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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  October 15, 2021 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> judy: good evening. on the newshour tonight, boosters. fda advisory panel authorizes another shot for j&j vaccine recipients aged 18 and older. it is friday. david brooks and jonathan cape analyze the president's efforts to alleviate supply chain issues and navigate republican pushback to vaccineandates. filming a revolution. a musician's mission to bring archived footage of a 1969 concert series and the call for social justice to audiences today. >> this is not just putting a
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concert together. this is correcting history. judy: all that and more on pbs newshour. major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by. ♪ >> moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf heard the engine that connects us. >> johnson and johnson.
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financial services firm raymond james. bdo. accountants and advisors. >> the john s knight foundation fostering informed and engaged communities. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions. and friends of the newshour. this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. anchor: and for stephanie. we will return to the full program after the latest headlines.
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an fda advisory panel has endorsed a booster dose for another covid-19 vaccine. today's auction involve the j&j single shot vaccine. the fda advisor said the extra shot can be administered two months after the initial vaccination. you will get details after the news summary. the cdc said late today that international travelers who have received mixed doses of covid vaccines will be allowed to enter the country. attorneys for nicholas cruz said he will plead guilty to murdering 1people at a high school in parkland for the in 20 18. they announced it as he appeared at a court hearing today. he will also plead guilty to 17 counts of attempted murder at a hearing next week. they will decide if he gets the death penalty. in afghanistan, 47 people were killed today and 70 wounded when
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suicide bombers triggered a suicide bombing in kandahar. it came during friday prayers. they cleared away debris as witnesses described a coordinated strike. >> [speaking foreign language] >> after the attackers came, they threw a hand grenade. one blew himself up in the court and entered the mosque and detonated his explosive as they were busy with prayers. anchor: the islamic state claimed responsibility for the attacks. they have had several bobbing since the taliban seized power. a lung survey conservative party lawmaker was stabbed to death today in what officials are calling a terrorist incident. it happened as a server david amos met with constituents in a town east of london. they come the area for evidence as people paid respects with flowers and notes. police arrested eight d five-year-old man.
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scotland yard's counterterrorism command says the suspect may have been motivate by islamic extremism and that he acted alone. across lebanon, schools, banks, and government offices closed in morning for seven people killed in gun battles. shiite muslims and christian militias fought for hours in a root. one woman talked about how her ughter-in-law died. -- beirut. >> stepper shots were coming from the other side and she was shot in the house. she is the mother of five children. she is young. my sons family is ruined. what should he do? anchor: this is the worst that they've had since the civil war ended in 1990. the biden administration says it is going to the u.s. supreme court to stop a texas ban on most abortions. a lower court left the law in place last night banning most abortions after six weeks of pregnancy.
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the u.s. capitol police officer is now accused of obstructing justice after the january 6 assault on the complex part he was arrested today. federal prosecutors say he warned one rioter to take posts down and kept him updated on the fbi's investigation. on wall street, major indexes had their best week since early summer. dow jones industrial average gained 283 points today to close at 35,000. the nasdaq rose 74 points and that -- s&p added 33. they were up one and a half to 2%. former president bill clinton spent a third day hospitalized in southern california. in aid said he is recovering from eight your logical infection. president biden spoke with him by phone today and said he is
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doing fine. still to come on the newshour. some 30 countries unite in the global fight against ransomware. we will analyze president biden's battle against anti-vaccine mandate one city's recent efforts to honor a black man whose land was taken away from him decades ago and much more. >> this is the pbs newshour from washington and in the west from the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university. judy: the fda panel that recommended a second shot of the j&j vaccine today has been busy the past two days considering whether more americans should get a booster dose and when. we help break down what people need to know. reporter: in addition to their j&j recommendation, they looked
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at whether mixing doses from different manufacturers can improve protection against the virus. they recommendation still needs to be approved by the fda and cdc. we explore this with two people. she is infectious disease specialist at nyu's grossman school of medicine and cares for patients at bellevue hospital center. our other guest is the dean of the school of public health. thank you for being here. to you first. this advisory panel recommends this booster, this second dose of the j&j vaccine for all adults 18 and over -- older. we should also say they are a funder of the newshour. the company did get roughed up today during the testimony. there was questions about their data. one panelist suggested this should have been a two dose vaccine all along.
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all of that said, do you think the evidence fo this booster is merited? guest: i do think it was noble to try and have a single dose vaccine. from the perspective of operations logistics, getting people vaccinated from an equity perspective that it meant only one appointed -- appointment. i think many of us had hoped this would truly stand up the test of time. what we have seen over time is that the j&j vaccine does not perform as well as the pfizer and dinner vaccine, with respect to the more critical outcomes in particular. severe disease, hospitalization and death. not just with respect to breakthrough infection. what we are seeing is with an additional dose of vaccine, you really use the vaccine with the -- boost the immunity with the j&j vaccine. anchor: can you remind us we were having this conversation about boosters? is it because they are slipping
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somewhat in their efficacy? is it because the delta variant is so potent? why are we having this conversation? guest: that is a critical question. the reason we are having this is twofold. one is that we are seeing some winning of the effectiveness of vaccines. typically, six months after a second dose from the mrna vaccine and two months after the j&j vaccine. the other is the delta variant. it is so contagious and it infects people with such a high viral load that you need a high level of protection to keep yourself safe. what we are finding is that six months after the vaccine, it is just no longer approved -- as good as it needs to be for high-risk people were a breakthrough infection can be a real problem. that is what we are seeing and it is what we saw in israel and other european countries. anchor: there was this
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discussion today about whether or not people can mix and match vaccines. there was not a vote taken on that but it seems there was support for that idea. explained why somebody might want to do that. if i took that and i don't want to shut it being next time around? guest: think of a mug shot for a criminal. if you have two different photographs. one from the front and one from the side you've a better chance of recognizing them out in public than if you had one snapshot. similarly, these vaccines give your mean system different ways of looking at the virus so you have a better shot at recognizing it down the line. anchor: i love this idea of the virus having a mug shot and yet two sides of its face to get it. a broader question about the pandemic. we are seeing a couple of weeks of pretty good news. cases, hospitalizations and
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deaths seem to be on a downward trajectory. we are still losing around 1800 people a day which is a tragedy and we have become numb to these numbers. do you have a good sense as to what those trends seem to be going down right now? guest: we are seeingramatic falls in the south. for that is driven by the fact that the deep south which can be hot over the summer and so people spend more time indoors. as it cools, people spend more time outdoors and that is helping. we have also seen this come up over and over again with the delta variant. without a clear expo nation. it has to do the steep rises that last about two months and then turns back down. we saw that in the u.k. and india. there is an element of this not fully understood but i am not so convinced yet that the country
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is out of the woods. it is getting colder here in the north. in places where vaccination numbers are still low. i rema worried that there are parts that are quite vulnerable to more cases, infections and deaths of the gotta be careful as we go into the fall and winter. anchor: similar question to you. i don't want to try this as light at the end of the tunnel or that we aren't near the end of this. do you think that this trend will continue and we might have a rough fall or winter? do you think this is a change for the better more permanently? guest: we need to be cautious and parts of the country where people will spend more time indoors. northeast for example. we do see a bump in the transfer -- transmission of respiratory viruses. especially, or on holidays like
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thanksgiving, christmas, new year's went people are traveling more. i do think we will see maybe not in extreme surge like we have seen over the course of the summer but we will see an increase in cases later this fall. judy: anchor: about the cyclical nature you are describing, i think it is frustrating for people who like to think that we are near the end of this date ca be be done with these mitigation measures? what he meant at the go back to wear a mask's? they described this as lurching between crisis and complacency. it seems that proposes a real challenge for public health officials. how to communicate that we are not necessarily sure how this is going to go? guest: there is a complexity here. we know how it will go. it is not like we have no information. we are pretty confident that this fall and winter will be clearly at her than the last one. there's so much population
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immunity. it is hard to predict exactly the bumps up and down but the bumps are getting smaller. i believe the worst is behind this at this point. doesn't mean we are out of the ods. weave some tough days. the key point is that pandemics are always changing and will always pose new challenges and we have to be flexible as we get to the next 3-6 months. that means while we are masking indoors or relaxing those restrictions. i think we are heading in the right direction but we gotta be flexible as we go through the months ahead. anchor: in this conversation on potentially the winning of this pandemic, there is discussion about whether this will become endemic. can you explain the terminology there? what does that mean and do you think we are headed in that direction? guest: i think we are heading to that direction where the virus is endemic. that means you have an ongoing steady level of transmission in
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the community. you are not having these big surges like we had over the course of the last two years. you do have ongoing trip -- stable transmission. that means it is important that everybody gets vaccinated. if he had not been exposed to this, there is a decent chance that you would be. you would still be at risk for the disease and other severe consequences of being infected. anchor: last question to you. we are seeing this panel and recommendations for boosters coming out and we believe these approvals will connue to come. will we need boosters going forward? we may all get a second or third booster now but then down the road, six months a year, we might be doing this, re-upping these over and over again? guest: that is my sense. given the contagiousness of delta and that my sense is that
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it will be with us for a while, what we will see is periods of time of winning immunity and people will need to get revaccinated or boosted up again. my best guess is that it will be annual for a while the way we get flu shots. that is something we can handle. our system can handle that. i think the idea that this be the last shot in our lives, probably not. should be ready for the next few years. maybe an annual booster for this virus. anchor: always good to see you both. thank you very much. judy: the treasury department said that u.s. companies are paying $102 million in ransomware payments every month. the white house convened leaders
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from 30 countries to coordinate efforts against what is a growing global problem. we have that story. reporter: in the pt six months, they debilitated one of the u.s. are just meat producers and a crucial pipeline. they disrupted the ireland health system and are currently wreaking havoc and it is really the hospital system that had to cancel non-emergency procedures. they will improve cooperation and law-enforcement to inhibit trace and interdict ransom payments and hardened infrastructure. they are the deputy national security advisor and organize the conference and joins me live. you're welcome to the newshour. talk about this conference. this is the largest national -- multinational gathering to discuss ransomware. what commitments did you get from these countries? guest: it is a transnational threat. i will unpack that with the
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example you used. israeli hospitals. you could have the human attackers in one country, the exchanges they used to facilitate the movement of illicit currency in a second but operating in a third and then the infrastructure from which they coordinated and attacked and yet, a fourth or fifth country. it brought countries to get it to coordinate our fight against ransomware. the key take away and what is working hours where the gaps are and committed to going across those gaps to fight ransomware more effectively. reporter: many of the worst criminals operate inside of russia. why was china and russia not invited? guest: from a russian perspective, the president established a discussion when he last met president putin at a summit in june. we have had candid professional
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and direct exchanges in that summit and exchange regarding ransomware and regarding criminals operating from within russia. they thought that was the most effective way to address that. you noted from a chinese perspective that we did an attribution regarding china harboring ransomware actors. a number of months ago. we brought together countries who each have a stake in truly addressing those components, building resilience, tracing the use of virtual currencies, adjusting and putting in place different diplomatic norms and instructing there's actors. this is not the last meeting. it was the first of a set of countries and we will include more in that fight moving forward. reporter: u.s. shared specific names of russian cyber criminals who operate inside of russia. it wants to see prosecuted by russian authorities. we have seen a few of those cyber criminals go dark.
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is that because the russian government has cracked down on them? guest: i would speak to the causes. we are looking to see a reduction in core disruptive ransomware attacks against critical infrastructure overall. certainly, the information we have shared has been to provide information regarding that and looking to the russian government to take key next steps. reporter: your focus on outcomes. you suggested in the past if you have seen signs that ransomware groups have responded to administration pressure. with all due respect, how would you know if ransomware is improving if the fbi says they only have visibility into 25% of ransomware in the u.s.? guest: that is a good question. it is a tough threat. one of the challenges the government has is having adequate visibility so many attacks are not reported very that is one of the reasons why encouring notification to the u.s. government went attacks occur so we can better trace the
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attackers, traced infrastructure they use to drive disruption efforts is so important. what we are focused on are the four approaches to disrupt ransomware and seeing and testing each of those approaches as i noted and looking to see what are the outcomes. do we see a reduction in ransomware? you noted the visibility we have which is what we work closely with the private sector to see what they see and incorporate that into our overall strategy. reporter: those destruction methods you discuss that were in the joint statement do not include offensive operations. the you think the u.s. should as was recently suggested to review criminal details, tim dunn payment servers and hack the hackers as the u.s. did against isis? guest: we are trying creative approaches. not all can we talk about but we are fully committed to ensuring it is harder for attackers to
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use mobile infrastructure, global currency exchanges to pursue their pernicious work. guest: you try to crack down cryptocurrency. some investors are pushing back saying they do not want to share the details of any of the holders of the cryptocurrency. how can you solve this problem without investor support? guest: one is we believe in the innovation that cryptocurrency brings. for example, access for the un-banked. we also believe we have to crackdown on illicit use of cryptocurrency. in some ways, the public nature of the block chain makes cryptocurrency and grants greater visibility into various transactions per holy exchanges attack -- accountable for knowing customer roles which they are accountable for undercurrent regulatory practices where they need to know who is opening in a change account and report that is the path we will use.
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it is currently required under u.s. law for a currency exchange to look into looking into an account and see if this is legitimate use for investment, legitimate transactions, whatever the purchase is or is it somebody using it to wander illicit funds as attackers do. reporter: thank you very much. guest: thank you, nick. ♪ judy: from supply chain bottlenecks to the vaccine mandate debate in the virginia governor race, it is been a busy week in politics. that brings us to the analysis of brooks and capehart. that is new york times all miss and jonathan k, columnist for the washington post who is joining us tonight from home. we welcome both of you on this friday night.
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it is good to see you. we love the flowers. guest: they are back. judy: let us start with this. i love this term supply chain. so much attention on this bottlenecks, people can't get what they order on time. the president trying to get his arms around this by telling the ports they have to stay open 24/7 or work with them to get that done and taking other steps. in the end, this is largely a private sector thing. it is an international phenomenon. did the american people, do you think voters will get that? guest: no. short answer to that question is no. you put your finger on it. the president of the unite states does not have any control really over the economy. doesn't have any control over private industries and whether their shipments get in or get out. however, this is always a political problem for the u.s.
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no matter who they are, no matter what the party. the problem for president biden is going to be that he ran on confidence. -- competence he ran on being the person following a chaotic presidency that would bring order to politics when also competency, to executing the duties of the job. i know i just said the president has no control over the economy. that doesn't matter to the american people when their goods don't come in on time or they cannot find a job or their wages are not going up. they don't care about the intricacies of why that is. they care that the president of the u.s. said things would be better and they are not. that is the political problem the president has here in all this. judy: how much of a headache is this for the president? guest: pretty significant. when people judge the economy,
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they don't care what causes it you're there in a bad mood. if they are in a bad mid because th can't get christmas presents, they will take it out on the politicians. the worrying thing for me is the inflation rate. it is much higher than economists said and it is in real estate. rental is going up, housi costs are skyrocketing and when you have rents going up and wages going up as fast as they are, that lds to long-term inflation. the worry for me, it's all problem was caused by supply and demand. there is incredible demand because people were locked on for a year and a half and not so much supply because factories and ports are shot. we now have huge dand. we are about possibly, going to spend another 3.5 trillion and that will further increase demand and possibly, increase inflationary pressures. for the people trying to pay for this reconciliation and other
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bills, there has to be a concern that they will create more inflation. i'm not sure biden is to blame. does have some policy effect on how we talk about these gigantic bills. judy: there is reporting they will negotiate that number down. but still, what are a presidents options when it comes to something like inflation? you both agree there are limits to what a president can do so what are the options? guest: look to the fed chairman and ask them to do something to tamp the brinks as much as they can on inflation. to switch gears a little bit, i think the administration is hoping that they can pick up on what he was talking about in terms of the reconciliation bill. the president today said flat out, it's not going to be reported load trillion. a couple weeks ago, they signals
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were there that 3.5 trillion is not going to be the number it has to be lower and that what is the battle going on in terms of the negotiations on this bill. the white house press secretary was on the pod save america guys whomhe worked with during the obama administration and the key thing she talked about was urgency. these negotiations will not go on forever. this must get past. today, i reviewed the labor secretary who also had this similar message that the provisions of the build back better act aren't needed. they are needed now. when we are talking about supply chain disruptions. when we talk about inflation, when we talk about american families hurting from the biden administration's perspective, yeah, they have no control over the economy but over things they
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do have control over which is passing a reconciliation bill and an infrastructure bill, they want to get that done. whether that adds to inflation or not remains to be seen. there is no bill to talk about just yet. judy: they said they want to get this over by october but is that realistic? guest: i don't think that matters too much. there are a lot of phasing and that they wan to make it slower so you don't get this big burst of demand. one thing that has puzzled me is that it operates on the position that if a politician does something for you you reward them with support. politicians over the last couple your support $5 trillion into people's pockets. they literally wrote them checks and it has not helped the politicians at all. donald trump did not see his favorability approval when he was writing checks. joe biden didn't either. it is as if you can do great
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favors for people and they don't reward you. i don't know how to explain this phenomenon but it is unusual. it could be that political favorability is detached from what kind of services are being offered or could be what i could suspect that they will punish you for bad things. that is not a good position to be in if you are the president of the u.s.. judy: talking about headaches, the present has been arguing pandemic is still underway. companies need to mandate as much as they can, employers that people who work there take the vaccine, getting a lot of pushback from republicans, republican governors, where you see that battle going? guest: i will repeat what i have said on our air many times. it is reprehensible that repuican governors are
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standing in the way of public health officials from being able to help their states and communities get a handle on this pandemic. the idea that a governor would stand in the way of private enterprises from being able to stay to their employers, you know what, you need to have a mask. you need to get the vaccine if you want to continue working here. this is not supposed to be political. this is supposed to be about public health. th sooner we get a handle on the coronavirus pandemic, the sooner all these things we talked about, unemployment, inflationary pressures, the need to have a reconciliation bill and infrastructure bill to get people back to work, won't be necessary. when you have republican governors like ron desantis in florida or governor abbott in texas doing these things, politicizing a public health emergency and they are slowing
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down the economic recovery that the people in their states need. judy: it has political -- it has become a little? guest: reprehensible is a good word for it. it is a philosophical bait and switch. there are matters of individual liberty. some things are matter of communal health and safety. a stop sign is a matter of communal health and safety. this vaccination is a matter of communal health and safety. to say it is about individual liberty is not true. they are making it so political. second, we are learning that the people not taking the vaccine, most of them are not adamant vaccine haters. they are hesitant. they have g some underlying health issues or they are concerned or have low trust in the health care system, often for good historical reasons. if you mandate it, they get the shot. the times reported today that united airlines has 67,000 employees. they mandated in only 200 people
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said no. if you mandate it, it works. people get the shot and that increases public health. they're not forcing people to do things. they are nudging them to do what is in the common good. judy: you're saying people themselves are not always motivate politics? guest: it's not like they are a bunch of tucker carlsen saying this is to urinate. they have concerns. if you nudge them, if you try to explain, if you trusted people saying the vaccine is safe, they will get it. judy: and the couple mitts we have left, i want to turn you both to the gin yet governors race. we have talked about it a little bit before. this way, we had the president in -- president trump in a rally saying that the elections were stolen from him. among other things, the crowd was asked to pledge allegiance to a flag that flew over the u.s. capitol on january 6. the republican glenn young ken did not answer a question about
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it at the time and said it was the wrong thing to do. where are we headed on this issue? other republican candidates may be asked to do the same thing. guest: use the word i used earlier. reprehensible. glenn young ken was not there. his running mate was there but left before the program got started. the fact that he did not automatically in vigorously -- and vigorously denounced what happened at that rally is concerning. he jumped on it right away, criticizing, add this warding, hammering him over this and rightfully so. sure, this is happening in the governors race but that video you just showed and what it represents is more than virginia.
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it is about our american democracy and how there are people out there who are wallowing in the big lie. pledging allegiance to flags that were flown over a rally that part of the insurrection that saw to overturn a free and fair election in this country. that should not be a democratic or republican issue. that is an american issue and a should've jumped out there immediately and said that is wrong and i want no part of it and yet, he did not. judy: just 30 seconds. guest: whenever the transcript, it wasn't clear to me if he understood. he might've thought the question is about pledge of allegiance and on january 6. once he realized it was about january 6, he said it was weird and wrong. the question is whether voters in virginia were vote on donald trump. my impressions is that they will vote on the economy and covid. the issues that affect them and
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not so much donald trump but i could be wrong. judy: we have a date certain when that election takes place. we will find out. thank you both. dy: a newly dedicated park outside of st. louis, missouri is one of the latest attempts to reconcile a decades old wrong brought about by eminent domain. the power that governments have to seize public -- private property for public use. these have separated hundreds of thousands of african americans from their property. and lock them out of generational wealth. i am joined now by our st. louis community reporter. welcome, gabrielle this evening. this all happened and started
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back in the 19's. tell us what happened in st. louis? guest: the doctor was a musician, ophalmologist, a man of many talents. after going to medic school and getting married, having a daughter, he wanted to buy a home. in 1956, he bought two plots of land in -- and wanted to build a house on one. the issue was people in his neighborhood and local governments did not want him to live there. they pulled out all the stops including the eminent domain doctrine to ensure he could not live there. they went back in fort to the court. he sued several times and in the end, he lost and had to move to baldwin hills where he settled until he died in 1998. judy: what argument to the city use in taking his property? did they compensate him? guest: they use the eminent
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domain doctrine which allows the government or governments to seize land for public use. if they provide compensation. the thing was that he wanted to keep his land and live there. he fought and fought as long as he could. in the end, we are told by people who track the case and by documents that in 1950 nine, he was paid $31,000 to settle that action. that is important to consider, especially will be talk about now. if you look at homes to -- homes that sit on that street, ty have gone for over $1 million. you think about him getting $31,000 in the 50's and what that would look like today, that matters. judy: he fought it for your spirit his family has not forgotten. and recently, there has been
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something dedicated in his honor, in his memory. that his family has insisted on. what are they saying about all of this right now? guest: the family has been involved from the very start. the city has acknowledged what happened. they -- the journey started in 2013. they established a task force and they been to work to figure out how to move forward and how to make sure this story is not forgotten. they created a task force. they rededicated that land. now, it bears his name. the family also wants to make sure it doesn't end there. his nieces and nephew said this cannot be a one-off. that cannot be the end of the road. is changing the name on the sign and even the city has recognize this. the hope is that not only is the name be changed but also for there to be an annual day of
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recognition and for there to be some type of program to make sure they haven't equal opportunity to live in that neighborhood. want a financial contribution to washington university in his name to ensure that students have an opportunity to learn there. they are very much still a part of this process but it is bigger th just acknowledging the story. it is making sure that it moves forward. nobody forgets. judy: it is important to tell that story. she is our reporter in san lui perth thank you so much. -- in st. louis. you can read her full report on our website. judy: it was the summer of 1969.
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video cameras captured a series of concerts in harlem. featuring artists who would go on to become musical legends. the likes of stevie wonder, nina simone -- simone and gladys knight. for decades, nobody was interested in the footage. the musician known as quest love took up the challenge in a documentary that brings history to life. it is part of his ongoing work in music that is now in a new book. we top with quest love recently about his arts and culture series, canvas. >> ladies and gentlemen, gladys knight. reporter: the musicians, some all-time greats. ♪ reporter: the music lifting you to the sky. this setting, the harlem cultural festival in 1969. in all of it is stunning to see in 2021. even more mind blowing is how
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close it came to being lost forever. the moment you saw what happen here, you knew you were onto something. >> absolutely. to be here and to see the structure, i definitely remember this shot. reporter: the musician quest love made his directorial debut this time -- this summer with the documentary summer of soul. when we met recently, the site of the original concert when it was still called mount morris park, we hesita to take on the project when shown the archival footage. >> this is too much responsibility. this is not just putting a concert together. this is correcting history. i did not know if i was worthy enough to be in the position to weave -- lead the charge. reporter: very specific time and place in history.
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three series of concerts attracting some 300,000 overt six weekends, the hot summer of 1969. the film documents a musical revelation as it was taking place. it also captures expressions of black pride and power and demands for social justice that offered on other way in. it was not lost on us that not literally at the same time. suddenly, there is a political charge in the air that was like 50 years ago. once the knob started turning up a bit more, with the black lives matter protests, it is happening in real time. reporter: quest love now 50, is a man who wants to connect to different kinds of music, art forms, histories. he is been around music his whole life, joining his parents in seoul and doo-wop bands even
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as a child. -- soul. he came to fame as the drummer and cofounder of the roots. a band founded in philadelphia in 1987. they started as the host bent with jimmy fallon in 2000 and and have continued with the tonight show. he is a dj, producer, songwriter, author a host a food program looking at his love for cuisine and equity issues. >> we even made him into a little at a mommy being. >> i am eating my own face. reporter: he is done into a lifelong will as a music educator and historian. >> i learned something and get excited. i get smarter. people want to feel like that and i want to be the guy that there was a alley-oop shot and you put the ball in the hoop. you get to feel like i did that. i helped a little bit but that
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to me is that is the important part. reporter: his new book music is history is a kind of playlist of songs that speak to events since 1971. the year he was born. it is a quest love style playlists, lesser-known songs messed with events in unexpected ways. >> i personally believe that music is a polaroid shot of life. the way that i remember history, i frame it through iit. reporter: you're not picking the best known are most love? >> not even the most known. i'm trying to plant seeds. reporter: hip hop offered him a kind of education. learning about music through sampling from earlier recordings while connecting to contemporary issues in the lyrics. >> hip hop planted seeds between 1988 and 1992, i went to the
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library a lot to look up old articles, to scroll things they do at libraries. we have the internet now but back then, you had to stay at the library for eight hours. that was my internet. i wanted to do the same thing. this time, i'm using history to drop seeds on music that people should discover. reporter: even t classics can fall off the mat. he told m that if teaching at nyu and realizing how few of his students of an album that he and many considered a milestone of popular music. michael jackson's 1982, foley. >> -- thriller up . >> that is when i knew everything is up for grabs. i can never take for granted that history will be remembered. it is not glamorous but who gets into the rap game to want to be your hall monitor teacher? reporter: time to remember
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history. >> you can say that i am music hall monitor. [laughter] reporter: there is another connecting thread embedded in the summer of soul film project. one embedded in the summer of soul project. 1969 was the year of woodstock. the film that came at the following year help define and enshrine the era of music. the harlem festival. he never found a distributor work the footage was in the basement for decades. >> i wonder if this film were a lot of the same would it have found me. not only african-americans but people in general. i thought instantly this could change lives. it raises the
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question about what gets remembered. woodstock did, the harlem cultural festival did not. why has it been so hard to preserve this and other black music? >> i'm so in love with music. the passion i have. i want people to see the magic. often times, because black creators are not seen as artists were important. the canon isn't held up the same way. it is often seen as disposable. our history is disposable. that is the true meaning in my definition of what black lives matter means. even our creations. our art cost stories are just as important and life-changing.
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amir thompson, request love, says since the film he has archives telling him of unknown treasures. that means there is more to come. i am jeffrey brown in harlem, new york. judy: can masce -- can judy: can masce has been the sheriff for 20 years. he has seen funding for mental health plummet. more and more mentally ill patients go behind bars. he gives a brief and spectacular take on making county jails safer and tomorrow. this was film prior to the
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pandemic. if you have a loved one suffering from mental illness. it would only take a split second and bad decision to enter into the county jail. a couple years ago we had someone who turned 18 act up in a school. he was arrested for battery and brought to this facility. he was severely autistic. he did not have parents. he was in a foster home. it took an enormous effort by all partners to get him removed from our jail into an inpatient facility. here is a kid who should never have been in our facility. never. on the sheriff of st. lucie county. i have been here 20 years.
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over the past two decades we have seen funding diminish to mental health inpatient and outpatient facilities and programs. people who suffer from mental illness have no place to go. for law enforcement agencies that deal with mental health. they tend to bring them to jail because there is no other place to bring them. last year it was roughly 35% of inmates on psycho medications. we were never in a position to handle severity of mental health inmates. we have a section carved out. we separate them from every other. we are a detention facility. we are awaiting inmate. we have some that have been here 5 years during the tendency of the trial. how do we change jail beds to
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treatment beds. it will take a committed governor, a legislature that fund initiatives that address mental illness as well as drug dependency. we have many programs that initiate and divert people out of jail. in general out of the criminal justice system. in the long run it will benefit not only the inmate. the criminal justice system but our community. there is a sheriff i won't mention that touted himself as being the toughest in america. i want to be known as one of the smartest. my name is ken mascara. this is my brief break on the tragedy in the county jails. you can watch all episodes at pbs.org. be sure to wash, watch
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washington week. the latest on the january 6th investigation. cultural wars and economic challenges. that is tonight. coming up on newshour weekend, a two-part report. native american tribes choose to purchase back ancestral lands. tomorrow and sunday night. that is the news for tonight. i am judy woodruff. for all of us, thank you. stay safe and have a good weekend. the landscape has chan. not for the last time. has chan. the rules of business are being reinvented. for a more flexible workforce. by embracing lit -- innovation, by looking at current opportunities but had to future
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ones. resilience is pivoting again and again for whatever happens next. >> pivoting -- people know know bdo. ♪ >> consumer cellular. johnson & johnson. bnsf railway. financial services firm raymond james. the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more enhancing ideas and promoting solutions for a better world. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems. school foundation.org. -- skoll. and the ongoing support of these institutions.
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and friends of the newshour. this program was made possible by the corporation a public broadcasting and contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ >> this is pbs newshour west from w eta studios in washington and from our bureau of the school of journalism at arizona state university. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.] ♪ >>
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tonight on kqed. a special guest oakland police chief armstrong on his soaring homicid rate. is california turning blue. we consider the impact on the states new laws. issues ranging from guns up to schools. we visit san francisco's chinatown in this week's edition of something beautiful. coming to you from kqed headquarters in san francisco. this friday, october 15th

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