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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 14, 2021 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented th a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ anchor: i am la trevelyan at washington and this is bbc world news america. a firefight in lebanon, six people are dead after snipers attack a protest led by the group hezbollah. we have report from the scene by our middle east correspondent. correspondent: we could hear bursts of automatic gunfire. we have seen somebody shooting from the top of the building and the army trying to work out how to contain the situation, which escalated so rapidly. anchor: in africa vaccines are
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in short supply and the coronavirus is spreading. we ask sudan whether the plan called covax have not -- has not delivered as many doses as promised. correspondent: covax was meant to ensure that countries would not be left behind, but now one in 10 people up been vaccinated. only one in every 500,000 sudanese a bit of vaccinated. anchor: more than half of americans are fully vaccinated, and more booster shots could be on the way as a vaccine experts recommend that regulators approve a third jab of moderna. police in norway say a bow and arrow attack that left five people dead appears to be an act of terrorism. the suspect is in custody. we report on a new effort to track the wrus using satellites. ♪
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welcome to world news america on pbs d around the globe. we begin tonight in lebanon where there was a gunfight in beirut today killing six people and injuring dozens more. the shooting began as has and its allies protested against the investigation into last year's explosion in the port, which they say is biased. hezbollah has accused a christian faction of firing on protesters. the group is denied any involvement. lebanon's president has condemned the violence, which comes on top of a financial and political crisis. our beirut corresndent has the latest. correspondent: it started as a protest. but the tension quickly mounted. within minutes, it became a battlefield.
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nobody knows yet who started the shooting. [gun fire] correspondent: but the exchanges of gunfire between christian and she arms groups through the ghost of the country's civil war. four hours shootings echoed through the streets of beirut. not everyone survived. >> my wife was hiding downstairs but my neighbor was killed. she was shot in the head with a bullet. she has kids. her daughter got married just 2 days ago. correspondent: it is a confused picture right now. there are many soldiers on the streets trying to work out exactly where the firing is coming from. a lot of the exchange of fire is going on just at this cross-section here. we can hear regular person of automatic gunfire, the thump of rpg's like that one. the army trying to work out how to contain the situation, which
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escalated so rapidly. as the shooting faded the cleanup started, but the scars and divisions remain. accountability for the port blast is it vital for the lebanese people, but tonight it feels further away than ever. anchor: it is almost 2 years since covid-19 started spreading, and now we have vaccines. 75% of doses have gone to the wealthiest countries. less than 5% of people in africa are vaccinated. well which notions -- nations have donated more than one billion doses worldwide only a small should have been delivered. in south sudan, only a fraction of the population has got the jab. the problem is not vaccine supply. poverty, instability, and lack of infrastructure are adding to the challenge. correspondent: signs of recovery
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, this is south sudan's capital. last year the locals were deeply affected by lockdown, but now siness is bouncing back. that is what most care for more. >> [indiscernible] correspondent: across the road from him a hot drinks vendor is concerned about both issues. >> medicine, yeah. correspondent: have you been vaccinated? >> no. correspondent: do you want to be vaccinated? >> yeah. [indiscernible] ♪ corresndent: a vaccination
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campaign just outside the capital. the johnson & johnson vaccine is now available here. it is a donation from the american government through covax. covax was meant to ensure that low income countries like south sudan would not be left behind, but now it is hoped one in 10 people would be vaccinated. only one in every 500,000 have been fully vaccinated. it is not as easy as just bringing vaccines here. this is a country roughly the size of france, but you cannot reach people everywhere just by road. >> given our health system, which is not very strong, health-care care workers are not well-paid, they are sitting for long hours. it is not an easy situation. correspondent: in times of hunger this is how food gets to people in various parts of the country.
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some vaccines have had to be airdropped. insecurity and airrips unusual -- unusable makes logistics a challenge. >> compared to some other neighboring country where you have structure. correspondent: the distribution often has to be done quickly when the vaccine arrives. the last astrazeneca doses brought here it was just a month away from expiring. >> this is not improving confidence of people when they are receiving vaccine close to expiration. [indiscernible] having predictability, vaccines on time will increase visibility in terms of planning, in terms of rollout. correspondent: here in the
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world's youngest nation there were hopes of solidarity with the global family, but with strong economies playing games with the vaccines, it frames itself among the last of the que ue. anchor: it is a different picture here in the u.s. where coronavirus booster shots could soon be available to millions more americans. a key committee advising the food and drug administration recommended authorization of a booster shot of the moderna vaccine for over 65 and the vulnerable. pfizer's vaccine is already approved for those groups. tomorrow this committee looks at extra doses of the johnson & johnson cap -- jab. here is president biden speaking this afternoon on the importance of the upcoming decision by the regulator. pres. biden: if they authorized the boosters, which would be strictly made based on the
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science, that decision will be based on science, this will mean all three vaccines will be available for visitors -- boosters. already more than one out of three eligible seniors have gotten there booster shot. we will continue to provide that protection to seniors and others as we head into the holidays. anchor: for more on coronavirus booster shots at the state of the pandemic we are joined by dr. francis collins. thank you for being with us. as the u.s. debates giving booster shots and millions more americans, at less than 5% of africans are vaccinated. does that seem right to you? >> this is troubling and certainly your report from south sudan puts a personal image on what is happening right now, but i think it is probably not correct to set these 2 against each oer as either-or. we should be doing both-and.
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the united states is still the country with the highest number of deaths, including today were something like one out of 4 deaths in the whole world happened in the u.s. we are in the midst of a terrible covid-19 search fueled by this delta variant and and we cannot step away from those responsibilities, and boosters clearly on the way in which the most vulnerable people can be protted as the effects of the vaccine start to wane. having said that, of course, the rest of the world is desperate for vaccine access area we in the u.s. are trying to do that too. the president as made commitments to over one billion doses, more than all of the rest of the countries of the world in terms of commitments. 175 million have already been shipped and we will aim to increase their production by encouraging companies to scale that up and we will do everything to make sure that happens.
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it is unfortunate that covax, which was supposed to be another big solution ran into trouble with their production. the institute of india ran into difficulties meeting their expectations, so we have to catch up and have to do it fast. anchor: le's talk about the study done by your organization, nih. do you think it is effective to mix and match vaccines for booster shots? >> that date it was just put out in the public view a day ago and it will be discussed by tomorrow by the fda advisory committee. i do n want to guess what they will say. looking at the data, however, it is clear that you can mix and match and get very nice responses as far as a boost in the antibody levels, sometimes as much as 70 fold. the big question that will be debated tomorrow is what about the j&j vaccine, which is a
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single dose. it did not get quite the same efficacy as the mrna vaccines. the data indicates if you had j&j you might want to think about being boosted with one of the mrna vaccines because it might give you a higher level of antibodies. anchor: is there not a concern that johnson & johnson is not as effective as the other vaccines and it needs moderna to make it work as a booster? >> if it were not for the fact that the mrna vaccines were so fantastic johnson & johnson it be correct right now because they still have a good vaccine that is saved a lot of lives. it is a vaccine that works with windows and something that does not require the kind of gold chain that would make it difficult to distribute in places like south sudan, so i
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have i hopes the johnson & johnson vaccine will be a mainstay of what we need to do for the world. it is still a very good vaccine. anchor: dr. collins, thank you so much for being with us. >> like to join you. anchor: in no way a bow and arrow attack as left five people dead, and the police are treating the incident as terrorism. suspect is being held after a man went on the rampage last night. our correspondent is there and sent this report. corrpondent: a medieval weapon of modern terror piercing the column of this one sleepy town. police were called after 6:00 last night when an attacker fired indiscriminately from his bow and arrow. when they tried to intervene he unleashed more volleys. by the time they got him 30 minutes later it had killed quite were women and one man and injured three others. today please identify him as a
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37-year-old local resident of danish nationality who had converted to islam and had previously raised concerns over radicalization. they say he has confessed. >> the act itself looks like a terrorist act but we do not know what is the motivation of the perpetrator. correspondent: the supermarket where the killing spree began where the scars of the war, and this town of 25,000 people has been shattered. norway's new prime minister on his first day in the job takes over a country in the morning -- mourning. >> these are gruesome acts that have been committed, quite surreal. my thoughts go to those who have been exposed to this, relatives, families, and everybody who is been seriously frightened. correspondent: tonight they paid tribute to the victims, this
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close community and one of the world's most peaceful countries has been devastated. she was out shopping with her children when the rampage began. >> we were in the shop for five minutes. it was dark outside. we were quite frightened. this is a small town and it is safe here. i have never been afraid to walk out in the dark before. but now it feels kind of unsafe. correspondent: i missed heartache questions will anger over how a man flagged as a security risk slipped through the net. for now it isn't time to remember and reflect on how this town's carefree spirit was crushed and how to rekindle it. anchor: market joins us from
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norway -- mark joins us now from norway. what more can you tell us about the suspect. ? correspondent: the question is in psychiatric -- there are reports of previous conditions as well as a restraining order for threatening to kill a relative and reports of a video he posted to social media in which he issues a warning and proclaims his muslim faith. in the days and weeks to come there are questions over whether police lost sight of him given that they had been alerted to his radicalization and there were concerns about his conversion here and possibly questions over norway's weapons laws. this is a country where owning a bow and arrow is not illegal and you are not required to register it. for now, it is a time to reflect
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and remember this is now the worst and deadliest attack in norway since a far right extremist massacre 77 people a decade ago. in a siety whose cherished peace has once again been shaken, this is a very tragic moment for this country. anchor: thank you. other news now from around the world, at least 46 people have died after a fire tore through a building in taiwan. the blaze is the country's deadliest decades. firefighters say the cause made it more difficult. many people were elderly or have disabilities. the japanese court as her that north korea's leader should pay damages to five people who say they were lured back under false pretenses. the platiffs who escaped to japan said they were persuaded to relocate after pyongyang couraged koreans to return
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between 1959 and 1984. the five are demanding $900,000 each. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, chris martin tells the world how coldplay is making their world tour carbon neutral. some 10,000 workers from the maker of farming equipment deere & company have gone on strike. it comes after the company failed to reach an agreement with union members want better working conditions. our correspondent has more for us now. correspondent: in this instance we are seeing workers that went on strike did not like the contract negotiated for them by the union, saying this company is going to make record profits for this year. we need to get more out of our contract.
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we went to see better pensions, we went to see or pay hikes and we went to see better benefits. this all comes at a time in which it is very much pro-worker. there are lots of job openings, lots of difficulties trying to get things moving, lots of worker problems as well, and there is such a worker shortage that this is a time in which workers can band together and force companies to give their employees more. ♪ anchor: the bench coldplay made headlines 2 years ago saying that they would not pour again unless they could do so without damaging the environment. today they revealed how their new world tour is goingo be sustainable. coldplay's lead singer as been talking to colin patterson -- has been talking to colin patterso
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correspondent: coldplay back on stage and today they have announced a world tour. 2 years ago chris martin told me they would not tour again until they could do so in a carbon neutral way. >> we are taking time over the next year or 2 to work out how can not only can the tour be sustainable but how can it be actively beneficial? correspondent: it turns out that interview was a game changer for the band. >> last time we spoke i made that up when we were talking because i was trying to think of something cool to say. and it became a headline. and we thought that is what we really feel. ♪ correspondent: within a couple of weeks the band and point is people dedicated to working out how to tour and a cleaner way.
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today they have revealed their action plan, including working with bmw to develop the first ever rechargeable concert battery. >> the whole show his power through renewable energy. in terms of offsetting people being there we are able to plant a tree for every ticket. correspondent: that is a lot of trees. their last tour was seen by 5.4 million people. other ideas including a kinetic floor, allowing audience members to power by dancing around. >> saying i literally need you to jump up and down. correspondent: when rock stars start talking about the environment there are always present democracy. are you ready for the backlash? >> i do not mind backlash at all. we are trying our best and have not been perfect. the people who give us backlash for flying all right. i would rather we are trying and
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doing our best and actively putting it out there that we would really like to know when is the first solar airplane available? we will take it. i do not mind the criticism at all. it is ok. sometimes criticism leads to improvement. correspondent: so far their ideas have been well received. >> is never down to the artist alone, it is down to the venues and the industry, but it sends a strong signal not just that we can change but also that we have to change. ♪ correspondent: it is clear chris martin believes coldplay concerts are good enough that he can once again go around the globe singing yellow. >> we would not be announcing this if we do not feel we were far enough along. we are definitely not finished. anchor: green tour, the world of space has many uses.
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for example you can count walres from up there. climate change is affecting these memos and a new project aims to count the number of walruses from up above. the public is being asked to help. our science correspondent as more -- has more. correspondent: walruses are easy enough to spot, but thanks to their remote location we do not know how many of these giant beasts there are. now the public being asked for their help, and scouts are making a sta. they are using satellite images to locate and count every active see walrus -- sea walrus. >> if it is blurry it is sometimes hard because it is rocks. correspondent: we have been taking images of the earth from space for more than 60 years, but the view has changed
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dramatically. in the 1980's satellites could only see objects 30 meters in size. they quickly improved and a few years later they could see features 10 meters across. today the most advanced imaging satellites can see details down to 3 centimeters, and this has transformed our view of the natural world. >> the ice in which they lived most of the year is rapidly diminishing. that certainly has got some detrimental effect. we are not sure how much the population is being affected by that. correspondent: the walrus counts will nd 500 thousand volunteers t skins were images on the websites. with their help we should finally find out how many walruses there are and see how they fare in the years to come. anchor: before we go tonight and artwork by banksy that self-destructed any previous
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auction sold for more than $25 million today. it sold for a mere $2 million back in 2018. the auctioneer jok he was relieved the artwork was still standing, performance art indeed. i am laura trevelyan. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial serves firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglecd needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrat: you're watching pbs. wanna help kids get their homework done? well, an internet connection's a good start. but kids also need computers. and sometimes the hardest thing about homework is finding a place to do it. so why not hook community centers up with wifi? for kids like us, and all the amazing things we're gonna learn. over the next 10 years, comcast is committing $1 billion to reach 50 million low-income americans with the tools and resos they need to be ready for anything. i hope you're ready. 'cause we are.
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wanna help kids get their homework done? well, an internet connection's a good start. but kids also need computers. and sometimes the hardest thing about homework is finding a place to do it. so why not hook community centers up with wifi? for kids like us, and all the amazing things we're gonna learn. over the next 10 years, comcast is committing $1 billion to reach 50 million low-income americans with the tools and resources they need to be ready for anything. i hope you're ready. 'cause we are.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, energy crunch-- a limited supply of global energy sources has led to rising prices wodwide, gasoline in the u.s. at a seven- year high, with winter fuel costs expected to climb. then, troubled water-- residents of another predominately black city in michigan are ordered to use bottled water amid health risks from high levels of lead contamination. and, iraq's uncertain future-- threats and disaffection among voters following the killing of protest leaders prompt a poor election turnout. >> on an evening like this there would be hundreds even thousands of demonstrators, but after

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