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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 18, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narror: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well plned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like y. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> in new yorkc world news america. it has been a month since the taliban stopped girls from going to school in afghanistan. the bbc has gained exclusive access to the government ministry that will decide the future of women and girls there. >> women will be allowed to work in areas where they are needed. >> the world remembers colin powell, who has died at the age of 84. palo was the first
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african-american to serve as u.s. secretary of state. -- tributes have been pouring in. >> he gave the state department the best of his leadership, experience and patriotism. he gave us his decency. the state department loved him for it. >> landslides have claimed dozens of lives in the southern indian state. the army helping with relief and rescue operations. a bbc investigation finds women in the spotlight get far more abuse online than men with the same high profiles. ♪ >> welcome to world newsmerica on pbs and around the globe. it has been a month since the taliban band girls from secondary schools in afghanistan. women have not been allowed to return to work unless they are
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doctors or nurses. the bbc attained access to the women's affairs ministry in kabul, now replaced by the taliban vice and virtue. >> at 17, her life, with all of its possibilities has been shut down. before the taliban took over, she would have been preparing for school along with her brother each morning. now, afghan girls face the biggest rollback in human rights in recent times. >> [speaking foreign language] >> at the top of her class, she
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wanted to be a doctor. >> the education was their path a better future. under an all-male taliban regime , women are disappearing from public life. they have not been allowed to return to work y. those who have flocked to claim back their rights have been beaten. we met one of the protesters who was lashed with electric cables in kabul. >> [speaking foreign language] >> until august, she supported her family of six. now she is out of a job. >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> [speaking foreign language] >> the taliban are keen to show they are me moderate than last time. their actions so far belie the claims. this used to be the women's affairs military, which no longer exists under the taliban government. it has been replaced by the ministry of vice and virtue, which used to be the most feared section of the previous taliban regime. what future do women have in an afghanistan ruled by the taliban? we are here to ask. it is hard to imagine afghan women journalists will get to question the taliban like this. surrounded by men, i asked a spokesman when girls could go back to school, women to work.
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>> [speaking foreign language] >> your government, your leaders have said that women should not return to work because of the security situation. you have said the same thing about girls going to secondary schools. so, it is not true that you have allowed them and they are not going. >> [speaking foreign language] >> how much time? don't you think the women and girls in your country deserve to know when they can go back to their education? go back to their jobs? >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> they are the future of afghanistan, but half of this country's population has no place in it right now. afghan girls are asking if the world will hold the taliban to account. >> the wte house at tonight the u.s. special envoy for afghanistan is stepping down from his role effective tomorrow. staying in the u.s. come attributes have been pouring in for colin powell who has died at the age of 84 from covid complications. powell was the first african-american to serve as u.s. secretary of state. he is being remembered as a trailblazer and trustee advisor. our north american editor reports on a remarkable life and career. >> general colin powell, the embodiment of the american dream. the first black secretary of state, the first black leader of the u.s. military. he was born to jamaican immigrants in harlem and was
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lost as a teenager. today, flags were lowered to half-staff and the tributes have been lavish. >> he broke barriers and those barriers were not easy to break by any stretch, but he did it with dignity and grace and because of what he was able to accomplish, it did elevate our nation. in so many ways. may he rest in peace. >> until saddam's invasion of kuwait in 1990, colin powell was relatively unknown. after it, he became a household name as america's first black commander of the u.s. military. he develed the powell doctrine, do not start a war unless you know how to end it. having been injured during the vietnam war, but if force is to be use than let it be overwhelming.
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>> our strategy is se. first, we are going to set it off, then we kill it. >> having reached the top, he would now blaze a new trai, becoming america's most senior diplomat right before 9/11. >> it is an honor for me to submit the name to the senate of colin powell as secretary of state. >> at the u.n., he made a case for the invasion of iraq, that he would later admit was based on incorrect information. >> there can be no doubt that saddam hussein has biological weapons and the cility to rapidly produce many more. he has the ability to dispense these lethal poisons and diseases in ways that can cause massiv death and destruction. >> for all of that, this moderate republican was being courted by both parties to run to become the country's first african-american president powell decided against, instead
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throwing his weight behind barack obama's bid for that place in history. >> a great soldier, a great statement, a great american, has endorsed our campaign for change. >> i am proud that i have had the chance to serve my nation. >> this venerated soldier in later life used his ammunition sparingly, only intervening when he felt something needed saying. earlier this year after the attempted insurrection at the u.s. capitol, he called for donald trump to stand down. >> i wish she would just 2-wood nixon didn't step down. somebody ought to tell him it over, you are out. >> colin powell preached tolerance and moderation. he was a leader, warrior and statesman. according to many of the tributes today, it genuine american hero. >> for more we are joined by ron
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christie who met a new general powell while serving the white house as a special advisor to george w. bush. how are you remembering colin powell tonight? >> i am remembering him as a gentleman, a statesman, a warrior and a trailblazer. i look at my own professional career from being involved in republican politics and you have to recognize that this gentleman had been doing it decades before i had. he had a really difficult path to attain the success he had, but he made it easier for people who look like me, people of color, to truly achieve the american dream and i'm grateful to him and he will be sorely missed by so many millions around the world. >> was he the president that america never had in some ways? >> i think he was. one of the things that strikes me is that with him at an event
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in the early 2000 psi said general, why didn't you run in 1996? you could have won. you could have been the first black president. thout missing a beat, his wife said, america is not ready for a black president and someone would try to kill him. the general looked at me and said, that is why i didn't run. it is something that has struck me for over 20 years. he thought he could haveeen harmed or killed and did not want that burden be placed on his family. >> how significant then was his endorsement of barack obama in 2008? >> without any question, i think one of america's most revered individuals in the military and political service in the form of general colin powell stepping out and saying, i endorse senator barack obama to be president of the united states, it was monumental. i think it gave a lot of cover
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for republicans, independents who may have been skeptical of the senator from illinois and he became the first lack president, something i would have to imagine powell and his family a been eternally grateful to have witnessed that trail blazing event for president obama. >> colin powell openly said it was a blot on his record that he presented the false intelligenc that made the case for an invasion of iraq in 2003. does it stay -- what does it say about him that he can admit that? >> it says there is something wrong with our politicians today. he was the firstborn -- the first one to come out and say it was faulty, it was wrong, i acted on erroneous information and should not have done what i did. he owned up to it as the soldier, the diplomat and the statesman he was.
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how many people would own up to that today? in the u.k., the u.s., other countries around the world are more interested in protecting their legacy events and a gap in saying you did the wrong thing. >> enlace emails he wrote that donald trump was a national disgrace. the republican party away from powell? >> they did. they didn't like the idea that general powl said after january 6 that the president should step down like nixon and leave. many republicans called him a republican in name only. i look at him as the embodiment of a republican in maine, action and courage. the notion that people who never put on the uniform or had the opportunity to serve as secretary of state and represented america would try to denigrate this man from having different views shows their lack of courage and only reinforces the courage and fortitude that colin powell gave to the american people.
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>> thank you for joining us to remember colin powell tonight. >> lovely to see you. >> rescue teams in the in india scraling to find survivors after flooding killed five children. homes are swept away and there happen landslides after days of heaven -- heavy rain. >> the forces of nature show no mercy. every year, they brace themselves for monsoon season, but nothing compares -- nothing can prepare you for this. heavy landslides have left the deadly mark across this state of south india. when give -- one of india's most beautiful, now submerged and struggling. in this town, terrified passengers on the space -- this
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bus were saved. this clothes store, now i swamped, one of many businesses destroyed by the fierce weather. >> it was my livelihood. everything is gone. >> rescuers have been retrieving the bodies of the dozens who have died. many of the victims were young. officials say they found three children who had been buried under the mud as they were holding each other. >> the hill broke off near us. there has a lot of damage. the house is gone, children are gone. >> for many in kerala, these scenes evoke painful memories from 2018 when the state experienced at the worst floods in a century. 400 people died more than one million were displaced. a studied -- a study by ientists says the number of cyclones over the arabian sea
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has doubled over the next -- over the last two decades due to risings temperatures. in kerala, they are praying it does not get worse. >> russia's foreign minister says moscow is suspending its diplomatic mission to nato next month. staff at natives office and mouth nato expelled eight members from russia in october saying they were undeclared intelligence officers. germany's foreign minister has accused belarus's leader of holding a state run smuggling ring. the accusation comes as they meet to discuss tighter sanctions. latvia says sanctions should target fake tourism companies and their national airline. shirley -- jury collection has begun. footage from the incident was
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aked online, spaing national outcry. the defendants have each been charged with nine counts including aggravated assault and have pleaded not guilty. you are watching the bbc world news america. still to come, losing a parent to covid. 50,000 children in iran struggle with grief. support is hard to come by. the family of u.k. lawmaker david a miss and members of parliament have been remembering the mp who was stabbed to death friday. the bbc's laura kuenssberg has more. >> holding on. at a church that should be a place of sanctuary, instead for their father and husband, a place of violence. this family shattered, left reading messages from others.
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thank you for all you have done. a simple note among the blanket of flowers. a way to express sorrow and support at parliament too. then, the ultimate mark of respect, to still the common's clamor. this place is fueled by difference in argument, but tonight, a moment to remember a man who believed in their common cause. ♪ >> in iran, more than 51,000 children have lost a parent to covid that is according to official figures. many of these children have been homeschooled for the last 18 months and have little support. the bbc has spoken to families who lost a loved one to covid and has this report.
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>> [laughter] >> alisa and she celebrated her fourth birthday with him and her mom by their side. but, it was the last one she celebrated with her father. he died of covid two months later. her mother tells me the isolation due to the pandemic made it much harder for her to co with the loss of her father. she has been restless and kept asking me where daddy is she asks me when he is coming back an says that she wants to hug daddy to go to sleep. she feels them the space of a father who is always there to put her to bed. >> she is not alone. according to iranian authorities, more than 51,000
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children have lost a parent to covid. i have been speaking to many of those families and a psychologist about the impact on these children. >> [speaking foreign lanage] >> children whose parents feel that life is unpdictable and uncontrollable. things happen to them and they have lost agency as a result. so, they dealt themselves and that can be a very vicious cycle. >> it is not just trauma these children are coping with. when the pandemic began, the iranian economy was already struggling under sanctions. many of the families i have spoken to are also facing economicncertainties, especially those who have lost their breadwinner. iran's anti-west leader banned the import of u.s. and u.k. made vaccines last winter. >> my country banned foreign
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vaccines the result is this. my father's grave. and so many others like his. >> although vaccines are now being imported, for many like lisa's father, it is too late. not only do these children have to deal with the loss of a parent, but they also want to live their lives wondering whether their death could have been prevented. >> that pain of iran plus children. now to our panorama investigation into the rise of online abuse against women which has revealed how social media companies use algorithms to perp wrote misogynistic hate, then do nothing when reported. mariana spring has more. >> cast was a contestant on love island this year. at a social made ash as a social
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media influen with 850,000 followers on instagram. she gets lots of love and a lots of hate. >> no one walks into their office and has people yelling e at them, do they? why should they do the same thing on instagram? >> a think tank has looked at the abuse received by both male and female contestants on reality tv shows. they studied more than 90,000 posts and comments and found women got more abuse than men. >> people were using gendered slurs, claiming women are manipulative people or stupid. >> politicians were also saying they constantly receive violence and abuse online. >> before social media existed, someday could get -- from bng threatening. for being threatening in the street where real life, some of
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the things they say and they hate speech. the fact that they are talking directly to someone online, the fact that it is through the medium of theirhone does not stop that being threatening. >> as the bbc special disinformation reporter, i get a lot of root abuse -- i get a lot of abuse. >> last night i got some of the worst abuse i've received doing this job. i'm used to it now. >> all of the main social media companies say they do not promote hate on their platforms and take action to stop it. the tested this, panorama set up a fake profile of a man who had already shown hostility toward women and his profile and found facebook and instagram recommended him more and more anti-woman content, some involving sexual violence. >> this profile, if it were a real person, would have been brought into a hateful community full of misogynistic content very quickly. >> facebook, which owns
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instagram, says it tries not to recommend content that breaks its rules and is improving its technology to find and remove abuse more quickly. they have just announced new measures to tackle sexualized hate targeting journalists and celebrities. it comes at a time wn women are increasingly standing up against hate and violence both online and in the real world. >> i am just as human as you. that hurts me in the same way as it would hurt you. i would never wish for anyone to experience it. >> women who are high profile online get more abuse and social media companies aren't doing enough about it. before we go, a centuries old discovery off the coast of israel. an ancient srd dating back to the crusades pulled from the sea. a diver spotted the relic which is about 900 years old. the blade may have belonged to a
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crusader who lost it while sailing to the holy land. the plan is to clean the barnacles off and put it on display. what an extraordinary find. you can find much more of today's news on our website. thank you for watching the bbc world news america. have great night. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler fodation; pursuing solutions f america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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'cause we are. ♪ judy good evening. i am judy woodruff. on the "newshour," democratic divide. president biden's agenda exposes riffs in the democratic party as negotiations intensify. then, former secretary of state collin powell dies from covid complications. we remember his life, trailblazing career and complicated legacy. and the whitest paint. how its application to exterior surfaces could help to combat the world's rising temperatures. >> you only need to paint less than 1% of the earth's surface, and we should be able to reverse global warming.

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