a triumph of indian since. the country of 1.3 become have now had one shot and 30% are fully vaccinated. anxiety this achievement, the world health organization says the coronavirus pandemic will drag on for a yearlonger than it needs to ball the failure of women with -- rich nations to share rockiess with poorer ones. a criticism of uvad kan for keeping vaccinings for themselves. >> it's the question we all keep asking -- when will this an pandemic ends? not as soon as it could ises answer from the world health organization because of the u uneven vaccine distribution across the world. there have been plenty of talk about donations to fourer
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countries but the reaction is clear to see. >> the g-20 will meet at the ends of october, we need them to say where are we against those commitments? today u're notn track. you need to really speed it up or this pandemic is going to go on for a yearlonger than it needs to. >> k-vax was the international program set up to ensure all countries, both rich and poor, to get enough vaccines to cover lives at least 20 pbs of --% obvious their population. but it hasn't gone as planned. the vast jeer of vaccines have gone to richer countrys. africa, especially, have been left behind. the latest warning from the world health organization is that the pandemic will continue deep into 202 it's urging pharmaceutical countries and wealthy nations to make neuron low-income countries are now prioritized in the cove
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for life-staving vaccines. laura: here in the u.s., millions more americans could get booster shots very soon. last night the food and drug administration authorized an extra vaccine of mo definitelya. also johnson & johnson was approved. nervous people could mix and match vaccines. today a meeting on whether to sign off on the f.d.a. commission. let's bring in the direction director of the duke university health department. >> that is at the core of what we've been looking at in terms of the data. what we see is that after several months, most of the vaccines that that are available in the u.s. do show some
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decrease? effeiveness. motherly in the decrease of occurrence but overall they're still holding up really well. this is about optimizing vaccines in the long term and that's what the conversation has been at the f.d.a. and today at the c.d.c. law officera: when you look at the unit ed kingdom, the health sectsor there is warning of 100,000 occasions a day potentially. could that happen here, too, do you think? is that a concerning development? >> it is and boosters are really only one small tool in what we need too do overall so the vaccinations rates are still significantly below where they field to be to offer some level of population level protection so we need to continue to ratchet up the things, including
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mandates to vaccination. so northwestern a role to play but we field to continues to have a focus on primary vaccination. laura: how about this question of fairness? is it right for us to be getting boosters when will the who says the pandemic is dragging on ball the failure of rich nations to share with poonations? >> the fundamental failure has been about the inekable response to almost every resource you could imagine and the central resource are vaccinations that we know are saving lives. in the united states now, more than 55% of the entire population is flip vaccinatedded and that's only 5% for the entire continent of africa so we're talking about increasing vaccinations to cover kids as well as boosters for almost 100 impact eligible americans and that's likely to be available in the coming days.
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at the same time that we know that the most vulnerable, because of their age, health condition and because they're health front line workers are still unprotected. in addition, we have to have more trance papersy and more ek table allocation of that supply to make a differencearound the world. legislature laura: the c.d.c. says it's closely monitoring -- monitoring a new coronavirus variants. is it possible that one could evade our vaccines? >> it's possible but we're just hoping at this point in time that we don't see a variant because we know it's just a matter of time before new variants emerge, especially around the world where infections are still out of carom and nip one of those new variants could evade our volcanoes immune tip and that
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would put us all back to square one so in addition to the humanitarian need there's an urgent health and commitment self-interest to make sure everyone record the world is protected influence vaccination. laura: doctor, thanks so much for being with us. >> thank you laura: so -- to sudan where there's a heavily security presence in the streets of the capital khartoum. tense of thousands of supporters of the transitional government took to the streets followed by a sitin of those who support the country's military. we have in reporter. reporter: scenes reminiscents of the protections that led to the overthrow of long-serving perspective alba sheer but this time is in support of status quo. a rejection of anymore attempts by the military to hold on to
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power play. they were to resume for 21 months then handle the control of the counsel -- council which heads the state but now many fear the jeffersons are reluctant to honor the transitional deal >> we are here for two things -- supporting the citizen transaction and calling for brouman to leave. this will decide where we're going. we don't have anything to lose. reporter: this area is usually out of bounds for most people but for days, supporters of the military have camped here. they wants the civilian government dissolved and the military to take over flip. >> we don't wants in government. we want it to resign and go away. in government is not capable to serving the demands of the feature. -- no cost of leaving, nothing. >> a block cade at the main port
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the east has made things more difficult for suen ease. now bread prices are soaring, just the right ingredients to trigger more protests. tensions have been rising following a failed kamm attachment last month. the prime minister has described this as the worst and most dangerous crisis in the period. he has the backing of western governments. that i wants the transition of democracy to continue as planned and have urg awful sides to support it but this is what makes automatic difference. the support of the people at a crucial time. he wants sudan to remain on the road to democracy but with a civilian government grappling and military leaders reluctant to let go of power in country's destiny hangs in the balance.
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laura: in other news from around the world. poland's dispute with the european union over the privacy of e.u. law is overmadoing a such in bros else. sanctions may be punishment on poland saying some parts of the new lawal -- law are inexcitable with the foalish constitution. the u.s. house of representativewas voted to hold trump ally steve bannan in contempt of congress. he defied a system for the january 67 attack on the u.s. capitol. nine republicans sided with democrats in voting for the measure. it now goes to the justice department, which will decide whether to prosecute will -- mr. a new study says vikings had a settlement in north america centuries before crimp crumb --
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columbus arrived in the americaings. scientists say a new data aging process using frees have been used. it's long known that vikings arrived before clutch bulls but this is the first time researchers suggested an exact date. you're watching bbc world news america. still to come -- the u.s. secretary of state is in south america the warning that democracy in the western hemisphere is under threat. we hear from our correspondent who's traveling with him. the london football club arsenal has a new signing. he has talent, enthusiasm and a bed time because he is only 4 years old. we have a reporter.
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>> i'm 4 years old and my favorite team is arsenal. reporter: he was discovered by his coach, austin schofield. >> oh, what a goal. >> we put him with his age range with the 4, 5/6-year-olds and already he was held and shoulders above everyone. he's a lot quicker than them. a lot more willing to go and get the ball. reporter: you play against very tall and big people as well. >> they are 9-and 8. reporters: and how does that make you feel because you're only 4? >> that feels me bad. making it a bit harmed. -- hard. ♪ laura: the u.s. secretary of state has been in south america this week warning of the threats
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to democracy in the western hemisphere. in ecuador, anthony blinken said we find ourselves in a moment of dramatic reckoning and he's also been addressing illegal immigration. reporter: anthony blinking said that one of the main goals of his first trim to south america as secretary of state was to make the case that democracies can still provide for their people but also said this. a moment of reckoning for the regions' democracy, they have to fight for corruption, ensure for the safety and security of their meal and also prode for their economic and social well-being. he said that the reason the biden administration pick could colombia and ecuador as the source for their first trims because -- was because those were two vibrant democracies rising to moment the challenge. putting aside that, one of the
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other topic goals was immigration. tseng blinken took part in a hemisphere-wiped ministerial meeting specifically on migration and he said the united states can't go it along alone on in. it requires hemisphere-wiped solutions but i think the consensus is that these meetings are a good start and will hopefully produce results down the line. laura: anthony reporting and he's traveling with the secretary. scientists are hailing a new treatment which okay could help solve the worldwide shortage of or began transplants. a kid anymore taken from a modified pig was successfully punishment into a patient in new york. it's the first experiment of its kind reporter: it's been called an
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astonishing step in medicine. currentliens worked for two hours tamping this pig kidney to a human patient. they said they found a way to jennetteically attar the or began to stop i. being attacked by the body's immune system. >> it showed no evidence of rejection. what was profound about these findings is that the pig kidney functionened just like a human kidney transplant. >> the patient in in case had no brain operation and was oked to have the surgery by her family. the it was maintained outside her bombed and after felipe days, the real kidney was removed. the surgeons say there are real concerns about using animals in in way but there is an acute shortage of or began donors around the world. >> nearly half of the patients waiting for a transplant become
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too sick or deep before receiving one. the traditional paradigm that one has too deep for someone else to live is never going to keep up with the ever-increasing incidents -- dings of organ failure. >> the team in the u.s. home this first step may pave the way for full clinical trials, with outrances plants possible within a decades, know many hurdles would have to be cleared first. laura: a c.d.c. panel of advisors have recommended boosters of moderna's vaccine for older people and at-risk adults and it richards johnson and johnson booster for those over 18 who received initial sholz throes two months ago. we like to ends our broad cast with cuddly an maps news when we can so we bring up a baby
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marmoset. it was born three weeks ago, the size of a thumb. this week it was presented to. public. the zoo doesn't know the sex of the baby yet. once they do they'll give the creature a name. i'm laura trevelyan. up the so much for watching bbc worlds news america. have narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler fodation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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they need to be ready for anything. i hope you're ready. 'cause we are. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, in contempt-- the house votes to cite trump ally steve bannon with contempt for defying a congressional subpoena, setting up a major test for thd.o.j. then, biden agenda-- democratic party infighting endangers the president's efforts to reign in climate change, as an alarming new report warns some climate damage can not be undone. and, return of the jaguar-- scientists take extraordinary steps to reintroduce the species to a land from which they went extinct some 70 years ago. >> it's so emotional and it's... and it shows that it can be done.

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